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Publication numberUS3838514 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 1, 1974
Filing dateJan 12, 1973
Priority dateJan 12, 1973
Publication numberUS 3838514 A, US 3838514A, US-A-3838514, US3838514 A, US3838514A
InventorsPolak V
Original AssigneeOrmco Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Convertible buccal tube or bracket
US 3838514 A
Abstract
An orthodontic convertible buccal tube or bracket, with spaced-apart and arch-slotted mesial and distal lugs, has a guide channel and closed arch slots developed by a channel tab member selectively fastened to the mesial and distal lugs so that an arch wire is easily threaded therethrough.
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United States Patent [1 1 3,838,514

Polak Oct. 1, 1974 CONVERTIBLE BUCCAL TUBE OR BRACKET Primary ExaminerRobert Peshock [75] Inventor: Vincent Eugene Polak, Azusa, Calif. Attorney Agent or Flrm jessup & Beecher [73] Assignee: Ormco Corporation, Glendora,

57 ABSTRACT [22] Filed: Jan. 12, 1973 An orthodontic convertible buccal tube or bracket, [21] Appl' 323l63 with spaced-apart and arch-slotted mesial and distal lugs, has a guide channel and closed arch slots devel- [52] US. Cl 32/14 A oped by a channel tab member selectively fastened to [51] Int. Cl. A6lc 7/00 the mesial and distal lugs so that an arch wire is easily [58] Field of Search 32/14 A threaded therethrough.

[56] References Cited 11 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,391,461 7/1968 Johnson 32/14 A CONVERTIBLE BUCCAL TUBE OR BRACKET BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Orthodontics, as a branch of dentistry dealing with irregularities of the teeth and their correction, uses the application of predetermined and directed corrective mechanical forces to reposition irregular teeth to their proper position. The corrective forces can be developed by various orthodontic apparatus, such as orth-, odontic brackets in combination with a tensioned or torqued arch wire. Conventional orthodontic brackets have an arch slot that receives the arch wire, while convertible buccal tubes or brackets have a closed arch slot that forms a buccal tube which is convertible to a conventional bracket with an open arch slot; for example, see U.S. Pat. No. 3,391,461. A closed arch slot or buccal tube not only retains the arch wire, but also permits unrestricted mesial and distal, i.e. longitudinal, movement of the arch wire without binding of the arch wire within the buccal tube.

Convertible buccal tubes or brackets are used primarily on first molars: first as a buccal tube and then as a conventional bracket so that the same tooth is not banded twice with a separate buccal tube and a separate orthodontic bracket, but rather is banded only once which results in a saving of time and reduces pa tient discomfort.

While U.S. Pat. No. 3,391,461 describes one method of forming a closed arch slot on a single-lug orthodontic bracket, other methods of forming a closed arch slot are by welding a bar, wire, or the like, across the open arch slot. However, these methods of forming a closed arch slot when used on certain orthodontic brackets, such as a bracket with a twin-lug configuration (see U.S. Pat. No. 3,530,583), leave an open space between the spaced-apart twin lugs. This open space creates a problem for an orthodontist who must thread an arch wire through the closed arch slots of the twin lugs. When the arch wire is inserted into the closed arch slot of the mesial or front lug, it exits from the slot into the open space between the mesial and the distal or rear lug. Since the distal or free end of the arch wire is no longer retained and is free to move in any direction, threading the arch wire into the closed arch slot of the distal lug becomes extremely difficult. This problem is multiplied in many orthodontic situations by the tipped or rotated conditions or the teeth that can cause the distal end of the arch wire to be directed at odd angles and orientations in the open space between the mesial and distal lugs.

OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, it is an object of the invention to provide a new and improved convertible buccal tube or bracket.

It is an object of the invention to provide a convertible buccal tube or bracket having an improved arch wire guide channel.

It is an object of the invention to provide an improved convertible buccal tube or bracket having a selectively removable arch wire guide.

It is an object of the invention to provide a convertible buccal tube or bracket having an improved channel tab developing an arch wire guide channel.

It is an object of the invention to provide an improved convertible buccal tube or bracket having an improved arch wire guide channel that facilitates dental hygiene.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Briefly, in accordance with the invention, an improved convertible buccal tube or bracket is provided having spaced-apart first and second lugs with respective first and second arch slots. A channel tab has end portions that are fastened to the arch slots to selectively close the arch slots. A central body portion of the channel tab has first and second side portions spaced apart by the body portion and extending between the end portions. The side portions depend between the first and second lugs and with the central body portion develop a guide channel between the lugs and each arch slot so taht a buccal tube or full channel, whighm ay be selectively converted to a bracket, both guides and retains an arch wire therethrough and therein.

While the specification concludes with claims particularly pointing out and distinctly claiming the subject matter which may be regarded as the invention, the organization and method of operation, together with further objects, features, and the attending advantages thereof, maybest be understood when the following description is read in connection with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of one form of prior art orthodontic bracket;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the improved convertible buccal tube or bracket of the invention;

FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view of the improved convertible buccal tube or bracket of the invention; and

FIG. 4 is a sectional view of the improved convertible buccal tube or bracket of FIG. 2 along the line 4-4.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE ILLUSTRATED EMBODIMENT Referring to FIG. 1, a prior art form of orthodontic bracket 10 has a longitudinally extending base l2 with a front or buccal surface 14 and a rear or lingual surface 16 adapted to be fastened to a tooth band (not shown). A mesial lug l8 and a distal lug 20 extend outwardly from buccal surface 14 and terminate in tiewing buccal surfaces 22 and 24, respectively. Arch slots 26 and 28 in the spaced-apart mesial and distal lugs 18 and 20, respectively, are closed by respective bars 30 and 32 that are fastened, for example, by similar spot welds 34 to the tie-wing buccal surfaces. An arch wire 38 extends through the closed mesial arch slot 26 with the free or distal end 40 of the arch wire positioned to enter closed distal arch slot 28. Since the distal end 40 of the arch wire 38 is free and unrestrained, the threading" of the arch wire into the distal arch slot 28 becomes extremely difficult.

Referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, the improved orthodontic convertible buccal tube or bracket 44 of the invention has a longitudinally extending base 46 with a front or buccal surface 48 and a rear or lingual surface 50. A mesial lug 52 and a distal lug 54 extend outwardly from buccal surface 48 and terminate in respective tie-wing buccal surfaces 56 and 58. The spaced-apart mesial and distal lugs 52 and 54 have respective arch slots 62 and 64 that are selectively closed by a channel tab 66 as described hereinafter. While the arch slots 62 and 64 can be longitudinally aligned as illustrated, it is contemplated that the arch slots can also be selectively nonaligned as may be required.

Channel tab 66 as illustrated by FIGS. 2, 3 and 4 is a generally planar member having end portions 72 and 74 continuous with and generally transversely extending from a longitudinally extending central body portion 76. The central body portion 76 has side portions 78 and 80 spaced-apart thereby and extending outwardly therefrom in a substantially parallel relationship. It is contemplated that the central tab can be other than planar and that the side portions can be other than parallel, and that the side portions can be separate from, but fastened to, the central body portion as may be required. The end portions 72 and 74 of channel tab 66 are positioned on the tie-wing buccal surfaces 56 and 58 of the respective mesial and distal lugs 52 and 54, and fastened, for example, by similar spot welds 82. The end portions 72 and 74 support and stabilize the channel tab 66 and position the central body portion 76 with its outwardly extending side portions 78 and 80 depending between the mesial and distal lugs.

The central body portion 76 and the side portions 78 and 80 with the buccal surface 48 develop a longitudinally extending guide channel or buccal tube 86 that leads from closed mesial arch slot 62 to closed distal arch slot 64. The buccal tube 86 guides the distal end of arch wire 88 from the mesial arch slot to the distal arch slot, and permits desired mesial-distal movement of the thus retained arch wire within the buccal tube.

The side portions 72 and 74 of channel tab 66 as shown by FIGS. 2, 3 and 4 have respective edges 90 and 92 that are maintained adjacent to and spaced from buccal surface 48, particularly as shown by FIG. 4. Similar mesial edges 96 and similar distal edges 98 of the respective side portions 72 and 74 are also maintained adjacent to and spaced from their associated mesial and distal lugs 52 and 54. The resulting spaced relationship between the side portions. the buccal surface, and the lugs facilitates removal of any foreign matter that may collect in the buccal tube 86, for example, by flushing out the foreign matter with a pressurized fluid stream.

In the convertible buccal tube or bracket 44 of the invention, removal of the central tab 66 can be easily accomplished by cutting or breaking and grinding so that the buccal tube 86 is converted to a bracket with open arch slots, for example, when the second molars are banded.

What is claimed is:

1. in combination:

a twin orthodontic bracket having a pair of spaced lugs, said lugs having respective aligned slots for the reception of an arch wire: and

channel means aligned with said slots and developing a longitudinally extending guide channel and having end means extending outwardly therefrom and fastened to said bracket. 7

2. The combinationof claim I in which said channel means includes a body portion, and first and second side portions spaced apart by and extending outwardly from said body portion, and said end means includes first and second end portions extending transversely to said body portion.

3. The combination of claim 2 in which said body portion is generally planar and said first and second end portions are coextensively planar with said body portion.

4. In combination: a twin orthodontic bracket having a pair of spaced lugs, said lugs having respective aligned slots for the reception of an arch wire; a channel tab extending between said lugs and aligned with said slot and comprising:v a. a generally planar member having first and second end portions spaced apart by a central body portion; and

b. first and second side portions extending from said central body portion and spaced apart by said body portion. said first and second side portions and said central body portion developing a longitudinally extending guide channel.

5. The combination of claim 4 in which said first and second end portions are coextensively planar with said central body portion.

6. The combination of claim 5 in which said first and second side portions are substantially parallel.

7. A convertible buccal tube or bracket comprising:

a. a longitudinally extending base portion having a lingual surface and a buccal surface;

b. first and second spaced-apart lug portions extending outwardly from said buccal surface and terminating in respective first and second tie-wing buccal surfaces;

c. first and second longitudinally extending arch slots in respective ones of said first and second lug portions; and

d. a channel tab including:

1. first and second end portions spaced apart by a central body portion,

2. said first and second end portions removably fastened to respective ones of said first and second tie-wing buccal surfaces to position and stabilize said channel tab, and

3. first and second side portions depending from said central body portion between said lug portions, said first and second side portions spaced apart by said body portion,

4. said first and second side portions and said body portion developing a longitudinally extending guide channel between said lug portions and said first and second arch slots so that a buccal tube is developed which is convertible to a bracket.

8. The convertible buccal tube or bracket of claim 7 in which said first arch slot is longitudinally aligned with said second arch slot.

9. The convertible buccal tube or bracket of claim 7 in which said channel tab is generally planar.

10. The convertible buccal tube or bracket of claim 7 in which said depending first and second side portions have edges adjacent to and spaced from said buccal surface and said lug portions.

11. In an orthodonticbracketwherein a longitudinally extending base portion has a buccal surface and first and second spaced-apart lugs extending. outwardly therefrom and terminating in respective first and second tie-wing buccal surfaces and having respective first and second arch slots, the combination thereof with said bracket of a channel tab comprisingz' a. first and second end portions spaced apart by a central body portion;

b. said first and second end portions removably fastened to respective ones of said first and second tiewing buccal surfaces to position and stabilize said channel tab; and

c. first and second side portions depending from said central body portion between said lugs, said first is developed which is convertible to a bracket. l

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3391461 *Oct 23, 1965Jul 9, 1968Unitek CorpConvertible buccal tube and bracket
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4180912 *Sep 22, 1978Jan 1, 1980Kesling Peter COrthodontic light wire appliance
US4355975 *Dec 15, 1980Oct 26, 1982Kinya FujitaOrthodontic appliance
US4551094 *Jan 31, 1985Nov 5, 1985Kesling Peter CEdgewise bracket wire retaining clip
US4842512 *Nov 21, 1986Jun 27, 1989Tp Orthodontics, Inc.Combination edgewise bracket
US4927362 *Jul 12, 1988May 22, 1990Unitek CorporationConvertible buccal tube
US5059119 *Mar 21, 1991Oct 22, 1991Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyOrthodontic buccal tube with convertible cover
US5356288 *Dec 7, 1992Oct 18, 1994Howard CohenDual orthodontic bracket
US6142775 *Jul 14, 1999Nov 7, 20003M Innovative Properties CompanyOcclusal cap for orthodontic bracket
US6217322 *Jan 31, 2000Apr 17, 2001Peter C. KeslingLow friction orthodontic appliance
US6428314Apr 20, 2001Aug 6, 2002Rmo, Inc.Convertible buccal tube
US7481651Dec 27, 2005Jan 27, 2009Dentaurum J.P. Winkelstroeter KgOrthodontic device
US7695277Oct 27, 2005Apr 13, 2010Rmo, Inc.Orthodontic bracket with frangible cover mechanism
US7959437Jul 24, 2007Jun 14, 2011Rmo, Inc.Orthodontic appliance with encoded information formed in the base
US8235714Aug 12, 2009Aug 7, 2012World Class Technology CorporationConvertible buccal tube orthodontic bracket
US8251697Sep 7, 2007Aug 28, 2012Rmo, Inc.Reduced-friction buccal tube and method of use
US8376739May 26, 2011Feb 19, 2013Rmo, Inc.Self ligating orthodontic bracket having a rotatable member
US8485816Mar 15, 2010Jul 16, 2013Rmo, Inc.Orthodontic bracket having an archwire channel and archwire retaining mechanism
US8573971Apr 12, 2010Nov 5, 2013Rmo, Inc.Orthodontic bracket with frangible cover mechanism
US8585399Aug 27, 2012Nov 19, 2013Rmo, Inc.Reduced-friction buccal tube and method of use
US8678818Feb 14, 2013Mar 25, 2014Rmo, Inc.Self ligating orthodontic bracket having a rotatable member
US8807997Oct 9, 2013Aug 19, 2014Rmo, Inc.Reduced-friction buccal tube and method of use
US8961172Mar 24, 2014Feb 24, 2015Rmo, Inc.Self ligating orthodontic bracket having a rotatable member
US8979528Feb 8, 2013Mar 17, 2015Rmo, Inc.Customized orthodontic appliance method and system
DE2701716A1 *Jan 17, 1977Jul 20, 1978Foerster Bernhard FaJaw-bone orthopaedic wire spring tensioning mechanism - has lengthwise channel in base and rotary plate clamping spring
EP0351177A1 *Jul 11, 1989Jan 17, 1990Unitek CorporationConvertible buccal tube
EP1982669A1 *Mar 26, 2008Oct 22, 2008Orthodontic Manufacturer SIA s.r.l.Device for connecting orthodontic wire or arch with orthodontic brackets
WO2009130617A2 *Apr 21, 2009Oct 29, 2009Medentic S.A.Orthodontic bracket, and brace comprising such brackets
Classifications
U.S. Classification433/17, 433/8
International ClassificationA61C7/00, A61C7/28, A61C7/30
Cooperative ClassificationA61C7/282, A61C7/30, A61C7/28
European ClassificationA61C7/30
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jan 25, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: MANUFACTURERS HANOVER TRUST COMPANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. ASSIGNS THE ENTIRE INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SAC/THERMOLYNE, INC.;SAC/BARNSTEAD, INC.;SAC/THERMO-BARN, INC.;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:004834/0513
Effective date: 19871020
Owner name: MANUFACTURERS HANOVER TRUST COMPANY,STATELESS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SAC/THERMOLYNE, INC.;SAC/BARNSTEAD, INC.;SAC/THERMO-BARN, INC. AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:4834/513
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SAC/THERMOLYNE, INC.;SAC/BARNSTEAD, INC.;SAC/THERMO-BARN, INC.;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:004834/0513
Sep 15, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: ORMCO CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:SYBRON CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004607/0103
Effective date: 19860731
Owner name: ORMCO CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE., STATELESS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SYBRON CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004607/0103
Sep 20, 1982ASAssignment
Owner name: SYBRON CORPORATION, 1100 MIDTOWN TOWER, ROCHESTER,
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:AMERICAN HOSPITAL SUPPLY CORPORATION A CORP. OF ILL.;REEL/FRAME:004051/0902
Effective date: 19820831