|Publication number||US3836220 A|
|Publication date||Sep 17, 1974|
|Filing date||Sep 20, 1972|
|Priority date||Sep 20, 1972|
|Publication number||US 3836220 A, US 3836220A, US-A-3836220, US3836220 A, US3836220A|
|Original Assignee||N Ishammar|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (20), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1191 1111 3,836,220 Ishammar Sept. 17, 1974 GOODS DELIVERY SYSTEM 2,568,493 9 1951 Garrison 312 213 x Inventor: Nils Giista Sigvard lshammar wahau"... 312/287 erner 312/236 X w sg 5, 3-216 18 Malmo, 3,192,306 6/1965 Skonnord 312/236 x e n 3,327,092 6/1967 Wilson 312/236  Filed: Sept. 20, 1972 P E J T M C n rzmary xammerames c a  APPL 2902620 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Ladas, Parry, Von Gehr, Goldsmith & Deschamps  US. Cl 312/236, 312/286, 312/290,  I t Cl A471) 710  I ABSTRACT 11  Field 61 Search 312/213, 236, 286, 287, A 3 del'very .System 312/250 116 186 R 26 27 wh1ch are accessible through doors from opposite sides of a wall of a room or other space. On each cabihere is rovided an exchan eable top unit for cir-  References Clted net g culatlng conditioned air 1n a closed path through the UNITED STATES PATENTS interior of the cabinet. 1,932,268 10/1933 Frick 312/236 3/1937 Starr et a1. 312/116 2 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures SEPIHBM PATENTED SHEEN 3 3.836.220
mummy-w FIG. 1
GOODS DELIVERY SYSTEM For rational handling of goods in shops and particularly in small shops of the local area type having very limited personal resources it is important to cut down as extensively as possible the assistance by the staff of the shop at the delivery of goods to theshop and to enable goods to be distributed and delivered at times which do not fall within the hours during which the shop normally is open and the staff is not available in the shop. Of course, the delivered goods have to be stored in the shop in such a manner and under such temperature and other conditions that the quality of the goods will not be affected between delivery and sale or the time when the staff takes care of the goods. Similar desiderata exist in hospitals, large households, canteens, bars, and restaurants.
One object of the invention is to provide a rational goods delivery which does not require assistance by the staff of the shop or the like.
According to the invention there is provided a goods delivery system for places such as shops, restaurants, and the like comprising a number of cabinets arranged side by side in a row at least as part of a wall defining an interior space, then backs facing such space, and
their fronts facing outside, doors on each cabinet the unit on each cabinet constituting a top closure for the cabinets, and means contained in the top unit for circulating air through the interior of the cabinet and through passages in-the walls thereof and for regulating the temperature of the circulating air.
This goods delivery system enables the goods to be delivered from the outside in spaces where the conditions are suitable for the storing of the goods without the necessity that the supplier has access to the premises or has to be assisted by the staff of the shop when the goods are delivered at the place. The delivered goods will be stored in a satisfactory manner and may be taken by the customers directly from the several cabinets or be taken care of by the staff of the shop at a time which is the most convenient.
One embodiment of the invention will be described with reference to the drawings in which FIG. 1 is a front view of the goods delivery system according to the invention;
FIG. 2 is a plan view of the goods delivery system in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a vertical sectional view along line A A in FIG. 2; and
FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of a single cabinet forming part of the delivery system.
In a room such as a shop there are mounted in an I outer wall thereof a number of cabinets 11 arranged in a row which may be extended into the room by two or more cabinets which are placed perpendicularly to the row according to FIGS. 2 and 3 and form a continuous unit. Each cabinet is provided with a detachable top unit 12 containing apparatus necessary for circulating air from the interior of the cabinet through a central opening 13 in the bottom of the top unit to slots 14 also arranged in the bottom of the top unit and communieating with passages 14 in the side walls of the cabinet.
6 These passages communicate with the interior of the cabinet through slots 15 such that air may be circulated in a closed part through the interior of the cabinet as indicated by arrows. The apparatus contained in the top unit 12 may include a circulation fan 12' as well as means 12" for cooling, heating, or other conditioning of the circulating air. At the side facing the interior of the room as well as at the opposite side the cabinet (or each unit of two or more cabinets) is provided with a lockable door 16 and 17, respectively, and also in these doors there are provided passages 14 and associated slots 15. Along the latter side of the cabinets extends a loading platform 18. The side walls, bottom and doors of the cabinet are provided with suitable heat insulation.
It will be seen that the cabinets described are accessible both from the loading platform and from the interior of the room. Therefore, goods may be delivered by opening doors 17 and inserting the goods into the cabinets directly from a car or truck parked at the loading platform 18, access to the interior of the room 10 from the outside being prevented by the closed and locked doors 16. Through these doors the goods delivered to the cabinets may be made available from the interior of the room. The goods may be delivered on roller pallets 19 of standard type which may be provided with latticed sides or shelves, and in the bottom of the cabinets there may be provided grooves or rails 20 for guiding the roller pallets.
The goods delivered to the cabinets may be kept under such conditions as are suitable for the storage thereof in a satisfactory manner by operating the cabinets as freezers, refrigerators, cool stores, dry stores or heaters depending on the type of top unit 12 which is combined with the cabinet. The top unit is easily exchangeable and may be constructed as an easily connectable unit such that a cabinet may be conveniently changed from one type to the other. The exchangeable top unit provides the additional very important advantage that failure of the apparatus contained therein may be rapidly and easily overcome by exchanging the top unit; thereby is avoided the trouble connected with repairing at the place where the cabinet is being used, and the costs connected therewith.
The invention is not limited to the embodiment shown and described but may be modified within the scope of the appended claim as far as the construction and the mounting of the cabinets is concerned.
What I claim is:
1. A goods delivery system for premises, such as shops, restaurants and the like, comprising:
a. a plurality of cabinets arranged side by side in a row to form at least a part of a wall of said premises separating the outside of the premises from an enclosed inside space, with their fronts facing the outside and their backs facing the inside,
b. doors on the front and back of each cabinet arranged so that the interior of the cabinet is accessible from the outside and inside of the wall through said doors,
c. a top closure for each cabinet in the form of a detachable exchangeable unit, and
d. means located in each detachable exchangeable unit for circulating air through the interior of the corresponding cabinet and through passages in the walls thereof, and for controlling the temperature of the circulating air.
2. A system according to claim 1 in which means are provided in the cabinets for guiding pallets holding a supply of goods.
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|U.S. Classification||312/236, 186/54, 219/400, 312/286, 312/290|
|International Classification||F25D19/00, A47B77/08|
|Cooperative Classification||F25D2317/0655, F25D19/00, A47B77/08, F25D2317/062, F25D2317/0664|
|European Classification||F25D19/00, A47B77/08|