|Publication number||US3848394 A|
|Publication date||Nov 19, 1974|
|Filing date||Jun 26, 1973|
|Priority date||Jun 26, 1973|
|Also published as||CA1004194A, CA1004194A1|
|Publication number||US 3848394 A, US 3848394A, US-A-3848394, US3848394 A, US3848394A|
|Original Assignee||Heisler R|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (24), Classifications (17)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Heisler atet n91  Inventor: Raymond A. Heisler, 657 Dakota Trl., Franklin Lakes, NJ. 07417 22 Filed: June 26,1973
21 Appl. No.: 373,752
 US. Cl 53/26, 53/29, 53/159, 53/186, 53/383, 53/387, 198/31 AC, 198/235  Int. Cl...'.. B65b 5/08, 1365b 35/56, B651) 43/28  Field of Search 53/159, 61, 67, 26, 29, 53/186, 252, 284, 247, 383, 387; 198/24, 21 AC, 235
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,136,105 6/1964 Eckhoff 198/24 X 3,209,512 10/1965 Ferguson, Jr. et a1. 53/159 X 3,284,985 11/1966 Roth 53/159 X 3,289,810 12/1966 lannucci 53/61 X 3,462,912 8/1969 Anderson 53/167 X 3,740,919 6/1973 Heisler 53/159 Nov. 119, 1974 Primary ExaminerGil Weidenfeld Attorney, Agent, or FirmRalph R. Roberts [5 7] ABSTRACT An apparatus and method is disclosed for receiving bailed containers in a single file array from a delivery system and to orient said containers so that they are delivered to a Y-divider for separation into two groups for single file alignment and delivery to a transfer system for moving them into the open ends of an automatically erected carton. After filling the carton with either four or two containers the carton is advanced to a closing, sealing and delivering mechanism. In this automatic mechanism the cartons for the case packing operation are placed in a delivery station from which they are advanced to an erecting station which is auto matically actuated in response to the delivery of bailed containers to and through the orienting apparatus. The glued and sealed cartons may be delivered to a conveyor or pallet. The containers as they are arranged in the carton may have their bails facing into the corners of the carton or facing toward the center of the carton. Apparatus is shown where changes in the apparatus and operation permit carton delivery and feeding means to also erect small size cartons and fill these smaller size cartons with only two containers.
39 Claims, 36 Drawing Figures PATENTEL 243V 1 91974 SHEET 02 OF 18 PATENTE' NOV 1 91974 SHEET 05 0F 18 PATENTEL LEV 1 9 I974 SHEET [16 0F 18 PATENTE xsv 1 9 I974 SHEETv 07 0F 18 PAIENIE m1 91 974 HEE 09 0F 18 PATENTL LEV I 91374 SHEET 12 HF 18 moi PATENTEL 9'974 3.848 394 SHEET 13 HF 18 I PAIENIE 249V 1 91914 sum 11; HF 18 PATENK 50V 19 I974 SHEET 15 0F 18 sum 16 0F 18 3 848,3
I PATENTEL HEY I 91374 PATENIMUMW sum 170F18 3848-394 0 no N PATENTEB rm 1 91914 SHEET 180F 18 cwm APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ORIENTING AND CASE PACKING EARED CONTAINERS CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS This application relates to two associated applications by the same inventor as the present application. A parent application given Ser. No. 204,892 and filed Dec. 6, 1971 is now U.S. Pat. No. 3,740,919 as issued on June 26, 1973. A divisional application and con-.
tinuation-in-part of this parent application given Ser. No. 336,246 was filed on Feb. 27, 1973 now Pat. No. 3,814,000. To the extent applicable the subject matter of these referenced applications are incorporated by reference into this application.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention With reference to the classification of art as established in the U.S. Pat. Office the field of art to which this invention pertains is found inthe general Class of Package Making (Class 53) and more particularly in the subclass of automatic or trigger control (subclass 52) and more particularly in the further subclass of group feed triggered by completion of group (subclass 61). Another pertinent subclass in this general class is group forming of contents unit (subclass 26).
2. Description of the Prior Art In the prior art, apparatus is known wherein eared containers with attached bails are oriented and fed into erected cartons which are then sealed. The mechanism for orienting and feeding these containers is usually complex, expensive and often is capable of an operating speed which is less than that now achieved in filling lines having automatic bail-applying mechanism. An example of said bail-applying mechanism is found in my U.S. Pat. No. 3,241,578 which issued Mar. 22, 1966. This bail-applying mechanism is used on hundreds of production lines such as paint filling lines many of which, if not all, are presently operating at speeds of 75 or more containers per minute. It is desirable and necessary that case packing apparatus used with these filling lines have sustained operating capacities as great as and preferably in excess of those operating speeds.
Several recent U.S. Patents pertaining to apparatus for article positioning and case loading have been issued. Among these patents are U.S. Pat. No. 3,209,512 to Ferguson, Jr., et al which issued on Oct. 5, 1965; U.S. Pat. No. 3,284,985 to Roth which issued on Nov. 15, 1966 and also U.S. Pat. No. 3 ,462,912 to Anderson which issued on Aug. 26, 1969. In these and other known systems it is the intent to receive bailed eared containers and to orient these containers so that with their bails laid against the side of the containers these containers, as a grouping, may be fed into an open erected carton and with the containers in a determined oriented condition the carton is closed and sealed. Insofar as is known by the applicant the apparatus aboveidentified and shown in these patents as well as others which have been used in industry have not provided the reliability and speed necessary for present paint filling lines.
In the present invention and as reduced to practice, the rate for the orienting and placing the bailed containers in an erected carton is at least 10 percent greater than the containers per minute now found on some of the faster paint filling lines. Thepresent invention receives bailed containers on a conveyor lead ing froma bail-applying mechanism or other container advancing means. In a preferred embodiment these containers with their bails in a vertical condition are brought to an alternate feed device whereat the containers are alternately delivered by one of two accumulating conveyors to an orienting mechanism where they are oriented in a determined manner and arranged in groups 'of two. As oriented pairs, these containers are then fed into opposite open sides of an erected carton. After the carton has been filled with four containers the carton is advanced to a closing, sealing and delivering mechanism. The rate of operation of the mechanism of the present invention is established by the receipt of the containers from the bail-applying mechanism or other feeder lines. The bailed containers, as oriented, may be arranged in the carton with their bails facing into the four corners of the carton or if desired the bails may be facing toward the center of the carton.
In the present invention there is also disclosed adjustable apparatus whereby at one setting two containers are inserted into an appropriately formed and. erected carton which is then closed and sealed. In the other setting four containers are simultaneously inserted into an erected carton which is then closed and sealed.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention may be summarized at least in part with reference to its objects.
It is an object of this invention to provide, and it does provide, an orienting apparatus adapted to receive bailed eared containers aligned in a determined array and to feed these containers in a single file to an apparatus wherein the containers are oriented in a desired array and arranged into two columns and as oriented pairs are discharged simultaneously into the open sides of an erected carton. The filled carton with four oriented containers is then transferred to closing, gluing and discharging operations.
It is a further object of this invention to provide, and it does provide, orienting apparatus adapted to receive bailed eared containers delivered in single file array and to reorient the containers so that they are delivered two at a time and simultaneously as oriented pairs are fed to and into opposite sides of an erected carton after which the flaps of the carton are closed and glued as and after which the carton is advanced for delivery to a conveyor or pallet. The carton erecting equipment includes a flat carton receiving station whereat a supply of cartons is stored in a substantially vertical condition and from which they are fed to a carton chute in which a supply of cartons is supported in a more or less hori zontal condition. From the bottom of the chute the cartons are engaged by suction cups carried on an arm which is cycled so as to withdraw a carton from the chute and erect this same carton while delivering to a carton conveyor apparatus.
The orienting and case packing apparatus and method provided by this invention includes a receiving conveyor adapted to receive bailed containers in a single file array and with alternating diverter feed containers to and through a Y-type conveyor in equal numbers to alternate sides of a carton erecting station. On the two branches of the conveyor the containers are
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|U.S. Classification||53/446, 53/387.1, 53/458, 53/566, 198/442, 53/495, 198/374, 53/376.5, 53/383.1, 198/394, 198/348, 53/544, 53/491|
|International Classification||B65B5/08, B65B5/00|