US 3840165 A
A magazine for a fastener driving tool automatically opening in the event of jamming to provide ready access to the deformed fastener. The fastener magazine is movably secured relative to a driver assembly by a cammed hinge, and a resiliently biased releasable latch located between the magazine and nose assembly maintaining the magazine in a fastener feeding position. The latch releases in response to jamming of a deformed fastener and the expansive forces generated thereby, whereupon the cammed hinge permits the magazine to move under the influence of such forces to a release position spaced from the nose assembly to allow access to the deformed fastener.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent Howard 51 7 Oct. 8, 1974  Inventor: Frank C. Howard, Mt. Prospect, Ill.
 Assignee: Signode Corporation, Glenview, Ill.
 Filed: Aug. 15, 1973 211 App]. No.: 388,377
 US. Cl 227/1, 227/122, 227/123  Int. Cl. B25c 5/16  Field of Search 227/1, 122, 123, 127, 128, 227/ 156  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,733,440 2/1956 Jenny 227/123 3,253,760 5/1966 Doyle et al. 227/120 Primary Examiner-Granville Y. Custer, Jr. Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Dressler, Goldsmith, Clement & Gordon, Ltd.
[5 7] ABSTRACT A magazine for a fastener driving tool automatically opening in the event of jamming to provide ready access to the deformed fastener. The fastener magazine is movably secured relative to a driver assembly by a cammed hinge, and a resiliently biased releasable latch located between the magazine and nose assembly maintaining the magazine in a fastener feeding position. The latch releases in response to jamming of a deformed fastener and the expansive forces generated thereby, whereupon the cammed hinge permits the magazine to move under the influence of such forces to a release position spaced from the no'se'assembly to allow access to the deformed fastener.
13 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures Pmm'wum 81274 sum 10? 2 SHEET 20? 2' PAIENIEDum 81974 MAGAZINE RELEASE MECHANISM FOR FASTENER DRIVING TOOL BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention relates to fastener driving tools, and particularly to an improved arrangement for automatically opening the magazine in the event that a fastener becomes deformed and jams therewith, so that easy removal of the deformed fastener is made possible.
A persistent problem with all fastener driving tools is the inevitable, occasional deformation and consequent jamming .Of a fastener within the tool, particularly within the guideway from which a fastener is normally driven from the tool. The possible causes of such jamming are well-known and numerous; for example, a hard spot in the work piece, or defective fasteners; but the consequent jamming and work interruption is the same, regardless of cause. Particularly in the case of larger power-driven tools, where considerable forces are generated, undue deforming stresses on components of the tool also result from such jams.
Formerly, it was necessary to do much inconvenient and time-consuming disassembly of the tool in order to gain access to the deformed fastener and to remove it. More recently, various arrangements have been devised to facilitate such access. Exemplary of such arrangements have been closure members forward of the fastener driving guideway and typically on opposite sides thereof from the magazine which stores and feeds the fasteners. Such closure members are disengageable from the tool to expose the guideway for allowing withdrawal of the deformed fastener. Since many of these closure members have proved difficult to open in practice when jamming occurs, some have been constructed so as to respond to the occurance of a jam by disengaging from the remainder of the tool without manipulation by the user of the tool.
However. none of these expedients has proved fully successful. Extraneous tools have been needed to restore prior art closures to their operational mode. Further, many have employed complex, wear-prone mechanisms. or numerous small parts, which have rendered difficult the maintenance of proper fastener guideway tolerances, as well as of consistent operation to release only with the proper predetermined degree of internal stress. This has led to the further disadvantages of an increase in the frequency of false releases with wear, and further interruption of normal operation.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION containing a body portion with a nose assembly, and a magazine assembly for successively feeding fasteners to be driven by the tool. Means are provided for securing the magazine assembly to the housing to allow movement of the magazine between a fastener feeding position closely adjacent the nose assembly, and a release position spaced therefrom.
Also provided are latch means for releasably maintaining the magazine assembly relative to the housing in the fastener feeding position during the normal operation of the tool. However, when a fastener is deformed instead of being driven cleanly by the driver assembly, the latch means responds to the forces exerted by the deformed fastener to release the magazine assembly. Under the influence of such forces, the magazine assembly thereupon moves from the feeding position to the release position.
In this manner, the deformed fastener is exposed and may be readily dislodged from the tool, whereupon the magazine assembly may be immediately returned to its fastener feeding position, and normal operation resumed. The action of the tool is automatic and accomplished by an uncomplicated arrangement of inherently superior reliability and greatly simplified operation.
particularly as compared to prior expedients.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a partial side elevational view showing a fastener driving tool in its operational mode, with the magazine in the fastener feeding position;
FIG. 2 is a partial side elevational view of the fastener driving tool of FIG. 1 showing the magazine assembly in the release position;
FIG. 3 is a side' elevational view in cross section of a detail of the tool of FIGS. 1 and 2, showing the normal driving of a fastener;
FIG. 4 is a front elevational view partially in cross section of the tool of FIGS. 1 and 3, taken along line 4-4 of FIG. 3; I
FIG. 5 is a view similar to FIG. '3, showing the occurrence of a jam and the initiation of the movement of the magazine to the release position; and
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view taken along line 66 of FIG. 4 of a detail 'of tool of FIGS. 1-5.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION While this invention is susceptible of embodiment in many different forms, there is shown in the drawings and will herein be described in detail a preferred embodiment of the invention with the understanding that the present disclosure is to be considered as an exemplification of the principles of the invention and is not intended to'limit the invention to the embodiment illustrated. The scope of the invention will be pointed out in the appended claims.
FIG. 1 illustrates a fastener driving tool 10 having a unitary housing 12, including a generally cylindrical upright portion 14, and a transverse handle-like graspable portion 15. Cylindrical portion 14 encloses a fas- I tener driving mechanism controlled by trigger valve means 17 in accordance with any of the numer of wellknown arrangements. In any case, the driving mechanism. of which drive member 18 is a part, reciprocates member 18 vertically below-cylinder portion 14. The driving mechanism may involve a piston (not shown) to which driver 18 is secured, and which is pneumatically reciprocated, as described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,106,136 to A. Langas, entitled Fastener Driving Tool."
Also included in housing 12 is a downwardlyextendingnose piece 20 secured to the lower end of cylindrical portion 14 by bolts 22. The driving mechanism with member 18 is part of a typical fastener driver assembly. The term fastener driving assembly encompasses many forms and is clearly not limited to the one illustrated.
Nose piece 20, which is part of fastener nose assembly 26, includes a rearwardly facing vertical surface defining a shallow fastener guideway channel 27 coaxially aligned with driver 18, and illustrated in cross section in F IG. 3. Channel 27 opens rearwardly outwardly and extends vertically from cylindrical portion 14 to the bottom of nose piece 20. The channel matches in thickness and cross-sectional shape the type of fasteners which are to be driven by the tool, as well as the driver member 18, to permit movement of the driver therealong. Also included in nose piece 20 is a pair of spaced side members 28 extending rearwardly outwardly on either side of channel 27, and vertically upwardly to cylindrical portion 14. Members 28 are provided with recesses within which are mounted components of a latch arrangement to be described below.
The tool also includes an elongated fastener magazine assembly 30 releasably held by means to be described in a position generally along and below graspable portion and closely adjacent nose assembly 26, during normal operation; see FIG. I. The magazine assembly is conventional and may be adapted for use with staples as illustrated, or it may be adapted for use with other fasteners, such as nails, or the like. The magazine assembly holds fasteners 31 arrayed for feeding serially toward its leading end 33, and then under driver 18. End 33 terminates in a flat leading face 34, perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the magazine, and adjacent nose assembly 26.
Accordingly, when in the just-described attitude, the magazine assembly is in a fastener feeding position, with nose side members 28 closely embracing a portion of magazine leading end 33. At the same time, magazine leading face 34 is parallel to and in opposed abutting relationship to guideway channel 27. Face 34 thus closes the open side of channel 27 to define fastener guide passageway 36 along which fasteners 31 are driven. The manner in which such cooperation defines passageway 36, and its coaxial relationship with driver 18, is best shown in FIG. 3.
Passageway 36 could also be defined in another manner, for example, by including a guideway channel on magazine face 34, with or without a corresponding channel on the facing surface of nose piece 20. FIG, 3 best shows the manner in which the fasteners emerge from the magazine into guide passageway 36. The driving operation is conventional, with driver 18 descending upon each fastener as it is positioned in the passageway to drive it into the work piece.
In accordance with the invention, magazine assembly 30 is supported relative to housing 12 and nose assembly 26 so as to automatically move from the fastener feeding position (FIG, 1) closely adjacent nose assembly 26 to a release position (FIG. 2) spaced from nose assembly 26, under the influence of the large expansive forces exerted by a jammed fastener within passageway 36. In general, magazine assembly 30 is movably secured to housing I2, preferably at a point adjacent its trailing end 62, by an arrangement shown generally at 38 permitting limited rearward movement of the magazine assembly with respect to housing 12 and nose assembly 26. The details and operation of arrangement 38 will be described in more detail below. Magazine assembly 30 is further secured to housing 12, preferably between leading end 33 thereof and nose assembly 26, by a latch arrangement 40, which releases when the expansive forces due to a jam exceed a predetermined level. The magazine assembly thereupon is permitted by arrangement 38 to move away from nose assembly 26 under the influence of the expansive forces to expose the deformed fastener.
Latch arrangement 40, the details of which are shown in FIGS. 3-6, includes a pair of identical cylindrical latch pins 42 adjacent the lowermost corner of magazine leading end 33. Latch pins 42 extend transversely outwardly from either side of magazine 30, perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis of the magazine. Matching pins 42 are a pair of relatively shallow concave recesses 44, each in the lower rear corner of one of side members 28. Each of the recesses runs the width of respective side members 28, opening rearwardly and including an upwardly facing lower surface portion 46. The recesses match pins 42 and accept them to aid in supporting magazine leading end 33 when the magazine is in the feeding position.
Nose side members 28 further include relatively narrow slots 48 in the lowermost end of each member 28 and intersecting recesses 44. Each of slots 48 extends downwardly and rearwardly in its member 28, as well as opening downwardly and rearwardly; see FIGS. 4 and 6 particularly. Each slot is located generally midway of each side member 28, and within each slot is a generally L-shaped main locking member 50 of latch arrangement 40. Member 50 has an elongated rearwardly extending leg 52, and a relatively thick downwardly extending support leg 54.
Each locking member 50 is pivotally mounted by means of pin 56 passing transversely through leg 54 and the associated side member 28. Each elongated leg 52 extends outwardly from its associated side member generally along the upper surface of one of the recesses 44. The lower surface of each leg 52 is curved to include a concave portion 58 matching a portion of the cylindrical surface of pins 42,'and complementing the upwardly facing surface 46 of recesses 44.
To complete latch arrangement 40, a pair of springloaded plungers 60 mounted within each side member 28 acts on elongated legs 52 downwardly at a point rearward of concave portion 58 to bias locking member 50 downwardly. Thus, when magazine 30 is in its fastener feeding position (see FIGS. 3 and 6), pins 42 rest within concave recesses 44, as above described, aided in the vertical support of the magazine assembly by arrangement 38. Also, pins 42 are releasably locked in this attitude by the downwardly biased legs 52 of locking members 50, with concave portions 58 engaging the matching cylindrical surfaces of pins 42. In this manner, the greater portion of the circumferences of pins 42 is encircled and closely engaged cooperatively by recesses 44 and locking member 50. Thus, latch arrangement 40 retains magazine assembly 30 against rearward movement to maintain passageway 36 within fixed dimensional tolerances, during normal operation.
With the occurrence of a jam as one of fasteners 31 is being driven, a strong expansive force is created in guide passageway 36 as the driving force exerted by driver 18 distorts the fastener (see especially FIG. 5). This force bears against magazine leading face 34, and thus tends to move the magazine together with pins 42 rearwardly. Once the magnitude of the force exceeds that exerted by the bias of plungers 60, pins 42 with magazine 30 move rearwardly to overcome the latch arrangement by forcing legs 52 upwardly into the position shown in FIG. 5. In this manner access is provided to the deformed fastener to permit its quick and easy removal.
Returning to a more detailed consideration of arrangement 38, magazine trailing end 62 is supported upon housing portion by a magazine support bracket 64 secured at end 62. The bracket extends upwardly from magazine 30 and is angled slightly toward leading end 33 thereof; see FIGS. 1 and 2. Joining bracket 64 at the upper end thereof to trailing end 66 of portion 15 opposite nose assembly 26, and spaced therefrom, is arrangement 38, which comprises a cammed hinge.
This arrangement 38 includes a relatively narrow boss portion 68 on graspable portion 15 which extends downwardly therefrom at end 66. Also included are a pair of identical slightly spaced-apart cylindrical guide pins 70 and 72, both extending horizontally outwardly from boss 68 and perpendicular to the horizontally outwardly from boss 68 and perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of portion 15. Both pins lie in a horizontal line extending generally in the same sense as graspable portion 15, and perpendicular to guide channel 27.
The final element of hinge 38 is a slot 74 provided in the upper end of bracket 64 and elongated longitudinally in the general direction of the magazine axis. The slot length is somewhat less than twice the spacing between the axis of guide pins 70 and 72, and its width matches that of the pins except at the leading end thereof, where the slot is upwardly relieved or enlarged to add an additional small fraction of the pin diameter.
Cammed hinge arrangement 38 secures bracket 64 with the remainder of the magazine assembly to housing portion 15 by means of guide pins 70 and 72 engaged within slot 74. The pins ride within the slot to provide a cammed pivot operation. In the fastener feeding position of FIG. 1, bracket 64 is positioned with respect to boss 68 so that pins 70 and 72 are rearmost in slot 74. In this attitude the pins support the magazine assembly longitudinally in line with the driver assembly and perpendicular to passageway 36. In the release position of FIG. 2, the magazine assembly is spaced from driver assembly 26, having moved rearwardly and downwardly relative thereto. In achieving this release position, the magazine assembly and its leading end 33 must first move rearwardly a small distance, whereupon the enlarged leading end of slot 74 is brought into alignment with leading guide pin 70. In such position, the bracket 64 together with the remainder of the magazine assembly is free to pivot downwardly about trailing pin 72, stopping when pin 70 contacts the uppermost portion of the enlarged end of slot 74.
The spatial relationships between pins 70 and 72 and slot 74, particularly the height of the enlarged slot end, are controlled so that such downward pivoting is limited to a predetermined distance, to prevent spillage of fasteners 31 arrayed upon the magazine. Thus, in the release position, the top edge of magazine 30 is held slightly above and closely adjacent the lower portion of nose piece 20, with the top corner of end face 34 abutting such lower nose piece portion. The curvature of the coacting surfaces on guide pins 70 and 72, and slot 74, permits the magazine assembly to be smoothly moved from the fastener feeding position to the release position, and vice versa.
The longitudinal position of pins 42 and the remainder of latching arrangement 40 is carefully related to that of cammed hinge arrangement 38 to insure that when locking members 50 and pins 42 are in engagement, guide pins and 72 are positioned rearwardly of the relieved portion of slot 74. Similarly, this relationship insures hat when locking members 50 and pins 42 are disengaged and magazine assembly has moved rearwardly from nose piece 20, leading pin 70 is in association with the relieved slot portion. Thus, with the occurrence of a jam as above described, the rearward movement brings the enlarged portion of slot 74 of hinge arrangement 38 toward leading guide pin 70 while pins 42 leave recesses 44 and nose piece 20. The entire magazine then pivots downwardly and rearwardly to the release position, as described above. This movement, of course, opens passageway 36, separating end face 34 from guide channel 27, so that each is substantially transversely clear of the other. Thus, the channel, face 34, and the deformed fastener resulting from the jam are exposed, permitting the operator to 1 dislodge the fastener very readily, if it has not already fallen away from the opening of the passageway.
Arrangements other than that described above for the cammed hinge may be utilized for supporting magazine assembly 30 below housing portion 15, as long as rearward movement of the magazine assembly is allowed, and the leading end thereof is maintained adjacent nose assembly 26. Forexample, a slot and pin arrangement which permitted only rearward movement of the magazine might be used. However, the preferred cammed hinge 38 provides superior advantages because of its positive pivoting operation and because both magazine and face 34, and guide channel 27 are fully exposed to provide substantially unimpeded access to a deformed fastener. Also, the downwardly pivoted position prevents spillage of fasteners, as has been described.
Similarly, the configuration and position of the latch arrangement may differ from that described above, as long as the variant arrangement maintains magazine as sembly30 against separation from nose assembly 26 under all but the abnormal forces occasioned by a jam. However, the preferred latch arrangement 52 requires a minimum of parts, all of which are inherently rugged, and moreover is highly resistant to wear. Further, latch arrangement 40 permits the proper cooperation with cammed hinge 38 to obtain the above-described downwardly pivoting action of the magazine.
With the deformed fastener removed, restoration of the magazine assembly to its feeding position is immediately accomplished. Magazine leading end 33 is merely raised toward graspable portion 15 until pins 60 contact legs 52 of locking members 50, then the magazine is movedforward into recesses 44 until concave surface portions 58 of legs 52 fully enbrace pins 56. At the same time, guide pins 70 and'72 of cammed hinge 38 are positioned rearwardly in slot 74 to support the magazine in its feeding position.
Locking member 50 and recesses 48 include respective opposed closely adjacent surfaces, each of which is slightly inclined with respect to its facing opposite member when in the feeding position, to control the pivoting excursions of member 50 (see FIG. 6). The surfaces include transverse surfaces 76 and 78, respectively, defined by recesses 48 and legs 52 above pivot pins 56, and in this manner, each leg 52 is allowed to pivot downwardly to a small degree (FIG. 2) and to be held in that orientation when magazine 30 is in its release position. Such an orientation enables each leg 54 to contact and guide pins 42 as they are moved back into latching engagement, to insure a smooth and rapid restoration of the magazine to the feeding position, and thus to normal operation.
Accordingly, a unique fastener driving tool has been disclosed which in the event a fastener jams during the driving thereof automatically responds to move the magazine assembly away from the nose assembly to a position downwardly and rearwardly of the nose assembly. The tool represents a considerable advance over prior art attempts to cope with the jamming problem. The disclosed automatic action of the magazine, in conjunction with the latch and cammed hinge arrangements, is unique and provides for heretofore unobtainable degree of access to the jam-prone portions of the tool, as well as unusual speed of operation, and user convenience. Nevertheless, the design is simple and straightforward, requires few parts and isinherently reliable.
What is claimed is:
l. A fastener driving tool including a housing containing a nose assembly, and a magazine assembly for successively feeding-fasteners tobe driven by said tool; means for securing said magazine assembly relative to said housing to allow movement of said magazine between a fastener feeding position closely adjacent said nose assembly, and a release position spaced therefrom; and latch means for releasably maintaining said magazine relative to said housing in said fastener feeding position, and positioned to respond to the forces exerted by a deformed fastener during the driving thereof to release said magazine whereby said magazine moves to said release position to permit said deformed fastener to be dislodged from said tool.
2. A fastener driving tool as in claim 1, wherein said latch means is positioned upon said nose assemblyand an adjacent portion of said magazine assembly, and includes a releasable locking member joining said nose assembly and said magazine.
3. A fastener driving tool as in claim 2, wherein said means for securing said magazine includes a cam arrangement permitting rearward movement of said magazine relative to said nose assembly, and said releasable locking member is positioned on said nose assembly and engages said magazine to secure said magazine against said rearward movement.
4. A fastener driving tool as in claim 3, in which said latch means further includes a latch member cooperating with said locking member, said members being associated with a respective one of said nose assembly and magazine, said locking and latch members having respective coacting cam surfaces, with said cam surfaces engaging and joining said nose assembly and magazine in the fastener driving position.
5. A fastener driving tool as in claim 4, wherein said latch means further includes means for biasingsaid locking member to hold said coacting cam surfaces resiliently in engagement until overcome by the force caused by said deformed fastener.
6. A fastener driving tool as in claim 5, wherein said latch member is secured to said magazine assembly, and said locking member is pivotally mounted on said nose assembly and has an elongated leg extending rearwardly and outwardly of said nose assembly, to engage said latch member.
7. A fastener driving tool as in claim 6, in which one surface of said leg defines a curved surface portion con stituting one of said coacting cam surfaces, and said latch member comprises a cylindrical pin extending transversely to said leg and outwardly of said magazine, the cylindrical surface of said pin constituting the other of said coacting cam surfaces and matching said curved surface of said leg, said leg resiliently engaging said pin to maintain said magazine in said feeding position.
8. A fastener driving tool as in claim 1, wherein said means for movably securing said magazine assembly includes hinge means pivotally joining said magazine to said housing.
9. A fastener driving tool as in claim 8, in which said magazine assembly defines a leading end adjacent said driver assembly, and a trailing end opposite therefrom, with said leading end being in opposed relationship to said nose assembly in said fastener feeding position to define a fastener driving passageway, said magazine extending beneath the remainder of said housing and said hinge means being positioned adjacent said trailing end.
10. A fastener driving tool as in claim 1, wherein said means for movably securing said magazine includes a longitudinally elongated slot provided on said magazine assembly, with the leading end of said slot being upwardly enlarged, and at least one guide pin mounted on said housing and extending transversely outwardly therefrom, said guide pin engaging said slot to secure said magazine assembly to said housing, while permitting movement of said magazine assembly toward and away from said nose assembly, said pin moving into said enlarged slot portion as said latch means releases and said magazine assembly moves rearwardly, thereby to pivot said magazine assembly downwardly away fromsaid nose assembly.
11. A fastener driving tool as in claim 10, in which said upward enlargement is of a height such that the top edge of the magazine in the release position is held slightly above and closely adjacent the lower portion of the nose assembly, to prevent fasteners stored in said magazine from emerging when said magazine is in said release position.
12. A fastener driving too] as in claim 10, wherein said means for movably securing said magazine .includes two identical spaced guide pins, the length of said slot being greater than the spacing between said pins, said pins supporting said magazine assembly in said feeding position when said pins are positioned rearmost in said slot, and said magazine assembly being free to pivot downwardly about the rearmost pin a predetermined distance as the leading end of said pins moves into said enlarged slot portion.
13. A fastener driving tool, comprising: an elongated magazine assembly successively feeding fasteners to be driven by said tool, said magazinehaving a leading end terminating in a transverse leading end face, said face being perpendicular to the longitudinal axes of the magazine; a housing containing a nose assembly having a downwardly extending nose piece, said nose piece having a rearwardly facing surface which when in abutting relationship with said magazine end face defines with said face a downwardly extending fastener driving passageway; means located in spaced relationship from bly and said magazine, each of said members having coacting cam surfaces, said latch means further including resilient means biasing said cam surfaces into engagement when said magazine is in said feeding position, said biasing being overcome by the expansive forces generated within said passageway by a deformed fastener during the driving thereof to release said magazine assembly, whereby said magazine assembly moves rearwardly to said release position to permit said deformed fastener to be dislodged from said tool.