US 3841047 A
For use in wall constructions, novel studs are here shown, characterized by their having two sides or flanges of different resiliency when formed and mounted.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Unite State's atent n 1 Zinn [451 Oct. 15, 1974 STUDS  Inventor: Daniel L. Zinn, 2545 Beaufait,
Detroit, Mich. 48207  Filed: July 25, 1973  Appl. No.2 382,606
Related US. Application Data  Division of Ser. No. 257,943, May 30, 1972, abandoned, which is a division of Ser. No. 74,022, Sept. 21, 1970, abandoned.
 US. Cl 52/720, 52/346, 52/732  Int. Cl. E04c 3/07  Field of Search 52/732, 730, 729, 100,
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,909,930 5/1933 DeRidder 52/720 X 1,963,416 6/1934 Minshall 52/720 3,333,390 v8/1967 Banning 52/732 3,445,975 5/1969 Nelsson 52/346 X 3,525,189 8/1970 Nelsson 52/732 X Primary ExaminerPrice C. Faw, Jr. Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Cullen, Settle, Sloman & Cantor  ABSTRACT For use in wall constructions, novel studs are here shown, characterized by their having two sides or flanges of different resiliency when formed and mounted.
They may be of different resiliency when initially formed; or they may be of similar resiliency when initially formed, but become of different resiliency when mounted.
7 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures PAIENTEDIEI 1 sum I SEC 10! z PATENTEB 151974 SHEEI 2 OF 2 "Flee FIG-4,
FIG?) s'runs CROSS REFERENCES THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The preferred embodiments of such studs are shown in the appended drawings, to be read in conjunction with this specification.
THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is a fragmentary perspective view of a portion of the present sound attenuation wall.
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary section taken in the direction of arrows 2-2 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary section taken in the direction of arrows 33 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary section taken in the direction of arrows 44 of FIG. 1. I
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of the present improved stud construction.
FIG. 6 is a similar view of a modification.
FIG. 7 is a fragmentary elevational view with the partitions extending longitudinally.
FIG. 8 is similar to FIG. 5 showing a modified stud.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS SHOWN IN THE DRAWINGS A sound attenuation wall is shown in FIG. 1, and as indicated in FIGS. 3 and 4 is adapted for use between fixed structures, such as a building floor 11 and ceiling 17, having channels 13 and 19 secured by fasteners 15.
THE STUDS A line or series of longitudinally spaced studs 21 having webs 23 is interposed between and projects into channels 13 and 19 and are suitably secured thereto with each stud, having a first side 25 and a second side 27, both of some resilience.
The studs 21 are alternately reversed so that the first and second flanges 25-27 of adjacent studs are alternately reversed.
The second flanges 27 are anchored to the channels by fasteners 37. The first flanges 25 are not anchored to the channels.
Thus, flanges 25 are more resilient than flanges 27 when the studs are mounted. Resiliency is the rebounding of the flange after removal of a deflecting force or load. To properly compare the resiliency of two flanges, it is of course understood that the loading or force on each must be the same in amount and in location relative to each webflange juncture.
THE PANELS Wallboard panels 39 are applied to opposite sides of the studs with the wallboards on each side being in alignment and in engagement with. each other at their edges.
The wallboard panels on each side of the studs throughout the length of the partition are in engagement along the registry lines 43, FIG. lwhich correspond to the central portions of the particular second flanges 27 to which the wallboards are fixed by fasteners 41.
Each wallboard panel spans at least three studs with the outer edges of each panel fixed to the second flanges 27 of the outer of said three studs as by fasteners 41. In the modification shown in FIG. 7, the wallboards extend longitudinally and span more than three studs.
The central or inner portion of each panel 39 is adjacent a first stud flange 25. In FIG. 7, central portions of the panels loosely bear against adjacent resilient first flanges 25.
It is noted particularly with respect to FIGS. 1 and 2 that the panels 39 upon opposite sides of the partition at their respective meeting edges 43 are staggered or offset. Thus, the meeting line 43 between a pair of panels on one side of the wall is in registry with a corresponding central or intermediate portion of an opposed panel. The panels upon opposite sides of the wall are staggered whereby the panels on one side of the wall each spans three adjacent studs and the opposing but staggered wallboard on the opposite side of the partition spans two of the said three studs.
By this construction the outer edges of each panel are fixed to the second flange 27 of the corresponding stud whereas the central portion of each panel yieldingly bears against the corresponding resilient first flange 25 of the intermediate stud.
Thus, the individual panels affixed at their edges yieldably bear against the respective central stud and are adapted to flex inwardly and outwardly in the functioning of the present sound attenuation panel.
The panels along their top and bottom edges are fixedly secured to the floor and ceiling channels by fasteners 41. Likewise in FIG. 7, the longitudinal edges of some panels bear against and are affixed to channels 13 or 19.
Suitable sound absorbing pads or blankets 45, of which a pair are shown,-FIGS..1 and 2, are interposed in compression between the assembled opposed wallboards 39 and have a very definite: function in the final operation of the present sound. attenuating panel. While the present panel as constructed is efiective as a sound attenuation panel even without the sound absorbing pads interposed, an improved sound attenuation panel is providedwhen said pads are provided.
It has been found in operation that any inward flexing of the corresponding wallboards due to the transmission of sound vibrations therethrough' causesa frictional rubbing action of the wallboard with respect to the sound absorbing pad. This rubbing action transforms sound energy to heat, thus, dissipating the sound and provides an improved sound attenuation wall partition. The compressed pads also dampen vibrations.
Glass fiber strips are shown in the illustrative embodiment, nine feet long for example, and thus extend between the floor and ceiling and are interposed in compression between the wallboards when assembled.
The resilient backing of each wallboard throughout its height is achieved by the yieldable first flanges 25 providing a yielding relationship between the wa'llboard and the supporting stud.
THE STUDS (CONTINUED) As previously indicated, the broader aspect of this invention is that the studs, when formed and mounted, have first and second flanges of different resiliency. One method of accomplishing this result is to anchor only one flange of a stud to the channels. Thus, the stud as mounted provides the desired result.
Alternatively, the stud as formed but prior to mounting may have flanges of different resiliency, in which case anchoring only one flange to the channels is optional.
One such stud 29 is fragmentarily shown in FIG. 6. The first flange 31 is provided additional resiliency by a series of aligned spaced slits 33 formed in the stud web.
In FIG. 5 the first flange is given additional resilience by the use of more slits. Longitudinally spaced slits 33 correspond to those of FIG. 6. Further longitudinally spaced slits 49 are formed at the one longitudinal edge of flange 25. Slits 49 are alternately arranged and staggered with respect to slits 33.
FIG. 8 is yet another modification of the stud in that the resilient first flange 25' is initially before assembly non-parallel to second flange 27. Flange 25 extends outwardly at an acute angle to flange 27 in the range of 520 for illustration.
Upon assembly of the wallboards such as in FIGS. 1 and 2, the resilient first flanges 25 shown in FIG. 8 are then in compression and substantially parallel to plane flanges 25. Resilient first flange 25' has been rendered more flexible and resilient by two series of slits 33 and 49.
CONCLUSION While presently preferred embodiments of the invention have here been disclosed, supra, the inventive concepts hereof are not limited to such preferred embodiments but are those defined in the claims which follow.
1. An improved stud having a bearing flange, a mounting flange and a web joining the mounting flange to the bearing flange, said stud for use in a wall made up of a line of substantially identical studs and wall panels on opposite sides of the wall, with the studs alternated in reversed arrangement so that on each side of the wall the mounting flanges alternate with the bearing flanges; each pair of adjacent wall panels on each side of the wall having their adjacent panel edges fastened to a mounting flange and with each panel on each side of the wall having its central part bearing against a bearing flange; the improvement comprising:
each bearing flange and each mounting flange and its juncture with the web being so formed that the entire bearing flange will deflect a greater amount, from the web-flange juncture to the free end of the flange, than the deflection of the mounting flange from its web-flange juncture to its free end under the same loading at the same distance from the respective web-flange junctures;
saidmounting flange providing a stiffer, less resilient mounting for the adjacent edges of a pair of panels so that when the panels are fastened to a mounting flange the panels are retained firmly and snugly against the mounting flange in a manner to avoid deflection inwardly or outwardly from the plane of such panels;
said bearing flange providing a more resilient bearing for the center of a panel having its edges fastened to a pair of mounting flanges, so that the center of the panel and the bearing flange flex inwardly resiliently for sound attenuation, but with the center of the panel being free of outward bias from the bearing flange, which bearing flange is formed to be free of a tendency to deflect outwardly, though it is resilient enough to be flexed inwardly by outward sound Waves impinging against the panel.
2. The invention as defined in claim 1 wherein the juncture between the web and the mounting flange is formed to be more rigid than the juncture between the web and the bearing flange.
3. The invention as defined in claim 1 wherein the juncture between the web and the bearing flange has weakening formations which produce greater resiliency.
4. The invention as defined in claim 1 wherein the two flanges are in substantial transverse alignment relative to the web.
5. The invention as defined in claim 1 wherein the web has resilience producing weakening formations which are closer to the bearing flange juncture than to the mounting flange juncture. v
6. The invention as defined in claim 1 wherein the web includes first and second legs interconnected by a transverse member, said second leg being longer than said first leg and being joined to said mounting flange.
7. The invention as defined in claim 1 wherein the two flanges are parallel.