US 3840184 A
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I United States Patent 1191 1111 3,840,184 Spivey Oct. 8, 1974  SPRAY GUN 3,658,255 4/1972 Beall, Jr 239/415  Inventor: Allen Spivey, 506 E Johnson St, 3,758,039 9/1973 Wagner 239/415 Douglas 31533 Primary Examiner-Lloyd L. King  Filed: Nov. 1, 1973 Attorney, Agent, or Firm.lones, Thomas & Askew 21 Appl. No.: 411,828
 ABSTRACT 52 US. Cl. .239/415 239/528 A Spray gun is disclosed use by Professional hair  Int. Cl. F2 3d 13/38 Stylists in spraying hair spray or hair Setting Substances 58 Field of Search 239/414 415 527 52s the hair of cusmmers- The Spray gun includes a 2 rigid barrel and handle and a pivotal trigger which opens and closes needle valves mounted in the handle.  References Cited One needle valve controls an air conduit while the other needle valve controls a liquid conduit, and the UNITED STATES PATENTS needle valve of the air conduit is opened before and reccmcheon 2 closed after the needle valve of the liquid conduit. e 3,500,666 3/1970 Calcaterra 239/415 4 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures SPRAY GUN Large amounts of hair sprays are dispensed by hair stylists in beauty parlors, etc., where the large number of customers and large quantity of hair spray consumed makes it desirable to have a large and easily accessible supply of hair spray. In the past, hair spray has been dispensed from aerosol cans, aspirators, and other handheld, relatively small quantity devices. The smaller, temporary hair spray devices are expensive for the hair stylist since the use of large quantities of the hair spray requires the use of a large number of containers for the hair spray as well as the hair spray itself, and the hair stylist is therefore required to spend a substantial amount on purchasing disposable containers. Although refillable portable containers are available, it is inconvenient for the hair stylist to interrupt the hair styling function to refill a container and it is desirable for the stylist to have a power spray instead of a hand-powered spray pump.
While various spray gun assemblies with large capacity liquid tanks and a source of air pressure have been developed and used in the past for the purpose of dispensing hair spray and other sprays such as paints, etc., the prior art devices have been either very expensive and therefore not desired by or accessible to most hair stylists or the devices have been cheaply constructed and not durable. The spray gun devices used in spraying paint, etc., usually comprise a high pressure spray system for dispensing large quantities of paint and heavy hardware to handle the pressures and quantities desired. The less expensive spray gun systems usedin styling hair usually have included lightweight cheaply formed parts that are unreliable in use and deteriorate rapidly.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Briefly described, the present invention comprises a spray gun system for use by professional hair stylists and others. The spray gun is of lightweight, durable and reliable construction and is fabricated from inexpensive parts. The spray gun includes a handle and a barrel. a nozzle at the end of the barrel, and a pair of conduits extending from the nozzle, through the barrel, and through the handle. Needle valves are positioned in each conduit and function to open and close the conduits in response to the pivotal movement of a trigger connected to the handle. The needle valve in the conduit which is connected to a source of .air pressure is arranged to open before and close after the needle valve in the conduit connected to the liquid. The moving parts of the spray gun are fabricated from durable, lightweight material, such as polvinyl chloride, and the spray gun functions to clear its nozzle before and after each spraying operation by the sequential movements of the needle valves.
Thus, it is an object of the present invention to provide a spray gun for the purpose of dispensing hair spray and other sprays and which is durable, lightweight, reliable, inexpensive and which is capable of dispensing a large quantity of hair spray without refillmg.
Other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent upon reading the following specification, when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a side cross sectional view of the spray gun.
FIG. 2 is a perspective exploded view of the spray gun, with the air pressure and spray liquid containers shown in schematicform FIG. 3 is a detail illustration of the trigger and needle valves.
FIG. 4 is a side cross sectional view of one of the needle valves. 1
DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED'EMBODIMENT Referring now in more detail to the drawing, in which like numerals indicate like parts throughout the several views, FIG. 1 discloses spray gun which includes a body 11 having a barrel 12 and handle 13. Handle 13 extends at an angle from barrel l2 and is sized and shaped so as to be suitably received in the palm of the hand of an operator. The barrel l2 defines an internal bore 15 that functions as a passage. Bore 15 opens through the distal end 16 of barrel 12, and nozzle 17 is inserted in bore 15. Nozzle 17 comprises nozzle housing 18 and apertured plug 19. The flange 20 of nozzle housing 18 abuts the end of barrel 12 and the flange 21 of apertured plug abuts the open end of nozzle housing 18. Liquid conduit 22 extends axially through nozzle housing 18 and terminates at the open end of housing 18, while air conduit 23 opens into nozzle housing 18. Apertured plug 19 includes central aperture 25 which is coaxial with liquid conduit 22-and concentric collars 26 and 27. Outer collar 26 wedges in the opening of nozzle housing 18, while inner collar 27 surrounds liquid conduit 22. When liquid and air under pressure are in communication with conduits 22 and 23, nozzle 17 functions to aspirate or spray through the aperture 25 in the conventional manner. I
Handle 13 comprises aslot 30 on its back side which functions as a passage and extends the entire height of the handle and intersects the internal bore 15 of barrel l2. Slot 30 and internal bore 15 together function as a passage which extends from the distal end 16 of barrel 12 to the butt end 31 of handle 13. Barrel tubes 32 and 33 are each connected at one of their ends to conduits 22 and 23. Needle valves 34 and 35 are connected at one of their ends to the other ends of tubes 32 and 33. Handle tubes 36 and 37 are each connected at one of their ends to needle valves 34 and 35. The conduits 22 and 23 of nozzle 17 together with barrel tubes 32 and 33, needle valves 34 and 35 and handle tubes 36 and 37 function as first and second conduit means 38 and 39.
Handle 13 is slotted on its front beneath barrel 12 at 40, and trigger 41 is pivotally connected adjacent its upper end by pivot pin 42 to handle 13 in slot 40. Coil compression spring 43 is seated in oppositely facing aligned bores 44 and 45 in trigger 41 and handle 13, and spring 43 functions to bias the distal lower end 46 of trigger 41 away from handle 13. Trigger 41 includes a projection 48 that extends through window 49 into slot 30 on the back of handle 13. Projection 48 engages needle valves 34 and 35.
As is illustrated in FIG. 4, each needle valve 34 and 35 comprises a needle member 50 and a socket 51.
bottom of bore 52. O-ring 54 is seated in the bottom of 1 internal bore 52, and external collar 55 surrounds the socket 51. Needle member 50 includes internal passageway 56 and ports 57 which communicate with passageway 56 and open through the body of the needle member near its lower end. O-ring 58 surrounds needle I member 50 above ports 57, and a pair of external collars 59 and 60 extend outwardly from the needle member above socket 51. When needle member 50 is moved in a downward direction so that its tapered lower end engages O-ring 54, no communication exists between lower passageway 53 of socket 51 and upper passageway 56 of needle member 50. When needle member 50 is moved upwardly so as to be partially withdrawn from socket 51, O-ring 54 is disengaged by needle member 50 and communication is opened between lower passageway 53 of socket 51, into the inter-- nal bore 52 of the socket, through ports 57, and
through upper passageway 56. O-ring 58 seals needle member 50 and socket 51 so that there will be no leakage from the socket.
Needle valves 34 and 35 are positioned in slot of handle 13, with the external collar 55 of the socket 51 being received in transverse slots 61, so that the socket is rigidly mounted within the handle. As is best illustrated in FIG. 3, the projection 48 of trigger 41 extends through window 49 toward engagement with the needle members of both needle valves. Projection 48 defines notches 62 and 63 at its end adjacent needle valves 34 and 35, and'the notches are shaped to surround the stem of each needle member between collars 59 and 60. The projection 48 is shaped with a downward slope on its top surface about notch 62 so that it has a smaller thickness in the vicinity of its notch 62. The space between the collars 59 and 60 of both needle valves is the same, so that when trigger 41 is pivoted about its pivot pin 42, projection 48 tends to lift needle member 50 of needle valve before it will lift the needle member of needle valve 34, thus causing needle valve 35 to open before needle valve 34.
Coil compression spring 65 is mounted on barrel tube 32 and its lower end engages the collar while its upper end engages spring stop 66 inside the slotted handle 13. Coil compression spring urges needle member 50 of needle valve 34 in a downward direction toward closing engagement with its socket 51. Thus, when trigger 41 is moved against the bias of its spring 43 to pivot projections 48 upwardly, needle valve 35 will open ahead of needle valve 34. When trigger 41 is released and moves with the bias of its spring away from handle 13, coil compression spring 65 urges the needle member 50 of needle valve 34 toward an early closing engagement with its socket 51. The depression in the upper surface of projection 48 allows needle valve 34 to close before needle valve 35.Thus, projection 48 functions as a valve engaging means which is connected to both of the needle valve means.
The handle tubes 36 and 37 extend through the bottom of the slot 30 of handle 13 and are connected to a liquid spray container 68. Handle tube 36 which is a liquid bearing tube communicates with the lower portion of container 68, while handle tube 37 which is an air bearing tube communicates with the upper portion of the container. A source of air pressure 69, such as a compressor, etc., communicates with the upper portion of container 68. Thus, container 68 functions as a pneumatic displacement pump to displace the liquid in the container downwardly and ultimately in an upward direction through handle tube 36, and the pressure above the liquid in container 68 is in communication with handle tube 37.
ln operating the spray gun 10, the operator merely aims the barrel 12 and depresses trigger 41 against the bias of its spring 43. Projection 48 pivots with trigger 41 and first opens needle valve 35. Further depression of trigger 41 subsequently opens needle valve 34. Air flows from container 58 through needle valve 35 and through nozzle 17, and when needle valve 34 is subsequently opened, the flowing air assures that the liquid dispensed from nozzle 17 will be in the form of a fine spray. When trigger 41 is released and its spring 43 biases it away from handle 13, needle valve 34 will close first under the influence of its coil compression spring and as allowed by thedepression in projection 48 to terminate the communication of liquid from container 68 to nozzle 17, and the closing of needle valve 35 will be delayed so that a flow of air is maintained through nozzle 17 for a short period. This functions to clear the nozzle 17 of any liquid.
A closure plate 70 is attached to the back of handle 13 by screws 71 and 72, and hook 73 extends from the upper end of the closure plate and functions as a means for hanging the spray gun from a support. Set screw 74 is threaded through closure plate 70, and its cap is recessed in counterbore 75. Set screw 74 engages and pinches handle tube 36 which is the liquid bearing tube in communication with the liquid in container 68. When the set screw is threaded deeply into the slot and tightly pinches handle tube 36, only a small passageway inside tube 36 is available for the passage of liquid. Thus, a fine constant control is maintained over the quantity of liquid that can be carried by the air from the spray gun.
While this invention has been described in detail with particular reference to preferredjembodiments thereof, it will be understood that variations and modifications can be effected within the spirit and scope of the invention as described hereinbefore and as defined in the appended claims.
I. A spray gun assembly comprising a body including a barrel and a handle extending at an angle from said barrel and sized and shaped to be grasped in the hand, said barrel and handle defining a passage extending in said barrel from its end opposite to said handle and in said handle to its end opposite to said barrel, a nozzle mounted in the passage of said barrel, first and second conduit means each connected at one of its ends to said nozzle and extending through the passage of said barrel and said handle for connection to a source of liquid and air pressure, first and second needle valve means mounted in said first and second conduit means respectively and arranged to selectively open and close said first and second conduit means, each of said needle valve means comprising a socket defining a bore and a needle member movable along its length in a direction into said socket to close the needle valve means and in a direction out of said socket to open the needle valve means, a trigger member pivotally connected at one of its ends to said body with its other end movable toward and away from said handle, spring means arranged to bias said trigger member away from said handle, said trigger member including valve engaging means connected to both of said first and second needle valve means and arranged to move the needle member of each needle valve means out of its socket as the trigger member is moved against the bias of its spring means toward the handle to open said needle valve means and to move the needle member of each needle valve means into its socket as the trigger member is moved with the bias of its spring means away from the handle to close said needle valve means, said valve engaging member being constructed and arranged to open said first needle valve means before opening said second needle valve means, and a valve spring member mounted on said second needle valve means and arranged to close said second needle valve means before the closing of said first needle valve means.
2. The spray gun assembly of claim 1 and wherein the socket of each of said first and second needle valve means is rigidly mounted in said handle and the valve engaging means extends into said handle and is connected to said needle members and moves the needle valve members into and out of their sockets in response to the movement of the trigger member.
3. The spray gun assembly of claim 1 and wherein said passage defined in said barrel and handle comend of said container.