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Publication numberUS3836803 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 17, 1974
Filing dateDec 22, 1971
Priority dateMar 16, 1971
Also published asDE2112672A1, DE2112672B2
Publication numberUS 3836803 A, US 3836803A, US-A-3836803, US3836803 A, US3836803A
InventorsAppelt G, Dietz K, Elsas A, Lenert A, Silbermann K
Original AssigneeSiemens Ag
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rotary anode and an x-ray tube provided therewith
US 3836803 A
A rotary anode for an X-ray tube containing an anode plate of difficultly meltable material upon which lies the focal spot path, is characterized by the provision of radial cuts in the plate.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Dietz et al. Sept. 17, 1974 ROTARY ANODE AND AN X-RAY TUBE [58] Field of Search 313/60, 330

PROVIDED THEREWITH [75] Inventors: Kurt Dietz; August Lenert; Karl [56] References Cited Silbermann; Giinther Appelt, all of UNITED STATES PATENTS Eflangen Germany; Elsas 3,763,387 10/1973 Silbermann 313/60 deceased, late of Erlangen, Germany by Agnes Elsas, heir FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS Assigneez Siemens g fl ghggzmwm 947,998 8/1956 Germany 313/330 i a V w-Eflafigfnlgg-nygqy Primary Examiner- H. K.'Saalbach [22] Filed: Dec. 22, 1971 Assistant Examiner-Darwin R. Hostetter Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Richar ds & Ge ier W [21] Appl' 210905 V, Alexander Scher {30] Foreign Application Priority Data [57] ABSTRACT 5 Mar. 16, 1971 Germany 2112672 A rotary anode for an X-ray tube containing an anode plate of clifficultly meltable material upon which lies [52] US. Cl. 313/60, 313/330 the focal pot path, is characterized by the provisioni [51] Int. Cl. H0lj 35/10 of radial cuts in the plate, 3

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ROTARY ANODE AND AN X-RAY TUBE PROVIDED THEREWITH This invention relates to a rotary anode for an X-ray tube containing an anode plate made of material which melts with difficulty and upon which lies the focal spot path.

As is known, the surface of the X-ray tubes with rotary anodes, which is struck by electrons and is the focal spot path, is heated locally to a great extent. The result is that it expands greatly and produces tensions which can cause the breakage of the anode.-lt has been suggested already to avoid this by making a rotary anode of several parts which are interconnected mechanically. Thermic expansions and tensions are then smaller, since the parts are smaller, and are then balanced relatively to each other.

An object of the present invention is to simplify and improve existing constructions of this nature.

Other objects will become apparent in the course of the following specification.

In the accomplishment of the objectives of the present invention it was found possible to simplify the connection of the parts by providing the anode body with radial cuts. Since in this construction the parts of the anode are not completely separated from each other no special connection is necessary. The remaining central uncut part of the anode constitutes the connection. This central part can be additionally made thicker to improve the strength. There is also the additional advantage that a good heat exchange can take place between all parts of the anode.

According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention the anode plate is cut only on the locations upon which lies the focal path. The inner part remains intact and acts as the connection. It is necessary to provide at least three cuts at equal distances from each other in order that the forces thus produced will be divided at least approximately without tensions. However, the number of divisions can be increased so that the plate can have, for example, or more cuts and will be still a sufficiently compact anode. If there are too many cuts the surface of the anode will be too narrow.

It is possible to avoid completely the narrowing of the anode surface struck by the electrons when the cuts are directed from the bottom side of the plate and only partially extend through the plate. Adequate'movement facility remains when the cuts extend at least through one half of the thickness of the anode. Furthermore, it is advantageous to provide the greatest depth to the cuts at the edge of the anode and then extend them toward the axis. This shape can be easily ground with thin dividing discs. The depth of the ground discs will moreover diminish inwardly if the axis of the round disc is located under the edge of the anode during the cutting. In this construction, the number of cuts can exceed 10 if the heat capacity of the anode is balanced by the greater thickness of the material, so that the loss in material resulting from the cuts is compensated.

In case of anodes with two concentrical focal point paths it is advantageous to extend the cuts in one part up to the inner end of the outer focal point path and in another part up to the inner end of the inner focal point path. Then despite sufficient elasticity of the anode the loss in anode material is small.

It is known that during operation of X-ray tubes it is necessary to a great extent to prevent the electrons from striking other parts of the tube than the anode. It is therefore advantageous to extend the cuts at least partly in a direction which deviates from that of the electron ray. This avoids the possibility that the electrons will pass through the anode plate without being stopped and will strike the tube wall or the rotor, etc.

The invention will appear more clearly from the following detailed description when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings showing by way of example only, preferred embodiments of the inventive idea.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view partly in section of an X-ray tube constructed in accordance with the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a perspective view on an enlarged scale of a rotary anode used in the X-ray tube shown in FIG. 1, one quarter of the anode being removed to illustrate the cuts.

FIG. 3 is a section through one half of a differently constructed anode.

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a rotary anode having radial cuts of different depths and extensions.

FIG. 1 shows an X-ray tube 2 having a cylindrical casing l at the two ends of which are arranged opposite each other in a known manner the cathode combination 3 and the anode combination 4. The cathode combination 3 includes a cover 5 with a screen 6 containing the glow cathode (not shown). The anode combination 4 consists of a rotor 7 and an anode plate 8 having a diameter of mm. and a thickness of 6 mm. The plate 8 has focal point paths 9 and 10 in a manner known for anode plates. The plate 8 is attached to the axle 11 by a screw 12 and is pressed against a flange 15 (FIG. 2). FIG. 2 also shows the layer-like construction of the plate 8 which consists of a base body 16 of molybdenum and a layer 17 which is [.5 mm. thick of a rhenium-tungsten alloy for the focal point paths 9 and 10. Four cuts are provided to increase heat elasticity. Only two of these cuts 13 and 14 are shown in the drawings. The cuts are ground at equal distances from each other from the bottom side of the plate 8. At the edge they are 4 mm. deep and extend to a zero depth at a distance of IO mm. from the axle 11.

The required operating and heating voltages are supplied to the X-ray tube for ray production in the usual manner through the conduits 18, 19 and 20'and the anode base 21. The sections 22, 23 and 24 of the anode plate can move relatively to each other when they expand by heat without producing any tears.

FIG. 3 shows a section through a part of an anode 25 wherein the cuts extend through the entire thickness of the plate 26 and reach radially to an inner part 27 which is made thicker to improve the attachment.

FIG. 4 shows a plate 28 having two focal spot paths 29 and 30 and provided with cuts 31 and 32 of different depths. The cuts 31 extend radially to the inner edge of the inner focal spot path 30 and the cuts 32 which are located intermediately between the cuts 31, extend to the inner edge of the outer focal spot path 29. The axial extension of all cuts 31, 32 deviates from the direction of the axle fitting into the opening 33 and which extends parallel to the electron ray producing the X-ray radiation. This construction prevents the passing of electrons which come directly from the cathode; it can be recognized particularly by the inclined location of the cuts 31 and 32 at the edge of the plate 28, consisting like plates 8 and 26 of difficultly meltable material (refractory material).

What is claimed is:

1. A rotary anode for an X-ray tube, comprising an anode plate of refractory material upon which lies the focal point path, said plate having a radial cut upon that part of the radius which extends from an outer edge to close to the center of the plate, but terminates outside of the center.

2. A rotary anode according to claim 1, wherein said plate has at least three spaced radial cuts, the radial lengths of these cuts at least including surfaces struck by the electrons.

3. A rotary anode according to claim 1, wherein said plate has two focal spot paths, some of said cuts extending to the inner edge of the outer focal spot path, other cuts extending to the inner edge of the inner focal spot path.

4. A rotary anode according to claim 1, wherein the direction of the cut at least partly deviates from he axial direction of the plate.

5. A rotary anode according to claim 1, wherein said plate has a central portion which is thicker than the edge portion.

6. A rotary anode according to claim 1, wherein said cuts extend from the bottom of the plate and penetrate at least to one half of the plate.

7. An X-ray tube having an anode described in claim 1.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3763387 *Dec 9, 1970Oct 2, 1973Siemens AgX-ray tube with rotary anode
*DE947998A Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3973156 *Dec 27, 1974Aug 3, 1976U.S. Philips CorporationAnode disc for an X-ray tube comprising a rotary anode
US4255685 *Jul 3, 1979Mar 10, 1981Siemens AktiengesellschaftRotating anode for x-ray tubes
US4531227 *Sep 23, 1982Jul 23, 1985Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki KaishaRotary anode for X-ray tube
US4736400 *Jan 9, 1986Apr 5, 1988The Machlett Laboratories, Inc.Diffusion bonded x-ray target
US4969173 *Dec 18, 1987Nov 6, 1990U.S. Philips CorporationX-ray tube comprising an annular focus
US4991194 *Dec 29, 1988Feb 5, 1991General Electric Cgr S.A.Rotating anode for X-ray tube
US7079625 *Jan 20, 2004Jul 18, 2006Siemens AktiengesellschaftX-ray anode having an electron incident surface scored by microslits
DE2833751A1 *Aug 1, 1978Feb 14, 1980Siemens AgDrehanodenteller fuer roentgenroehren
U.S. Classification378/144, 378/125
International ClassificationH01J35/10
Cooperative ClassificationH01J35/10
European ClassificationH01J35/10