|Publication number||US3846741 A|
|Publication date||Nov 5, 1974|
|Filing date||Sep 25, 1973|
|Priority date||Sep 25, 1973|
|Publication number||US 3846741 A, US 3846741A, US-A-3846741, US3846741 A, US3846741A|
|Inventors||R Barnes, J Kunkle|
|Original Assignee||Amp Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (33), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 [451- Nov. 5, 1974 Kunkle et al.
[ CIRCUIT BOARD POST TYPE TERMINAL  Inventors: John Philip Kunkle, Harrisburg;
Ronald Bruce Barnes, Camp Hill,
both of Pa.
 Assignee: AMP Incorporated, Harrisburg, Pa.
 Filed: Sept. 25, 1973 21 Appl. No.: 400,469
 US. Cl 339/221 R, 339/217 S, 339/252 R  Int. Cl. H01r 9/08  Field of Search 339/217 R, 217 S, 220, 339/221, 276 R, 276 T, 252 R, 252 P, 17 R,
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,329,460 9/1943 Ebert 339/221 M 3,027,538 3/1962 Deakin 339/195 3,040,291 6/1962 Schweitzer et a1. 339/217 S 3,360,767 12/1967 Brown et a1 339/17 L FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 12, 822 6/1909 Great Britain 339/252 P Primary Examiner-Roy D. Frazier Assistant Examiner-Robert A. Hafer Attorney, Agent, or F irm-AMP Incorporated  ABSTRACT A printed circuit board post type terminal formed of a single strip of rectangularly cross-sectioned conductive metal and having an inherent resiliency. The stripv 13' Claims, 9 Drawing Figures CIRCUIT BOARD POST TYPE TERMINAL This invention relates in general to printed circuit board terminals, and in particular, to post type terminals formed from a metal strip and with an integrally formed spring for in-place holding, and further with an integral stop shoulder locating said terminal in a hole in the printed circuit board.
Drilled-through terminal insert holes in printed circuit boards are commonly plated with thin metallic films which require snugly fitted post type terminals for consistent electrically conductive contact and for durable upright rigidity so that lead wires can be firmly attached. Post type terminals of circular cross-section configuration do not uniformly fit snugly because plated holes cannot be obtained with a sufficiently uniform close diameter tolerance and where the fit is overly snug, rupturing of the metallic film plating often occurs. Structural weakness and poor electrical connections often occur when circular cross-section post type terminals are split and spread for spring holding in the inserted portion of the terminal. Other solutions to the conductive contact and upright rigidity requirements, such as soldering, for example, result in undesirable. additions in manufacturing costs and assembly time.
It is therefore, a principal object of this invention to provide a post type terminal with good electrical contact between the terminal and the metal plated through hole in a printed circuit board.
Another object of the invention is to provide a durable and rigid upright terminal post-mountable'with consistent snug fitting in holes in printed circuit'boards.
A further object is to minimize terminal post mounting costs by providinga terminal post construction that can be inexpensively manufactured and assembled in a printed circuit board in a minimum amount of time.
In accordance with one form of the invention there is provided a formed strip of electrically conductive metallic material with'folded-over ends, and with one end being shaped to form an integral, inherently resilient spring insert portion. An integral stop shoulder is provided on one side of the terminal posts for determining the depth of insertion of the post into a circuit board plated through insert hole. Further in some forms of the invention, when the terminal post stop shoulder is in registry contact with the surface of a circuit board, both ends of the formed terminal post are retained within a plated through hole. In other forms of the invention only one end is retained within the hole.
Specific embodiments representing whatpresently are regarded as the best modes of carrying out the invention are illustrated in the accompanying drawings:
In the drawings: 4 I
FIG. I represents a perspective view of a portion of a printed circuit board, partially sectioned and having a plurality of plated through terminal insert holes and interconnecting metallic film electric current paths, with some insert holes having post type terminals inserted;
FIG. 2, a side evaluation view of an inserted post type terminal shown with a portion of a circuit board, in cross-section taken along line 2.2 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3, a top plan view in section through a terminal post mounting plated through round hole of the circuit board of FIGS. 1 and 2 taken along line 33 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4, a top plan view in section through a portion of a circuit board similar to FIG. 3, showing, however, mounting detail of a terminal post mounted in a rectangular hole;
FIG. 5, a plan view of a terminal post stamped blank prior to opposite ends being form bent back upon itself;
FIG. 6, a perspective view of a printed circuit board, partially cut away and sectioned, and having a plated through hole holding an alternate embodiment of a folded over terminal post with spring bowed ends in the plated through hole;
FIG. 7, another form of the invention in which one of the ends of one of the folded over portions functions as a latching element;
FIG. 8, still another form of the invention in which the end of one of the folded over portions acts as a spring element and the end of the other folded over portion functions as a secondary supporting member as well as to providegood electrical contact; and I FIG. 9, still another form of the invention in which an end of one of the folded over members is shaped and positioned to penetrate into the side of the circuit board hole to form both a good electrical contact and a good mechanical support. Referring to the drawings:
Two folded over post type terminals 10 are shown inserted through two holes of a plurality of plated through holes 11 in circuit board 12 which has a portion broken away and which is sectioned to show the detail of a terminal post 10 mounted in a plated through hole 11. Some holes 11 are interconnected via printed metal circuit paths 13 and some are not, for various circuit designs purposes, as required. In any event, the plated through holes 11 have walls 14 of a conductive material which is generally a metal plating built up to a significant thickness, and which often is the electrically conductive path from circuitry 13 on one side of the board to circuitry IS on the other side of the board 12 (See FIG. 2). With the integrity of such through hole circuit paths being of considerable importance and with a good electrical connection between the plating of a plated through hole and a terminal p'ost inserted therein being required, it is important that the through hole plating walls 14 not be ruptured in such a manner as to break conductive paths. Such conductive paths are maintained intact with the posts of the present invention.
More specifically the post 10 of the present invention has a rectangularly shaped cross-sectional area whereas the 'plated through holes such as hole 11 of FIG. 1 are circular in shape. The corners of the rectangularly shaped posts 10 will cut into the walls of the hole to form right angle grooves or indentations therein, such as indentations 16 of FIG. 3. Due to the spring-like action of the flared out portion 24 of pin 10, as shown in FIG. I, the effective cross-sectional area of post 10 will vary in accordance with hole size. The amount of spring force is sufficient, however, to cause the corners of the post 10 to cut into the walls of the hole, and more specifically to cut through the solder plating on the walls and make contact with the firmer copper plating underneath the solder. Thus, when resoldering occurs, the post 10 will remain firmly fixed in the hole since the copper does not fiow during the solder reflow. Accordingly, it can be seen that both good electrical contact and good mechanical support is obtained through the plated through hole when post 10 is inserted therethrough.
For relatively large terminal posts there are some advantages in utilizing square plated through holes in the printed circuit board, as shown in the cross section partial plan view of circuit board 12' in FIG. 4. Such advantages stem largely from the fact that more surface contact between a square post and a square hole can be obtained than between a square post and a round hole. The formation of very small square holes. however, is difficult to obtain without considerable expense. Accordingly, since most holes in printed circuit boards must be quite small a circular configuration is most frequently employed.
Regardless of'size, the terminal posts 10 and 10' are formed from a stamped blank 17 of electrically conductive spring metal as shown in FIG. 5, that is generally twice as wide as it is thick through most of its length. Thus when the end portions thereof are folded back on itself around a center portion 27, substantially square upper and lower terminal post extensions 18 and 19, respectively, are formed. The terminal post blank 17 is also formed with side projections 20 which are positioned adjacent the center portion of the blank length so as to form a side projection from the upper terminal post extension 18. These side projections 20 form bottom shoulders 21 that-seat upon the surface of the printed circuit board and function as stops that determine the depth of insertion of terminal post 10 into the circuit board plated through hole.
The end portions of stamped blank 17 of FIG. is provided with bevel tapers 22 and 23 respectively, on the same side of blank 17 and at each end thereof. The bevel taper 23 portion of blank 17 is bent back on itself to form lower terminal post extension 19 and the end of the bevel taper 23 portion is bent outwardly as shown in FIG. 1 to form a flat spring end 24 extending out and away fromthe center section 27 of terminal post 10. Each terminal post is installed in place by inserting the lower terminal post extension 19 into a plated through hole 11 and sliding it downward through the hole until the bottom shoulders 21 of the side projections of that terminal post abut against the upper surface of the circuit board 12. As the flat spring 24 enters a hole 11, it accommodates itself to the hole within reasonable limits and will adjust to a considerable range of hole sizes. When the end portions of blank 17 are folded over to form terminal post extensions 18 and 19, the metal in the. end bends is cold worked so that the folded back portions 25 and 26, respectively, are in contiguous engagement with the back portion 27 of a terminal post 10, other than for the flat spring 24 portion of the terminal post. The folded over portions 25 and 26 can be welded to the back center portion 27 by spot welding the smooth inner surfaces of the folded over portions and the center portion together or by forming dimples, such as dimple 36 on one of said smooth inner surfaces and then using a flat-welding surface to perform the welding. Further, the lateral corners of the outer ends of the terminal post extensions 18 and 19 can be beveled 28 after the portions 25 and 26 are folded back. The bevel surfaces 28 combined with the rounded ends 29 facilitate entrance of'terminal post extensions 18 and 19 into connector box sock- ,ets generally available on the market (not shown), and
also facilitate insertion of terminal post extensions 19 into a plated through holes 11 for installation of terminal posts 10 in board 12.
The folded back portions 25 and 26 are so folded back on back portion 27 that the flat spring 24 and bevel taper 23 are substantially contained within a plated through hole 11 when shoulders 21 are seated upon the upper surface of a circuit board 12. It should be noted that the bevel taper 22 of folded back portion 25 can extend into a plated through hole 11 when the post 10 is installed in place with the shoulder 21 seated on a circuit board, to thereby help prevent undesired spreading of folded back portion 25 from contiguous contact with back portion 27, and further to block solder which might flow up through the hole.
With a larger terminal post 10 inserted into a rectangular plated through hole 30 in a circuit board 12', as partially shown in FIG. 4, the enhanced structural mounting advantages and good electrical connection between the terminal post and plating of the hole are much the same as with the terminal post 10 mountings in round plated through holes 11, except for the corner conforming indentations 16 thereof. Various structural parts of terminal post 30, substantially the same, other than for size, as with the terminal posts 10, are numbered the same.
Referring now to the embodiment of FIG. 6 a terminal post extension 18 extends upwards only from a base mounting within cylindrical plated through hole 11, with plated metal wall 14' in circuit board 12" connected to typical printed metal circuitry 13. The base mounting comprises a pair of opposite bowed spring ends 32 and 33 extending from sides 34 and 35, respectively. The side 34 has a projection 20 formed thereon with an indexing bottom shoulder 21 that seats on the face of board 12'. when the terminal post 31 is fully inserted. The spring ends 32 and 33 are formed to bow outwardly from each other where they join terminal post sides 34 and 35, and then to turn in again toward each other at their ends to facilitate easy insertion into the hole 11'. During entry into said hole 11 the bowed ends 32 and 33 will cut corner grooves in the plating similar to the grooves 16 of FIG. 3. The groove cutting effect combined with the index seating of shoulder 21 and the spring compression of bowed ends 32 and 33 in the hole 11 results in a firm mounting of the terminal post 31 and in a reliable electrical contact between the post and the plating of hole 11'. Here, just as with terminal posts 10, the beveled surfaces 28' and the rounded end 29' facilitate the insertion of post 31 into box sockets (not shown). Further,
Referring now to FIG. 7 the end 31 of folded over portion 25 acts as a spring-like element against the sides of the hole in printed circuit board 30. The end 32 of the folded over portion 26 functions as a latch to prevent the terminal 10 from being unintentionally withdrawn from the board 30. The pin 10 is inserted initially in the direction of arrow 33. The stop 20 seats upon the top surface of printed circuit board 30.
In FIG. 8 there is shown a modification of the structure of FIG. 7 wherein the end.32 of folded over portion 26 is formed with a relatively sharp point 34 which digs into the side of the hole in printed circuit board 30 to provide additional mechanical support and good electrical contact. The end 31 of folded over portion 25 acts as a spring in the same manner as end 31 in FIG. 7
In relatively thin circuit boards wherein there is insufficient thickness to support both a spring member and a penetrating member such as ends 31 and 32 of FIG. 8, only a penetrating member is employed. Such a structure is shown in FIG. 9 wherein the sharp point of end 32 of folded over member 26 penetrates into the wall of the hole in printed circuit board 30.
Whereas this invention is herein illustrated and described with respect to several embodiments hereof, it should be noted that various changes may be made without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention.
What is claimed is:
l. A terminal post inserted in a hole in a circuit board and comprising an electrically conductive metal strip having first and second ends and folded over onto itself at first and second fold points about the center portion of said metal strip so that the said first and second ends are facing and adjacent to each other but separated by a distance less than the thickness of said circuit board, and stop means affixed to said terminal post and constructed to seat upon the insertion side surface of said circuit board when said terminal post is fully inserted in said hole to position a given end of said metal strip within said hole, one of said ends of said metal strip being positioned and shaped to penetrate into the wall of said hole when said terminal post is fully inserted therein to provide good electrical and mechanical contact with said wall and to inhibit withdrawal of said terminal post from said hole.
2. The combination of a circuit board having a plated-through hole formed therein, and a terminal post formed from an electrically conductive single metal strip and mounted in said plated-through hole of said circuit board, said terminal post comprising:
a terminal post elongated back portion with a side projection presenting a stop shoulder for register positioning on one of said circuit board surfaces;
said metal strip folded over on itself at the extremities of said elongated back portion, said fold over portions extending towards each other and forming a front portion; I
said'front fold-over portion and said back portion being in side-by-side contiguous engagement to form a desired overall terminal post of rectangular cross-section; and one of said fold over portions forming spring means on that portion of said terminal post which is inserted in said circuit board hole.
3. The combination of claim 2, with said front foldover portion being a first fold-over portion which combines with said back portion to form upper terminal post extension;
a second fold-over portion which is also a front fold 'over portion and which combines with said back portion to form alower terminal post extension; said upper and lower terminal post extensions extending, respectively, up from said one of said circuit board surfaces and down from the other of said circuit board surfaces when the terminal post is fully inserted in a plated-through hole.
4. The combination of claim 3, wherein said spring means is an integrally formed resilient spring end portion of said second fold-over portion of the terminal post.
5. The combination of claim 4, wherein said spring means is a flat spring end portion extending out and away from said back portion.
6. The combination of claim 5, wherein said first fold-over portion extends below the stop shoulder of said side projection and into a hole in said circuit board when said terminal-post is fully inserted in place in the circuit board hole.
7. The combination of claim 5, wherein the rectangular cross-section of the combined terminal post back and folded over portions is substantially square; and with the terminal post sized to cut corner-conforming identations in the plating of said circuit board platedthrough hole to receive and retain said terminal post.
8. The combination of claim 7, wherein the end termination of said flat spring end portion is angled to facilitate removal of the terminal post from a platedthrough hole;
and wherein said spring means resiliently engages the wall of a plated-through hole to provide for repeated insertion of a terminal post in a previously used hole to provide both proper support and good electrical contact between the terminal post and the plating of the plated-through hole.
9. The combination of claim 2, with oppositely posibeing spaced close together to facilitate easy entry I into a circular plated-through hole and then to come together while in the hole to provide an increased spring force of the bowed portions of said spring means upon the sides of said plated-through hole.
11. In combination, a circuit board having apertures therein, and a terminal post inserted in an aperture in said circuit board with said terminal post comprising:
an electrically conductive metal strip having first and second ends and folded over onto itself at first and second fold points about the center portion of said metal strip so that the said first and second ends are facing and adjacent to each other but separated by a distance less than the thickness of said circuit board;
a given one of said ends being flared away from said center portion of said metal strip to provide a gripping action against the wall of said aperture in said circuit board when inserted therein; and
stop means affixed to said terminal post and con structed to seat upon the insertion side surface of said circuit board when said terminal post is fully inserted in said hole to position said given end of said strip within said hole.
which the other end of said metal strip is flared away from said center portion of said metal strip and which is positioned and shaped to penetrate into the wall of said aperture when said terminal post is fully inserted therein to provide good electrical and mechanical contact with said wall and to inhibit withdrawal of said terminal post from said aperture.
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