|Publication number||US3844158 A|
|Publication date||Oct 29, 1974|
|Filing date||Nov 19, 1973|
|Priority date||Nov 19, 1973|
|Publication number||US 3844158 A, US 3844158A, US-A-3844158, US3844158 A, US3844158A|
|Original Assignee||Mercer F|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (11), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1191 Mercer Oct. 29, 1974  MOBILE MUFFLER SHOP FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS lnvemorl Flflyd Mercer, 3725 Hampton 800,096 9/1950 Germany 72/705 ay, Fresno, Calif. 93726 1,179,897 1011964 Germany 72/705  Filed: Nov. 19, 1973 Primary Examiner-C. W. Lanham PP N04 4161931 Assistant Examiner-Gene P. Crosby  US. Cl. 72/455, 72/389, 296/24 R,  ABSTRACT 296/37 R Disclosed is a truck with a tube bender mounted on th rear and en losed in a also provides Fleld of Search torage for mufflers and pipes 'rhe tube bender is 296/24 37 R pivotally mounted so it can be swung from a storage position normal to the body longitudinal axis outward  References Clted to position near alignment with the body longitudinal UNITED STATES PATENTS axis for use. The body portion which surrounds the 2,365,940 12/1944 Couse 296/24 R bender Opens on three Sid/=8 to cooperate with the P 2,471,337 5/1949 Luby 296/24 R otal movement of the bender in permitting the form- 2,722,352 11/1955 Dehnel 296/24R ing of tail pipe configurations WithOUt interference 2,811,1ll 10/1957 Levitz 296124 R f the body 3,387,473 6/1968 Noordhoek 72/22 3,697,123 10/1972 Gygrynuk 296/24 R 10 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures 1 t MOBILE MUFFLER sno BACKGROUND OF INVENTION This invention relates to automotive facilities, and particularly to mobile specialty repair units.
In recent years auto repair has become increasingly complex and specialized. The cost of skilled labor has increased to the extent that some degree of the specialization permitted by mass production techniques has been required in order to keep repair costs reasonable. Also, customer convenience has encouraged the development of small neighborhood shops, many of which are limited in the type of equipment and the extent of inventory available to them. These changes have prompted the advent of mobile specialty shops which provide a wholesale repair service to the small garages and service stations. An example of this development is the relined brakeshoe exchange service. Mobile trucks were developed to travel from garage to garage and provide this service and not it is a well accepted practice for a brake relining job taken in by a small garage or service station to actually be done by a mobile brake shop called in by the garage man.
As automobile exhaust systems have become more diversified and sophisticated, special muffler shops have come into being. They do work either wholesale for small garages and services stations which bring in cars of their customers, or retail customers who contact the specialty shop directly. Because of the increasing numbers of different size pipes and mufflers required in inventory to supply the needs of the automobile users, and the frequent need for special tools, it has become the practice of most small garages and service stations to use specialty muffler shops for exhaust system work. The difficulty involved in this approach, however, is that the small garage man must leave his shop to take the customers car to the specialty shop. Therefore, most small garage men prefer to have specialty work done on their own premises whenever possible. These considerations are responsible for the present popularity of the mobile relined brakeshoe'service.
The need has, therefore, existed for a mobile muffler shop which can bring to the premises of the garageman a specialty shop in exhaust systems. The need has not been filled because the principal piece of machinery needed in exhaust system specialty work is the hydraulic tube bender, and prior to my invention no one had devised a practical way to mdunt such a machine on a truck.
It is, therefore, a major object of my invention to provide a mobile muffler shop.
It is also an important object of my invention to provide a truck installed specialty shop for repair and replacement of automobile exhaust systems which has substantially the same facilities as a fixed shop including a hydraulic. tube bender but is nevertheless sufficiently compact and inexpensive to be practical.
Another object of my invention is to provide a mobile muffler shop of the type described wherein the hydraulic tube bender is carried in a bender compartment at the rear of the truck bed and is pivotally mounted so the die jaws can be swung outward from the rear of the truck to permit manipulation of substantial lengths of tail pipe.
truck body is constructed with storage compartments for mufflers and tail pipes formed together with a compartment for a tube bender in such a manner that the tube bender may be utilized without interference from the storage compartments.
Still another object of my invention is to provide a mobile muffler shop of the type described which utilizes a standard one ton, single axle, dual wheel truck chassis as the supporting mobile unit. thereby providing economy, compactness and maneuverability.
These and other objects and advantages of my invention will become more readily apparent from the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment thereof and the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a preferred embodiment of my invention;
FIG. 2 is a longitudinal section view of the body portion of my preferred embodiment;
FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken on 3-3 in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken on 44 in FIG. 2; and
FIG. 5 is a partial sectional view taken on 55 in FIG. 4.
Referring now to the drawings, the numeral 10 designates my mobile muffler shop. The mobile muffler shop 10 is a truck 12 with a special body 14 and a pipe bender 16. The body 14 has muffler compartments 18, two on each side of the forward portion, and a pipe compartment 20 above the muffler compartments that extends over the cab to provide the necessary length for tail pipes.
At the rearmost portion of the body 14 a bender compartment 22 is provided. The bender compartment 22 extends laterally across the chassis of the truck and houses the bender 16. A bed 24 forms the bottom of the body 14.
The truck 12 is a standard one ton vehicle with dual wheeled single rear axle and a four speed transmission. The four speed transmission option is used because a hydraulic pump for driving the hydraulic tube bender is coupled to the transmission as later expalined. By properly arranging the body compartments and the bender mounting I am able to achieve the necessary working and storage space using a truck of this size and, therefore, provide compactness, economy and maneuverability not available in a larger unit.
The bender 16 is a hydraulic tube bender of a type commonly used in specialty muffler shops. The model I00 tube bender manufactured by American Machine, of Thousand Oaks, Calif. has been found to work quite satisfactorily, however, there are other similar machines which would also be satisfactory. These tube benders are normally mounted on four legs with casters, however, in my invention a special pivotal mounting 26 has been devised.
As best seen in FIG. 4, the pivotal mounting 26 consists of a mounting post 28 which is welded to the rear portion of the truck chassis and extends upward through the bed 24 a short distance to one side of the centerline of the truck. The bender I6 is equipped with a cap 30 which fits over the upper portion of the post 28 to mount the bender on the post. A pair of roller bearings (not shown) are mounted between the cap 30 and the post 28 to permit pivotal movement of the bender about the post. The cap 30 is attached to the bender frame about three-quarters of the way back 3 from the die jaws 32. Since the post 28 is offset to one side of the centerline of the truck, the bender is nearly centered laterally on the truck chassis when it is in its stowed position in the bender compartment 22 (see FIG. 4).
To support distal end 34 of the bender when it is stowed in the bender compartment 22, a support leg 36 is provided which extends downward from the bender a short distance and engages a skid plate 38 on the truck bed 24. When the bender distal end 34 is supported on the truck bed by the support leg 36 and skid plate 38 the bending force normally applied to the post 28 by the off-center weight of the bender is relieved. This prevents excessive stress on the pivotal mounting 26 during travel of the truck. A releasable leg latch 39 is provided adjacent the skid plate 38 to hold the bender in its stowed position.
When the bender is in use, it is swung pivotally outward from the truck bed and the rear of the chassis to permit adequate space for sections of tail pipe to be manipulated into the die jaws 32 and formed into desired shapes; When the distal end 34 of the bender is swung outward into its working position all the bending moment from the off-center mounting is reflected on the post 28 and it must be sufficiently well anchored to the chassis to withstand this stress. However, if the bender were centered on the mounting post, the distal end 34 would not swing outward far enough from the rear of the truck chassis in the working position to permit the desired degree of manipulation, in a truck of the preferred size.
The mounting of the bender must meet several criteria. First, it must be disposed laterally of and generally centered with respect to the truck chassis in its stowed position. This disposition keeps a load balance on the truck chassis. second, the bender must be so located and mounted that it can be readily exposed and positioned for work without interference with the storage compartments of the body, and still leave adequate space for storage compartments in a one ton truck.
Obviously, if a big enough truck is used, space for the bender is no problem. But where it is necessary, as it is in a mobile unit of this type, to make the unit as compact as possible then conservation of space is important.
Since benders of the type used in my invention weigh from one-half to three-quarters of a ton, a one ton truck is adequate for the bender and other tools and accessories, provided the body is designed to provide sufficient storage and working space. By my body construction and bender mounting arrangement I have provided sufficient storage space and still avoided interference with the body by the pipe being manipulated in the bender jaws. My resultant mobile muffler shop is only 8 feet wide so it meets highway width restrictions and has a wheel base of about I 1 feet and an overall length of about 18 feet, so it is readily maneuverable incity traffic.
As best shown in FIG. 5, it is possible with the pivotal mounting of the bender to bend a tail pipe section to an angle of less than 90 with-each end of the pipe extending from the jaws a distance sufficient to reach the storage compartments of the body when the bender is at an angle of approximately 45 from the trucks longitudinal axis and to achieve a 180 bend in such a tail pipe by pivoting the bender toward a 90 angle to the trucks longitudinal axis. Therefore, by properly maneuvering the pivotal position of the bender nearly any desired tail pipe configuration can be achieved and yet a minimum amount of body space is required and the bender is quickly changed from stowed to work conditron.
The tail pipe compartment 20 has a door panel 40 at its rearward end which has a hinge 41 along its top edge, and a door lock 42 to hold it closed.
The muffler storage compartments 18 each have access doors 44 mounted on hinges 46 to swing outward to the sides of the truck. The access doors 44 also have door latches 48 which prevent unauthorized access to the muffler storage compartments.
The bender compartment 22 has rear doors 52 consisting of an upper door 54 and a lower door 56. The doors are hinged at their upper and lower edges respectively and the upper door interlocks with the door panel 40 of the tail pipe compartment to lock each door in its open position (see FIG. 2). The lower door 56 hangs down from the rear of the load bed when open and is latched to the upper door 54 by hasp 57 when both doors are closed. To keep the distal end 34 of the bender from moving forward from its stowed position a stop 67 is provided on the skid plate 38.
The bender compartment 22 also has a pair of side doors 58 hinged on their forward edges 60 to swing forwardly against the access doors 44 of the adjacent muffler compartments 18 (see FIG. 5). When the rear doors 52 and the side doors 58 of the bender compartment 22 are fully open and the bender is pivoted outward into its working position, the bed 24 of the compartment forms an open workbench andspace is provided at each side to manipulate a tail pipe in the die jaws 32 of the bender. Lock hasps 62 are provided at the corners of the bender compartment when the side doors and rear doors join to provide locking means when the compartment is closed. Parts bins 64 are provided along the front wall of the bender compartment to store mounting brackets and other accessories and a die holder 65 is provided to store dies for the bender aws.
To give strength to the top of the body 14, the tail pipe compartment 20 is longitudinally divided by stringer walls 66 supported by diagonal braces 68 (see FIGS. 2 and 4).
Since the bender is hydraulically operated, a hydraulic system is incorporated into my shop 10. The system consists of a hydraulic pump (not shown) which operates off the truck transmission and hydraulic lines 72 which pass up through the bed 24 into the bender compartment 22 and connect with the bender 16.
OPERATION The operation of my mobile muffler shop 10 is as follows. The shop is transported to the use site on the truck 12 and parked in a convenient location. Since a principal advantage provided by the mobile muffler shop is its facility to form a tail pipe to match the one being replaced right at the job site and thereby eliminate the need for small garages keeping a large inventory of tail pipes and mufflers, the operator first measures up the old exhaust system. Next, he opens the rear doors 52 and side doors 58 of the bender compartment 22, releases bender leg latch 39 which latches the support leg 36 on the skid plate 38, and pivotally swings the distal end 34 of the bender outward beyond the rear of the truck. He then acquires a straight tail pipe piece of the desired length and diameter from the tail pipe compartment 20. Working from one end of the tail pipe section, he commences putting in the bends required by placing the appropriate dies in the bender jaws 32 and hydraulically actuating the bender 16. He avoids interference between forward portions of the body 14 and the tail pipe by swinging the bender distal end 34 pivotally about the post 28 to maneuver the tail pipe.
The bender 16 also has a hydraulic press 45 for flaring tail pipe ends and otherwise tailoring the pipe to the system.
When the tail pipe is formed, he selects a proper muffler from his inventory in the muffler compartments l8, and completes his new exhaust system. He then cuts out the old exhaust system with a cutting torch and installs the new one.
After completion of a job at one location, the operator swings the bender 16 back into its stowed position in the bender compartment 22, and closes and latches the doors. He then drives to the next location and commences his work again.
From this description it will be understood that l have provided a compact, economical and very maneuverable mobile muffler shop which can fill the need for a specialty muffler shop on wheels. It should also be apparent that my invention is fully capable of attaining the other objects and achieving the advantages heretofore attributed to it.
1. A mobile muffler shop comprising:
a mobile chassis; a body mounted on said chassis and having a pair of oppositely disposed body sides and a pair of oppositely disposed body ends;
a tube bender having a proximal end mounted in said body adjacent a first of said body ends, and a distal end with bending jaws, said tube bender being pivotally mounted on said chassis for swinging movement from a stowed position with said bender extending between said body sides to a variety of work positions with said distal end extended outwardly beyond said first body end; and
storage compartments formed in said body adjacent said tube bender and disposed to store muffler supplies, said storage compartments being positioned to avoid interference with a tail pipe disposed in said tube bender bending jaws, when said bender is in said work positions.
2. A mobile muffler shop as described in claim 1, in
said pivotal mounting is so disposed with respect to said bender and said body that said bender is pivotally movable from a stowed position laterally disposed with respect to said body and substantially centered between said body sides, to a variety of work positions including a position longitudinally aligned with said body with more than half the length of said bender projecting rearward of said first end of said body.
3. A mobile muffler shop as described in claim 2, in
said work positions of said bender further include a position wherein an acute angle is formed between straight lines from the bending jaws of said bender to the most laterally extended portions on each side of said storage compartments.
4. A mobile muffler shop as described in claim 1, in
said mobile chassis includes a truck having a load capacity of one ton or less; and
which further includes a hydraulic drive system for driving said tube bender including a hydraulic pump driven from the transmission of said truck.
5. A mobile muffler shop as described in claim 2, in
which said mobile muffler shop further includes:
a bender compartment formed adjacent said first end of said body and including enclosure means operable to enclose said bender and to open to expose said bender from said first end and said sides of said body.
6. A mobile muffler shop comprising:
a truck having a load capacity of less than lrfi tons,
a cab adjacent the forward end and a load bed extending rearwardly from said cab and having a rear end and oppositely disposed sides;
a tube bender mounted on said load bed adjacent said rear end;
a body mounted on said load bed and having a muffler storage compartment, a tail pipe storage compartment and a bender storage compartment; and
mounting means interconnected between said tube bender and said truck and disposed to movably mount said bender on said truck for movement from a stowed position within said bender storage compartment to a variety of work positions in which portions of said bender extend outside said bender storage compartment. 7. A mobile muffler shop as described in claim 6, in which:
said bender storage compartment of said body is disposed at said rear end of said load bed and has closure means operable to enclose said bender and retractable to expose said bender from the rear and each side of said load bed. 8. A mobile muffler shop as described in claim 6, in which;
said bender storage compartment of said body is disposed at said rear end of said load bed, said muffler storage compartment is disposed between said bender storage compartment and said cab, and said tail pipe compartment extends longitudinally of said truck and above said bender storage compartment, said muffler compartment and said cab. 9. A mobile muffler shop as described in claim 8, in which:
said bender storage compartment has closure means operable to enclose said bender and retractable to expose said bender to permit movement thereof to said work positions, said muffler storage compartment has an access door operable to permit access from a side of said load bed, and said tail pipe storage compartment has an access door operable to permit access thereto.
10. A mobile muffler shop as described in claim 7, in
said mounting means includes a pivotal connection between said bender and said track so disposed that said bender extends laterally between the sides of said load bed and is substantially centered therebetween when said bender is in its stowed position, and said bender has a distal end with jaws which extend out of said bender storage compartment and I, 3 ,844,1 5 8 7 8 rearward of said rear end of said truck when said bender jaws without interference between said bender is in said working position, and said distal end extends rearward of said truck rear end a distance sufficient to permit an acute angle to be tall Secnon formed in a tail pipe section disposed in said 5 bender storage compartment and the ends of said
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|U.S. Classification||72/455, 72/389.1, 296/24.32, 296/37.6|
|International Classification||B21D7/00, B60P3/14|
|Cooperative Classification||B21D7/00, B60P3/14|
|European Classification||B60P3/14, B21D7/00|