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Publication numberUS3840967 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 15, 1974
Filing dateJul 13, 1973
Priority dateMar 21, 1973
Publication numberUS 3840967 A, US 3840967A, US-A-3840967, US3840967 A, US3840967A
InventorsJ Olson
Original AssigneeC & D Valve Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method and apparatus for maintaining and servicing a pressurized refrigeration system or the like
US 3840967 A
Abstract
A tool for maintaining and servicing a pressurized refrigeration system or the like therein it is desirable to remove and replace a threaded check valve core without depressurizing the system. The tool includes a body member having a longitudinal passageway extending therethrough with means to provide sealing communication between one end of the passageway with the fitting in which the check valve is fitted. A removable cap sealingly engages the opposite end of the longitudinal passageway with an operating shaft extending therethrough for axial and rotary movement within the passageway. An annular sliding seal is disposed between the shaft and the removable cap. The shaft includes engaging means formed on one end thereof for releasably engaging the valve core to unthread and remove it from the fitting and withdraw it into the passageway to a position adjacent to the removable cap. A shut-off valve is mounted in the body member to alternately close and open the passageway when the valve core is withdrawn into the passageway adjacent to the cap. An additional port in the body member communicating with the passageway is also disclosed for evacuating or charging the refrigeration system through the passageway. A method for removing and replacing the valve core employing the tool is also disclosed.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [1 1 Olson 1111 3,840,967 [451 Oct. 15, 1974 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MAllNTAINING AND SERVICING A PRESSURIZED REFRIGERATION SYSTEM OR THE LIKE [75] Inventor: John W. Olson, Garland, Tex.

[73] Assignee: C & D Valve Manufacturing Company, Oklahoma City, Okla.

[22] Filed: July 13, I973 {21] Appl. No.: 378,920

Related US. Application Data [63] Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 343,512, March 21,

1973, abandonedv [52] US. Cl 29/213, 29/240, 137/328 [51] Int. Cl 823p 19/04 [58] Field of Search 62/77, 292; 29/240, 213,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,736,561 11/1929 Wattel 29/213 2,815,038 12/1957 Laird et al. 137/328 2,899,983 8/1959 Farris 251/191 3,208,133 9/1965 Morton....... 29/240 X 3,260,498 7/1966 Johnson 251/191 3,299,648 1/1967 White et a1. 62/77 Primary Examinerlames L. Jones, Jr. Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Dunlap, Laney, Hessin, Dougherty & Codding [57] ABSTRACT A tool for maintaining and servicing a pressurized refrigeration system or the like therein it is desirable to remove and replace a threaded check valve core without depressurizing the system. The tool includes a body member having a longitudinal passageway extending therethrough with means to provide sealing communication between one end of the passageway with the fitting in which the check valve is fitted. A removable cap scalingly engages the opposite end of the longitudinal passageway with an operating shaft extending therethrough for axial and rotary movement within the passageway. An annular sliding seal is disposed between the shaft and the removable cap. The shaft includes engaging means formed on one end thereof for releasably engaging the valve core to un thread and remove it from the fitting and withdraw it into the passageway to a position adjacent to the removable cap. A shut-off valve is mounted in the body member to alternately close and open the passageway when the valve core is withdrawn into the passageway adjacent to the cap. An additional port in the body member communicating with the passageway is also disclosed for evacuating or charging the refrigeration system through the passageway, A method for removing and replacing the valve core employing the tool is also disclosed.

5 Claims, 7 Drawing Figuresv METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MAINTAINING AND SERVICING A PRESSURIZED REFRIGERATION SYSTEM OR THE LIKE CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION This is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 343,512, filed Mar. 21, 1973, now abandoned. I

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION l. Field of the Invention The present invention relates generally to method and apparatus for maintaining and servicing a pressurized system such as a refrigeration system or the like, and more particularly, but not by way of limitation, to method and apparatus for removing and replacing a closure member in a pressurized refrigeration system without depressurizing the system.

2. Description of the Prior Art The prior art contains a number of teachings of servicing tools which provide access to a refrigeration system or the like to evacuate or charge the system. One such tool is disclosed in US. Pat. No. 3,299,648, issued to White, et al.

It should be noted, that neither the White tool nor any other known tools permit the removal and replacement of the threaded closure member in a pressurized refrigeration system without depressurizing the system.

It has become common practice in the refrigeration industry to provide access to pressurized refrigeration systems through threaded fittings in which a threaded check valve core is installed. Such threaded check valves are of the type commonly used in automobile tire valve stems and are often referred to as Schradertype valve cores. 2

It has been found that the Schrader type valve cores used in refrigeration systems are not subject to extremely high quality control measures. Approximately 50 percent of the valve cores initially installed in a refrigeration system are found to be incapable of holding the proper operating pressure to permit efficient operation of the refrigeration system. It is, therefore, necessary many times to replace an unsatisfactory valve core after charging a refrigeration system with refrigerant. It is tothis industry wide problem that the method and apparatus of the present invention is directed.

SUMMARY or THE INVENTION The present invention contemplates a toolfor use in maintaining and servicing a refrigeration system or the like equipped with an access fitting provided with a removable threaded closure member therein. The tool includes a body member having a first end and a second end and having a longitudinal passageway extending therethrough and communicating at the opposite ends thereofwith the first and second ends of the body member. Coupling means is carried on the first end of the body member for removably connecting the first end of the body member to the access fitting with one end of the longitudinal passageway in sealing communication with the access fitting. Removable cap means is provided which is securable to the second end of the body member for sealing closure of the opposite end of the longitudinal passageway, and, alternately, for removal from the body member and includes an aperture formed therein substantially coaxial with the longitudinal passageway. An operating shaft is provided which includes a first end and a second end and which extends through the aperture in the removable cap means, with the first end thereof disposed within the longitudinal passageway and with the second end thereof disposed outside the longitudinal passageway. The removable cap means carries seal means for providing slidingly and rotatingly sealing engagement between the aperture in the cap means and the operating shaft so that the operating shaft may be moved axially and rotatably within the longitudinal passageway, The first end of the operating shaft is secured to engaging means for releasably engaging the threaded closure member in the access fitting. Control means operatively engages the second end of the operating shaft for rotating and axially displacing the engaging means within the longitudinal passageway in response to stimulus external thereto. Valve means is carried by the body member intermediate the first and second ends thereof for alternately opening and closing the longitudinal passageway, the valve means being adapted to close the longitudinal passageway when the operating shaft is displaced toward the second end of the body member. Actuating means operatively engages the valve means for moving the valve means betweena position opening and a position closing the longitudinal passageway in response to stimulus externaltliereto.

An object of the present invention is to provide an efficient tool for maintaining and servicing a pressurized refrigeration system or thelike.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an improved method and tool for maintaining and servicing a pressurized refrigeration system which allows the removal and replacement of a defective access valve core in a pressurized refrigeration system without requiring depressurization of the system.

A further object of the present invention is to provide an improved method and apparatus for maintaining and servicing a pressurized refrigeration system which permits the removal and replacement of a defective access valve core in a refrigeration system and further permits the evacuation and/or recharging of the system by means of the same tool.

A still further object of the present invention is to provide a tool for maintaining and servicing a pressurized refrigeration system or the like which is economical to manufacture and simple to operate.

Other objects and advantages of the present invention will be evident from the following detailed descrip-. tion when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FlG.'l is a schematic diagram of a refrigeration system with the tool of the present invention connected to the high pressure side of the compressor.

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional View of one embodiment of the present invention illustrating the engaging means in engagement with the threaded check valve of the refrigeration system and with the valve means opening the passageway of the tool.

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view similar to FIG. 2 illustrating the threaded check valve fully withdrawn from the refrigeration system into the passageway of the tool and with the valve means closing the passageway.

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view similar to FIG. 3 illustrating the threaded check valve removed from the tool for inspection and replacement.

FIG. 5 is an enlarged partial cross-sectional view illustrating the construction details of the valve core engaging chuck on the operating shaft.

FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of an alternate embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of another form of the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to the drawings and to FIGS. 1-5 in particular, the apparatus of the present invention is generally designated by the reference character 10.

The apparatus 10 is a tool which includes a body member 12 having a first end portion 14 and a second end portion 16. A cylindrical bore 18 extends through the body member 12 communicating with the first and second end portions 14 and 16 thereof forming a longitudinal passageway through the body member 12. The outer periphery 20 of the body member 12 adjacent to the first end portion 14 is cylindrically shaped. A circumferential groove 22 is formedin the outer periphery 20 and includes first and second cylindrical surfaces 24 and 26 interconnected by an inclined surface 28. The diameter of the second cylindrical surface 26 is greater than the diameter of the first cylindrical surface 24. v

A coupling nut 30 is rotatably secured to the first end portion 14 of the body member 12. The coupling nut 30 includes a cylindrically shaped inner peripheral portion 32 slidingly disposed around the outer periphery 20 of the body member 12. The coupling nut 30 is retained on the body member 12 by means of a snap ring 34 carried in an annular groove 36 formed in the inner peripheral portion 32 and engaging the circumferential groove 22 in the body member 12.

Internal threads 38 are formed in the outer end portion 40 of the coupling nut 30. A suitable annular Neoprene gasket 42 is positioned within the coupling'nut 30 between the threads 38 thereof and the first end portion 14 of the body member 12.

External threads 44 are formed on the outer periphery of the body member 12 adjacent to the second end portion 16 thereof. An access cap 46 is threadedly secured to the second end portion 16 of the body member 12 by means of internal threads 48 formed therein and threadedly engaging the external threads 44 of the body member 12. The access cap 46 includes a bore 50 formed therein coaxial with the access of the bore 18 formed in the body member 12. A first counterbore 52 is formed in the access cap 46 coaxial with the bore 50. A second counterbore 54 is formed in the access cap 46 coaxial with the first counterbore 52 in the bore 50. An annular retainer 56 having a cylindrically shaped outer periphery 58 having a diameter slightly less than the diameter of the second counterbore 54 is positioned within the second counterbore 54 intermediate the internal threads 48 and the first counterbore 52 formed therein.

An operating shaft 60 having a cylindrically shaped outer periphery extends through the bore 50 in the access cap 46 and through the annular retainer 56. The first end portion 62 of the operating shaft 60 is disposed within the bore 18 of the body member 12. A control knob 64 is rigidly secured to the second end portion 66 of the operating shaft 60 by means of a set screw 68 threadedly secured in the control knob 64 and bearing against the second end portion 66 of the operating shaft 60.

A pair of O-rings 70 are positioned within the first counterbore 52 of the access cap 46 and provide a fluidtight seal between the access cap 46 and the operating shaft 60. The fluid-tight seal obtained by the 0- rings 70 permits the operating shaft to be axially and rotatably displaced relative to the access cap 46 without fluid leakage thereby. The O-rings 70 are retained in proper position within the first counterbore 52 by the annular retainer 56. A fluid-tight seal is obtained between the access cap 46 and the second end portion 16 of the body member 12 by means of an O-ring 72 positioned therebetween.

The threads 44 on the body member 12 and the threads 48 on thev access cap 46 are suitably formed such that when the cap 46 is removed from the body member 12 suitable means for evacuating and charging (not shown) a refrigeration system maybe threadedly engaged to the threads 44 to provide sealing engagement between said means and the body member 12 so that a refrigeration system may be evacuated and charged with refrigerant through the cylindrical bore 18 through the body member 12. A suitable, and industryaccepted thread for this purpose is 7/16-20 thread.

As most clearly shown in FIG. 5, a suitable valve core engaging chuck 74 is secured to a reduced portion 76 of the operating shaft 60 by a roll pin 78. An O-ring 80 is secured within a counterbore 82 formed in the chuck 74 near the bifurcated end thereof and is retained in proper position by the reduced portion 76 of the operating shaft 60 adjacent thereto. An axial bore 84 is formed in the first end portion 62 of the operating shaft 60 for receiving the extending head of the valve core being engaged by the chuck 74. A transverse slot 86 is formed in the chuck 74 for receiving the rectangular portion of the valve core therein for threading and unthreading the valve core in its fitting. A bore 88 is also formed in the chuck 74 coaxial with the counter-bore 82 for receiving the head of the valve core therethrough. The inner diameter of the resilient O-ring is sized such that a valve core engaged by the chuck 74 will be releasably retained thereby by means of the engagement of the head of the valve core by the O-ring 80.

A shut-off valve assembly 90 is carried by the body member 12. The shut-off valve assembly 90 includes a valve fitting 92 suitably formed on the body member 12 and extending outwardly therefrom. A lateral bore 94 extends through the valve fitting 92 and partially through the body member 12 intersecting the cylindrical bore 18 through the body member 12. The axis of the lateral bore 94 intersects the axis of the cylindrical bore 18 and is normal thereto. The diameter of the lat eral bore 94 is greater than the diameter of the cylindrical bore 18. The lower end of the bore 94 extends completely through the cylindrical bore 18 and terminates in a flat circular wall 96 formed in the body member 12.

A valve stem 98 is positioned within the lateral bore 94. A control knob 100 is fixedly secured to the upper end 102 of the valve stem 98 by means of a set screw 104.

A cylindrically shaped resilient valve member 106 is fixedly secured to the lower end 108 of the valve stem 98. The valve member 106 is preferably formed of a short length of resilient tubing formed of a suitable material such as Neoprene. The outer diameter of the valve member 106 is substantially equal to the diameter of the lateral bore 94 and the axial length of the valve member 106 is greater than the diameter of the cylindrical bore 18 extending through the body member 12. The valve member 106 may be secured by a suitable adhesive to the cylindrical outer periphery of the lower end 108 of the valvestem 98.

i. A pair of spaced circumferential ribs 110 and 112 are formed on the valve stem 98 with the rib 110 abutting the upper end of the resilient valve member 106. An O-ring 114 is positioned between the circumferential ribs 110 and 112 and provides a fluid-tight seal between the valve stem 98 and the lateral bore 94. External threads 116 are formed on the valve stem 98 and extend between the control knob 100 and the circumferential rib 112.

The valve stem 98 is secured within the valve fitting 92 by means of a valve fitting cap 118 threadedly secured to the valve fitting 92. The external threads 116 of the valve stem 98 are threadedly engaged with internal threads 120 formed in an aperture 122 in the valve fitting cap 118 through which the valve stem 98 extends. i

It will be seen that by rotating the control knob 100 the valve stem 98 will move axially within the lateral r bore 94 as the valve stem 98 is alternately threaded and unthreaded in the valve fitting cap 118. FIG. 2 illustrates the shut-off assembly 90 in the open position with the resilient valve member 106 fully retracted within the lateral bore 94. FIG. 3 illustrates the shut-off valve assembly 90 in the closed position with the resilient valve member 106 closing the cylindrical bore 18 through the body member 12. It will be seen that the resilient valve member 106 extends slightly below the lower end 108 of the valve stem 98. This permits the valve stem 98 to be threaded to a point wherein the lower end 108 thereof engages the flat circular wall 96 in the body member 12. In this position the resilient valve member 106 is axially compressed and forms a fluid-tight seal closing the cylindrical bore 18 in the body member 12.

It should be noted at this point that the valve fitting 92 may be in the form of a separate component suitably secured to the body member 12 by means such as soldering or brazing, or the valve fitting 92 and the body member 12 may be integrally formed in one piece.

FlG. 1 schematically illustrates a conventional refrigeration system to which the apparatus is connected. The refrigeration system includes a compressor 124 having its high-pressure side connected by means of conduit 126 to the inlet of a condensor 128. The outlet of the condensor 128 is connected by conduit 130 to an expansion valve 132. The expansion valve 132 is connected by means of conduit 134 to'the inlet of an evaporator 136. The outlet of the evaporator 136 is connected by conduit 138 to the low-pressure side of the compressor 124 thereby completing the refrigeration loop.

An access fitting 140 is shown connected to the conduit 126 adjacent to the high-pressure side of the compressor 124. The access fitting 140 is of the type which includes a threaded check valve core 142 installed therein. The valve core 142 is of the typewhich is typically referred to as a Schrader-type valve core. Such valve cores are commonly used in automotive tires and the like.

FIGS. 2-4 illustrate the tool 10 installed on the access fitting 140 with the coupling nut 30 threadedly secured to the external threads 144 of the access fitting 140 and with the gasket 42 providing a fluid-tight seal between the outer end of the access fitting 140 and the first end portion 14 of the body member 12 of the tool 10. The valve core 142 is shown properly secured by the valve core engaging chuck 74.

Operation of the Preferred Embodiment To operate the tool 10, the tool 10 is connected to a suitable access fitting 140 by means of the coupling nut 30 as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. The shut-off valve assembly 90 is placed in the open position as illustrated in FIG. 2 and the operating shaft is moved to the left as viewed in FIG. 2 where the core engaging chuck 74 is suitably engaged with the valve core 142 which is to be removed from the access fitting 140.

The valve core 142 is then unthreaded by turning the control knob 64 counter-clockwise. When the valve core 142 is completelyunthreaded from the access fitting 140 the control knob 64 is withdrawn as far to the right as possible as illustrated in-FlG. 3. The shut-off valve assembly is then actuated to close the cylindrical bore 18 through the body member 12. This is accomplished by rotating the-control knob 100 me clockwise direction until the lower end of the valve stem 108 seats on the flat circular wall 96 in the valve body 12 thereby I providing a fluid-tight seal in thetool 10.

The access cap 46 is then unthreaded from the body member 12, and the access cap 46, operating shaft 60 and the valve core 142 are removed from the body member 12.

At this point suitable means for evacuating and charging (not shown) a refrigeration system is threadedly secured to the threads 44 of the body member 12 to provide sealing communication between said means and the access fitting 140 via the cylindrical bore 18 through the body member 12. The shut-off valve assembly is then actuated to open the bore 18 through the body member 12. The refrigeration system carrying the access fitting 140 may then be evacuated and charged with refrigerant through the tool 10. When the refrigeration system is charged, the shut-off valve assembly is again actuated to close the bore 18 as described above, and the evacuating and charging means is removed from the tool 10.

The valve core142 may then be inspected and replaced if necessary. The new valve core 142 is secured to the valve core engaging chuck 74and reinserted into the cylindrical bore 18 along with the operating shaft 60. The access cap-46 is rethreaded into sealing engagement with the body member 12.

The shut-off valve assembly is then opened fully by rotating the control knob in a counterclockwise direction untilthe resilient valve member 106 is fully withdrawn into the lateral bore 94 thereby opening the cylindrical bore 18.

The control knob 64 is then moved to the left until the check valve core 142 engages the access fitting 140. The check valve core 142 is then rethreaded into the access fitting by rotating the control knob 64 in a clockwise direction until the check valve core seali unthreading the coupling nut 30.

Description of the Embodiment of FIG. 6

FIG. 6 illustrates a slightly modified tool 10a which includes an evacuating and charging fitting 146 formed on and extending outwardly from a slightly modified body member 12a. The fitting 146 includes a laterally extending port 148 extending therethrough and communicating between the outer end thereof and the cylindrical bore 18 through the body member 12a. A conventional threaded check valve core of the Schradertype 150 is threadedly secured within the fitting 146. The fitting 146 further includes external threads 152 formed thereon to provide means for engagement with suitable means for evacuating and charging (not shown) a refrigeration system through the tool 10a.

Operation of the Embodiment of FIG. 6

In operation the tool 10a is first secured to the access fitting 140 as described above. Similarly, the check valve core 142 is removed from the access fitting 140 and withdrawn fully to the right within the bore 18 as viewed in FIG. 6. With the shut-off valve assembly 90 in the open position, the refrigeration system may now be evacuated and charged through the evacuation and charging fitting 146.

It will be readily apparent that the tool 10a may also be used to remove and replace a defective check valve core 142 as described in detail above for the tool 10. This should preferably be done prior to evacuating and charging the refrigeration system.

Description of the Embodiment of FIG. 7

' bore 94 of the shut-off valve assembly 90. It will be seen that the port 148 of the evacuation and charging fitting 146 communicates with the interior of the body member 12b through the flat circular wall 96 formed therein.

The configuration of the tool 10b permits a slightly shorter body member 12b, and simplifies machining required in the construction of the tool 10b.

Operation of the tool 10b isidentical to that described for the tool 10a and therefore will not be described in detail again.

It will be seen from the foregoing detailed description of the present invention that the various embodiments thereof and the methods for their utilization described therein readily obtain the objectives set forth. Changes may be made in the construction and arrangement of parts or elements of the various embodiments described herein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention as defined herein.

What is claimed is:

1. A tool for use in maintaining and servicing a conventional refrigeration system equipped with a threaded access fitting provided with a removable threaded closure member therein, comprising:

a body member having a first end, a second end and having a longitudinal passageway extending therethrough and communicating at the opposite ends thereof with the first and second ends of said body member;

coupling means carried on the first end of said body member for removably connecting the first end of said body member to said access fitting with one end of said longitudinal passageway in sealing communication with the access fitting;

removable cap means securable to the second end of said body member for sealing closure of the opposite end of said longitudinal passageway, and, alternately, for removal from said body member, and including an aperture formed therein substantially coaxial with the longitudinal passageway;

an operating shaft having a first end and a second end and extending through said aperture in said removable cap means, with the first end thereof disposed within said longitudinal passageway and with the second end thereof disposed outside said longitudinal passageway;

means carried by said removable cap means for providing slidingly and rotatingly sealing engagement between said aperture in said cap means and said operating shaft so that said operating shaft may be moved axially and rotatably within said longitudinal passageway;

engaging means secured to the first end of said operating shaft for releasably engaging and retaining said threaded closure member in said acesss fitting;

control means operatively engaging the second end of said operating shaft for rotating and axially displacing said engaging means within saidlongitudinal passageway in response to stimulus external thereto;

valve means carried by said body member intermediate the first and second ends thereof for-alternately openingand closing said longitudinal passageway, said valve means being adapted to close said longitudinal passageway when said operating shaft is displaced toward the second end of said body member, said valve means including;

a valve fitting formed on said body member and extending laterally therefrom;

a lateral cylindrical bore extending through said valve fitting and a portion of said body member and communicating between said longitudinal passageway and the outer end of said valve fitting;

a valve stem having a first end portion and a second end portion, with the first end portion thereof disposed within said lateral bore and with the second end portion extending beyond the outer end of said valve fitting;

actuating means operatively engaging the second end portion of said valve stem for moving said valve means between a first position opening and a second position closing said longitudinal passageway in response to external force applied thereto;

external threads formed on said valve stem intermediate the first and second end portions;

valve cap means threadedly engaged with said external threads of said valve stem for securing said valve stem to said valve fitting so that rotation of said .valve stem relative to said valve cap means and said valve fitting by said actuating means causes corresponding axial movement of said valve stem within said lateral bore;

resilient valve member means fixedly secured to a laterally extending port formed in said body memand encircling the first end portion of said valve ber intermediate said valve means and the second stem and extending a distance beyond the first end of said body member and communicating beend portion of said valve stem, said valve memtween said longitudinal passageway and the exteber means being slidably disposed within said latrior of said body member. I eral bore for moving between a first position 3. The tool as defined in claim 2 characterized furwithin said lateral bore and opening said longituther to include: dinal passageway, and a second position within a Schrader-type valve core removably threadedly seand closing said longitudinal passageway; cured within said laterally extending port.

a pair of longitudinally spaced circumferential ribs 4. The tool as defined in claim 1 characterized furformed on said valve stem with one of said ribs ther to include:

abutting said resilient valve member means, said a laterally extending port formed in said body memribs each having a diameter slightly less than the ber intermediate the first and second ends thereof diameter of said lateral bore and slidingly disdisposed opposite said valve fitting and aligned coposed therein in all positions of said valve stem axial with said lateral bore extending through said relative to said valve fitting; and valve fitting and communicating between said lonannular resilient seal member means disposed begitudinal passageway and the exterior of said body tween said circumferential ribs for providing a member. sliding fluid-tight seal between said valve stem 5. The tool as defined in claim 4 characterized furand said lateral bore in all positions of said valve ther to include: stem relative to said valve fitting. a Schrader-type valve core removably threadedly se- 2. The tool defined in claim 1 characterized further cured within said laterally extending port. to include:

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4106373 *Jun 15, 1977Aug 15, 1978George TrongoBit driving tool for use in barriers separating different environments
US4305193 *Jan 11, 1980Dec 15, 1981Anderson Steven CZone control valve removal tool and method
US4308766 *Mar 31, 1980Jan 5, 1982Myers Jr James ELiquid tire sealant injection tool
US4599776 *Oct 22, 1984Jul 15, 1986Haggard Eugene EElement removal tool for system carrying fluid under pressure
US4706357 *Nov 13, 1985Nov 17, 1987Ewing James TValve servicing tool
US5076324 *Oct 25, 1990Dec 31, 1991Seymour HermanQuick disconnect coupling
US5339862 *Jul 29, 1993Aug 23, 1994Aeroquip CorporationRefrigeration system service adapter
US5353831 *Feb 25, 1994Oct 11, 1994Watsco Components, Inc.Tube-piercing clamp on valve assembly
US5357763 *Mar 18, 1994Oct 25, 1994Joseph VogelIn a refrigeration system
US5421380 *Mar 16, 1994Jun 6, 1995Campbell; Michael C.Gas tank evacuator
US5469898 *Feb 1, 1995Nov 28, 1995Campbell; Michael C.Gas tank evacuator
US5603353 *Nov 17, 1995Feb 18, 1997Essman Screw Products, Inc.Quick disconnect coupling
US5657800 *Oct 25, 1995Aug 19, 1997Campbell; Michael C.Gas tank evacuator
US6152165 *Feb 16, 2000Nov 28, 2000Alma Trading IncorporatedValve core mounting and dismounting tool
US7823603 *May 9, 2006Nov 2, 2010Kohler Co.Mixing valve
USRE34781 *Apr 10, 1992Nov 8, 1994Aeroquip CorporationCoupling adapter
Classifications
U.S. Classification29/221.6, 29/240, 137/328
International ClassificationB25B27/24, F25B45/00
Cooperative ClassificationB25B27/24, F25B2345/006, F25B45/00
European ClassificationB25B27/24, F25B45/00