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Publication numberUS3835680 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 17, 1974
Filing dateJan 4, 1973
Priority dateJan 4, 1973
Publication numberUS 3835680 A, US 3835680A, US-A-3835680, US3835680 A, US3835680A
InventorsEvans M
Original AssigneeHalliburton Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electronic combination lock selector unit
US 3835680 A
Abstract
A selector unit for an electronic combination lock including a combination disc which may be selectively rotated to expose a selected digit and then depressed to provide an electrical signal indicative of that digit. The order of occurrence of the electrical signals is evaluated as the combination for lock operating purposes. The knob by which the disc is rotated and depressed is contained within an enclosure apertured to effectively shield the position of the disc from personnel other than the individual operating the lock. A hinge flap is provided for access to the knob and the enclosure effectively hides the movements of the individual's hand in rotating and depressing the disc.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Evans ELECTRONIC COMBINATION LOCK SELECTOR UNIT [75] Inventor: Milton R. Evans, Annapolis, Md.

[73] Assignee: Halliburton Company, Duncan,

Okla.

[22] Filed: Jan. 4, 1973 [21] Appl. N0.: 321,037

[52] US. Cl 70/278, 70/333 A, 70/432, 200/4, 200/167 A, 240/21 [51] Int. Cl. E051) 49/00, H0lh 9/00 [58] Field of Search 70/277, 278, 332, 333 A, 70/444, 44 S; 74/557; 200/4, 43, 167 A;

[4 1 Sept. 17, 1974 5/1965 ll/l972 Clarcy .j. 200/4 Gartncr 70/278 [5 7 ABSTRACT A selector unit for an electronic combination lock including a combination disc which may be selectively rotated to expose a selected digit and then depressed to provide an electrical signal indicative of that digit. The order of occurrence of the electrical signals is evaluated as the combination for lock operating pur poses. The knob by which the disc is rotated and depressed is contained within an enclosure apertured to effectively shield the position of the disc from personnel other than the individual operating the lock. A hinge flap is provided for access to the knob and the enclosure effectively hides the movements of the individuals hand in rotating and depressing the disc.

8 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures ELECTRONIC COMBINATION LOCK SELECTOR UNIT BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION For example, the view of the keyboard is generally relatively unobscured and the movement of the fingers of operating personnel may be observed by unauthorized personnel in the general area of the lock. In addition, the push buttons themselves may disclose through wear, or otherwise through the physical condition and- /or appearance thereof, the digits of the combination from which the combination of the lock may be ascertained by a relatively simple trial and error procedure once the possible permutations are thus materially reduced. For example, the temperature of the push buttons when measured by a sensitive instrument may disclose not only the buttons pushed but the order thereof and thus the combination.

Another problem associated with many of the generally known selector units is the use of mechanical detents which may produce audible sounds detectable from some distance by a sensitive directional microphone or in the immediate proximity by unauthorized personnel.

Still another problem with generally known selector units is the lack of a positive indication that the individual element of the combination has been entered. For example, the individual depressing a push button typically receives no feedback as to the successful operation of the switch contacts associated with that button.

It is accordingly an object of the present invention to provide a novel method and combination lock selector unit obviating these and other disadvantages of the prior art.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a novel electronic combination lock selector unit in which the view of the individual combination elements is restricted to the personnel operating the lock.

It is still another object of the present invention to provide a novel electronic combination lock selector unit in which the movement of the hand operating the lock is obscured from unauthorized personnel.

It is yet another object of the present invention to provide a novel electronic combination lock selector unit in which the combination disc is biased to a predetermined neutral position to obviate inadvertent disclosure of the last digit of the combination.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a novel electronic combination lock selector unit in which the individual elements of the combination are selected and then entered into the evaluation circuit by the operation of one hand.

Yet a further object of the present invention is to provide a novel electronic combination lock selector unit which is completely weatherproof even during the operation thereof.

A still further object of the present invention is to provide a novel selector unit which produces no audible sounds indicative of the combination.

Yet still a further object of the present invention is to provide a novel electronic lock selector unit in which positive feedback to operating personnel is provided regarding the entry of each individual element of the combination.

These and many other objects and advantages of the present invention will be readily apparent from the claims and from the following detailed description when read in conjunction with the appended drawings.

THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a pictorial view of a preferred embodiment of the selector unit for an electronic combination lock of thepresent invention;

FIG. 2 is a pictorial view of the lock of FIG. 1 illustrating the operation thereof;

FIG. 3 is a pictorial view of the selector unit of FIGS. 1 and 2 with the enclosure removed and with the surface partially cut away to expose a portion of the combination disc; and,

FIG. 4 is an elevation taken through lines 4-4 of FIG. 1.

THE DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT With reference now to FIG. I, the selector unit of the present invention may include a metallic housing of the desired strength with a front door 12 hingedly secured to the bottom of the housing 10 and opened through the operation of a suitable conventional lock 14. Secured to the housing 10 may be a shield 16 having an upstanding side and end walls and an upper surface 18 provided with a window 20 through which the combination disc 22 of FIGS. 3 and 4 may be viewed by the personnel operating the lock. The enclosure 16 may be provided with a flap 24 hingedly secured to the upper surface 18 of the enclosure by which, as illustrated in FIG. 2, access may be had to the knob of the combination disc for the operation of the lock.

As illustrated in FIG. 2, the movements of the hand and arm within the enclosure 16 are obscured thereby and the visibility of the element of the combination being introduced into the electronic circuit is materially restricted by the size of the window 20 in the upper surface 18 of the enclosure 16 and by the relative position thereof with respect to the housing 10 as is shown more clearly in FIG. 4. Once the lock has been operated by the sequential introduction in an appropriate order of the individual elements of the combination, a signal may be returned from the locking mechanism to effect illumination of a suitable indicator such as the visual indicator 15.

With reference now to FIGS. 3 and 4, the housing 10 may be provided with apertures (not shown) in the rear wall or bottom thereof to facilitate the egress of electrical wiring. As shown in more detail in FIG. 4, the front door 12 may be pivotably secured to the bottom 26 of the housing 10 by means of suitable conventional hinges 28 so that operation of the lock 14 may permit the downward and forward movement of the door 12 to permit access to the housing 10.

The enclosure 16 may be rigidly secured to the housing 10 and may be provided with an upper surface 18 having a window 20 therein to which a small pane of glass or other transparent material 28 may be secured for watertight integrity. The front flap 24 of the housing 16 may be secured to the upper surface'18 thereof by ing may be provided with a surface 36 having a window 38 therein. As with the window 20, the window 38 may be provided with a pane 40 of glass or other transparentmaterial to further the watertight integrity of the housing 10.

The surface 36 may also be apertured to receive,

, through a suitable conventional gasket 42, a shaft 44 upon which a knob 46 may be mounted to facilitate the rotation and axial movement of the shaft 44. It is desirable that the shaft 44 be rotatable in either direction through more than one revolution without mechanical detents.

Fixedly secured to the shaft 44 beneath the surface 36 may be a combination disc 22 carrying the desired combination indicia such as the numerals illustrated in FIG. 3. The combination disc 22 may be provided with a weight 48 to bias, by the effects of gravity, the disc 22 to a predetermined position with respect to the window 38. Alternatively, the biasing of the combination disc 22 may be achieved by a suitable spring member 50 connected to the housing 10 and the shaft 44. A spring coiled around the shaft 44 and attached at opposite ends to the shaft 44 and the housing 10 has been found suitable for this purpose. The coil spring should, of course, be loosely coiled to permit rotation of the disc in either direction. Immediately beneath the window 38 and in line with the window may be disposed a suitable conventional illuminating means such as a small incandescent lamp 52 Whereby the indicia of the combination disc 22 may be made visible through the windows 38 and 20.

With continued reference to FIG. 4, a frame 54 may be mounted by any suitable conventional means within the housing 10 so as to position the combination switch contacts in operable position with respect to the shaft 44. In the illustrated embodiment, a mounting pad 56 may be proficded with a plurality of discrete contacts 58 spaced circumferentially about the shaft 44. A wiper arm 60 may be carried by the shaft 44 to contact one of the contacts 58 in accordance with the position of the combination disc '22 relative to the window 38. Disposed axially beneath the shaft 44 may be the contacts of a push button switch 62. The contacts of the switch 62, as well as the individual contacts 58, may be connected by way of a cable 64 to a terminal board 66. The terminal board may in turn be operably connected to any suitable conventional decoding and locking mechanism 68 which, when operated, may provide a return signal to the terminal board 66 for application to the indicator light 15.

The shaft 44, as earlier explained, is desirably mounted for axial movement and, in the embodiment illustrated, the position of the flexible arm 60 with respect to the individual contacts 58 is not entered or read into the decoder until such time as the contacts of the switch 62 are closed by the axial movement of the shaft 44.

The switch 62 may also be utilized to extinguish the lamp 52 and thus the indication of the combination indicia. In this way, the operating personnel receives positive feedback regarding the entry of each combination element into the decoding system.

ADVANTAGES AND SCOPE OF THE INVENTION From the foregoing, it is apparent that the selector unit of the present invention may be operated without disclosing to unauthorized personnel in the area the movements of the fingers in rotating the combination wheel to the desired position or the depressing of the knob 46 to provide an electrical signal to the decoding mechanism. The rotatability of the knob 46 in either direction through more than one revolution further masks the combination and positive feedback is provided regarding the entry of the individual combination element by extinguishing or otherwise removing from view the combination indicia.

The front flap of the enclosure is spring loaded to contribute to both the watertight integrity and the secrecy of operation. The biasing of the combination wheels to a predetermined neutral position eliminates any possibility that the last digit of the combination may be ascertained from a subsequent inspection of the lock, and the use of a single knob for all of the combination elements eliminates any possibility of ascertaining from the physical appearance of the knob the digits of the combination. The elimination of mechanical detents enhances further the security of operation in that audible sounds are substantially eliminated.

As illustrated by the angle a in FIG. 4, the orientation of the upper surface 36 of the housing 10 may be modified as desired to change the angle from which the indicia of the combination wheel 22 may be viewed and great flexibility is thus afforded in the location of the combination mechanism. The selector unit of the present invention may be mounted such that individuals of almost any height can view the combination indicia. The size of the windows and the spacing therebetween may be adjusted so that the head of the operating personnel completely fills the area from which the indicia may be viewed thereby eliminating any possibility of a surreptitious over-the-shoulder inspection. In this manner the need for a raised platform or other special mounting means immediately in front ofthe selector unit to restrict the view of the individual operating the combination is thus obviated.

The present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The presently disclosed embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein.

What is claimed is:

l. A selector unit for an electronic combination lock comprising:

a first generally planar surface having a window therein;

a shaft extending through said surface at a point spaced from said window, said shaft being rotatable about the axis thereof in either direction and axially displaceable relative to said surface;

a disc fixedly carried by said shaft beneath said sur- 5 face, said disc having indicia spaced around the periphery thereof in position to be viewed through said window from a point above said surface;

means for biasing said shaft to a predetermined axial position relative to said surface and for rotatably biasing said shaft to position the indicia of said disc into a predetermined position relative to said window, said rotatably biasing means including spring means in contact with said shaft and said surface;

control means adapted to be manually engaged and carried by said shaft above said surface for rotating selected indicia into view through said window from a point above said surface and for axially displacing said shaft relative to said surface;

shield means above said surface for significantly limiting the points above said surface from which the indicia of said disc may be viewed through said window; and,

switch means beneath said surface responsive to axial displacement of said shaft a predetermined distance from said surface for providing an electrical signal representative of the indicia of said disc then in view through said window from a point above said surface.

2. The selector unit of claim 1 wherein said shield limits the points above said surface from which the indicia of said disc may be viewed through said window to an are between about 8 degrees to about 14.

3. A selector unit for an electronic combination lock comprising:

a first generally planar surface having a window therein;

a shaft extending through said surface at a point spaced from said window, said shaft being rotatable about the axis thereof and axially displaceable relative to said surface;

4. The selector unit of claim 3 including means for rotatably biasing said shaft to position the indicia of said disc into a predetermined position relative to said window.

5. The selector unit of claim 4 including means for indicating the operation of the lock.

6. The selector unit of claim 4 including illuminating means disposed beneath said disc to illuminate the indicia in view through said window.

7. The selector unit of claim 6 wherein said illumination means is responsive to the axial displacement of said shaft to provide an indication of the operation of said switch means.

8. The selector unit of claim 3 wherein said shaft is rotatable in either direction and without mechanical detents.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US629999 *Jan 13, 1899Aug 1, 1899Augustus G JacobsOperating-handle for combination-locks.
US1435992 *Jul 9, 1921Nov 21, 1922Strauss Edward EMeans for preventing unauthorized viewing of a surface
US2606237 *Nov 18, 1946Aug 5, 1952Horace S ChaseElectric control device
US2668200 *Dec 24, 1951Feb 2, 1954Glaze Grady ORotary multiple selector switch
US3184557 *Feb 8, 1963May 18, 1965Alexander ClarcyHeavy duty electrical rotary switches with push-button snap-action
US3702070 *Feb 19, 1971Nov 7, 1972Klaus W GartnerSequential signal producing means
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4287734 *May 17, 1979Sep 8, 1981Herriott Leslie VCombination lock mechanism
US4631940 *Mar 29, 1985Dec 30, 1986Sargent & Greenleaf, Inc.Digital readout combination lock dial assembly
US5061923 *Sep 29, 1988Oct 29, 1991C & M Technology, Inc.Computerized combination lock
US5613388 *Jun 6, 1995Mar 25, 1997Sargent & GreenleafElectronic combination lock entering a lockout mode after a number of successive incorrect combination entries
US5632169 *Jun 6, 1995May 27, 1997Sargent & GreenleafSelf powered electronic combination lock having comprehensive monitoring of power levels for various functions
US5640862 *Jun 6, 1995Jun 24, 1997Sargent & Greenleaf, Inc.Electronic combination lock including a sensor arrangement which senses the position and direction of movement of the combination dial
US5647235 *Apr 27, 1995Jul 15, 1997Sargent & Greenleaf, Inc.Tamper-evident electronic combination lock having integral bearing/retaining member
US5748728 *Oct 28, 1996May 5, 1998Phran-Tek Ltd.Shield for concealing operation of a keypad
US5816084 *Apr 21, 1997Oct 6, 1998Sargent & Greenleaf, Inc.Electronic combination lock with an arrangement for moving a locking lever both into and out of an "engage" position in which lock may be opened
US5927114 *May 19, 1997Jul 27, 1999Berry; DanielView limiting enclosure assembly for dial combination locks
US9121196 *Jun 4, 2009Sep 1, 2015Robert D. ZuraskiDigital output lock
US20110016931 *Jun 4, 2009Jan 27, 2011Mcdaid CorneliusDigital output lock
US20140218168 *Feb 7, 2014Aug 7, 2014Schlage Lock Company LlcMulti-control entry door hardware
DE19831045C1 *Jul 13, 1998Jun 10, 1999Insys Ges Fuer MicrocontrollerDoor locking device with character code input device
EP0092048A2 *Mar 11, 1983Oct 26, 1983Siemens Nixdorf Informationssysteme AktiengesellschaftData input device for an information processor
EP0475301A2 *Sep 6, 1991Mar 18, 1992Leicher GmbH & Co.Code input device
Classifications
U.S. Classification70/278.4, 70/432, 200/310, 200/4, 70/333.00A, 362/23.18
International ClassificationG07C9/00
Cooperative ClassificationG07C9/00698
European ClassificationG07C9/00E12C6
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jan 24, 1985ASAssignment
Owner name: PACIFIC SCIENTIFIC COMPANY
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:PACIFIC SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:004376/0149
Effective date: 19850521
Sep 3, 1981ASAssignment
Owner name: NEOTEC CORPORATION, 2431 LINDEN LANE, SILVER SPRIN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:PACIFIC SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENT COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:003911/0936
Effective date: 19810903
Owner name: NEOTEC CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE., MARYLAND
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:PACIFIC SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENT COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:003911/0936
Aug 26, 1981ASAssignment
Owner name: NEOTEC ELECTRONICS, INC., 6110 EXECUTIVE BLVD., RO
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:HALLIBURTON COMPANY A CORP. OF DE;REEL/FRAME:003902/0929
Effective date: 19810821
Aug 26, 1981AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: HALLIBURTON COMPANY A CORP. OF DE
Owner name: NEOTEC ELECTRONICS, INC., 6110 EXECUTIVE BLVD., RO
Effective date: 19810821