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Publication numberUS3847569 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 12, 1974
Filing dateMay 18, 1973
Priority dateAug 13, 1971
Publication numberUS 3847569 A, US 3847569A, US-A-3847569, US3847569 A, US3847569A
InventorsH Snow
Original AssigneeH Snow
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of making a cable type saw
US 3847569 A
Abstract
A saw consisting of a loop of cable on which are mounted a plurality of abrasive elements, each element having a malleable sleeve.
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Snow 1451 Nov. 12, 1974 METHOD OF MAKING A CABLE TYPE SAW Inventor: Henry A. Snow, Rindge, N.H.

Assignee: Helen E. Snow, Rindge, N.H.

Filed: May 18, 1973 Appl. N0.: 361,401

Related US. Application Data Continuation of Ser. No. 171,513, Aug 13, 1971.

US. Cl. 51/309, 125/21 Int. Cl C04b 31/16 Field of Search 51/309;

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 9/1968 Martin 51/309 X 3,598,101 8/1971 Hensley 125/21 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1,203,000 7/1959 France .1 125/21 72,179 10/1959 France 723.197 2/1955 Great Britain v. 125/21 Primary Examiner-Harold D. Whitehead Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Norman S. Blodgctt; Gerry A. Blodgett [57] ABSTRACT A saw consisting of a loop of cable on which are mounted a plurality of abrasive elements, each element having a malleable sleeve.

3 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures METHOD OF MAKING A CABLE TYPE SAW This is a continuation, of application Ser, No. l7l,5l3 filedAug. I3, 1971.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In the cutting of stone and other hard materials, it is common practice to use a machine incorporating a loop of cable. An abrasive slurry is provided for the cable andthe cable serves to carry the abrasive slurry through the stone to make the cut. The time'honored method does the cutting after a fashion, but suffers from a number of handicaps. First of all, the cut does not have a particularly smooth surface when finished. Secondly, the cables have a relatively short life; Many attempts have been made to overcome these deficiencies. One method that has been tried is to coat the cable with particles of an abrasive such as diamonds;

' unfortunately, the diaminds do not stay in place because there is no known substancr for attaching them to the cable surface in such a way that the particles remain on the cable. A tremendous force is brought to bear on the individual diamond particles which eventually results in the particles being torn from the cable surface. Another method that has been tried is to incorporate the diamond particles in a small bonded abrasive wheel which in turn is threaded on the cable. Although this method gives a smooth surface to the cut, nevertheless difficulties have been experienced with breakage of the wheels and. difficulty in preventing them from sliding on the cable under the impetus of the tremendous cutting forces that are applied to the little wheels. These andother difficulties experienced with the prior other devices have been obviated in a novel manner by the present invention.

It is, therefore, an outstanding object of the invention to provide a cable-type saw which is simple in construction and which is capable of a long life of useful service.

Another object of this invention is the provisionof a cable-type saw which gives a smooth cut through stone or the like. i

A further object of the present invention is the provision of an abrasive element having high impact strength for use in a cable-type saw or the like.

It is another object of the instant invention to provide SUMMARY OF THE. INVENTION In general, the invention consists of a saw of the type utilized in cutting stone or the like having an elongated flexible cable and a plurality of small-diameter abrasive wheels mounted on the cable. Each of the wheels is provided with a centrally-located passageway in which lies a metal sleeve having a bore substantially the diameter of the cable to provide a tight threading of said cable therethrou'gh'Means is provided for holding 'each of such sleeves and abrasive wheels in fixed. nonrotatable, spaced relationship on said cable. I

More specifically, the means consists of a flange on the sleeve located at one side of each of the wheels. The flange has an outside diameter larger than the inside diameter of centrally-extending passageway in the wheel, the extremities of the cable being joined to form an endless cutting element.

The invention also consists of an abrasive element having a tubular main body on which is mounted an abrasive body, the main body having a radiallyextending flange to hold the abrasive body in place.

The invention also consists of a method for producing an abrasive element, consisting of the steps of forming a main body of malleable metal with a cylindrical portion of large diameter and a cylindrical portion of small diameter. The main body is placed in a die having a bore to fit the portion of large diameter and a mixture of an abrasive substance and bonding agent is inserted in the space between the surface of the bore and the portion of small diameter and is compressed. The main body and abrasive substances then sintered, the main body with the abrasive body on it may then be further machined to be adapted to its particular use.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The character of the invention, however, may be best understood by reference to one of its structural forms as illustrated by the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the saw taken on Ill-III of FIGfZ,

FIGS. 4, 5, 6, and 7- show various steps in a method offorming'an abrasing element to be used in the saw,

the line FIG. 8 shows a modification of the method of forming the abrasive element.

ESCRIPTI N OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring first to FIG. 1, wherein are best shown the general features of the invention, the saw, indicated generally by the reference numeral 10, is shown in use with a stone-cutting machine 11 for forming a cut 12 in astone 13. It can be seen that the saw 10 is in the form of a loop, which runs around the pulleys 14 and l5'which are rotatably mounted in the frame of the machine. The-weight of the wheels and the cable is partially supported by springs 16 and 17 underlying the wheels which are mounted in the frame for vertical sliding motion relative to 'the stone 13. One of the wheels is suitably driven (by a method not shown, but which is old in-the art) to cause the lower run of the loop of the saw 10 to pass through the cut 12 in the stone. The wheels and the saw can be advanced downwardly by use of a'screw associated with each wheel in the integral way.

Referring to FIG. 2, it can be seen that the saw 10 consists of a cable 18 formed from strands of highstrength steel on which are mounted in space relationship a polarity of abrasive elements 19. Each abrasive element consists of a main body 21 formed of a malleaconstitutes an extension of the cylindrical surface of the abrasive portion 22.

In FIG. 3 it can be seen that the main body 21 consists of a first cylindrical portion 25 of large diameter .and a second cylindrical portion 26 of small diameter.

The abrasive portion 22 is in the form of a wheel which fits over the second portion 26. The flange 23 extending outwardly of the first portion 25 at the shoulder between the first portion and the'second portion. Also arranged on the second portion 26 is a sleeve 27 having an outer cylindrical surface 28 which is the same diameter as the diameter of the first cylindrical portion 25 of the main body. The sleeve is tightly fixed on the second portion 26 of the main body and is pressed tightly against the radial side of the abrasive portion 22 which faces it.

Although it is not evident in the drawings, the main body 21 has a central bore 30 through which the cable extends rather tightly and the body is securely fastened to the cable 18 by swaging. The free end of the first portion 25 is swaged through the cable or use of a swaging tool operative on its cylindrical surface adjacent the end. The other end of the main body and the sleeve 27 is fastened to the cable by swaging downwardly on its cylindrical surface 28, which has the effect of also swaging the outer end of the reduced or second cylindrical portion 26 of the main body. Furthermore, in the preferred embodiment, the abrasive portion 22 is formed on the main body 19 by compacting a mixture of abrasive particles and bonding material under the main body and centering the entire assemblage by a method which will be related in greater detail further on in this description. I

The operation of the invention will now be readily understood in view of the above description. The machine ll is operated by driving oneof the wheels 14 and 15 as the saw passes through thecut 12 in the stone 13. At all times the abrasive elements 19 engage the bottom of the cut 12 and the diamond particles remove layers of stone. Suitable pressure is brought to bear between the cable or saw and the bottom of the cut 12 by a careful balancing of the springs 16 and 17 with the screwdown apparatus associated with the machine.

The arrows in FIGS. 2 and 3 show the direction that the saw is moved through the stone. It can be seen that the abrasive element 19 is advanced so that the abrasive portion 22 moves first through the cut 12 and is followed by the flange 23. Since most bonded abrasive materials are somewhat brittle as compared with the malleable metal of the main body (which in preferred embodiment is formed of copper), the strong flange lends support to the abrasive portion. The next effect is an abrasive element which has a cutting quality of a more friable abrasive substance (which may be in the nature of a ceramic) and yet the strength and toughness of the material from which the main body is formed. Naturally, when the abrasive material wears, the surface 24 of the flange will be exposed to the stone. Since the material of which the main body is formed is much softer than the abrasive material, this flange will wear down and maintain at all times the same diameter as the abrasive portion 22.

In the preferred embodiment, the abrasive portion 22 is formed as a mixture of diamond particles and powdered copper, which mixture is suitably compressed FIGS. 4 through 7 show the manner in which the abrasive element 19 is formed. The main body 21 is formed on a screw machine from a copper bar, having the same original diameter as the first portion 25, to give the element as shown in FIG. 4. As indicated in FIG. 5, the bore 30 is then provided concentrically to the first portion 25 and to the second portion 26, which has a reduced diameter. As evident in these figures, at the beginning the first portion 25 is relatively long for ease of handling the element. In FIG. 6, it can be seen that the main body 21 is provided with the abrasive portion 22. The abrasive portion 22 is formed as a mixture of abrasive particles and a binder which is pressed onto the main body 21 by methods common to the sintered-metal art. The main body with the compressed abrasive portion is then passed into a furnace for sintering. Preferably, the furnace has a reducing atmosphere and sintering takes place at the usual temperature. If the binder is formedas copper powder, as common in this art, particularly when the abrasive particles are diamond, the temperature would be in the order of 1000F. The result of the sintering operation is that the main body is relatively untouched and remains not only malleable but quite strong and tough. The abrasive portion 22 has a degree of toughness, particularly when copper powder is used as the binder, but is considerably more friable as is desirable in a grinding element.

Finally, in FIG. 7, we can see that the main body 21 is cut off adjacent the flange 23 and is provided with a reduced portion 29 which has the same diameter as the outer surface 28 of the sleeve 27. Then, the sleeve 27 is slid onto the second portion 26 of the main body and pressed tightly against the outer radial surface of the abrasive portion 22 to hold it in place. The abrasive element 21 is now completed. It is,of course, eventually strung onto the cable 18, and the reduced portion 29,

as well as the sleeve 27, is swaged. The free end of the second portion 26 is also swaged onto the cable.

FIG. 8 shows in detail the manner in which the abrasive portion 22is placed on the main body 21. In the drawing, the body 21 has not yet been provided with the bore 30, since this bore can be provided either before or after the sintering operation. The first portion 25 of the main body 21 is located in a cylindrical recess 31 in a die 32 mounted on the table of a press (not shown). An upper die 33 is mounted on the upper movable portion of the press and is capable. of moving downwardly with considerable force. The upper die 33 is provided with a bore 34 having exactly the same diameter as the second bore reduced portion 26 of the main body. The die 33 also has a downwardlyprotruding lip 35 which is concentric with the bore 34 and. which has an outer diameter exactly the same as that of the recess 31, so it is freely slidable in it. In operating the apparatus, the mixture of diamond particles and copper powder is placed in the annular space between the reduced portion 26 and the surface of the recess 31. An exact pre-determined amount is used and the upper die 33 is moved downwardly. The lip 35 enters the recess 31 and presses the mixture downwardly with the pressure in the order of 50,000 lbs/sq.in. The amounts used and the pressures used are common knowledge in the sintering art and need be described no further. The main body 21 with its pressed abrasive portion 22 is then ready for the sintering operation at high temperature to produce a hard friable abrasive element.

It is obvious that minor changes may be made in the form and construction of the invention without departing from the material spirit thereof. It is not, however, desired to confine the invention to the exact form herein shown and described, but it is desired to include all such as properly come within the scope claimed.

The invention having been thus described, what is claimed as new and desired to secure by letters Patent l. A method of forming a cable type saw, comprising the steps of:

a. forming a main body element of malleable metal having two axially adjacent cylindrical portions, one portion having a large diameter and the other portion having a small diameter,

b. placing the body element in a bore in a die, which bore has the same diameter as the said large diameter, I

c. placing a powdered abrasive substance in the space between the surface of the bore and the portion of small diameter,

d. pressing the substance in the space axially toward the portion of large diameter, thereby causing a part of the small diameter portion to extend axially beyond the substance,

e. raising the temperature of the pressed substance to produce a solid body,

f. forming a centrally-located axially-directed bore in the body,

g. placing a piece of flexible cable through the bore in the body,

h. placing a collar concentrically over the said part of the small diameter portion, and

i. swaging the collar so that it fixedly engages the body and so that the body fixedly engages the cable.

2. A method of forming a cable type saw, comprising the steps of:

a. forming a main body element of malleable metal having two axially adjacent cylindrical portions,

one portion having a large diameter and the other portion having a small diameter,

b. placing the body element in a bore in a die, which bore has the same diameter as the said large diameter,

c. placing a powdered abrasive substance in the space between the surface of the bore and the portion of small diameter,

d. pressing the substance in the space axially toward the portion of large diameter, thereby causing a part of the small diameter portion to extend axially beyond the substance,

e. raising the temperature of the pressed substance to produce a solid body,

f. forming a centrally-located axially-directed bore in the body,

g. placing a piece of flexible cable through the bore in the body,

h. placing a collar concentrically over the said part of the small diameter portion,

i. swaging the collar so that it fixedly engages the body and the body beneath it fixedly engages the cable,

j. forming a second portion of small diameter from a part of the portion of large diameter, and

k. swaging the second portion so that the body beneath it fixedly engages the cable.

3. A method of forming a cable type saw, comprising the steps of:

a. forming a main body element of malleable metal having two axially adjacent cylindrical portions, one portion having a large diameter and the other portion having a small diameter,

b. placing the body element in a bore in a die, which bore has the same diameter as the said large diameter,

c. placing a powdered abrasive substance in the space between the surface of the bore and the portion of the small diameter,

d. pressing the substance in the space axially toward the portion of large diameter, thereby causing a part of the small diameter portion to extend axially beyond the substance,

e. raising the temperature of the pressed substance to produce a solid body,

f. forming a centrally-located axially-directed bore in the body,

g. placing a piece of flexible cable through the bore in the body,

h. swaging the small diameter portion so that the body fixedly engages the cable, and

i. placing a collar concentrically over the said part of the small diameter portion.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3402035 *Dec 7, 1965Sep 17, 1968Thomas J. MartinAbrasive wheel having a metal coated graphite lubricant therein
US3598101 *Oct 1, 1968Aug 10, 1971Carborundum CoWire saw
FR72179E * Title not available
FR1203000A * Title not available
GB723197A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4015931 *Sep 29, 1975Apr 5, 1977Engelhard Minerals & Chemicals CorporationBonded-abrasive wire saw
US4031878 *Nov 12, 1975Jun 28, 1977Hall George HCrown cutting wire
US4097246 *Jul 1, 1976Jun 27, 1978Olson Manufacturing CompanyMethod of making an abrasive wire for sawing stone
US4856490 *Sep 8, 1988Aug 15, 1989Osaka Diamond Industrial Co., Ltd.Wire saw
US5339795 *Apr 26, 1993Aug 23, 1994Stone Panels, Inc.Method for cutting stone laminate panels
US5645039 *Jun 12, 1995Jul 8, 1997Tyrolit Schleifmittelwerke Swarovski K.G.Wire connecting device for diamond wire saws
US6915794 *May 22, 2001Jul 12, 2005Diasint Italy S.R.L.Diamond wire equipped with improved cutting bushes for cutting stone material
US7055516 *Jul 21, 2003Jun 6, 2006Kuei Tai ChoiStone slicer
US8807126Nov 16, 2010Aug 19, 2014Nv Bekaert SaSawing rope
US20030140915 *May 22, 2001Jul 31, 2003Giuseppe TommasiniDiamond wire equipped with improved cutting bushes for cutting stone material
US20030196536 *Apr 11, 2003Oct 23, 2003Bohle AgGrit-coated glass-cutting saw blade
US20050235977 *Jul 21, 2003Oct 27, 2005Choi Kuei TStone slicer
US20130061731 *Mar 17, 2010Mar 14, 2013W.Diamant Herramientas, S.A.Diamond wire for cutting hard materials
DE102015109432B3 *Jun 12, 2015Dec 8, 2016Universität KasselSchneidperle für ein Sägeseil, Sägeseil und Verfahren zur Herstellung eines Sägeseils
EP0213434A1 *Aug 5, 1986Mar 11, 1987DIAMOND PAUBER S.r.l.Diamond pin for the production of diamond wire for cutting stone materials, and wire produced with such pins
WO2011061166A1Nov 16, 2010May 26, 2011Nv Bekaert SaSawing rope
WO2016198316A1Jun 2, 2016Dec 15, 2016Universität KasselCutting bead for a saw wire
Classifications
U.S. Classification51/309, 125/21
International ClassificationB24D18/00, B23D57/00, B28D1/08, B23D61/18
Cooperative ClassificationB28D1/08, B23D57/0007, B23D61/185, B24D18/00
European ClassificationB23D57/00B, B28D1/08, B23D61/18B, B24D18/00