|Publication number||US3837607 A|
|Publication date||Sep 24, 1974|
|Filing date||Jan 29, 1973|
|Priority date||Jan 31, 1972|
|Publication number||US 3837607 A, US 3837607A, US-A-3837607, US3837607 A, US3837607A|
|Original Assignee||K Hesse|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (3), Classifications (19)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Hesse 1 1 LIGHTING FIXTURE  Inventor: Kurt Hesse, 492 Lemgo, Waterfohr 38, Germany  Filed: Jan. 29, 1973 21 Appl. No.: 327,369
 Foreign Application Priority Data Jan. 31, 1972 Germany 7203465  US. Cl. 248/278, 240/73 BJ, 285/DIG. 8  Int. Cl. F161 27/00 Field of Search 248/278, 279, 280, 281, 248/284; 240/73 BA, 73 B], 73 JC, 78 F, 81
BA, 81 BE; 339/124, 119 L; 285/D1G. 8
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,418,302 6/1922 Guth 339/119 L Sept. 24, 1974 1,559,227 10/1925 LaPotterie 339/124 2,617,619 11/1952 Versen 248/278 2,620,374 12/1952 Benander 339/119 L 3,043,611 7/1962 Barrett 248/278 X FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1,112,964 3/1956 France 240/73 B] 714,159 10/1941 Germany 240/73 8] 936,903 11/1955 Germany 240/73 BJ Primary Examiner-J. Franklin Foss Attorney, Agent, or FirmBlum, Moscovitz, Friedman & Kaplan  ABSTRACT A lighting fixture including a bulb socket mounted on an extension arm, wherein means for tilting and rotating the bulb socket are formed as part of the socket assembly.
4 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures PATENTED 3.8379 607 SHEET 1 (I 3 i i I l g PAIENTED 3.837960? sum ear 3 LIGHTING FIXTURE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates generally to a lighting fixture having a tiltable and rotatable light bulb socket assembly on an extension arm. On known lamps in this art, a tilt-turn joint is situated at the end of an extension arm and consists of a rotatable collar which carries a second arm arranged in bearings for tilting movement. The second arm carries at its outer end a standard light socket fitting. The socket and tilt-turn joint are enclosed within a cylinder, because the bare socketand screw-on joint arrangement is not attractive.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The purpose of this invention is to provide a lighting fixture of the described type which avoids the disadvantages of the known arrangement and on which parts need not be hidden for attractiveness. It is also a purpose of the invention to provide a lamp of simple construction using a minimum of parts while permitting a tilt-turn arrangement.
The foregoing purposes are achieved by forming an extended part of the lamp socket so as to provide part of the tilt joint.
In an advantageous embodiment, the lamp socket extension has a slot in which a collar is located for tilting movement, the collar being rotatably positioned on an extension arm. The collar can be formed with a cylindrical part having parallel end faces, which is fitted in the slot for swing or tilt movement.
In the new type of lighting fixture, the socket itself performs the functions which previously required a separate joint assembly. Due to the invention, a construction is possible which is not only simple, but also pleasantly aesthetic. The collar moves within the slot and is out of sight in most positions of the socket. The normal smooth cylindrical construction of the lamp socket and extended part give the lamp a pleasing appearance even without a decorative covering tube. Due to the fact that the extended socket body forms part of the joint, the whole construction is simplified and the new type lamp can be produced at lower cost despite its other advantages.
A further suggestion ofthe invention is that the width of the slot corresponds to the diameter of at least part of the collar, or to the parallel end faces of the cylinder part. Another suggestion is that the electric wiring for the lamp socket is conducted through the extension arm tube and through the turn-tilt joint into the extended lamp socket without any open zones or areas. The advantage of such construction is that all wiring can be enclosed for both safety and aesthetic reasons.
It has proved to be advantageous to provide the extended part of the socket with two coaxial bores, one on each side of the slot, each bore having a larger externaldiameter, so that a shoulder is formed for supporting a securing means which is connected to the collar or the cylinder. Suitably, the securing means consists of screws which are screwed into the collar or cylinder part. To achieve the desired soft yet firm adjustability of the tilt or swing joint, spring washers may be provided between the screw heads and the bore shoulders. In order to maintain the friction at the desired pitch after it has been adjusted by means of the screws, the
securing means are locked relative to the collar, such as by using a suitable adhesive.
An additional suggestion is that the extended part of the socket and the socket are joined together by means such as screws, and if uniformity is desired, the socket and extended part should be of equal diameter.
Finally, it is suggested that a ring having axially extending spring arms is fitted between the socket and the extended part. A decorative tube, such as a chromeplated tube, can be pushed over the spring-loaded arms to exert a friction-grip pressure on the inside surface of the tube to thereby hold it in a preselected position.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will in part be obvious and will in part be apparent from the specification and drawings.
The invention accordingly comprises the features of construction, combination of elements and arrangement of parts which will be exemplified in the construction hereinafter set forth, and the scope of the invention will be indicated in the claims.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 3 is a perspective view of spring means for bold ing a cover tube;
FIG. 4 is a front elevational view of a cylinder with a rotatable joint and extension arm; and FIG. 5 is a side elevational view of the elements of FIG. 4.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The lighting fixture has a light bulb socket I to which is secured in axial alignment an extended part 2. The light bulb socket and extended part may be screwed together or joined by any other suitable means (not shown). Disposed between socket 1 and extended part 2 is a ring 3, best seen in FIG. 3, which carries oppositely and axially directed spring arms 4. Spring arms 4 exert a spring pressure on the inside of a tube 5 which is assembled over the socket and extended-part assembly. The spring arms grip the interior surface of tube 5 to thereby hold it in any selected position, with the tube being axially adjustable. Tube 5 is provided with a longitudinal slot 6 through which an arm 7 can pass for allowing relative adjustment of the tube. The opposite end of the tube has removably mounted therein a reflector 8, and an electric light bulb 9 is shown in phantom as being fitted into the socket within the reflector.
Socket 1 and extended part 2 may be termed as a lamp socket assembly and are preferably of equal diamcollar 14 to thereby limit the rotation of collar 14 to slightly less than 360.
Collar 14 is formed as part of a cylindrical body 22. Extended part 2 is provided with a slot 15 which receives cylindrical body 22, with the side walls 23 and 24 of the cylindrical body being dimensioned so as to be received in slot 15. A recess 25 in the form of a 90 sector is formed in cylindrical body 22, providing space for electrical cable 11 when the lamp is tilted. Approximately 90 of tilt is provided for. The extreme relative positions of extension arm 7 are shown in solid and phantom lines in FIG. 1.
As best seen in FIG. 2, side walls 23 and 24 of cylinder 22 have threaded bores 16 for receiving screws 17. Spring washers 19 seat on the shoulders 20 of bores 21 formed in extended part 2 in order that the screw heads 18 provide a frictional drag force between cylindrical body 22 and extended part 2. If desired, once the friction has been adjusted, an adhesive can be applied to the screw threads.
Preferably, socket 1 and extended part 2 forming the socket assembly are formed of plastic material.
It will thus be seen that the advantages set forth above, and those made apparent from the preceding description, are efficiently attained, and since certain changes may be made in the above construction without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
it is also to be understood that the following claims are intended to cover all of the generic and specific features of the invention herein described, and all statements of the scope of the invention which, as a matter of language, might be said to fall therebetween.
What is claimed is:
1. A lighting fixture having a light bulb socket assembly including a slot and means defining a rotatable, tiltable joint, said means constituting part of said assembly and including a rotatable collar having parallel side walls, the spacing between said side walls being substantially that of the width of said slot, said collar being rotatably mounted on an extension arm, said socket assembly slot permitting tilt action of said collar with'respect to said socket assembly, said rotatable and tiltable means further including coaxial bores in said socket assembly having shouldered recesses, threaded aligned bores in said collar and screws acting between said coaxial bores and said threaded bores, said recesses in said coaxial bores receiving the heads of said screws and further including washers surrounding said screws beneath the heads thereof and acting against said shouldered recesses, said screws and washers acting between said coaxial bores and said threaded bores for pivoting said collar with said collar assembly.
2. A lighting fixture as claimed in claim 1 wherein said light bulb socket assembly includes a cylindrical socket portion and a cylindrical extended portion connected to said socket portion in axial alignment, said cylindrical socket and said extended portion being of substantially equal outside diameter.
3. A lighting fixture as claimed in claim 2 and further including spring means disposed between said socket and said extended portion and a tube slidably mounted over said socket assembly, said spring means acting against the inside surface of said tube for positioning same.
4. A lighting fixture as claimed in claim 3 wherein said spring means includes a ring and a plurality of spring arms extending generally perpendicularly from the plane of said ring, some of said spring arms extending in one direction and the other of said spring arms extending in an opposite direction.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1418302 *||Apr 25, 1919||Jun 6, 1922||St Louis Brass Mfg Company||Lighting fixture|
|US1559227 *||Sep 9, 1924||Oct 27, 1925||La Potterie Frank Louis De||Lamp-socket fixture|
|US2617619 *||Apr 3, 1951||Nov 11, 1952||Versen Kurt||Supporting arm for electrical fixtures|
|US2620374 *||Aug 4, 1949||Dec 2, 1952||Gen Electric||Electric socket and receptacle|
|US3043611 *||Aug 25, 1958||Jul 10, 1962||Ajax Foundry Products Inc||Electric lighting fixture assembly|
|DE714159C *||Oct 14, 1939||Nov 22, 1941||Aeg Beleuchtungskoerper G M B||Kippgelenk, insbesondere fuer Gelenkleuchten, Kipplampen o. dgl.|
|DE936903C *||Mar 29, 1953||Dec 22, 1955||Gerhard Fieseler||Kreuzgelenk zur horizontalen und vertikalen Verschwenkbarkeit eines eine Leuchte od. dgl. tragenden Armes|
|FR1112964A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4310875 *||Jun 18, 1979||Jan 12, 1982||Edison Price, Incorporated||Universally adjustable lamp fixture|
|US4600972 *||Aug 23, 1984||Jul 15, 1986||Hazenlite Incorporated||Emergency lighting apparatus|
|US20130337662 *||Sep 17, 2012||Dec 19, 2013||Cree, Inc.||Pivot connector, power input assembly, electrical connector apparatus, and method of pivoting electrically connecting apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||248/278.1, 362/418, 285/907|
|International Classification||F21V17/06, F21V17/16, F21Y101/00, F21W131/30, F21V21/26, F21S8/00, F21V21/30|
|Cooperative Classification||F21S8/033, Y10S285/907, F21V21/30, F21V17/164, F21S8/04|
|European Classification||F21S8/04, F21S8/03G, F21V21/30, F21V17/16B|