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Publication numberUS3841043 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 15, 1974
Filing dateJul 25, 1973
Priority dateMay 30, 1972
Also published asUS3841047, US3841051
Publication numberUS 3841043 A, US 3841043A, US-A-3841043, US3841043 A, US3841043A
InventorsZinn D
Original AssigneeZinn D
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Wall construction
US 3841043 A
Abstract
A sound attenuating wall employing studs and panels, wherein the studs mounted in a line have alternately reversed flanges of greater and lesser resiliency, and the panels have their edges at and fixed to the less resilient flanges and their centers at the more resilient flanges.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 11 1 Zinn Oct. '15, 1974 WALL CONSTRUCTION 1,963,416 /1935 Minshall 52/720 2,056,328 10 1936 Pr'ce [76] Inventor: Danrel L. Z mn, 2545 Beaufalt, 3058551 10/1962 Mimi n Dem", Mlch- 48207 3,238,677 3/1966 'b1ibi'ei-..f.. 3,333,390 8/l967 Banning 52/732 [22] July 1973 3,525,189 8/1970 Nelsson 52/378 21 Appl. No.2 382,604

Related Application Data Primary Examiner-Price C. Faw, Jr. [62] Division of ser- No' 257,943 May 30 1972 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Cullen, Settle, Sloman &

abandoned, which is a division of Ser. No. 74,022, Cantor Sept. 21, 1970, abandoned.

[57] ABSTRACT '8' 52/243 2 6 A sound attenuating wall employing studs and panels, [58] w 364 481 wherein the studs mounted in a line have alternately {2 reversed flanges of greater and lesser resiliency, and

the panels have their edges at and fixed to the less re- [56] References Cited silient flanges and their centers at themore resilient UNITED STATES PATENTS flanges 1,826,114 10 1931 Young 52 615 5 Claims, 8 Drawing Flgul'es PAIENIEBmI 1 51924 SEE! 1 BF 2 IGZ PAIENIEE I SHEET 20F 2 FIG.6

.Illl-llllillllllllllullllnllllllllllllllllllllllnlnlllllllllll FIG-4 FIGB WALL CONSTRUCTION CROSS REFERENCE This application is a divisional of my copending application Ser. No. 257,943 of May 30, 1972, now abandoned, which was a division of and copending with application Ser. No. 74,022, of Sept. 21, 1970, now abancloned.

In the wall of the invention, double side or double flange studs are mounted in a line, with each mounted stud having one side or flange of greater resilience than the other. The studs are alternately reversed so that on.

the panel centers or inner portions are adjacent the more resilient flange of the central stud of such three studs.

THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Preferred embodiments are shown in the appended drawings, to be understood on reference to this specification.

IN THESE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of a portion of the present sound attenuation wall.

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary section taken in the direction of arrows 2-2 of FIG. 1. I

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary section taken in the direction of arrows 3-3 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary section taken in the direction of arrows 4--4 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of the present improved stud construction.

FIG. 6 is a similar view of a modification.

FIG. 7 is a fragmentary elevational view with the partitions extending longitudinally.

FIG. 8 is similar to FIG. 5 showing a modified stud.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS SHOWN IN THE DRAWINGS A sound attenuation wall is shown in FIG. 1, and as indicated in FIGS. 3 and 4 is adapted for use between fixed structures, such as a building floor 11 and ceiling 17.

Channels 13 and 19 are mounted upon said floor and ceiling and are secured by fasteners 15. I

I THE STUDS A line or series of longitudinally spaced studs 21 is interposed between and projects into channels 13 and 19 and is suitably anchored thereto with each stud, as formed and mounted, having a first more resilient side 25 and a second less resilient side 27, and a web 23.

Studs 21 as best shown in FIG. 2 are alternately arranged so that the first and second flanges 25-27 of ad jacent studs are alternately reversed.

The second, less resilient flanges 27 of the studs are anchored to the channels as by fasteners 37. The first or more resilient flanges 25 are not anchored to the channels.

THE PANELS wallboard panels 39 applied to opposite sides of the respective studswith the wallboards on each side being in alignment and in engagement with each other at their edges throughout the length of the wall such as is shown fragmentarily in FIG. 1 and. in FIG. 2.

wallboards on each side are in engagement along the registry line 43, FIG. 1 which corresponds to the central portion of the particular second flange 2 7 to which the wallboards at the respective edges are fixed by fasteners 41.

Each wallboard spans at least three studs with the outer edges of each wallboard fixed to the corresponding second flange 27 of the outer of said three studs as by a series of fasteners 41. In the modification shown in FIG. 7, the wallboards extend longitudinally and span more than three studs.

The central or inner portion of each wallboard 39 throughout its height is adjacent the corresponding resilient first flange 25. In FIG. 7, central portions of the wallboards loosely bear against adjacent resilient first flanges.

It is noted particularly with respect to FIGS. 1 and 2 that the wallboards 39 upon opposite sides of the partition at their respective meeting edges 43 are staggered or offset. Thus the meeting line 43 between a pair of wallboards on one side of the wall is in registry with corresponding central or intermediate portion of an opposed wallboard. The wallboards upon opposite sides of the wall arestaggeredwhereby the wallboard on one side of the wall spans three adjacent studs and the opposing but staggered wallboard on the opposite side of the partition spans two of the said three studs.

By this construction the outer upright edges of each wallboard are fixedly secured to the second flange 27 of the corresponding stud whereas the upright central portion of each wallboard yieldingly bears against the corresponding resilient first flange 25 of the intermediate stud.

Thus, the individual wallboards affixed at their upright edges yieldably bear against the respective central stud and are adapted to flex inwardly and outwardly in the functioning of the present sound attenuation panel. The wallboards along their top and bottom edges are fixedly secured to the floor and ceiling channels. by fasteners 41. Likewise in FIG. 7, the longitudinal edge of some wallboards bears against and is affixed to channels 13 or 19.

Suitable sound absorbing pads or blankets 45, of which a pair are shown, FIGS. 1 and 2, are interposed in compression between the assembled opposed wallboards 39 and have a very definite function inthe final operation of the present sound attenuating panel. While the present panel as constructed is effective as a sound attenuation panel even without the sound absorbing pads interposed, an improved sound attenuation panel is provided when said pads are provided.

It has been found in operation that any inward flexing of the corresponding wallboards due to the "transmission of sound vibrations therethrough. causes a frictional rubbing. action of the wallboard with respect to the sound absorbing pad. This rubbing action transforms soundenergyto heat, thus, dissipating the sound and provides an improved sound attentuation wall partition. The compressed pads also dampen vibrations.

Glass fiber strips are shown in the illustrative embodiment, nine feet long for example, and thus extend between the floor and ceiling and are interposed in compression between the wallboards when assembled.

The resilient backing of each wallboard throughout its height is achieved by the yieldable first flanges 25 providing a yielding relationship between the wallboard and the supporting stud.

REPRISE The broader aspect of this invention is that the studs when formed and mounted, have first and second flanges of different resiliency. One method of accomplishing this result is to secure only one flange of a stud to the channels. Thus the stud as mounted, provides the desired result.

Altemately, the stud as formed but prior to mounting may have flanges of different resiliency (in which case anchoring only oneflange to the channels is optional).

One such stud 29 is fragmenta'rily shown in FIG. 6. The corresponding resilient first flange 31 is provided additional resiliency by a series of aligned spaced slits 33 formed in the stud web.

In FIG. 5 the resilient first flange 25 is given additional flexibility by the use of more slits. Longitudinally spaced slits 33 correspond to those of FIG. 6. Further longitudinally spaced slits 49 are formed at the one longitudinal edge of flange 25.-slits 49 are alternately arranged and staggered with respect to slits 33.

FIG. 8 is yet another modification of the stud in that the resilient first flange 25' is initially before assembly non-parallel tosecond flange 27. Flange 25' extends outwardly at an acute angleto flange 27 in'the rang of 5-20 for illustration.

Upon assembly of the wallboards such as in FIGS. 1 and 2, the resilient first flanges 25' shown in FIG. 8 are then in compression and substantially parallel to flanges 25. Resilient first flange 25 has been rendered more flexible and resilient due to the double series of staggered slots 33 and 49.

CONCLUSION While presently preferred embodiments of the invention have. been disclosed, supra, the inventive concepts hereof are not limited to such preferred embodiments but are those defined in the claims which follow.

'I claim: 1. In a sound attenuating wall between parallel fixed structures of a building, the improvements comprising:

a series of formed elongated spaced building wall studs of the web and double flange type between and anchored at their ends to said building structures, with each stud when formed and anchored in 7 line having a more resilient flange and a less resilient flange;

with the studs being arranged in reversed alternation so that the more resilient flanges of spaced adjacent studs face in opposite directions and equally the less resilient flanges of spaced adjacent studs 2. In a sound attenuating wall between parallel fixed structures of a building, the improvements comprising:

a series of formed elongated spaced building wall studs of the web and double flange type between and anchored at their ends to said building structures, with each stud when formed and anchored in line having a'more resilient flange and a less resilient flange;

with the studs being arranged in reversed alternation so that the more resilient flanges of spaced adjacent studs face in opposite directions and equally the less resilient flanges of spaced adjacent studs face in opposite directions;

with the studs being so formed and mounted that in the mounted line of studs there are flanges which have greater resiliency and flanges which have lesser resiliency;

in combination with wall panels on one side of the line of studs offset with respect to wall panels on the opposite side so that central portions on one side are opposite edges of the opposing panels;

and the edges of panels on one side are opposite central portions of panels on the other side;

with the edges of the panels on one side being affixed to the less resilient flanges-on such side;

and with the central portions of the panels on one side being adjacent the more resilient flanges on such side.

3. A wall construction according to claim 2, wherein the flanges as formed are initially equal in resiliency, with the studs being so anchored that these flanges retain substantially their original resiliency without substantial impairment.

4. A wall construction according to claim 2, wherein the flanges are initially equal in resiliency with the ends of the more resilient flanges being so free of the fixed structures as to retain substantially their original resilience without substantial impairment, whereas the less resilient flanges are so anchored at their ends to the fixed structures so as to lose substantial portions of their original resilience.

5. A wall construction according to claim 2, wherein the greater resilience flanges are initially formed to be of greater resilience than the less resilient flanges, and are free of the fixed structures so as to retain their resilience without substantial impairment when the studs are anchored by anchoring the ends of the less resilient flanges to such fixed structure.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1826114 *Dec 5, 1929Oct 6, 1931Young Brothers CompanyInsulating panel
US1963416 *Mar 7, 1932Jun 19, 1934Boeing CoAirplane structural elements
US2056328 *Dec 5, 1933Oct 6, 1936George M SouleSystem of wall construction
US3058551 *Oct 16, 1959Oct 16, 1962Martin Jasper JBuilding construction and elements therefor
US3238677 *Feb 8, 1963Mar 8, 1966Owens Corning Fiberglass CorpFire-resistant structural element
US3333390 *Apr 9, 1965Aug 1, 1967Banning George VMetallic stud for resilient wall construction
US3525189 *Oct 11, 1968Aug 25, 1970United States Gypsum CoStructural member and wall assembly including same
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3999352 *Jul 8, 1974Dec 28, 1976Angeles Metal Trim Co.Wall section module
US4125984 *Mar 11, 1977Nov 21, 1978Jonas Gerald LBuilding panel construction and connector therefor
US4227360 *May 5, 1977Oct 14, 1980United States Gypsum CompanyResilient furring member
US5279088 *Jan 17, 1992Jan 18, 1994Heydon Building Systems International, LimitedWall structure and method of forming the same
US5493834 *Apr 15, 1994Feb 27, 1996Mitek Holdings, Inc.Building structures, methods of construction, and wall framing section therefor
US5497591 *Jan 11, 1994Mar 12, 1996Mitek Holdings, Inc.Metal wall framing
US5505031 *May 4, 1994Apr 9, 1996Heydon Building Systems, Inc. Of CaliforniaBuilding structure and method of use
US20090282759 *May 13, 2009Nov 19, 2009Porter William HRelocatable building wall construction
US20100269439 *Apr 26, 2010Oct 28, 2010Adrian Thomas MorrisetteInsulated panel and system for construction of a modular building and method of fabrication thereof
US20120204399 *Feb 9, 2012Aug 16, 2012Little Jr W FrankMethod of removing panels
DE3306615A1 *Feb 25, 1983Sep 6, 1984Fehrenbach Guido Dipl Ing FhNail strip
WO2004009926A1 *Jun 12, 2003Jan 29, 2004Deutsche Rockwool Mineralwoll Gmbh & Co. OhgInsulation element and building wall
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/243, 52/346, 52/481.1
International ClassificationE04B2/74, E04B2/76, E04B2/78
Cooperative ClassificationE04B2/7412, E04B2/7881, E04B2/7457
European ClassificationE04B2/78C4, E04B2/74C5C