|Publication number||US3836032 A|
|Publication date||Sep 17, 1974|
|Filing date||Jan 24, 1973|
|Priority date||Jan 24, 1973|
|Publication number||US 3836032 A, US 3836032A, US-A-3836032, US3836032 A, US3836032A|
|Original Assignee||Caterpillar Tractor Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (5), Classifications (5), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Geier 1 Sept. 17, 1974  Filed:
[ BUCKET POSITIONER FOR LOADERS  Inventor: Timothy D. Geier, Oswego, Ill.  Assignee: Caterpillar Tractor Co., Peoria, 111.
Jan. 24, 1973  Appl. No.: 326,372
 US. Cl. 214/764  lnt. Cl E02f 3/87  Field of Search 214/764, 140, 762
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,506,149 4/1970 Gray 214/764 3,519,155 7/1970 Jefferson 214/764 3,522,897 8/1970 Freedy 214/764 3,547,293 12/1970 Borer 214/764 3,659,734 5/1972 Fuzzell 214/764 3,695,474 10/1972 214/764 3,738,522 6/1973 Cccchi 214/764 Primary Examiner-Robert J. Spar Assistant Examiner-John Mannix Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Phillips, Moore, Weissenberger Lempio & Strabala  ABSTRACT A loader comprises a pair of lift arms pivotally mounted on a tractor and bucket pivotally mounted on the forward ends of the lift arms. A tilt linkage is operatively connected between the lift arms and the bucket to selectively position the bucket for various earth working operations. The tilt linkage comprises a hydraulic cylinder adapted to be selectively actuated manually by a three-position, four-way directional control valve. An extensible rod of the cylinder is mechanically connected by a cable to an air valve which opens to extend a pilot piston which in turn actuates the directional control valve upon extension of the rod.
6 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures 1 BUCKET POSITIONER FOR LOADERS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION art means of this type are disclosed in US. Pat. Nos. 3,088,489; 3,141,562; 3,122,247; 3,155,252; 3,187,913; 3,211,310; 3,234,855; 3,265,229;
3,289,546; 3,429,471; and 3,508,675; and British Patent No. 1,236,326.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of this invention is to overcome the above, briefly described problems, by providing a noncomplex and compact positioner for a work implement which exhibits a high degree of structural integrity and ability to be adjusted and repaired expeditiously. The work implement, such as a loader bucket, is adapted to be moved into various working dispositions by positioning means, including a fluid-actuated cylinder having a rod reciprocally mounted therein. A directional control valve, having releasable holding means operatively associated therewith for maintaining the valve in one condition of operation, is adapted to selectively communicate pressurized fluid to the cylinder to extend or retract same. Release means comprise first pilot means operatively connected to the rod to be actuated thereby upon extension thereof and second pilot means operatively connected between the first pilot means and the directional control valve to actuate the directional control valve to release the holding means thereof in response to actuation of the first pilot valve means.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Other objects of this invention will become apparent from the following description and accompanying drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a partial, side elevational view of a wheel loader, including a bucket positioner embodiment of this invention therein; and
FIG. 2 schematically illustrates a bucket tilt control circuit, including such bucket positioner.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION FIG. 1 illustrates the front end of a wheel loader comprising a frame 1 1 having lift arm means preferably comprising a pair of lift arms 12 (one shown) each pivotally mounted thereon by a pivot pin 13. The lift arms have a bucket 14 pivotally mounted on the forward ends thereof by laterally spaced pivot pins 15 (one shown). Although the herinafter described positioner finds particular application to such a loader bucket, it should be understood that this invention may be adapted for use to selectively position other types of work implements movably mounted on a vehicle.
Each lift arm is adapted to be selectively raised or lowered by a double-acting hydraulic cylinder 16 pivotally mounted on frame 11 and the lift arm by pivot pins 17 and 18, respectively. A standard tilt linkage or bucket positioning means 19 is pivotally interconnected between the lift arms and the bucket to move it between its full and dotted-line positions, shown in FIG. 1. The tilt linkage includes a hydraulically actuated double-acting cylinder 20, pivotally mounted on lift arm 12 by a pivot pin 21.
As schematically illustrated in FIG. 2, cylinder 20 has a rod 22 reciprocally mounted therein to be selectively extended or retracted between its full and dotted-line positions. The hydraulic control circuit for actuating such cylinder comprises a three-position, four-way directional control valve 23 adapted to alternately pressurize and exhaust the head and rod ends of the cylinder by working lines 24 and 25, respectively. The directional control valve comprises a reciprocal spool member 26 normally biased to its self-centered, hold position H by spring means. comprising opposed coil springs 27 and 28, to block the working lines.
The spool member is adapted to be selectively moved by a handle 29, pivotally connected to a rod-like extension 30 of the spool. Releasable holding means, such as the schematically illustrated detent means comprising a spring loaded detent 31 and mating socket 32 formed on extension 30, are operatively associated with the control valve to releasably hold handle 29 in rack-back position R. In such position, a pump 33 and resevoir 34 of a pressurized fluid source will function to communicate pressurized hydraulic fluid to working line 24 and to simultaneously exhaust line 25. Clockwise movement of the handle to its digging position D will function to communicate pressurized hydraulic fluid to working line 25 and to simultaneously exhaust line 24.
Release means for automatically releasing the detent means upon extension of rod 22 comprises first pilot means, such as the illustrated two-position, two-way directional air control valve 35, normally biased to its closed position by a coil spring 36. A spool 37 of the air valve is operatively connected to rod 22 by extensible cable means comprising an inextensible cable 38 and an extensible coil spring 39. Upon extension of the rod to its dotted-line position shown in FIG. 2, the air control valve will open to communicate pressurized air from a source 40 to a second pilot means 41, via a working line 42.
The second pilot means preferably comprises a pilot cylinder having a piston 43 reciprocally mounted therein and normally biased rightwardly to its full-line, retracted position by a coil spring 44. Upon pressurization of an actuating chamber 45 of the pilot cylinder, piston 43 will move leftwardly to engage an end of extension 30 to move it from its dotted-line to its full-line position, shown in FIG. 2. Such movement will function to automatically release the detent means during operating conditions hereinafter described.
FIG. 1 illustrates loader 10 in its dumping phase of operation wherein handle 29 has been moved to its D position to fully retract cylinder 20. Cable 38 is thus slackened to allow spring 36 to bias spool member 37 of air control valve 35 to a closed position, preventing the communication of pressurized air from source 40 to second pilot means 41. Upon movement of handle 29 to its R or rack-back position, detent 31 will engage notch 32 to automatically hold spool 26 of the directional control valve in a condition of operation wherein pressurized hydraulic fluid is communicated from pump 33 to the head end of cylinder to extend same. Simultaneously therewith, the rod end of the cylinder will be exhausted.
When rod 22 reaches its predetermined extended digging position illustrated by dotted lines in FIG. 2 whereby bucket 14 is pivotally positioned between its full and dotted-line positions in FIG. 1, cable 38 will become taut to actuate air control valve 35 to an open position. Pressurized air will thus be communicated to chamber 45 of second pilot means 41. The resulting leftward movement of piston 43 will function to release detent 31 from notch 32 whereby springs 27 and 28 will cooperate to automatically self-center spool 26 to its H or holding position, also illustrated in FIG. 2. Extensible spring 39 of the cable means will permit further rightward movement of rod 22 from its FIG. 2 to its FIG. 1 dotted-line position when handle 29 is again moved to its R or rack-back position to move bucket 14 to its FIG. 1 dotted-line position.
l. A vehicle comprising a.work implement movably mounted on said vehicle, positioning means, including a fluid-actuated cylinder having 'a rod reciprocally mounted therein, for selectively moving said work implement upon extension or retraction of said cylinder, control means, including a multi-directional control valve having releasable mechanical holding means operatively associated therewith for maintaining said control valve in a first condition of operation for selectively communicating pressurized hydraulic fluid from a pressurized fluid source to said cylinder, and release means for releasing said holding means upon extension of said rod comprising first pilot means operatively directly connected to said rod to be actuated thereby upon extension thereof and second pilot means oepratively connected between said first pilot means and said directional control valve to actuate said directional control valve to release said holdingmeans in response to actuation of said first pilot means, said work implement being a loader bucket pivotally mounted on the forward end of lift arm means, said lift arm means pivotally mounted on a frame of said vehicle, said positioning means including tilt linkage means operatively connected between said lift arm means and said loader bucket for selectively pivoting said loader bucket on said lift arm means, said cylinder constituting a doubleacting cylinder, said control means further including a manually manipulatable handle directly pivotally attached to a spool memberof said directional control valve for directly mechanically moving said spool member to actuate said control means, said releasable holding means comprising spring-loaded detent means operatively disposed for directly engaging said spool member, said first pilot means including an extensible cable means having a first end directly attached to said rod and a second end directly attached to a spool member of a pilot valve thereof, said pilot valve including a two-position, two-way directional control valve and a pressurized source of pneumatic fluid operatively communicable through said control valve upon actuation thereof by said cable means, said second pilot means including a pilot cylinder operatively connected to said pneumatic valve and having a piston reciprocally mounted therein to directly mechanically engage and move said spool member of said directional control valve upon extension of said rod.
2. The vehicle of claim 1 wherein said multidirectional control valve constitutes a three-position, four-way directional control valve having a spool member movably mounted therein to be shifted between said first condition of operation to communicate pressurized fluid to a first end of said cylinder and to simultaneously exhaust fluid from a second end thereof, a second condition of operation to communicate pressurized fluid to the second end of said cylinder and to simultaneously exhaust fluid from the first end thereof and a third condition of operation to block communication of fluid to both the first and second ends of said cylinder.
3. The vehicle of claim 2 further comprising spring means operatively engaging said spool member to move said spool member to said third condition of operation automatically upon release of said releasable holding means. 7
4. The vehicle of claim 1 wherein said cable means comprises an inextensible cable and an extensible spring connected to said cable to extend upon maximum extension of said rod.
5. The vehicle of claim 1 further comprising spring means operatively engaging a spool member of said air control valve to normally bias said spool member to a closed position.
6. The vehicle of claim 1 further comprising spring means normally biasing said piston axially away from said spool member.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3506149 *||Oct 24, 1968||Apr 14, 1970||Gen Motors Corp||Automatic bucket positioner|
|US3519155 *||Oct 25, 1968||Jul 7, 1970||Caterpillar Tractor Co||Bucket positioning device|
|US3522897 *||May 28, 1968||Aug 4, 1970||Caterpillar Tractor Co||Kickout control for bucket loaders|
|US3547293 *||Dec 16, 1968||Dec 15, 1970||Caterpillar Tractor Co||Automatic loader bucket control and indicator|
|US3659734 *||Jun 9, 1971||May 2, 1972||Caterpillar Tractor Co||Bucket positioning device utilizing a biased proximity switch|
|US3695474 *||Aug 5, 1970||Oct 3, 1972||Case Co J I||Hydraulic control linkage for implement|
|US3738522 *||Jul 21, 1971||Jun 12, 1973||Fiat Spa||Automatic scoop positioning device for mechanical shovel|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4020963 *||Jun 18, 1976||May 3, 1977||Caterpillar Tractor Co.||Linkage means for bucket positioner system|
|US4109812 *||Mar 25, 1977||Aug 29, 1978||Caterpillar Tractor Co.||Dump control for loaders|
|US5052883 *||Aug 18, 1989||Oct 1, 1991||Caterpillar Inc.||Implement positioning control system for construction machines|
|US5467541 *||Sep 26, 1991||Nov 21, 1995||Caterpillar Inc.||Electronic implement control|
|WO1990002230A1 *||Aug 18, 1989||Mar 8, 1990||Caterpillar Inc.||An implement positioning control system for construction machines|
|International Classification||E02F3/42, E02F3/43|
|Jun 12, 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CATERPILLAR INC., 100 N.E. ADAMS STREET, PEORIA, I
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:CATERPILLAR TRACTOR CO., A CORP. OF CALIF.;REEL/FRAME:004669/0905
Effective date: 19860515
Owner name: CATERPILLAR INC., A CORP. OF DE.,ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CATERPILLAR TRACTOR CO., A CORP. OF CALIF.;REEL/FRAME:004669/0905