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Publication numberUS3848208 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 12, 1974
Filing dateOct 19, 1973
Priority dateOct 19, 1973
Publication numberUS 3848208 A, US 3848208A, US-A-3848208, US3848208 A, US3848208A
InventorsDawson C, Hardman D
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Encapsulated coil assembly
US 3848208 A
Abstract
A coil assembly comprising an electrically insulating support, a coil winding mounted on the support, and first and second terminal members. The support includes a main portion, a flanged portion extending from the main portion, and first and second terminal receiving sections extending from the lower periphery of the flanged portion for receiving the respective first and second terminal members. The flanged portion has a first surface contiguous with the main portion, a second surface opposite the first surface, an opening extending between the first and second surfaces, and a slot within the second surface extending from a point adjacent the first terminal receiving section to the opening in the flanged portion at a point adjacent the main portion. A start wire portion of the coil winding extends from the first terminal member, within the slot in the second surface and through the opening in the flanged portion to the main portion at a point adjacent the beginning of the first turn of the coil winding. A terminating wire portion of the coil winding extends from the end of the last turn of the coil winding to the second terminal member. The coil winding is containable within a conventional molded plastic encapsulating material.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dawson et al.

United States Patent 1 1 [111 3,848,208 Nov. 12, 1974 1 1 ENCAPSULATED COIL ASSEMBLY [75] Inventors: Carlyle Steven Dawson, Normal;

Dorsey Lorraine Hardman, Lexington, both of 111.

[73] Assignee: General Electric Company, New

York, NY.

[22] Filed: Oct. 19, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 407,791

[52] US. Cl 336/96, 336/192, 336/208 [51] Int. Cl. HOlf 27/30 [58] Field of Search 336/192, 198, 208, 96

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,189,772 6/1965 Wingler (:1 6|. 336/198 x 3,189,857 6/1965 Jones 336/198 3,343,113 9/1967 Dougal 336/208 X 3,359,395 12/1967 Bruce 336/192 X 3,359,520 12/1967 Foerster 336/192 3,609,616 9/1971 Dumeige r 336/192 3,731,245 5/1973 Roslin 336/198 Primary ExaminerThomas .l. Kozma Attorney, Agent, or Firm-S. A. Young; P. L. Schlamp; R. G. Simkins [57] ABSTRACT A coil assembly comprising an electrically insulating support, a coil winding mounted on the support, and first and second terminal members. The support includes a main portion,- a flanged portion extending from the main portion, and first and second terminal receiving sections extending from the lower periphery of the flanged portion for receiving the respective first and second terminal members. The flanged portion has a first surface contiguous with the main portion, a second surface opposite the first surface, an opening extending between the first and second surfaces, and a slot within the second surface extending from a point adjacent the first terminal receiving section to the opening in the flanged portion at a point adjacent the main portion. A start wire portion of the coil winding extends from the first terminal member, within the slot in the second surface and through the opening in the flanged portion to the main portion at a point adjacent the beginning of the first turn of the coil winding. A terminating wire portion of the coil winding extends from the end of the last turn of the coil winding to the second terminal member. The coil winding is containable within a conventional molded plastic encapsulating material.

4 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures ENCAPSULATED COIL ASSEMBLY BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of The Invention This invention relates to coil assemblies and more particularly to coil assemblies adaptable for mass machine manufacture.

2. Description Of The Prior Art For many years coil assemblies have been manufactured which are comprised of coil windings and their respective supports as exemplified in US. Pat. No. 3,230,489 and 3,131,371. The coil winding generally consists of a multiplicity of wire turns which are coated with an insulative enamel material. The winding is positioned about a plastic insulative support which resembles a spool or a reel. The winding has a start wire which has its end soldered to a terminal member that is attached to the support. The start wire extends from the terminal member to a main portion of the support along an adjacent inner surface of a flanged portion which extends from the main portion. The terminating portion of the wire is soldered to another terminal member.

Quite often portions of insulative enamel wear away and adjacent turns of the coil winding are shorted together so as to reduce the effective number of turns of the coil winding. This however is a tolerable situation in view of the large number of coil turns involved. However, if the insulation of the start wire were to breakdown and the start wire were to become electrically shorted to one of the outer or latter coil turns, the usefulness of the coil assembly would be substantially destroyed, in view of the large number of intervening coil turns that would be electrically short circuited. In order to avoid the short circuiting of a large number of coil turns due to the breakdown in the insulation of the start wire, the start wire has often been taped to the inner surface of the flange, using an insulative material to separate the start wire from the remaining windings of the coil. However, the taping of the start wire to the inner surface of the flange is a manual operation, and is also time consuming and costly. Furthermore, the taping operation also renders it difficult to automate the manufacture of the coil assembly.

' An alternative to the taping of the start wire of the coil winding to the inner surface of the flange of the support is described in US. Pat. No. 3,1 17,294. In this patent, a portion of the flange is greatly increased in thickness, and a pocket is formed between the inner and outer surfaces of the flange for accomodating the start wire, and thereby insulating it from the remaining turns of the coil windings. The inner surface of the flange also has a slot therein for communicating with the pocket for. positioning the start wire in the pocket. However, the molding of a support, which has such an irregularly shaped flange, is difficult and costly. Furcoil winding to slip through the slot in the inner surface of the flange and into the pocket so as to engage the start wire, and thus still cause a short circuiting of a substantial number of coil turns.

Furthermore, in coil assemblies of the prior art, the flanged portion and terminal receiving sections of the support, and the terminal members were often shaped in such manner as to block the flow of plastic material used to encapsulate the coil winding duringthe encapsulating step.

OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION It is an object of this invention to provide a coil assembly of the type described above, wherein the short circuiting of the start wire of the coil winding to its latter coil turns is prevented.

It is another object of this invention to provide a support for a coil winding which conveniently prevents the short circuiting of a start wire to the latter turns of the coil winding described above in a simple convenient manner that does not interfere with the efficient manufacture of the final coil assembly.

It is a further object of this invention to provide a coil assembly having a support and terminal members which are adapted to facilitate the flowof plastic material during the encapsulation of the coil winding.

These and other objects of the invention will be pointed out in and understood from the following.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION According to a broad aspect of the invention there is provided a coil assembly comprised of an electrically insulating support, a coil winding mounted on the support, and first and second terminal members. The support includes a main portion for receiving the winding, a flanged portion which extends from the main portion, and first and second terminal receiving sections for receiving the first and second respective terminal members. The flanged portion has a first surface contiguous with the main portion, a second surface opposite the first surface, an opening extending between the first and second surfaces, and a slot within the second surface extending from a point adjacent the first terminal receiving section to the opening in the flange portion at a point adjacent the main portion. The coil winding has a start wire portion, which is heat crimped to the first terminal member, and extends from the first terminal member to within the slot in the second surface of the flanged portion, then through the opening in the flanged portion to the beginning of the first turn of the coil winding on the main portion of the support. The coil winding also has a terminating wire portion, which is heat crimped to the second terminal member, and extends from the second terminal member to the end of the last turn of the coil winding. The opening in the flanged portion and appropriate openings in the tenninal receiving sections and the terminal members provide for a decrease in resistance to the flow of plastic material during the molding and encapsulation of the coil assembly.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the encapsulated coil assembly;

FIG. 3 is a top view of the coil assembly prior to encapsulation;

FIG. 4,is an exploded bottom perspective view of the components of the coil assembly shown in FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a side view of a terminal member and a coil wire prior to the attachment of the coil wire to the terminal member;

FIG. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary view of the coil wire and the adjacent portions of the terminal member as the wire is in the process of being heat crimped to the terminal member; and

FIG. 7 is an enlarged fragmentary view of the coil wire and the adjacent portions of the terminal member after the wire has been heat crimped to the terminal member.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT As shown in FIGS. 1 through 4, a coil assembly 10 is comprised of a support 12, a coil winding 14, and first and second terminal members 16 and 18.

Support 12 is comprised of an insulative material, such as a thermoplastic polyester, and can be manufactured using standard injection molding techniques. Support 12 has a rectangularly shaped hollow main portion 20, a flat flanged portion 22 extending outwardly from one end of and at right angles to the outer surface 23 of main portion 20, and first and second terminal receiving sections 24 and 26 extending outwardly at right angles from a bottom section 28 of flanged portion 22. Flanged portion 22 has a first surface 30, which is contiguous with outer surface 23 of main portion 20, a second surface 32 opposite first surface 30, and an opening 34 in a side wall 36 of flanged portion 22 extending between the first and second surfaces of the flanged portion. Flanged portion 22 further includes a slot 38, within second surface 32, extending from bottom section 28 of flanged portion 22 at a point adjacent first terminal receiving section 24 to opening 34 at a point adjacent main portion 20. As more clearly shown in FIG. 3, slot 38 actually extends within a bottom peripheral edge 40 of flanged portion 22. A solid rib 42 extends from first surface 30 along bottom section 28 of flanged portion 22 and between first and second terminal receiving sections 24 and 26. Rib 42 increases the rigidity and structural strength of support 12 and more particularly flanged portion 22. First terminal receiving section 24 is U-shaped and has side walls 44 and 46 separated by a channel 48 which extends therethrough in the direction from a top section 49 to bottom section 28 of flanged portion 22. Side walls 44 and 46 are slotted for receiving terminal member 16. In FIG. 4 only a slot 50 in side wall 44 is shown. Similarly, second terminal receiving section 26 is U-shaped and is comprised of side walls 52 and 54 separated by a channel 56 that extends therethrough in the direction from top section 49 to bottom section 28 of flanged portion 22. Again side wall 52 and 54 are slotted for receiving terminal member 18. Also, in FIG. 4 a slot 58 in side wall 52 is shown, but the slot in side wall 54 is not shown.

Terminal members 16 and 18 are comprised of a suitable conductive material, such as brass. Each of terminal members 16 and l8 in'clude a major section 60, rib

sections 62 extending at right angles from the major section to provide structural strength to its respective terminal member, and a pair of cantilevered fingers ex tending from one end of and at right angles to major section 60. Fingers 64 are received within and engage the slotted walls of their respective terminal receiving section. Each of the terminal members further includes a pronged section 66 extending from the juncture between fingers 64 and major section 60 toward rib sections 62. Each of terminal members 16 and 18 also includes a boss 68 extending from a bottom surface 70 of major section 60, and a trapped hole 71 formed within major section 60 and extending through boss 68. Boss 68 serves the purpose of providing depth for the taped hole that is sufficient to accomodate the required num ber of tapped turns necessary to insure that a threaded terminal screw (not shown) is maintainable within the tapped hole. A hole 72 is also provided within the major section of each of the terminal members, and this hole serves as a means for mounting the coil assembly within another apparatus.

As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, coil winding 14 is comprised of a start wire 74, a plurality of coil turns 76, and a terminating wire 78. The type of wire used, as shown in cross section in FIG. 6, in this instance, is round bare copper wire which is covered with a clear transparent polyvinyl formal enamel insulative film 82.

The procedure for the manufacture of coil assembly 10 will now be described. Coil winding 14 is first formed to be self supporting. This is accomplished by coating the polyvinyl formal film surrounding the bare copper wire with a heat and solvent sensitive thermoplastic resin. Then the wire is passed-over a felt pad saturated with denatured alcohol and heated to remove the alcohol during the actual winding of the coil. The fingers of the terminal members are positioned within the slotted walls of their respective terminal receiving sections and the formed coil turns 76 are positioned onto surfaces 23 of main portion 20 of the support. Start wire 74 is then led from the beginning of the first turn of the coil winding through opening 34 and into slot 38 of flanged portion 22, and then through channel 48 of terminal receiving section 24 to terminal member 16. Similarly terminating wire 78 extends from the end of the last turn of coil winding 14 through channel 56 of terminal receiving section 26 to terminal member 18. The respective ends of start wire portion 74 and terminating wire portion 78 are positioned between major section 60 and pronged section 66 of their respective terminal members 16 and 18, as shown in FIG. 5. Using standard heat crimping techniques and applying a typical welding pressure of 200 lbs. and welding current of approximately 4,000 amps to a surface 84 of pronged section 66 and surface 70 of major section 60 of re spective terminal members 16 and 18, pronged section 66 becomes pressed against major section 60 so as to surround wire 80, as shown in FIG. 6. Finally, the heat generated by welding process in combination with the steady application of welding pressure causes the insulative enamel film 82 surrounding wire 80 to be at least partially burned away as portions of bare copper wire become welded and crimped to their respective terminal members, as shown in FIG. 7.

Then using a standard low pressure transfer or injection molding thermosetting epoxy compound and standard molding techniques, winding 14 and support 12 become encapsulated within a molded housing 86 shown in FIG. 1. The encapsulating material also encompasses that portion of the terminal members which have the respective start and terminating wires attached thereto. The encapsulating material generally flows from top section 49 towards bottom section 28 of flanged portion 22 during the encapsulating step, wherein the material freely flows through opening 34 in flanged portion 22 and through the channel in each of the terminal receiving sections of support 12. The flow of the encapsulating material through channel 48 of the terminal receiving section 24 causes pressure to be applied to the start wire so as to introduce a tension therein which results in the firm placement of the start wire within slot 38 of flanged portion 22 during the en capsulation step. This insures that, in the final assem bly, start wire 74 is firmly positioned within slot 38 of flanged portion 22 anddoes not loosely extend therefrom. This further insures the start wire will not extend through the encapsulated molded housing, and will, in fact, still be safely insulated from coil turns 76 by flanged portion 22.

Although the invention has been described with reference to a specific embodiment thereof, numerous modifications are possible without departing from the .invention and it is desirable to cover all modifications falling within the spirit and scope of this invention.-

What we claim as new and desire to secure by letters patent of the United States is:

1. An encapsulated coil assembly comprising:

a. an electrically insulative support including a main portion, a flanged portion extending from said main portion, and first and second terminal receiving sections, said flanged portion comprising top, bottom and first and second side sections having a first surface contiguous with said main portion and a second surface opposite said first surface, said first side section having an opening extending between said first and second surfaces and a slot within said second surface, the slot extending from said bottom section at a point adjacent said first terminal receiving section to the opening in said first side section at a point adjacent said main PQ I saghfic c a dfirst and ecoa! term nal receiving sections extending from said bottom section and having a channel extending completely therethrough in a direction from the top section to the bottom section of said flanged portion;

b. first and second terminal members positioned within said first and second terminal receiving sections respectively; a coil winding surrounding said main portion, said winding including a first turn, a last turn, a start wire portion and a terminating wire portion, said start wire portion extending from said first terminal, through the channel in said first terminal receiving section to within the slot in the second surface of said flanged portion, then through the opening in said flanged portion to said main portion and the beginning of said first turn of said coil winding, said terminating wire portion extending from the end of said last turn of coil winding to said second terminal member; and d. encapsulating material surrounding said coil and said support, whereby during the encapsulation of said coil assembly, and while said encapsulating material is flowing in the direction from said top section toward said bottom section of said flanged portion and through the channel in said first terminal receiving section, sufficient pressure is applied to said start wire to insure firm placement of said start wire within the slot in the second surface of said flanged portion after completion of the encapsulation of said coil assembly.

2. A coil assembly according to claim 1, wherein each of said first and second terminal members has a major section, a pair of cantilevered fingers extending 4. A coil assembly according to claim 2, wherein said start wire portion and said terminating wire portion are fixed between said pronged section and said major section of said first and second terminal members, respectvely.

Po-ww UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,848,208 Dated November 12. 1974 lnventofls) Carlyle S. Dawson & Dorsey L. Hardman It is certified that error appears in the above-identified'patent I and that said Letters Patent are hereby' corrected as shown below:

Claim 1, column 6, line 14, before "coil" insert said Claim 4, column 6, lines 4 G 5 delete "respectvely" and insert respectively Signed and sealed this 20th day of May 1975 (SEAL) Attest:

C. MARSHALL DANN RUTH C. MASON Commissioner of Patents Attesting Officer and Trademarks mg? UNITED STATES PATENT GFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTIGN Patent No. 3,848.208 Y Dated November 12. 1974 Inventor) Carlyle S. Dewson G Dorsey L. Hardma It is certified that error appears if: the aboVe-identified-patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Claim 1, column 6, line 14, before "coil" insert said Claim 4, column 6, lines 4 G 5 delete "respectvely" and insert respectively.

. Signed and sealed this 20th day of May 1975 (SEAL) Attesrt:

C. MARSHALL DANN RUTH C. MASQN Commissioner of Patents Attesting Officer I and Trademarks

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3916139 *Sep 23, 1974Oct 28, 1975Schantz Spencer CMethod of soldering conductor ends to terminal
US3998425 *May 22, 1975Dec 21, 1976Robertshaw Controls CompanyElectromagnet assembly for safety valve
US4151500 *Nov 9, 1977Apr 24, 1979Indesit Industria Eletrodomestici Italiana S.P.A.Line output transformer
US4318069 *Nov 23, 1979Mar 2, 1982Polaroid CorporationBobbin with terminal block designed for machine wrap
US4368938 *Sep 11, 1980Jan 18, 1983Mabuchi Motor Co., Ltd.Small electric motor
US4602235 *Aug 20, 1984Jul 22, 1986Micron Industries Corp.Transformer assembly with terminal plates in support
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US5309130 *Oct 26, 1992May 3, 1994Pulse Engineering, Inc.Self leaded surface mount coil lead form
US6137202 *Apr 27, 1999Oct 24, 2000General Electric CompanyInsulated coil and coiled frame and method for making same
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US7876189Oct 1, 2009Jan 25, 2011Pulse Engineering, Inc.Form-less electronic device assemblies and methods of operation
US8098125Jan 24, 2011Jan 17, 2012Pulse Electronics, Inc.Form-less electronic device assemblies and methods of operation
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WO1994010696A1 *Oct 25, 1993May 11, 1994Pulse Eng IncSelf leaded surface mount coil lead form
Classifications
U.S. Classification336/96, 336/208, 336/192
International ClassificationH01F5/04, H01F5/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01F5/04
European ClassificationH01F5/04