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Publication numberUS3844217 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 29, 1974
Filing dateSep 28, 1972
Priority dateSep 28, 1972
Also published asDE2348365A1, DE2348365C2
Publication numberUS 3844217 A, US 3844217A, US-A-3844217, US3844217 A, US3844217A
InventorsZiemba R
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Controlled range fuze
US 3844217 A
Abstract
An electronic, digital, time fuze is disclosed having a time base which may be initially preset mechanically before flight, and which may subsequently be changed during a predetermined interval during flight, by a radar command link.
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United States Patent 1 91 Ziemba Oct. 29, 1974 l5 l CONTROLLED RANGE FUZE 3,113,305 12/1903 'lrounson ct 111v 102/702 P 3,500,746 3/l970 Ambrosini lll2/70.2 R [75] lnvemm- R'chard Zlembar Burlmgmn, 3,670,652 6/l972 Ziemha 102 702 P [73] Assigneez General Electric Company, 3,714,898 2 1973 Ziemba 102/702 R Burlington, Vt. Primary ExaminerBenjamin A. Borchelt [22] Sept 1972 Assistant Examiner-C. T. Jordan [2]] Appl. No.: 292,966 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Bailin L. Kuch [52] US. Cl. 102/70.2 R, 102/702 P, 343/7 PF 57 ABSTRACT [51] Int. Cl F42c 11/06, F420 13/04 1 [58] Field of Search 102/702 P 70.2 R- elcctromc, fuY-e dlsclosed havmg a 3143/7 time base which may be initially preset mechanically before flight, and which may subsequently be changed [56] References Cited during a predetermined interval during flight, by a UNITED STATES PATENTS radar command 2,769,975 11/1956 Rines 102/702 P 15 Claims, 14 Drawing Figures f/xso 77/4: 35 r 71' 2 f/meus Fazs fies-weakness: Poww 75-; f/YABLE F02: Pecan 6Q CONTROLLED RANGE FUZE BACKGROUND OF INVENTION radar command link at a rate which is inversely proportional to the desired projectile flight time.

In a subsequent application, now US. Pat. No. 3,670,652, issued June 20, 1972, I have shown an electronic digital time fuze having a counter which also serves as a serial programmer and which may be remotely preset while in flight to enable a proximity detector circuit at a first predetermined range, and to self detonate the fuze, if not sooner detonated by the proximity detector circuit, at a second predetermined range.

In a companion application to Ser. No. 843,478, now US. Pat. No. 3,714,898, R. Leightner in US. Pat. No. 3,599,016, issued Aug. I0, I971, has shown a reset circuit adapted to automatically set a counter to zero upon the initial application of power to the counter. That reset circuit may be utilized with any embodiment of this invention, as may be required.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object and a feature of this invention to provide an improved electronic, digital, time fuze, whose time base may be initially preset mechanically before flight; and which time base may subsequently be changed during a predetermined interval during flight, by a radar command link.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING This and other objects, features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following specification thereof taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in which:

FIG. I is a schematic view of the chronology of the flight of a fuze embodying this invention;

FIG. 2A is a block diagram of the fuze of FIG. 1;

FIG. 2B is a block diagram of a detail of FIG. 2A;

FIG. 3 is a longitudinal view of a fuze embodying this invention;

FIG. 4 is a transverse view of a first embodiment of a mechanical encoder for the fuze of FIG. 2;

FIG. 5 is a longitudinal view of theencoder of FIG. 4; and

FIG. 6 is a perpsective view of the encoder of FIG. 4.

FIGS. 7A, 7B and 7C illustrate the construction of a second embodiment of a mechanical encoder for the fuze of FIG. 2;

FIG. 8 is a table of numeric to digital logic for the encoder of FIG. 7C;

FIG. 9 illustrates the construction of a variant of the second embodiment of the encoder of FIG. '7C;

FIG. 10 illustrates the penciling-in of a number on the encoder of FIG. 9; and

FIG. 11 is a block diagram of a detail of a variant of the fuze of FIG. 2A.

THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The weapon system embodying this invention is similar in physical appearance to that shown in Ser. No. 843,478, now US. Pat. No. 3,7l4,898, except that the fuze I0 includes a mechanical encoder 12 to preset the main counter 14, which counter controls the interval of flight to detonation of the fuze.

The weapon system includes a command system which includes a ranging device, such as a laser 16, for ranging both the target and the projectile. The ranging device is coupled to a computer 18 which controls a pulse transmitter 20 which feeds a transmitting antenna 22. The weapon system further includes a projectile launching device such as a gun 24 which launches one or a plurality of projectiles, each containing a respective fuze 10, at the target.

The fuze may be manually or automatically mechanically set before projectile launch to a predicted interval of flight based upon fire control computed data. The fuze will detonate the projectiles warhead at the end of that interval in the absence of a correction received by the fuze during its flight to the target. This mechanical setting operation serves both as a coarse interval setting and as a back-up mode of operation in the event of a faulty electronic data link between and including the command system and the fuze. However, routinely, the data link will provide corrected interval to detonation data to the fuze prior to the detonation time which was predetermined by the mechanical encoder.

As seen in, FIG. 3, the fuze 10 includes a housing 26, which may be secured into the warhead of the projectile, and which includes a receiver electronics assembly 28, a plurality of antenna ports 30, the encoder wheel assembly 12, a power supply here shown as an induction generator assembly 34, and a safing and arming mechanism 36.

The safimg and arming mechanism 36 may be of the type shown in my US. Pat. No. 3,608,494, issued Sept. 28, I97 I. The induction generator assembly 34 may include a permanent magnet, a coil, a diode and a capaci tor, serving as the power supply to the fuze. The magnet is set back upon launch to generate a pulse in the coil which charges the capacitor.

As seen in FIG. 2, the fuze 10 functionally includes an antenna 38, which in turn includes the ports 30, and which is coupled to the input terminal 40 of a detectoramplifier circuit 42 having an output terminal 44. A launch-address register 46 has an input terminal 48 and an output group of terminals 50, and a correctionaddress" register 52 has an input terminal 54 and an output group of terminals 56. The two output groups of terminals 50 and 56 are coupled to respective input groups of terminals 58 and 60 of a comparitor circuit 62 which has an output terminal 64. A local oscillator 66 has an output terminal 68 coupled to the input terminal 70 of a decade scaling circuit 72, whose. output terminal 74 is coupled to the input terminal 76 of the decade counter '14, whose output terminal 78 is coupled to the input terminal 80 of the firing circuit 82. The decade mechanical encoder '12 is coupled to the decade counter 14 as shown in FIG. 6.

Time T which is the time of projectile launch, may be established for the purposes of the command system computer 18, by detecting the application of firing current to the round of ammunition when it is fired from the gun, and then allowing a predetermined interval for the projectile to leave the gun tube. Alternatively, a pick-up coil may be located adjacent to the end of the gun tube to detect the passage of the projectile from the tube. Time T is established for the purposes of the fuze by the set-back of the permanent magnet generating a pulse in the coil to charge the capacitor through the diode, and then allowing a predetermined interval for the projectile to leave the gun tube. Alternatively, power may be supplied by a battery as shown in US. Pat. No. 3,608,494, supra.

Time T which is the time of detonation, is established by the full count configuration of the counter 14 created by the mechanical encoder l2, and the rate at which pulses are fed to the counter by the oscillator 66 via the scaler 72.

A random number address is to be inserted into the launch-address register 46 after launch and before the fuze enters the cloud of gun gas generated by the firing of the round. This interval of time for addressing the register from the command system is defined by times T and T which are represented by signals which are tapped off from appropriate decades of the scaler 72 only during the first cycle of operation of the scaler. This is accomplished by a one-cycle only flip-flop assembly 84, which is shown in greater detail in P10. 23, and which has a T, input terminal 86, a T input terminal 88, and a T,T interval-on output terminal 90. Terminal 90 is coupled to a first input terminal 92 of an AND gate 94, which has a second input terminal 96 coupled to the output terminal 44 of the detector amplifier 42, and an output terminal 98 coupled to the input terminal 48 of the launch-address register 46. Thus, during the interval T,-T the AND gate 94 is enabled by the scaler 72, and is able to pass command pulses to the register 46.

As shown in FIG. 2B, the one-cycle-only flip-flop assembly 84 may be embodied as a first flip-flop 100, having a set input terminal 102, a reset input terminal 104, and a .l-output terminal 90; a second flip-flop 106 having a set input terminal 108, a reset input terminal 110, and a K-output terminal 112; and AND gate 114, having a first input terminal 86, a second input terminal 116, and an output terminal 118', and an OR gate 120, having a first input terminal 88, a second input terminal 122, and an output terminal 124. Terminals 110 and 122 are coupled to the output terminal 126 of an infeed capacitor 128, and are turned on when power is initially applied to the circuit, thereby turning on terminal 112 and keeping terminal 90 off. Terminals 118, 108 and 102 are intercoupled, and terminals 112 and 116 are intercoupled. At time T,, AND gate 114 conducts, turning on terminals 102 and 108, thereby turning on terminal 90 and turning off terminal 112, and thereby disabling the AND gate 114. At time T OR gate 120 conducts, turning on terminal 104, thereby turning off terminal 90. During subsequent cycles of the scaler, so long as power remains on without interruption, terminal 112 remains off, and a T, signal cannot make the AND gate 114 conduct.

During the major interval of time of flight, T T the projectile and the target may be tracked by the command system, and a corrected time to detonation may be determined. A corrected time to detonation for a particular projectile in flight may be effected by forcing the counter 14 to a predetermined count at a predetermined interval of time prior to the corrected time of detonation. A signal representative of time T is tapped off the counter 14 and coupled to the T input terminal 130 of flip-flop 132 which has a Joutput terminal 134. Terminal 134 is coupled to a first input terminal 136 of an AND gate 138, having a second input terminal 140 coupled to the output terminal 44 of the detectoramplifier 42, and an output terminal 142 coupled to the input terminal 54 of the correction-address register 52. The T tapoff may be chronological variable responsive to the interval set into the counter 14 by the mechanical encoder 12. From time T, on, the AND gate 138 is enabled, and the remote command system is able to transmit addresses into the correction-address register 52. Should the remote command system transmit an address into the register 52 which is identical to the ad dress initially inserted, during the interval T,T into the register 46, the comparitor 62 will detect this identity and provide an output signal, at a time defined as T.,, to the counter, forcing the counter, irrespective of the count already therein, to a count which is a predetermined count less than the full capacity of the counter. Since the counter is filled at a fixed rate by the oscillator 66 via the scaler 72, the counter will provide a signal at its output terminal 78, at a time T,, which occurs at a fixed interval of time after T,. This last interval may be in the order of a tenth of a second.

It will be appreciated that each fuze is given a different address during its respective T,-T, interval, which uniquely identifies it, and only that address, during the respective T T, interval, can cause the generation of the respective T signal to change the time of detonation of that fuze.

A first embodiment of the mechanical encoder is shown in FIGS. 4, 5 and 6. The encoder includes a stationary upper disk 100, a stationary lower disk 102, and an annulus 104 which is concentric with the disks and is journaled for rotation between the disks. A resilient pressure wheel 106 is eccentric with the annulus and is journaled for rotation between the disks. A plurality of electrically conductive, mutually isolated, conductors 108 are disposed on the periphery of the wheel 106 and bears against the inner wall 110 of the annulus. A like plurality of contacts 112 is mounted on a contact block 114 and respectively bears against the plurality of conductors 108. An outer C-shaped tape shield 116 is fixed between the disks and is open adjacent the zone of engagement. the wheel and the annulus. An inner, C- shaped, tape shield 118 is also fixed between the disks and is open adjacent the zone of engagement between the wheel and the annulus. A tape 120 is captured between the wheel 106 and the annulus wall 110. Each end of the tape is fixed to a respective pin 122, 124, which are respectively fixed between the disks. The inner face 126 of the tape carries a plurality of transverse, conductive segments 128, adapted to engage various ones on the conductors 108 on the wheel, in code-combinations. The outer face 130 of the tape carries a plurality of printed time indicia, each representative of the particular code-combination of segments on the reverse side.

The annulus 104 may be made of a translucent material such as a hard, clear plastic, whose inner surface is frosted. This will allow only that portion of the tape face 130 which is pressed against the inner surface of the annulus by the wheel 108 to be visible through this annulus. Thus only the indicia at that position will be legible, and that indicia will correspond to the codecombination established by the conductive segments of the tape and the conductors of the wheel, which codecombination will be picked up by the contacts 112, and carried out to counter 14. Rotation of the annulus causes translation of the tape behind it. The pins 122 and 124, however, anchor the ends of the tape, so that the tape cannot go beyond its minimum and maximum settings as the annulus is turned in either direction. When the end of the tape is reached, the tape is halted and slips between the annulus and the wheel. Thus, if a remote servo system is used to set the annulus, it is only necessary to rotate the annulus a minimum, predetermined number of turns, adequate to drive the tape to its end, in order to provide a known starting point for translation of the tape in the reverse direction.

An alternative embodiment of the mechanical encoder is shown in FIGS. 7 through 11. The encoder includes a plurality of assemblies 200, one for each decimal place. Each assembly, as shown in FIGS. 7A, 7B and 7C, includes a substrate 202 on which is fixed an electronic chip 204 containing a plurality of logic circuits and a plurality of leads 206, on which is disposed an array of seven conductors 208, which conductors are respectively connected by respective welded leads 210 to appropriate points in the logic circuits, the entire assembly being potted with the upper surfaces 212 of the conductors 208, and the leads 206, being exposed. To establish the number which is to be set into the counter 14, the gunner pencils over the conductors of each respective assembly the desired respective digit, thereby interconnecting certain of the conductors by means of graphite deposited from his pencil. The chip 204 serves as a seven element to binary converter according to the logic shown in FIG. 8. To change the number before firing, the gunner simply erases the previous penciling, and pencils on the new number. If a freer style of penciling is desired, the assembly 214 shown in FIG. 9, having pairs of conductors 216 may be utilized. Here the number is generated by penciling across the appropriate pairs of conductors, as shown in FIG. 10. The basic three digit display provides a setting mechanism having a resolution of 999 increments. This resolution can be increased by adding an additional pair of conductors 218 to each assembly 214 to provide a decimal point at any one of the three decades, as shown in FIG. 11. The scaler 72' contains at least two decades 220 and 222 and two AND gates 224 and 226.

What is claimed is: l. A fuze for a projectile, comprising: a pulse counter including an input terminal; an output terminal for providing an output signal;

first means coupled to said counter for presetting said counter to provide said output signal upon a first selected count;

second means coupled to said input terminal of said counter for providing a series of pulses to be counted;

third means coupled to said counter for forcing said counter to provide said output signal upon a second selected count; and

output function means coupled to said output terminal of said counter for providing an output function upon receipt of said counter output signal.

2. A fuze according to claim 1, wherein: said first means includes an outer element, journaled for rotation, and having an inner surface;

an inner element journaled for rotation, having an outer surface bearing a first plurality of parallel, spaced apart, electrically insulated, elongated conductors resiliently bearing against said inner surface of said outer element;

a dielectric tape, disposed between and engaged by said inner surface of said outer element and said first plurality of conductors, and translatable by concurrent rotation of said outer and inner elements; said tape having a second plurality of spaced apart, electrically insulated, elongated conductors upon that surface of said tape which faces said inner element, so that, as a function of such translation different ones of said second plurality of conductors electrically interconnect ones of said first plurality of conductors;

an additional element having a third plurality of spaced apart, electrical insulated, conductors, equal in number to said first plurality, each of said third plurality of conductors respectively engaged with a conductor of said first plurality of conductors; and a fourth plurality of conductors for electrically connecting said third plurality of conductors to said counter means. 3. A fuze according to claim 2 wherein: said tape has a fifth plurality of numerical indicia upon that surface of said tape which faces said outer element, said fourth plurality being topographically correlated to said second plurality of conductors, and said outer element provides limited rectilinear light transmission therethrough whereby only the indicia on said tape immediately adjacent the contact area between the inner and outer elements is visible through said outer element. 4. A fuze according to claim 1, wherein: said first means includes a dielectric substrate, a first plurality of conductors disposed in an array on said substrate, each of said conductors being insulated from the others of said conductors, logic circuitry intercoupling said conductors and said counter means, means for intercoupling selected ones of said conductors in different arrays, whereby to interconnect said respective logic circuitry in respective different arrays. 5. A weapon system, wherein a projectile is put into flight for a time, comprising:

a projectile having a fuze,

said fuze including a pulse counter including an input terminal, and an output terminal for providing an output signal; pulse providing means coupled to said input terminal of said counter;

first means coupled to said counter for presetting said counter to provide said output signal upon a first selected count;

second means coupled to said input terminal of said counter for providing a series of pulses to be counted;

third means coupled to said counter for forcing said counter to provide said output signal upon a second selected count; and

output function means coupled to said output terminal of said counter for providing an output function upon receipt of said counter output signal.

6. A system according to claim further including:

data link means coupled to said third means of said fuze for forcing said counter while said projectile is in flight.

7. A weapon system according to claim 6 wherein:

said data link means includes enabling means for enabling said data link for a period of time which is shorter than the total time of flight of said projectile.

8. A weapon system according to claim 6 wherein:

said data link means includes external means for providing unique numbers to internal means in said fuze for identifying said projectile, whereby each projectile in a series of projectiles may be uniquely identified.

9. A weapon system according to claim 8 wherein:

said internal means for identifying said projectile includes enabling means,

a first register, coupled to said enabling means, for receiving and storing a unique number shortly after said projectile is launched,

a second register, coupled to said enabling means,

for receiving numbers shortly before said first selected count is to be accumulated by said counter, and

comparitor means coupled to an between said first and second registers and to said third means of said fuze for actuating said third means upon determining an identity between the number in said first register and the number in said second register.

10. Weapon system according to claim 5 wherein: counter means; and said first means includes an outer element, jornaled for rotation, and having an inner surface;

an inner element journaled for rotation, and having an inner surface being a first plurality of parallel, spaced apart, electrically insulated, elongated conductors resiliently bearing against said inner surface of said outer element;

a dielectric tape, disposed between and engaged by said inner surface of said outer element and said first plurality of conductors, and translatable by concurrent rotation of said outer and inner elements; said tape having a second plurality of spaced apart, electrically insulated, elongated conductors upon that surface of said tape which faces said inner element, so that, as a function of such translation, different ones of said second plurality of conductors electrically interconnect different ones of said first plurality of conductors; an additional element having a third plurality of spaced apart, electrical insulated, conductors, equal in number to said first plurality, each of said third plurality of conductors respectively engaged with a conductor of said first plurality of conductors; and a fourth plurality of conductors for electrically connecting said third plurality of conductors to said counter means. 11. A weapon system according to claim 10 wherein:

said tape has a fifth plurality of numerical indicia upon that surface of said tape which faces said outer element, said fourth plurality being topographically correlated to said second plurality of conductors, and

said outer element provides limited rectilinear light transmission therethrough whereby only the indicia on said tape immediately adjacent the contact area between the inner and outer elements is visible through said outer element.

12. A weapon system according to claim 5 wherein:

said first means includes a dielectric substrate, a first plurality of conductors disposed in an array on said substrate, each of said conductors being insulated from the others of said conductors, logic circuitry intercoupling said conductors and said counter means, means for intercoupling selected ones of said conductors in different arrays, whereby to interconnect said respective logic circuitry in respective different arrays. 13. A weapon system comprising: a projectile having a fuze; said fuze including a counting circuit having a first input terminal, a T output terminal for providing a signal at count 1, a T output terminal for providing a signal at count T2! a T output terminal for providing a signal at count a T input terminal for forcing said counting circuit to a predetermined count upon receipt of a signal thereat, and

a final output terminal for providing a signal at a full count;

a pulse generating circuit having an output terminal coupled to said first input terminal of said counting circuit;

a firing circuit having an input terminal coupled to said final output terminal of said counting circuit;

a comparitor circuit having an output terminal coupled to said T input terminal of said counting circuit, and a first and a second input means;

a first register having an input terminal and an output means coupled to said first input means of said comparitor circuit;

a second register having an input terminal and an output means coupled to said second input means of said comparitor circuit;

including:

an r.f. pulse transmitter having a transmitting antenna and transmitter control means; said control means for causing said transmitter to transmit a first pulse group to said fuze during the interval of count T, to T 15. A weapon system according to claim 14 wherein:

said control means causes said transmitter to transmit said first pulse group again to said fuze during the time interval commencing at count T whereby said comparitor, upon determining an identity between said first and second registers, provides a signal at its output terminal which is coupled to said T input terminal of said counting circuit.

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Referenced by
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Classifications
U.S. Classification102/276, 89/6, 342/60
International ClassificationF42C13/00, F42C13/04, F42C11/06, F42C17/00, F42C11/00
Cooperative ClassificationF42C11/06
European ClassificationF42C11/06