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Publication numberUS3849649 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 19, 1974
Filing dateMar 26, 1973
Priority dateMar 26, 1973
Publication numberUS 3849649 A, US 3849649A, US-A-3849649, US3849649 A, US3849649A
InventorsCarey C
Original AssigneeCarey C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Variable aperture x-ray shield
US 3849649 A
Abstract
An X-ray shield of two layers of lead or other X-ray opaque material presenting a variable aperture to incident X-rays. A rectangular hole in one layer is rotated with respect to a rectangular hole in the second layer, thereby providing two alternative rectangular configurations of X-rays beyond the shield. A handle and setting indicators are provided to achieve proper rotation for desired apertures.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

l1-=l9-74 XR 358499649 United States Patent 11 1 [11] 3,849,649 Carey Nov. 19, 1974 VARIABLE APERTURE X-RAY SHIELD Prima Examiner-William F. Lind uist 6 I t C it F. C 221 J k q [7 men or 23 2? 533 1 ac son Attorney, Agent, or Firm-W0odard,- We1kart,

Emhardt & Naughton [22] Filed: Mar. 26, 1973 [21] Appl. No: 344,910 57 ABSTRACT An X-ray shield of two layers of lead or other X-ray [52] US. Cl 250/320, 250/511, 350/272 opaque material presenting a variable aperture to inci [51] Int. Cl G2lf 5/04, H01] 35/16 dent A rectangular hole in one layer i rotated [58] held of Search 250/3201 5111 with respect to a rectangular hole in the second layer,

250/512, 513; 350/272, 273; 355/74, 12 thereby providing two alternative rectangular configurations of X-rays beyond the shield. A handle and set- [56] References Cited ting indicators are provided to achieve proper rotation UNITED STATES PATENTS for desired apertures. 5

2,474,422 6/l949 Hollstein 250/512 3,115,580 12/1963 Brewer 250 511 17 4 Draw'ng F'gures PATENTEL HOV 1 9 I974 SHEEI 10F 2 VARIABLE APERTURE X-RAY SHIELD BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1-. Field of the Invention This invention is in the field of radiant energy, X-ray apertured shielding devices.

2 Description of the Prior Art Many X-ray sources are available which are not equipped with a shutter mechanism for'varying the size or shape of the emitted X-ray beam. Such shutters are expensive, and they are relatively difficult to operate because they provide continuous adjustment ranges.

With a typical X-ray source, not equipped with a shutter mechanism, there is available only one size and shape X-ray beam. Such a beam may radiate over a larger area than is necessary for a given subject and for the size of film used to record the X-rays. Such excess radiation may be dangerous to the subject, such as a human being, that is being X-rayed.

There is a need for an inexpensive variable aperture X-ray shield capable of quickly and accurately producing two alternative beam configurations from an X-ray source. Such configurations could be appropriate for two common sizes of X-ray film, allowing quick and accurate transitions from the use of one size film to another.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An embodiment of this invention is a variable aperture X-ray shield which includes two layers of X-ray opaque material, each containing a rectangular hole.

Said embodiment utilizes rotational movement of the layers relative to one another to produce discrete rectangular windows of different sizes through which X- BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an exploded view of an embodiment of the invention.

FIG. 2A is a'top view of the embodiment of FIG. 1.

FIG. 2B is a top view of the embodiment of FIG. 1 in the alternative mode.

FIG.3 is an illustration of apparatus incorporating the embodiment of FIG. 1 with an X-ray source and a receiving element.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT For the purposes of promoting an understanding of the principles of the invention, reference will now be made to the embodiment illustrated in the drawings and specific language will be used to describe the same. It will nevertheless be understood that no limitation of the scope of the invention is thereby intended, such alterations and further modifications in the illustrated device, and such further applications of the principles 'of the invention as illustrated therein being contemplated as would normally occur to one skilled in the art to which the invention relates.

Referring in particular to FIG. 1 there are illustrated four layers of materials fastened together by bolts in appropriately threaded holes. Beginning at the bottom of FIG. 1 there is an aluminum backplate 13. Disc 14 may be lead or other material opaque to X-rays. Disc 14 has a centrally located rectangular hole 20. The next layer consists of an outside ring 15, which may be any mechanically appropriate rigid material, and disc 16, which may be lead or other material opaque to X-rays. Disc 16 has a centrally located rectangular hole 21. A handle 23, is attached to one side of the disc 16 so that disc 16 may be easily rotated relative to disc 14. Front plate 17 is aluminum and has a center hole 22, which is larger in diameter than the longer diagonal of rectangular holes 20 and 21. Center hole 22 is smaller in diameter than disc 16, thereby holding disc 16 in place except for its rotation relative to disc 14. Front plate 17 also has two stops 24 and 25 which limit the rotation of disc 16 to one quarter-turn by restraining the movement of handle 23. The stops 24 and 25, also indicate the two positions for disc 16 which allow useful configurations of X-rays to pass through the X-ray shield 11. Bolts such as 18 pass through holes in front plate 17, outside ring 15, disc 14 and backplate I3, fastening the layers together through appropriately threaded holes such as 12 in backplate l3. 7

In operation, rotation of disc 16, by moving handle 23 into contact with the stops 24 or 25 rotates rectangular hole 21 so that it either crosses or aligns with rectangular hole 20 in disc 14. Since discs 14 and 16 are opaque to X-rays, the two positions of rectangular hole 21 relative to rectangular hole 20 allow two different configurations of X-ray to pass through the X-ray shield l l.

FIGS. 2A and 2B show the x-ray shield 11 in the two positions of rotation of disc 16.

FIG. 3 shows the x-ray shield 11 positioned in front of an X-ray source 33 allowing a selected configuration of X-rays to pass on to an X-ray sensitive element 31. Element 31 may be X-ray sensitive film or other X-ray sensitive material. The sizes of the rectangular holes 20 and 21 in the present invention 11 may be chosen so that, upon rotation of hole 21 to the positions in which handle 23 contacts stops 24 or 25, the configurations of the x-ray beam passed by the X-ray shield 11 are appropriate to the sizes of X-ray sensitive film which may be used as element 31. Thereby an X-ray source 33 may be used to expose two different sizes of film without subjecting a subject 32 to unnecessary exposure to X-ray radiation when a smaller sized film is used.

The components used in the X-ray aperture shield l l are to be considered opaque to X-rays if they are of such thickness and material as to absorb more than percent of incident X-ray radiation. The components used in the X-ray aperture shield 11 are to be considered transparent-to X-rays if they are of such thickness and material as to absorb less than 10 percent of incident X-ray radiation.

While there have been described above the principles of this invention in connection with specific apparatus, it is to be clearly understood that this description is made only by way of example and not as a limitation to the scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. A device for providing a variable aperture for X- rays comprising:

a. a first layer of material opaque to X-rays having a rectangular opening therein;

b. a second layer of material opaque to X-rays and having a rectangular opening therein; and

c. positioning means for maintaining said layers in parallel planes and for permitting said layers to rotate relative to one another, said positioning means including aligning means enabling positioning of the opening of said first layer of material such that a line perpendicular to said second layer and passing through said rectangular opening of said second layer also passes through said rectangular opening of said first layer.

2. The device of claim 1 wherein said first layer includes a handle whereby rotation relative to said second layer can be readily effected.

3. The device of claim 2 wherein said first layer is a disc having a rectangular opening therein.

4. The device of claim 3 wherein said first layer is lead.

5. The device of claim 4 wherein said second layer is a disc having a rectangular opening therein.

6. The device of claim 5 wherein said second layer is lead.

7. The device of claim 6 wherein said positioning means and said aligning means include stops to insure rapid and accurate positioning of said first layer disc relative to said second layer disc.

8. The device of claim 7 wherein said positioning means and said aligning means consist of:

a. a back plate of aluminum material,

b. a ring of the thickness of said first layer disc and fitting around it,

c. a front plate with an interior circular opening having a diameter larger than the longer diagonal of the rectangular openings in the said first and second layer discs but smaller than the diameter of said first layer disc,

d. and an attaching means to rigidly connect said plates, said ring and said second layer disc, leaving said first layer disc free to rotate between said second layer disc and said front plate.

9. An apparatus consisting of:

a. a source of X-ray radiation,

b. an X-ray-sensitive element positioned near said source to receive X-ray radiation from said source. and

c. the device of claim 1 interposed between said source and said receiving element.

10. The device of claim 9 wherein said X-raysensitive element is X-ray-sensitive film.

11. The device of claim 10 wherein said first layer includes a handle whereby rotation relative to said second layer can be readily effected.

12. The device of claim ll wherein said first layer is a disc having a rectangular opening therein.

13. The device of claim 12 wherein said first layer is lead.

14. The device of claim 13 wherein said second layer is a disc having a rectangular opening therein.

15. The device of claim 14 wherein said second layer is lead.

16. The device of claim 15 wherein said positioning means and said aligning means includes stops to insure rapid and accurate positioning of said first layer disc relative to said second layer disc.

17. The device of claim 16 wherein said positioning means and said aligning means consist of:

a. a back plate of aluminum material,

b. a ring of the thickness of said first layer disc and fitting around it,

c. a front plate with an interior circular opening having a diameter larger than the longer diagonal of the rectangular openings in the said first and second layer discs but smaller than the diameter of said first layer disc,

d. and an attaching means to rigidly connect said plates, said ring and said second layer disc, leaving said first layer disc free to rotate between said second layer disc and said front plate.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2474422 *Nov 20, 1947Jun 28, 1949F R Machine WorksX-ray equipment
US3115580 *Oct 20, 1960Dec 24, 1963Brewer Jade DChi-ray collimator with shutter track and actuation means on each side of guide means
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4238451 *Apr 3, 1979Dec 9, 1980Elf UnionProcess and device to measure the asphaltene content of petroleum products
US4242585 *Feb 23, 1979Dec 30, 1980Kabushiki Kaisha Morita SeisakushoDental panoramic radiographic apparatus capable of concurrently taking normal picture of temporomandibular joint
US4352987 *Feb 25, 1980Oct 5, 1982Kabushiki Kaisha Morita SeisakushoStructure of dental X-ray apparatus
US4377752 *Jan 22, 1980Mar 22, 1983Picker CorporationScintillation camera radiation shielding
US4400825 *May 3, 1979Aug 23, 1983General Electric Co.Adjustable slit radiographic apparatus
US4445040 *Jul 18, 1983Apr 24, 1984Hitachi, Ltd.Shaping aperture for a charged particle forming system
US4489426 *Dec 23, 1981Dec 18, 1984General Electric CompanyCollimator with adjustable aperture
US4554676 *Mar 16, 1983Nov 19, 1985The S. S. White CompanyDental aiming device
US4601551 *Jan 23, 1984Jul 22, 1986The Micromanipulator Microscope Company, Inc.Manipulation of embryos and ova
US4905268 *Jul 21, 1988Feb 27, 1990Picker International, Inc.Adjustable off-focal aperture for x-ray tubes
US5745279 *Nov 27, 1996Apr 28, 1998Bassano Grimeca S.P.A.Collimator for radiation therapy
US5769523 *May 21, 1996Jun 23, 1998Designs For Vision, Inc.Surgical headlamp with dual aperture control
US7597474Aug 17, 2006Oct 6, 2009Unisantis FzeApparatus for shielding X-rays and X-ray device incorporating said apparatus
US8093572 *Jan 10, 2012Accuray IncorporatedIntegrated variable-aperture collimator and fixed-aperture collimator
US20030152192 *Jan 23, 2003Aug 14, 2003Kiyoshi HasegawaX-ray analyzer
US20090001296 *Jun 29, 2007Jan 1, 2009Kuduvalli Gopinath RIntegrated variable-aperture collimator and fixed-aperture collimator
US20090074147 *Aug 17, 2006Mar 19, 2009Unisantis Europe GmbhApparatus for shielding x-rays and x-ray device incorporating said apparatus
EP0236790A1 *Feb 16, 1987Sep 16, 1987Siemens AktiengesellschaftDental X-ray diagnosis apparatus for establishing a panoramic tomography of a patient's jaw
EP1026698A2 *Feb 3, 2000Aug 9, 2000Moshe Ein-GalMoving collimator system
EP1758130A1Aug 22, 2005Feb 28, 2007Unisantis Europe GmbHApparatus for shielding X-rays and X-ray device incorporating said apparatus
WO2007022918A1 *Aug 17, 2006Mar 1, 2007Unisantis Europ GmbhApparatus for shielding x-rays and x-ray device incorporating said apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification378/150, 359/233, 378/153, 976/DIG.430
International ClassificationG21K1/04, G21K1/02
Cooperative ClassificationG21K1/04
European ClassificationG21K1/04