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Publication numberUS3849843 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 26, 1974
Filing dateApr 26, 1973
Priority dateMay 17, 1972
Also published asCA994085A, CA994085A1
Publication numberUS 3849843 A, US 3849843A, US-A-3849843, US3849843 A, US3849843A
InventorsAlberts H
Original AssigneeAlberts H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Slide fastener
US 3849843 A
Abstract
A slide fastener serves to connect mutually overlapping edge portions of flexible sheet elements. Two stringers are provided, each of which is adapted to be secured to one of the edge portions by a sewing thread, which extends generally longitudinally of the stringer. Two rows of engaging elements are provided. The engaging elements of each row are secured to one of the stringers and spaced in the longitudinal direction of the stringer to define spaces of substantial length in which the stringer is exposed between adjacent engaging elements carried by it. Each of the engaging elements comprises two engaging knobs and a bridge portion, which is disposed between the knobs. The knobs and bridge portion of each engaging element protrude from and are aligned transversely to the stringer carrying them. The knobs of each row are adapted to interengage with the knobs of the other row. The bridge portions of each row are designed to support the thread so that the same has uncontacted portions which in the spaces extend generally longitudinally of and are spaced from the associated stringer and are disposed between and laterally engageable by the knobs of the other row when the knobs of both rows are thus interengaged.
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United States Patent [191 Alberts [4 1 Nov. 26, 1974 SLIDE FASTENER- 22 Filed: Apr. 26, 1973 21 Appl. No.: 354,843

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data Primary Examiner-Bernard A. Gelak Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Hane, Baxley & Spiecens [57 7 ABSTRACT A slide fastener serves to connect mutually overlapping edge portions of flexible sheet elements. Two stringers are provided, each of which is adapted to be secured to one of the edge portions by a sewing 1 thread, which extends generally longitudinally of the stringer. Two rows of engaging elements are provided. The engaging elements of each row are secured to one of the stringers and spaced in the longitudinal direction of the stringer to define spaces of substantial length in which the stringer is exposed between adjacent engaging elements carried by it. Each of the engaging elements comprises two engaging knobs and a bridge portion, which is disposed between the knobs. The knobs and bridge portion of each engaging element protrude from and are aligned transversely to the stringer carrying them. The knobs of each row are adapted to interengage with the knobs of the other row. The bridge portions of each row are designed to support the thread so that the same has uncontacted portions which in the spaces extend generally longitudinally of and are spaced from the associated stringer and are disposed between and laterally engageable by the knobs of the other row when the knobs of both rows are thus interengaged,

3 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PATENTEL nzvzs I974 49, 43

sum 1 or 2 subs FASTENER This invention relates to a slide fastener for connecting overlapping edge portions of garments.

. and a bridge portion, which enter fills the space between the knobs of ,the adjacent engaging elements of the other row as the fastener is closed (French Pat. specification 1,275,030).

An improvement of that known slide fastener has been disclosed in the US. Pat. No. 3,600,766. That improvement resides in that the bridge portion and the engaging hooks which protrude beyond the bridge portion and interengage with the engaging knobs of the other row of engaging elements are arranged one-beside the otherand protrude from the plane of the stringer.

- A fixing thread crosses the edges of the bridge portions in grooves formed in the bridge portions so that the'threaddoes not protrude into the space between the engaging hooks,

It i's an object of the invention to provide a slide fastener whichis of the same general type as the slide fastener described last hereinbefore and in which the engaging elements have a simpler three-dimensional shape. Specifically, the engaging elements should have a smaller width transversely to the stringer without loss of interengaging surface area, and the slide fastener should have a higher flexibility. Besides, the sewing of the slide fastener to a garment should be facilitated.

In the slide fastener according to the invention, this object is accomplished in that the bridge portions are defined only by smooth surfaces and transversely to the stringer are flush with the stems of the engaging knobs. The fixing thread crosses the edges of the smoothsurfaced bridge portions and does not lie in grooves of the bridge portions but protrudes into the space between two engaging elements. As aresult, the thread alone performsa function which in the known slide fastener is performed by the bridge portions and which rev fastener, such needle break need not be feared in consides in holding the inter-engaged series of engaging elements against a lateral displacement.

The performance of this function by the fixing thread i will be promoted if the thread enters the stringer at a point which is remote from the bridge portion. For this adjacent engaging elements, as it does in the known slide fastener, the flexibility of the slide fastener is much improved. The bridge portion serves only as a support for the fixing thread and actually defines only the bottom of a recess between the two engaging,

knobs. The width of said recess need not exceed the 1 thickness of the thread. For this reason, the slide fasteneraccording to the invention may be much narrower than the known-fastener without a loss in inter- 3 engaging surface area.

Whereas the sewing needle often breaks when used to fasten the apertured bridge portions of the known nection with the slide fastener according to the invention, particularly because the latter can be fastened with the aid of a much thicker sewing needle and the latter does not contact hard parts.

In the fastening process proposed by the invention, a synchronized fastening of the slide fastener according to the invention will be ensured if a conicalpilot pin is secured to the needle bar and is lowered into the space between adjacent engaging elements with a phase displacement relative to the piercing of the stringer by the needle, and the feed is corrected in dependence on the motion of said index pin. This correction is restricted to a displacement of the needle by an order of 0.1 milli-' meter in the hole which has been pierced by the needle.

stringer and the second row of engaging elements during the fastening operation.

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the slide fastener in accordance with the invention.

The drawing shows engaging elements 2, which are carried by a stringer 2, and engaging elements 3', which are carried bya stringer 3'. Each engaging element 2 or 2' comprises two engaging knobs 4, 4', which are aligned transversely to the stringer 3 or 3, and a smooth narrow bridge portion 5, from which the engag:

' ing knobs 4, 4' protrude and which transversely to the stringer is flush with the stems 13, 13- of the engaging.

knobs 4, 4.

The needle 6 is used to extend the thread 7 or 7 over the bridge portions and to pierce the stringer in the spaces 8 between adjacent engaging elements 2 or 2 so that the stringer 3 or 3'. is secured to the garment 10. That surface 14 of the bridge portion 5 which is engaged by the thread 7 or 7 is rounded. The width of the bridge portion 5 exceeds only slightly the thickness of the thread 7 or 7'. For this reason, the slide fastener can be narrower than a slide fastener according to the above-mentioned US. patent without a loss in interengaging surface area. Because the spacesS are entirely free of rigid parts, the slide fastener has a much higher.

flexibility. When the slide fastener is closed, the inclined portions of each of the threads 7 and 7 extend in part between the engaging knobs 4, 4' of the other row and prevent a lateral displacement of the two rows in the longitudinal direction of the stringer is corrected by a suitable enlargement of the hole pierced by the needle.

What is claimed is:

l. A slide fastener assembly which comprises two mutually overlapping edge portions of flexible sheet elements, two stringers, two rows of engaging elements, the engaging elements of each row being secured to one of said stringers and spaced in the longitudinal direction of said stringers to define spaces of substantial length in which said stringer is exposed between adjacent engaging elements carried by it, each of said engaging elements comprises two engaging knobs and a bridge portion, which is disposed between said knobs and recessed from the outer ends thereof, said knobs and bridge portion of each engaging element protruding from and being aligned transversely to the stringer carrying them, said knobs having enlarged heads spaced from said stringer and stems connecting said heads to said stringer, each of said bridge portions having a rounded surface and being substantially flush with the associated stems transversely of said stringer, the two knobs and the bridge portion of each of said engaging elements defining a channel of given width, said knobs of each row being adapted to interengage with the knobs of the other row, and two sewing threads, each of which securing one of said stringers to one of said edge portions and being supported by the channels defined by the knobs and bridge portions of the associated row and extending through the exposed portions of said stringer and having uncontacted portions which in said spaces extend generally longitudinally of and are spaced from the associated stringer and are disposed between and laterally engageable by said knobs of the other row when said knobs of both rows are thus interengaged to connect said edge portions and said bridge portion having transversely of said stringer a dimension which is approximately twice the diameter of said thread.

2. A slide fastener assembly as set forth in claim 1, in which said engaging elements consist of plastics mate rial.

3. A slide fastener as set forth in claim 1, in which each of said bridge portions has a height which is at least one-half of the height of said hooks.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2787228 *Dec 9, 1953Apr 2, 1957Leo RosemanMachine for stitching fastener tape for forming fastener sections
US3077167 *Sep 3, 1958Feb 12, 1963Morin Louis HApparatus for synchronizing stitchings with longitudinally spaced workpieces and with the formation of workpieces
US3414948 *Sep 29, 1966Dec 10, 1968Scovill Manufacturing CoThermoplastic strips for sliding clasp fasteners
US3600766 *Jul 28, 1969Aug 24, 1971Alberts HerbertStringers for fasteners
US3732601 *Oct 8, 1970May 15, 1973Rojahn FStringer for a slide fastener
IT571001A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3961398 *Feb 20, 1975Jun 8, 1976Ecofon Verkaufsgesellschaft Probst KgSeparable fastening
US6286189May 10, 1999Sep 11, 2001Pactiv CorporationZipper and zipper arrangements and methods of manufacturing the same
US6289561 *Aug 31, 2000Sep 18, 2001Alexander R. ProvanAssembly and accumulation of sliders for profiled zippers
US6292986 *May 10, 1999Sep 25, 2001Alexander R. ProvanAssembly and accumulation of sliders for profiled zippers
US6327754May 10, 1999Dec 11, 2001Pactiv CorporationFastener with slider thereon for use in manufacturing recloseable bags
US6347437Jan 17, 2001Feb 19, 2002Pactiv CorporationZipper and zipper arrangements and methods of manufacturing the same
US6604262 *Oct 29, 2001Aug 12, 2003Shih-Chang WangMethod for 3-D engagement of a fastener and a separate-type fastener formed by this method
US6611996Jul 2, 2001Sep 2, 2003Pactiv CorporationSlider for reclosable fastener
US6713152Sep 7, 2001Mar 30, 2004Pactiv CorporationFins and profiles for plastic bags
US7040808Jun 9, 2003May 9, 2006Pactiv CorporationReclosable bags with tamper evident features and methods of making the same
US7159282Feb 25, 2003Jan 9, 2007Pactiv CorporationReclosable fasteners or zippers for use with polymeric bags
US7316641Mar 15, 2006Jan 8, 2008Pactiv CorporationReclosable bags with tamper evident features and methods of making the same
US7377015Dec 22, 2006May 27, 2008Pactiv CorporationReclosable fasteners or zippers for use with polymeric bags
US7552573Jul 8, 2005Jun 30, 2009Illinois Tool Works, Inc.Method for placing a product in a flexible recloseable container
US7665192Mar 24, 2008Feb 23, 2010Pactiv CorporationReclosable fasteners or zippers for use with polymeric bags
US7904996Dec 29, 2009Mar 15, 2011Pactiv CorporationReclosable fasteners or zippers for use with polymeric bags
US8127517Jul 8, 2005Mar 6, 2012Illinois Tool Works Inc.Method and apparatus for placing a product in a flexible recloseable container
USRE44934Aug 29, 2003Jun 10, 2014Reynolds Presto Products Inc.Zipper and zipper arrangements and methods of manufacturing the same
Classifications
U.S. Classification24/401, 24/413, 112/105, 24/415
International ClassificationA44B19/24, A44B19/08, A44B19/42, A44B19/02, A44B19/44, A44B19/40
Cooperative ClassificationA44B19/08
European ClassificationA44B19/08