US 3843969 A
A personnel armor suspension system having a conventional survival vest modified to support the body armor. The front armor members have a pair of zipper elements secured to the armor carrier with one zipper element and slider on the armor engaging one of the zipper elements on the survival vest and the other zipper member on the armor engaging the slider and the other zipper element on the survival vest. The back armor member fits into a pocket on the back of the survival vest and has a slider and zipper element which engages a zipper element near the neck portion of the survival vest. A Velcro loop patch on the survival vest can be used to engage a Velcro hook patch on the fragmentation armor member to add to the support for the back member.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent [1 1 George et al.
[4 1 Oct. 29, 1974 a PERSONNEL ARMOR SUSPENSION SYSTEM  Inventors: David A. George, Forest; Kenneth E.
. Mayerhofer, Bridgeview; Richard A.
Rodzen, Bolingbrook; Frank C. Scribano, Western Springs, all of Ill.
 Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force, Washington, DC.
Nov. 5, 1973  Appl. No.: 412,854
521 vs. C]... '...2 z. l5l] Int. Cl ..'...F41 h 1/02  Field of Search 2/2.5
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,743,446 5/1956 Persico et al. 2/2.5 2,747,l90 5/l956 Foster; 3,452,362 7/1969 Korolick et al. 3,557,384 l/l97l Barron et al FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 388,598 3/1933 Great Britain... 2/2.5
Primary ExaminerAlfred R. Guest Richard J. Killoren  ABSTRACT A personnel armor suspension system having a conventional survival vest modified to support the body armor. The front armor members have a pair of zipper elements secured to the armor carrier with one zipper element and slider on the armor engaging one of the zipperelements on the survival vest and the other zipper member on the armor engaging the slider and the other zipper element on the survival vest. Theback armor member fits into a pocket on the back of the survival vest and has a slider and zipper element which engages a zipper element near the neck portion of the survival vest. A Velcro loop patch on the survival vest can be used to engage a Velcro hook patch on the' fragmentation armor member to add to the support for the back member.
3 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION against relatively low velocity fragments usually have a i light weight material such as layers of nylon ballistic fabrics. Armor used for protection against high velocity fragments such as small arms fire are usually heavier, hard composite materials such as described in the patent to Korolick et al, US. Pat. No. 3,452,362. Body armor apparatus is needed which is adaptable to the use of the type of armor which is psychologically acceptable to flying personnel for the particular mission.
BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, a conventional survival vest is modified to integrate either rigid armor members or flexible fragmentation armor members, thus making it unnecessary to provide separate armor support equipment. The'survival vest adjustable laces, that are normally positioned on the back, are moved to the '35 side of the garment. Zippers are provided on the armor Y carriers which mate with the two sides of the zipper normally used on the survival vest. A plurality of pockets are provided on the back of the survival vest for receiving back armor elements which are then secured to the survival vest by a zipper near the collar.
IN THE DRAWINGS FIG. I of the drawing shows a front view of a survival vest which has been modified according to this inventron.
FIG. 2 shows aback view of the with the lace flaps open.
FIG. 3 is a front view of arigid front armor member with zipper elements attached.
FIG. .4 is an enlarged partially-schematic sectional view of the device of FIG. 3 along the line 4--4.
FIG. 5 is a front view of a rigid back armor member with a zipper element attached.
FIG. 6 is a front view of a' front fragmentation armor member with zipper elements attached.
FIG. 7 is a front view of a back fragmentation armor member with zipper element and Velcro hook fasteners attached.
FIG. 8 shows the front rigid armor member of FIG. 3 partially installed in the survival vest of FIG. 1.
FIG. 9 shows the armor member .of FIG. 5 installed in the survival vest of FIG. 1.
device of FIG. 1,
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Reference is now made toFIGS. l and 2 of the drawing which shows a survival vest 10 having a back panel member 12 which is secured to front panel'members 14 and 15. Zipper elements 16 and 17 are secured to the front panel members 14 and 15 and are secured by means of a slider 18. Lacing 20 passes through eyelets 21, shown on one side, and is used to adjust the vest to the wearer. The lacing, normally positioned on the back, is positioned on the side of the survival vest to permit securing an armor element on the back. Flaps 23 and 24 are held closed by means of conventional Velcro hooks '25 and Velcro loops 27. Conventional pockets 28 are provided on the front of the survival vest 10, for holding conventional life support and survival equipment.
The rigid front armor member 31, shown in FIG. 3, has an armor plate 32 held in an armor carrier 33, as shown in FIG. 4. The material used for the body armor are commercially available state of the art materials.
In the device constructed, the armor plate 32 is boron carbide composite with a woven roving backing 34. The armer carrier 33 is made of Nomex fabric and has a secondary fragment protection layer, shown schematically at 35, sewn into it. The secondary protection layer has five layers of high tenacity nylon and one layer of ballistic'felt. I
A pair of zipper elements 36 and 37 are secured to the armor carrier 33. The zipper elements are adapted to mate with zipper elements 16 and 17 on the survival vest. The zipper element 36 is adapted to engage the slider 18 and the zipper element 16, as shown in FIG.
8, The slider element 44 and zipper element 37 are adapted to engage zipper element 17 on the survival vest.
. The back armor member 41, shown in FIG. 5, is constructed similar to the front armor plate. The back armor plate member 41 fits into pocket 43 on the survival vest, as shown in FIG. 9. A zipper element 49 and slider element 51 engage the'zipper element 53 on the survival vest to hold the armor plate in position within the pocket 43. v
The. fragmentationarmor member of FIG. 6 is sup ported by the survival vest in somewhat the same manner as the rigid armor member of FIG. 3 by means of v slider 44' and zipper elements 36' and 37.
The back member of FIG. 7 has a patch 45 of Velcro hook elements which engage the patch 47 of Velcro loop elements on the survival vest to aid the zipper elements 49', 51' and 53' to hold the armor member 46' in the pocket 43 of the survival vest. More than one pocket may be provided'on the back of the survival vest which are adapted to hold different size back armor members.
There is thus provided a body armor suspension systern which makes use of a modified survival vest to supsaid zipper elements, adapted to close said survival vest; a plurality of pockets secured to the front panel member, adapted to hold life support and survival equipment; at least one pocket member secured to the back panel member of said survival vest adapted to hold a back body armor member; a zipper element secured to said back panel adjacent the neck portion thereof; a front body armor member; a pairof zipper elements on said front body armor member with one of the zipper elements adapted to engage one of the zipper element and the slider element on said survival vest and with the other zipper element having a slider thereon adapted to engage the other zipper element on the survival vest; a back body armor member adapted to fit into a pocket on the back of said survival vest; said back body armor member having a zipper element 2. The device as recited in claim 1 wherein said front and back armor members are rigid, high velocity projectile protection body armor.
3. The device as recited in claim 1 wherein said front and back armor members are flexible, low velocity fragment protection body armor; said back armor member having a patch of hook fastener elements; a patch of loop fastener elements on said survival vest adapted to engage said hook fastener on the back and slider element adjacent the upper end thereof 10 armor member to thereby provide additional support adapted to engage the zipper element on the back panel member of said survival vest.
for the back armor member.