US 3842519 A
Shoe inserts are produced comprising a sole-shaped sheet or the like of foamed latex impregnated with activated charcoal. When such a shaped sheet is used as a shoe insert or insole it is found to substantially reduce or even eliminate foot odors frequently associated with perspiring feet.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent 1191 Lapidus 1 1 DEODORIZER SHEET MATERIAL [751 lnventor: Herbert Lapidus, Ridgefield, Conn.
 Assignee: Combe Incorporated, White Plains,
 Filed: Jan. 26, 1973 [211 Appl. No.: 326,757
FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 728,075 4/1955 Great Britain 36/44 1,937,373 1/1970 Germany 36/43 Primary Examiner-Alfred R. Guest Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Johnson, Dienner, Emrich, Verbeck & Wagner 5 7] ABSTRACT Shoe inserts are produced comprising a sole-shaped sheet or the like of foamed latex impregnated with activated charcoal. When such a shaped sheet is used as a shoe insert or insole it is found to-substantially reduce or even eliminate. foot odors frequently associated with perspiring feet.
6 Claims, No Drawings DEODORIZER SHEET MATERIAL BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Activated charcoal has long been used as a filter aid with both liquids and gases for the purpose of clarifying liquids and deodorizing liquids and gases.
In recent times it has been proposed as for example in British Specification No. 1,270,809 to incorporate activated charcoal into a fibre web or mat, the web or mat being supported by a backing material such as cloth obtained from natural sources as cotton, or formed of a synthetic such as nylon, and shaped so that the resulting web fits into and covers the inner sole of a shoe. It has also been proposed to attach a layer or coating of a foam material such as polyurethane foam to such a web for the purpose of providing increased strength and springiness.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION My invention is directed to a unique shoe insert, or insole, which effectively and economically minimizes odors which are often associated with feet and which occur in conjunction with or as a result of perspiration.
' In general, my shoe insert comprises a foamed material,
and spread uniformly into a web of cloth or the like,
and then passed under a doctor blade to produce a desired thickness. The resulting product is then heat processed in order to produce a latex foam which is bonded to the web.
The resulting latex-foam sheets, containing charcoal dispersed therethrough, are then cut into such sizes as are appropriate for fitting comfortably into shoes, male or female. In use the insole is inserted into the shoe with the impregnated latex facing downward in the shoe to thereby permit contact of the web or backing material with the foot, and with the sock covering it.
The especially excellent effectiveness of my shoe insert seems to result from the circulation of air and vapors through and around the highly absorbable carbon particles, which occurs when the shoe containing such insert is worn.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT So that my invention may be fully understood I shall hereinafter describe a specific example illustrating the practice of my invention. This illustration is for that purpose only, and is not intended to either limit the scope of the invention or of the claims appended hereto.
EXAMPLE I Ingredients Dry Weight GR-S Latex 100.0 Ibs. Sulfur 1.5 lbs. Zinc Oxide 4.0 5.0 lbs. Surfactant 9.0 lbs. Filler 100.0 lbs.
EXAMPLE I-Continued Ingredients Dry Weight Activated Charcoal 25.0 32.0 lbs. Antioxidant 1.2 lbs. Accelerator 2.5 lbs.
The GR-S latex, a synthetic cold-type styrenebutodiene manufactured by the Goodyear Company of Akron, Ohio, is used in the form of an aqueous slurry (143.0 lbs). And the activated charcoal, available under the tradename Nu-Char, is also used in the form of an aqueous slurry (150.0 lbs.).
The procedure used is as follows: The latex slurry is weighed out into a suitable mixing vessel and there is then added 9.0 lbs. of the surfactant, dioctyl-sodiumsulfo-succinate, available from the American Cyanamid Company of New York, under the trade name of Aerosol O T. There is then added 2.5 lbs. of potassium persulfate as the accelerator, followed by additions of 1.5 lbs. of rubber makers grade sulfur, 4.0 to 5.0 lbs. of zinc oxide (American Process) and 1.2 lbs of dioctyl phospite antioxidant.
Silica flour filler (100.0 lbs.) is then added, followed by addition of the activated charcoal aqueous slurry (143. lbs. of which is Nu-Char).
If it is desired to increase the viscosity of the foregoing mix, a suitable thickener, e.g., Methocel may be added.
The above components are then mixed to form a homogenous mass, and is then fed into a hopper, thence into a homogenizer, preferably an Oaks mixer, which is a rotor stator type homogenizer. Preferable two mixers are used in series. At the first mixer (called a prefrother) air is injected to control the pour density of the product. The base weight of the finished controlled by regulation of this air.
The material is then pumped into the second mixer, also a homogenizer, where the froth is refined, controlling the cell structure size.
After the mix leaves the second mixer and onto a flat surface (belt or table) covered with a layer of fabric which serves as a backing for the finished insert the thickness of the flow is controlled by a doctor blade set to give a finished foam guage of /1000 inch.
Instead of applying the mix onto a flat survace covered with a layer of fabric, as described above, the latex mix may be applied to a transfer paper instead. In other words, my sheet material can be produced with or without a fabric laminate.
Cup weights are taken after the mix leaves the second mixer; cup weights between and grams are acceptable, 87 gramsbeing preferred. The tare weight (cup) is 24 grams.
The resulting material is then cured and dried in a forced hot air oven at temperatures ranging from 310 F to 350 F, with approximately 3 minutes of dwell time.
It will be understood, of course, by those skilled in the art that variations in the exact amounts and precise kinds of ingredients used in producing my charcoalloaded latex foam are possible. Thusthe levels of finely ground activated charcoal used may be varied rather widely, for example 35 percent or higher, by weight of the chemical mix producing the latex foam (dry basis) may be used, limited of course by the difficulty of inproduct is v corporation into the latex mix, economic considerations, appearance and the like..
And though one specific latex foam formulation has been set forth in the foregoing example, those persons skilled in the art will understand that other foam formulations may be used, preferably those which can be processed to form an open-celled foam which breathes and allows for the passage of air through its interstitial spaces.
While it is presently preferred that the open-celled foam in sheet form comprising my invention be produced using latex, it is also contemplated, and is within the broad concept of my invention, that other opencelled foams may be used, such as polyurethane foams and vinyl chloride plastisol foams, especially where a slightly more rigid product is desired.
1. A shoe insert for absorbing odors resulting from perspiring feet comprising a cured sheet of opencelled foam, at least one side of the sheet having a relatively smooth skin formed during curing which is impervious to passage of charcoal particles, said foam containing homogeneously distributed through the solid part thereof finely divided activated charcoal particles in an amount effective to absorb odors when said sheet is subjected to contact with foot perspiration and to passage of odor-filled air through interstitial spaces within said foam, said charcoal particles having been incorporated prior to frothing and curing of said foam.
2. The article of claim 1 wherein the charcoal is present in the amount of about l0.2 to 35 percent.
3. The article of claim 1 wherein the other side has a backing layer of a material which is pervious to passage of air, at least the outer surface of said layer being free of finely divided activated charcoal.
4. The. product of claim 1 wherein said foam is formed of latex.
5. The product of claim 2 wherein said material is a textile.
6. The product of claim 1 wherein said foam is selected from the group consisting of latex foams, polyurethane foams, and vinyl chloride plastisol foams.