|Publication number||US3850085 A|
|Publication date||Nov 26, 1974|
|Filing date||May 11, 1973|
|Priority date||May 11, 1973|
|Publication number||US 3850085 A, US 3850085A, US-A-3850085, US3850085 A, US3850085A|
|Original Assignee||L Klemm|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (16), Classifications (17)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1 Klemm Nov. 26, 1974 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FABRICATING AN ELONGATED CARTON  Inventor: Lee E. Klemm, N93 W25465 Bittersweet Ct., Sussex, Wis; 53089  Filed: May 11, 1973  Appl. No.: 359,319
 US. Cl. 93/49 M, 933/49 R, 93/52  Int. Cl B31b 1/36  Field of Search 93/52, 49 R, 49 M, 53 M, 93/53 R, 84 R  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,105,419 10/1963 LaBombard 93/52 3,153,991 10/1964 Goodrich 93/52 X 3,225,666 12/1965 Reimers 93/52 X 3,266,391 8/1966 Lopez l i 93/52 3,270,628 9/1966 Clem 93/52 3,291,007 12/1966 McDowell l i 93/52 X 3,530,643 9/1970 Levi 93/52 UX Primary Examiner-Roy Lake Assistant Examiner.lames F. Coan Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Michael, Best & Friedrich 5 7 ABSTRACT The method and apparatus for fabricating an elongated carton from a carton blank including a forming means for continuously and progressively folding the outer side panels of a carton from one end to the other as the carton is moved through the forming means. The forming means is comprised of two sets of stationary roller assemblies mounted on opposite sides of the travel path of the carton with one of said roller assemblies adapted to progressively fold one outer panel of the carton blank and the other of said roller assemblies adapted to progressively fold the other outer side panel of the carton blank. A bead of liquid adhesive is applied to the carton blank through a stationary glue dispensing head positioned above the travel path of the carton blank at the outlet of the forming means. A compression means including a power conveyor belt and a plurality of rollers compresses the side panels into overlapping contact with each other after the adhesive has been applied thereto and further maintains such compression on the overlapped panels until the adhesive has set. The carton is driven through the forming, gluing and compression means by the action of a powered conveyor belt and a stationary roller mounted adjacent the top surface of the belt at one end thereof.
10 Claims, 12 Drawing Figures PATENTE :wv 26|974 SHEEI 10F .4
PATENIE am: 2 s 1914 SHEH l UF 4 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FABRICATING AN ELONGATED CARTON BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION I. Field of the Invention This invention relates to a method and apparatus of fabricating an elongated carton from a carton blank.
II. Description of the Prior Art Prior to this invention elongated cartons of the type involved herein were fabricated by essentially a hand operation. The principal object of this invention, therefore, is to provide a method and apparatus wherein elongated cartons can be rapidly mass produced with a minimum of manual labor required.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The method and apparatus of fabricating an elongated carton from a carton blank including a forming means for continuously and progressively folding the outer side panels of a carton from one end to the other as the carton travels through the forming means. The forming means is adapted to fold the outer horizontal side panels of the carton blank upwardly to a vertical position and then downwardly and inwardly from such position to a substantially overlapped position. A gluing means is provided for applying adhesive to one of the side panels as it moves from the forming means and a compression means is provided for compressing the side panels into overlapping contact with each other after the adhesive has been applied thereto. Said compressing means is further adapted to maintain compression on such overlapped panels until the adhesive has set. A drive means including a power driven belt and a stationary roller mounted adjacent the top surface of the belt is provided to drive the carton through the forming means.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side elevation view of the apparatus of this invention;
FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the apparatus shown in FIG. 1;
FIGS. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 are fragmentary sectional views taken along lines 3-3, 44, 5-5, 6-6, 7-7, 8-8 and 9-9 of FIG. 2 respectively except that in each view the cross-section of a carton blank is shown in the position it would be in at each sectional view shown;
FIG. 10 is a fragmentary perspective view of a fabricated carton made by the method and apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a fragmentary top plan view of a carton blank before it is made into a carton like that shown in FIG. 10; and
FIG. 12 is an enlarged fragmentary side elevation view taken along line 12l2 of FIG. 2.
As indicated previously, the method and apparatus of the present invention is particularly adapted for fabricating cartons which have a relatively long length and relatively short cross-sectional dimensions. A fabricated carton of the type referred to is shown in FIG. 10 and is identified therein by the reference numeral 10.
Referring now to FIGS. 1 and 2, the apparatus of the present invention has four major operating components or means, namely, a drive means 12, a folding or forming means 14, a gluing means 16 and a compression means 18.
Drive means 12 is comprised of a drive belt 20 and a stationary roller 22 mounted adjacent to and in contact with (or closely spaced from) the top surface of the belt at the extreme right-hand end thereof as viewed in FIG. I. Belt 20 is driven by any suitable prime mover (not shown) in the direction shown by the arrow in FIG. 1 by a belt or chain drive 23. The belt is mounted on a pair of main support rollers 24, 26 and a pair of idler rollers 28, 30. Roller 22 is mounted on a pair of vertical supports 32 which are attached to the main frame structure 34. The roller 22 is provided with a guard 36.
Forming means 14 is comprised of a pair of forming roller assemblies 33 and 35 mounted on opposite sides of belt 20. Assembly 33 is comprised of a plurality of forming rollers 38a-381 mounted on a horizontal support member 44 by means of brackets 42. Forming roller assembly 35 is comprised of a plurality of forming rollers 40a-40j mounted on a support member 46 by means of brackets 42. The brackets 42 are adjustably secured (for vertical adjustment) on the respective support members 44 and 46. A pair of angle members 48, 50 are welded or otherwise fastened to support members 44, 46 (see FIGS. 4-9) which together provide a support surface for belt 20. I
The spacing between support members 44 and 46 (on which rollers 38 and 40 are mounted) can be adjusted by means of collar members 52 and 54 slidably mounted on horizontal frame members 56 and 58 located at opposite ends of the forming means 14. Each collar member has a headed set screw 60 threaded therein so that the respective forming roller assemblies can be securely set in the desired position. The reason for providing the adjustment mechanism for the forming roller assemblies 33 and 35 will be described in detail hereinafter.
A pair of elongated hold-down shoes or plates 62, 64 are mounted adjacent belt 20 by a pair of vertical support rods 66, 68. An adjustment mechanism (FIG. 2) comprised of blocks and 72 mounted for rotation on rods 66 and 68 and link members 74 and 76 which interconnect the blocks with the shoes is provided for adjusting the spacing between shoes 62 and 64. Such adjustment is accomplished by first looseningheaded set screws 71 and 73 and then rotating rods 66 and 68 to the desired position. The set screws are then tightened to hold the parts in the desired position.
As best illustrated by a sequential viewing of FIGS. 3-7, the angular position of the folding rollers 34 and 40 going from the inlet to the outlet of the folding means 14 follows a definite pattern. Referring to FIG. 3, the first set of rollers 38a and 40a angle outwardly from the vertical a substantial degree so that at the inlet of station 14 the rollers extend outwardly from and are almost in horizontal alignment with the belt 20. Moving from rollers 38a and 40a to subsequent rollers such as rollers 38c and 400, as shown in FIG. 4, it will be seen that the outward angle from the vertical of such rollers becomes progressively less until a vertical angle is reached as in the case of rollers 38f (FIGS. 5 and 2) and 40g (FIG. 2). Moving from such rollers 38f and 40g to subsequent rollers such as rollers 38i and 40h, as shown in FIG. 6, and rollers 38! and 40j, as shown in FIG. 7, it will be seen that the angle of such subsequent rollers moves progressively downwardly from the vertical and inwardly towards the center line of the machine.
It will also be noted that the rate of above described angle progression from a position outwardly from the vertical, up towards the vertical and then inwardly from the vertical, differs somewhat in one roller assembly as compared with the other. More specifically, the rate of angular progression of the rollers of assembly 33 (on the left side of the machine as viewed from the inlet end) is greater than that of the rollers of assembly 35. This difference in rate of angular progression is best illustrated in FIGS. 5, 6 and 7. The function and operation of the roller assemblies described above will be described in detail hereafter.
The gluing means 16 is located at the exit or outlet of the forming means 14 and is comprised of an adhesive dispensing head member 78 connected to a supply of adhesive liquid (not shown) by any suitable means. As best shown in FIG. 12, switch means 79 having an actuation arm 81 with a roller 83 is provided to control the flow of liquid adhesive from dispensing head 78 in response to the passage of a carton through the gluing station. Since the particular mechanism employed for transmitting liquid adhesive under pressure from a supply reservoir to the dispensing head 78 in response to the actuation of switch means 79 does not form a part of the present invention, a description of such mechanism is not contained herein. A hold-down wheel 80 mounted on an overhead support structure 82 is provided at the gluing station 16 to aid in the final holding phase of the carton as will be described in detail hereinafter.
The final means is the compression means 18 located immediately adjacent and downstream from the gluing means 18 as best shown in FIG. 1. Compression means 18 (only partially shown) is comprised of a plurality of upper rollers 84 mounted between side frame members 86, 86 and a power-driven belt member 88 mounted beneath rollers 84 with its upper face spaced a short distance therefrom. Belt 88 is driven (in the direction shown by the arrow in FIG. I) by any suitable prime mover (not shown) by means of a belt or chain drive 90 and a drive roller 92.
OPERATION As will now be explained, the method and apparatus of the present invention is designed to fabricate a carton 10 like that shown in FIG. 10 from carton blanks 94 (FIG. 11) which have been prescored as at 96 to form four (4) panels 98, 100, 102, 104 and a glue tab 106. As shown in FIG. 1, in the preferred embodiment a stack of carton blanks 94 (which are preferably made from corrugated cardboard) is positioned adjacent the entrance to drive station 12. The operator picks up a blank 94 and inserts the forward end thereof between roller 22 and moving belt 20. A guide wall member 108 (positioned parallel to the intended line of travel) may be provided to aid the operator in lining up the blank with the machine so that it will be in proper alignment as it moves into the forming means 14. More specifically, the carton must be inserted into the machine with the score line 96 between panels 100 and 102 located on the center line of the machine.
The friction of moving belt 20 on the bottom surface of the blank and the roller 22 onthe top surface will cause it to move into the forming means. As the blank moves into the forming means, the forward edge thereof will move under hold-down shoes 62, 64. The continued friction between the belt 20 and the blank as it passes under shoes 62, 64 further aids in driving the carton blank through the machine. Thus, the carton blank is in effect initially pulled into the forming means 14 by the action of roller 22 and belt 20 and is subsequently pushed through such means as the elongated carton blank continues its travel through the drive means 12.
As the blank passes through the forming means, it will be continuously and progressively folded along its length from front to rear. Such folding action can best be understood by referring to FIGS. 39 which show the progressive stages of folding of a carton as it passes through the folding means. It will be appreciated at the outset that the side panels of a particular carton are not folded as a unit but instead are folded progressively from the leading edge of the carton to the rear edge of the carton. Thus, in the description that follows the operation will be described in relation to the front edge segment of a carton as it passes through each of the sectional views shown in FIGS. 3-9.
As shown in FIG. 3, the carton blank is only slightly folded as it enters the forming means with the end side panels 98 and 104 bent upwardly only slightly from the horizontal about score lines 96.
As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, as the leading edge of the carton continues to move through the forming means, panels 98 and 96 will become folded further in an upward direction by the action of forming rollers 38b-38f and 40b40f in cooperation with hold-down shoes 62, 64. It will be noted that'panel 104 with glue flaps 106 thereon has been folded to a greater degree than has panel 98.
As the carton continues to move through the folding means, the forward edge of panels 104 and 98 will be further folded upwardly to a vertical position and then downwardly and inwardly as shown in FIGS. 6, 7 and 8. When the carton reaches the hold-down wheel 80, as shown in FIG. 8, panel 104 and glue tab 106 will have been folded almost completely parallel to panels 102 and 100, whereas panel 98 will not be completely folded to thereby allow a space between the upper surface of glue tab 106 and the overlapping under surface of panel 98 for purposes of applying a bead of liquid adhesive to the glue tab.
As shown in FIGS. 9 and 12, a bead ofliquid adhesive (not shown) is applied to tab 106 by adhesive dispensing head 78. The flow of glue onto tab 106 is controlled by switch means 79. When the leading edge of the carton engages roller 83 on arm 81, the arm will be pivoted downwardly to close the switch. This will initiate a flow of glue from head 78 which flow will continue as long as the carton is moving over the switch, causing it to remain in closed position. When the rear end of the carton moves past the switch, arm 81 thereof will pivot upwardly to thereby open the switch and shut off the flow of glue.
From the gluing means 16 the carton passes to the compression means 18 which performs two principal functions. First, as the carton enters the compression means, panel 98 of the carton will be folded into tight contact with the glue tab 106 on which the head of adhesive has been applied. This action occurs as the carton moves between the plurality of upper rollers 84 and the front portion of belt 88. The second major function of the compression means is to maintain compression on the glued joint until the glue is set. This is accomplished by simply extending the belt 88 and rollers 84 a sufficient length to provide compression on the glued joint for the period required. Experience has shown that when using a hot melt type of adhesive, a compression belt and rollers unit of approximately 12 feet in length is sufficient to provide the required period for the glue to set. The carton will, of course, be moved through the compression means by the action of moving belt 88 and will be discharged at the end of the compression means for storage and subsequent shipment.
The cartons fabricated by the above described method and apparatus will be discharged from the compression means in a substantially flat configuration like that shown in dotter lines in FIG. 10. The cartons can be stored and shipped in such condition and then when it is desired to use the carton, the carton is moved to the position shown in solid lines in FIG. 10, the material to be packaged in the carton and 'then inserted therein. Suitable end caps are then applied to the ends of the carton and the package is thereby complete.
It will be appreciated that by the use of the above described method and apparatus of the present invention elongated cartons can be mass-produced with a minimum of hand operation required. The mechanism is also adapted to handle cartons of varying crosssectional dimensions by simply moving frame members 44 and 46 inwardly and outwardly from the center line of the machine. A corresponding adjustment of the spacing between hold-down shoes 62 and 64 must also be made. No change in the angle of the forming rollers is required when making such an adjustment. As an example of the normal range of size which can be accommodated, a commercial machine has been designed to fabricate cartons in the range of about 2 A inches square to 8 inches square. As to the length of cartons which can be fabricated, the maximum length can technically be indefinitely long, there being no real limit as to how long a carton can be fabricated since the machine operates on a continuous and progressive basis. As to the maximum length which can be accommodated, experience has shown that a carton having a length of about 40 inches is required for satisfactory operation.
1. Apparatus for fabricating a carton from a carton blank comprising:
a forming means for continuously and progressively folding the outer side panels of a carton from one end to the other as the carton is moved through said forming means, said forming means including two sets of stationary roller assemblies mounted on opposite sides of the travel path of the carton, one of said roller assemblies adapted to progressively fold one outer panel of the carton blank and the other of said roller assemblies adapted to progressively fold the other outer side panel of the carton blank;
a gluing means for applying adhesive to one of said side panels before itmakes contact with the other of said side panels;
a compression means for compressing said side panels into overlapping contact with each other after the adhesive has been applied thereto;
drive means for driving a carton through said forming means, said drive means including a powered con- Apparatus for fabricating a carton according toclaim 1 in which each of said roller assemblies is comprised of a plurality of roller members mounted along the travel path of the carton, the roller members of each assembly positioned at progressively different angles from the inlet end to the outlet end of said forming means, the progressive angle of said rollers moving first upwardly from the horizontal to the vertical and then downwardly and inwardly from the vertical.
Q, Apparatus for fabricating a carton according to claim 1 in which said forming means includes means for adjusting the spacing between said two sets of stationary roller assemblies to thereby accommodate carton blanks having various widths.
4. Apparatus for fabricating a carton according to claim 1 in which one set of said roller assemblies is adapted to fold one outer side panel of the carton blank at a greater angular rate than will the other roller assembly fold the other outer side panel.
5. The method of fabricating an elongated carton from a carton blank having four side panels comprising the following steps:
1. applying a frictional force to the carton blank to cause it to be moved in a linear direction, a major portion of said frictional force being applied to the carton prior to step (2) and a minor portion of said frictional force being applied to the carton during Step 2. progressively folding the outer two side panels of the blank from one end to the other, said outer side panels being progressively folded from a substantially horizontal position upwardly to a substantially vertical position and then downwardly and inwardly to a position wherein a portion of one outer panel overlaps and is spaced from the other;
3. applying an adhesive to one of said outer side panels in the area where the panels overlap;
4. continuing the folding operation to cause said outer panels to make contact with each other; and
5. maintaining said panels under compression until the adhesive has set.
6. The method of fabricating an elongated carton according to claim 5 in which one side panel is folded at a greater rate than the other side panel so that the panels will not interfere with each other as they are folded into overlapping relationship with each other.
7. The method of fabricating an elongated carton according to claim 5 in which said adhesive is applied by moving the carton past a stationary dispensing head from which a liquid adhesive is caused to flow onto the carton.
8. The method of fabricating an elongated carton according to claim 5 in which said progressive folding step is performed by moving the carton blank between a pair of stationary roller assemblies.
9. The method of fabricating an elongated carton from a carton blank having four side panels comprising the following steps:
1. applying a frictional force to the carton blank to cause it to be moved in a linear direction, a portion of said frictional force being applied to the carton prior to step (2) and a portion of said frictional force being applied to the carton during step (2);
2. progressively folding the outer two side panels of the blank from one end to the other, said outer side panels being progressively folded from a substantially horizontal position upwardly to a substantially vertical position and then downwardly and inwardly to a position wherein a portion of one I outer panel overlaps and is spaced fromrthe other;
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|U.S. Classification||493/131, 493/144|
|International Classification||B31B5/36, B31B1/56, B31B1/62, B31B1/36|
|Cooperative Classification||B31B2201/2637, B31B1/56, B31B2201/6021, B31B2203/003, B31B2203/082, B31B1/62, B31B2201/2679, B31B1/36|
|European Classification||B31B1/62, B31B1/36, B31B1/56|