|Publication number||US3840304 A|
|Publication date||Oct 8, 1974|
|Filing date||Oct 17, 1972|
|Priority date||Oct 20, 1971|
|Also published as||CA997591A, CA997591A1, DE2251344A1, DE2251344B2, DE2251344C3|
|Publication number||US 3840304 A, US 3840304A, US-A-3840304, US3840304 A, US3840304A|
|Original Assignee||Ricoh Kk|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (34), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Hirafuji 1 Oct. 8, 1974 1 SCREEN-LIKE LIQUID STREAM FORMING DEVICE FOR DETERMINING CONCENTRATION  Inventor: Van l-Iirai'uji, Atsugi, Japan  Assignee: Ricoh Co. Ltd., Tokyo, Japan  Filed: Oct. 17, 1972 21 Appl. No.: 298,445
 A Foreign Application Priority Data Oct. 20, 1971 Japan 46-83045  US. Cl. 356/201, 356/246  Int. Cl. GOln 21/22  Field 01' Search 356/246, 181, 207, 208,
'  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,535,181 12/1950 Way 356/246 3,691,391 9/1972 Kishi 356/246 3,766,489 10/1973 Rosenberg et al. 356/181 Primary Examiner-William L. Sikes Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Cooper, Dunham, Clark, Griffin & Moran  ABSTRACT A device comprising a plurality of liquid stream regulating members having liquid flow regulating surfaces disposed close to each other in face-to-facerelationship to define therebetween a slit through which a liquid stream below the slit. I
8 Claims, 10 Drawing Figures stream of liquid is discharged and forms a screen-like PATENTED BET 74 SHEEI 1 OF 2 FIG.3
SCREEN-LIKE LIQUID STREAM FORMING DEVICE FOR DETERMINING CONCENTRATION BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a device for forming a screen-like liquid stream for determining the concentration of a liquid.
In electrographic copying machines including facsimile machines, using a developing liquid, it is required to keep the concentration of such liquid constantat all times. In these machines, it has hitherto been customary to determine and adjust the concentration of the I impossible to obtain accurate results in determining the concentration of the liquid. It is time consuming and requires additional hands to clean the tube to remove the solute adhering thereto.
Proposals have been made to' use a U-shaped wire I frame disposed below a slit-shaped discharging port to form a screen-like liquid stream by the frame so as to detect light transmitted through the screen-like liquid stream, in place of using a transparent tube. The use of such frame also has some disadvantages; It is wobbly and likely to cause disruption of the liquid screen when it is subjected to mechanical vibration, no matter how small it is. This makes it difficult accurately to determine the concentration of the liquid, because the liquid screen is disrupted more often than not. Thus, the results obtained by this process do not often square with the actual concentration of the'liquid.
SUMMARY OF'TI-IE INVENTION An object of the invention is-to provide device for forming a screen-like liquid stream for determining the concentration of a liquid by a simple and inexpensive construction which obviates the disadvantages of the prior art methods using a transparent tube or a U- shaped frame.
To this and other ends, the presentinvention contemplates the provision of a stream-forming device comprising a plurality of liquid flow regulating members each havinga liquid flow regulating surface, the liquid flow regulating surfaces of the regulating members being disposed close to each other in face-to-face relationship and defining therebetween a slit serving as a discharging port through which a stream of liquid is discharged to form ascreen-like stream from which the concentration of the liquid can be readily and positively determined. I
According to the invention, there is provided a device which is of simple and inexpensive construction and which permits a uniform screen-like liquid stream continuously to be formedat. all times from which the level of concentration to be determined can be readily adjusted by varying the dimension of the slit when the reference concentration of the liquid is changed.
Whenthe invention is incorporated in electrographic duplication equipment, it permits the concentration of all types of developing liquid to be determined accurately. An ordinary developing liquid containing a high concentration toner obtained by kneading a toner and a resin in a solvent at a high concentration at a rate of 0.5 to 5.0 grams per 1 literofasupporting liquid can have its concentration readily determined by this device; Even a higher concentration developing liquid,- containing a high concentration toner at a rate of 5 to 200 'gramsper 1 liter of a supportingliquid (adapted to- ".be usedfor developing an electrostatic latent image of low surface potential or for use in an electrographic duplicating method including a transfer printing step),
can have .its concentration determined accurately by this device, although the concentration of such developing liquid has hitherto been diff cult to determineby conventional devices.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 'is'a frontview of a device'for forming a screen-like liquid flow for'deterrnining concentration, enibodyingthe present invention in a particular form;
FIG. 2is aibottom plan view'of the deviceshown in FIG. I; I I FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the-device shown in FIG. 4 is a perspective view of another embodiment of the screen-like liquid flow'forming device of the invention;
FIG. 5 is'a side view, with certain parts being broken away, of still another embodiment of the screen-like I liquid flow forming device of the invention;.
FIG. 6 is a bottom plan view of the device shown in FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is aside view, with certain parts being broken away, of a further embodiment of the screen like liquid flow forming device of the invention;
FIG. 8 is a bottom plan view'of the device shown in FIG. 7; 1
FIG. 9 is a sectional side view of a concentration determining device incorporating an embodiment of the present inventiontherein and FIG. 10 is a wiring diagram of a concentration determining circuit adapted foruse in the'device shown in FIG.9.'
DESCRIPTION OF Preferredernbodiments of the invention will be de scribed withreference to the drawings.
In FIG. l,a'tubular, member'Pis used as aconduit 1.
regulatingsurtace; the =liquid flow-regulating surfaces of the members 2 biand'j2cibeing disposed' fclose to each PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS I other and in face-to-face relationship to define therebetween a slit 3.
When a liquid flows through the conduit I in the direct-ion of an arrow a. the liquid flow is regulated by'the liquid flow regulating members 21) and 2c cooperating with the slit 3 and discharged through the discharging port 2a as a screen-like liquid stream 4. The widthwise expanse of the screen-like liquid stream 4 is only limited by lines A and B tangential to innersides of liquid flow guides 2d and 2e respectively for guiding the liquid stream on opposite ends of thedischarging port 2a.
.The screen-like liquid stream B is fairly in good shape when opposite edges of the discharging port 20 are horizontal. However, it has been found that, if the end edges of the discharging port 2a are rounded by cutting inwardly along a dash-and-dot line C shown in FIG. ,1
into an arcuate shape shown in FIG. 3, it is possible to form the screen-shaped liquid stream 4 in better shape.
In the embodiment shown, when a liquid introducing port 5 of the device has a diameter R of 6 millimeters and the slit 3 has a width d of 0.8 millimeter and a length L of l 1 millimeters, the screen-like liquid stream 4 has an effective area S of about 12 millimeters.
In FIG. 4, the screen-like liquid flow forming device 2 is shown as having its guide members 2d and 2e formed to diverge outwardly downwardly. This form of guide memberspermits opposite end portions of the liquid stream 4 to flow in the direction'of arrows with a greater vigor, thereby improving theshape of the screen-like liquid stream.
The screen-like'flow forming device 2 shown in FIG. 5 and FIG. 6 has in place of the slit 3, a slit 6 formed at the discharging port 2a to include larger width portions 60 and 6b at opposite ends. This arrangement offers the same advantage as the arrangement shown in FIG. 4.
The liquid flow regulating surfaces of the liquid flow regulating members 2b and 2c are each formed thereon with a water-repellent coat 7 of a fluorine resin or silicone resin or a metal applied by plating over a considerably large area. The coat 7 can be provided in all the embodiments of the invention. The liquid flow regulating members may be made of metal or other electrically conducting material, and a bias voltage having a polarity opposite to the polarity of the toner may be impressed thereon as shown in FIG. 3.
In FIG. 7 and FIG. 8, there is'shown a slit 6 of the same shape as the slit shown in FIG. 5 which is formed by pressing a lower portion of; the tubular member-P made of plastic or otherflexible material by means of an immovable bolster member 8 and a movable presser member 9. v
A screw 11 is loosely fitted in the pressure member 9, and is threadably connected to an immovable support member 10. By moving the screw 11, it is possible to adjust the force with which the presser member 9 presses against the bolster member 8, thereby permitting the width of the slit 6 to be adjusted. This enables adjustments of the width of the slit to be varied readily when the reference level of concentration is changed.
arrangement can be incorporated in all the embodimentsf FIG. 9 shows a concentration determining device, incorporatingthe' screen-like liquid flow forming device 2 according to this invention, for illuminating the I screen-like liquid stream 4 formed thereby and measur ing the intensity of light passing through the screen-like liquid stream 4 by means of photoelectric transducer elements. As shown, a housing 22 comprises a chamber 22a for mounting therein the device 2, a chamber 220 mounting therein a light source lamp and maintained in communication with the chamber 22a through a window 22b formed in awall separating the two chambers 22a and 22c from each other, and a chamber 22e disposed above the chamber 22c and maintained in com munication therewith through a window 22d formed in a wall separating the two chambers 22c and 22e from each other. The chamber 22a is completely out off from the chamber 22e,'and afilter 23 showing a reference concentration indicating the standard for comparison is mounted in the window 22d.
An opening 22f is formed in a portion of a wallof the chamber 22a corresponding to the window 22b in the opposite wall for mounting therein a photoelectric The screw 11 can be connected to a motor 12 which 7 'thescreen-like liquid stream 4 and on the other ha'nd through the window 22d to be incident'on the filter 23. The light passing through the screen-like liquid stream 4 is incident on the photoelectric transducer element 24 while the light passing through the filter 23 is incident onthe photoelectric transducer element 25.
The screen-like liquid stream forming device 2 according to this invention may be mounted in the chamber 22a by inserting the tubular member P in an opening formed in a top wall of the casing and threadably or otherwise connected therein. When the device 2 is.
of the form shown in FIG. 7, the screen-like liquid stream 4 may be permitted to flow directly into the chamber 220.
.The two photoelectric transducer elements 24 and 25 1 onwhich the light passing through the screen-like liquid stream .4and light passing through the filter 23 are incident respectively are built. in a bridge circuit together with resistors 27 and 28 as shown in FIG. 10 in which a transistor 29 includes a base connected to the resistor 27 and a collector connected to a power source 31 through a relay 30.'Connections D and E in upper and lowerportions of the bridge as, shown are. connected to a power source 32 which impresses a voltage on the base of the transistor 29 when the bridge becomes unbalanced.
Thus, when the value detected by the photoelectric transducer element 24 shows a change as the concentration of the screen-like liquid strearn4 varies and the bridge is unbalanced, the transistor 29 is fired and a current flows from the power source3l to the relay 30. This closes contact s 30d and 30b andactu'ate's an electromagnet 33 connected ,thereto and adapted to close l and-open'a valve (notshown) for delivering a supplyof concentrated toner or other solute so as to automatically adjust the concentration of the liquid.
The motor 12 shownin FIG. 7 may be connected to the relay to be controlled thereby.
When the screen-like liquid stream forming device 2 according to this invention is made of the tubular member p, the tubular member may be made of metal, plastic or other suitable material for making a flexible tube.
It is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the features and embodiments hereinabove specifically set forth, but may be carried out in other ways without departure from its spirit.
I claim: 7
l. A screen-like liquid stream forming device for determining concentration comprising a plurality of liquid flow regulating members each having a liquid flow regulating surface, said liquid flow regulating surfaces being disposed close to each other in face-to-face relationship to define therebetween a slit serving as a discharging port through which a stream of liquid is discharged and forms a screen-like liquid stream below the slit, wherein said plurality of liquid flow regulating members have a width which becomes larger in going from the upstream portions of the flow regulating members toward the discharging port to thereby define a slit whose width diverges in going towards the discharging port.
2. A device asset forth in claim 1 wherein'said plurality of liquid flow regulating members have their end edges rounded by cutting inwardly in arcuate shape from opposite sides of the discharging port toward its central portion.
3. A device as set forth in claim 1 wherein said plurality of liquid flow regulating members each have a water-repellent material layer formed on the liquid flow regulating surfaces.
4. A device as set forth in claim 1 wherein said plurality of liquid flow regulating members are made of an electrically conducting material and have a bias voltage impressed thereon, said bias voltage having a polarity opposite to that of a toner.
5. A device as set forth inclaim 1 wherein said slit has opposite end portions which have a larger area than the remainder of the slit.
6. A device as set forth in claim 1 wherein said plurality of liquid flow regulating members are made of a flexible material and formed integrally as a flexible tubular member having an outlet end, andfurther including presser means for compressing said tubular member adjacent said outlet end to form said slit.
7. A device as set forth in claim 6 wherein said presser means comprises a movable presser member and an immovable bolster member,and further including a motor connected to said presser member for adjusting the width of the slit.
8. A device for forming a screen-like stream of liquid, comprising 1 a. conduit means for conducting a flow of liquid and toward the outlet port.
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|U.S. Classification||356/436, 356/246|
|International Classification||G03G15/10, G01N21/85, G03G15/11, G01N1/28|
|Cooperative Classification||G01N1/2813, G03G15/105, G01N21/85|
|European Classification||G01N21/85, G03G15/10D1, G01N1/28F|