Improvement in fences
US 38396 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented May 5,1863.
PETERS. Phowmhognpher, wasnmgwn. D. cA
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
THEODORE E. KING, OF ASHTABULA, OHIO.
IMPROVEMENT IN FENCES.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 38,396, dated May 5, 1863.
To @ZZ whom, it may concern:
Be it known that I, THEoDoRE E. KING, of Ashtabula, in the county of Ashtabula and State of Ohio, have invented new and useful Improvements in Fences; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full and coinplete description of the construction and operation of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making part of this specication, in which- Figure l is a front view. Fig. 2 is a vertical section of a post. Fig. 3 is a cross sec'- tion of a panel and brace, and Figs. 4, 5, 6, and 7 are sections.
Like letters refer to like parts in the several views.
My invention relates, first, to the hereinedescribed inode of securing the posts to the base; second, to the adjustable brace for supporting the panel; third, to the devices for securing the panels to the posts; fourth, to the devices for uniting the panels at the point of the intersection of the braces; and, fifth, to the form and structure of the hinge.
I make the posts of cast-iron. They Vconsist of three parts, the body A A, which divides vertically in the line of the fence, the two parts being duplicates of each other, and secured together by screw-bolts and to the top B. Y
The external form may vary to suit the fancy. The body A A is held together by screwbolts C C', one of which passes through the base and the other near the top. The top B is made dovetailing, as shown at D, Fig. 2, for the purpose of securing it to the body of the posts by the action of the screws O C'.
At the bottom of the post on each section there is a flange, E, turning inward, through which the bolts F F pass from the base-stone G. Upon the sides of each section of the base of the post there is a false panel, H, through both of which the bolt C passes to hold the sections together. These panels H cover an opening, I, through which a wrench is introduced in order to turn the nutsF' on the bolts F, that secure the posts to the base G.
Upon each side of each section of the post is a recess, J, forming, when the sections are united, a mortise, into which the panel-brackets, hereinafter to be described, are inserted. These brackets are shown at K in place upon the panels, and in a detached position in Fig. 6. The ends K', that enter the post, are dovetailing, the ends at t being turned inward, so as to form a support to each other when pressed between the sections of the post by means of the screw-bolts O O'. The ends K of these brackets are fitted to embrace the edges of the rail L of the fence-panel, and are secured to the ends of the rail by a screw-bolt, L', and when in place upon the end of the panel, as seen at L, Fig. 5, the ends et come nearly or quite into contact, giving them the necessary iirmness. Those brackets that are used at the joining of the panels, as shown at M, Figs. l and 3, are united in pairs by a bar, N, upon the front. The base N' turns horizontally, as seen in Fig. 3, and rests rmly upon the base-stone G, to which it is secured by a screw-bolt, u.
O represents a brace, which :is secured to the base G by means of a nut, O', attached to the side of the base, as shown in' Fig. 3. The bolt L', that secures the upper brackets to the upper rail, passes through the top of this brace, and thus secures the panel thereto. This brace can be screwed down into the nut O' until it is adjusted to the desired length to bring the panel upright. Thus the fence is secured to the base G, both by the brace O and bolt n. These basestones and braces are placed at the joining of all of the panels, and in this manner any length of fence can be constructed without posts, eX- cept at the corners of the lot and at the gates.
The brackets P, P', and G, that are placed upon the gate, are made like those described at M, with the exception that the lower ones have no base piece N butinstead thereof there is an arm, P', which is secured to the picket at each corner of the gate, to keep the parts iirmly bound together, and also to prevent the gate from sagging. Two of these brackets, as shown at E, are formed into one part of a hinge by being extended and holding the pin S, (shown in detached Fig. 7,) upon which the stationary part of the hinge S' articulates. The stationary parts are heldl together by a screw, T, and are collectively secured to the post by resting in a dovetailed mortisc, as seen at T' in Fig. 5, in which position it is iirmly held by the screwbolts O C'.
The base-stones G may rest upon orbe partly buried in the ground, and the posts and panels secured to them, as hereinbefore described.
What I claim as my improvement, and de- 4c. The brackets M N N', for limiting the pan sire to secure by Letters Patent, is-v els and securing them to the base Gr, as de' l. Securing the posts to the base G by scribed. means of the flanges E and screws and nuts F 5. The gate-brackets P Q Pf and. the hinge F', as specified. f R S S', (shown in Fig. 7,) constructed and ar- 2. The adjustable brace O, for supporting ranged as and `for the purpose set forth. the panel iu au upright position, arranged. Y and operating as set forth. Witnesses 3. Thebruekets,Fig. 6, for securing the pau els to the posts, as specified.
THEODORE E. KING.
J. BRAINERD, J AMES H. PRENTIGE.