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Publication numberUS3850466 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 26, 1974
Filing dateAug 14, 1972
Priority dateAug 14, 1972
Publication numberUS 3850466 A, US 3850466A, US-A-3850466, US3850466 A, US3850466A
InventorsYepis A
Original AssigneeYepis A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vehicle bumper and frame mounting
US 3850466 A
Abstract
A bumper and mounting means therefor on a chassis frame of an automotive vehicle, whereon the impact-receiving portion is mounted by hinge connections with brackets positionally generally transversely outwardly only, of the vehicle, without rupturing the mounting, but the inpact-receiving portion is in the shape of a section of an ellipse and quite resillient so on impact it will flex about one or both of its hinge connections with the support brackets and one or both of the brackets will shift, pivotally or slidably, relative to the chassis frame. However, the brackets are restrained from moving toward each other with the net result that flexing of the bumper is made possible while undue movement thereof transversely of the chassis frame is prevented.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

[lite States Patet Yepis Nov. 26, 1974 VEHICLE BUMPER AND FRAME MOUNTING [76] Inventor: Alfons q F.Xepj 2 3l (jarre tt Ave Chula Vista, Calif. 92010 [22] Filed: Aug. 14, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 280,453

[52] US. CI. 293/89, 293/99 [51] Int. C1. B60! 19/04 [58] Field of Search 293/70, 63, 84, 89, 96, 293/99, 60, 72, 71 R; 114/219 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,187,841 6/1916 .lelalian 114/219 1,448,504 3/1923 Plante 1,467,640 9/1923 llich 1,547,793 7/1925 Crell 1,622,442 3/1927 Quentheret al...-. 1,777,342 10/1930 Williams 1,954,776 4/1934 Haynes 2,058,283 10/1936 Wolff 293/84 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 643,811 9/1928 France 293/89 Primary ExaminerLloyd L. King Assistant Examiner-Robert Saifer Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Ralph S. Branscomb [57] ABSTRACT A bumper and mounting means therefor on a chassis frame of an automotive vehicle, whereon the impactreceiving portion is mounted by hinge connections with brackets positionally generally transversely outwardly only,'of the vehicle, without rupturing the mounting, but the inpact-receiving portion is in the I 2 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures I VEHICLE BUMPER AND FRAME MOUNTING BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Bumpers in the past have usually been massive, relatively non-resilient and generally straight transversely of the vehicle, with however a great number of variations including wrap-around styles and separated bumperette styles. There is a need however, for a cross frame and bumper construction which will provide large impact absorption without permanent deformation, without lateral deflection of the whole bumper, short of rupture and demolition.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION As claimed, the hereindefined bumper construction combined with vehicle chassis cross frame structure satisfies the need referred to immediately above and comprises at least one impact-receiving bar, definitely resilient and curving away from the end of the vehicle chassis, which latter may carry a cross frame member constituting a rigid backing and/or support for the bumper. The impact receiving bar is hingedly connected to bracketswhich are mounted on the vehicle chassis frame structure so as to be capable of individually moving, within limits, outwardly or away from the vertical center plane of the vehicle but neither bracket can shift toward the other so that the bumper is stabilized against undue lateral movement while being capable of flexing under a glancing impact load or a load applied near the center of the bumper.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a top plan view of the bumper assembly installed on a somewhat diagrammatically illustrated automotive vehicle frame;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 22 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a top plan view of an alternative bumper mounting; and

FIG. 4 is a top plan view ofa similar bumper mounting applied to a straight terminal cross frame member.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to the drawing, an automotive vehicle frame is fragmentarily and somewhat diagrammatically indicated as having side frame members and 12 in FIGS. 1 and 3 and FIG. 4, respectively. These side frame members are usually heavy channel beams of great rigidity and terminal cross frame members arcuate as indicated at 14 or rectilinear asshown at 16, are likewise rigid strong metal members, usually welded to and between the adjacent pairs of end of the side frame members. Since the bumper structure is required at both front and rear of a vehicle, the illustrated structure may be thought of as duplicated front and rear and the cross frame structure will possibly therefore be re ferred to herein simply as the terminal cross frame structures or member.

In F IGs. I and 2 the terminal cross frame member 14 has a vertical wall 18 and the bumper support brackets 20, 20 have base flanges 22 which are slightly arcuate to correspond with the curvature of the wall 118, and are slotted to receive a heavy'duty stud pin 24, threaded at 6 nut 32, with a lock washer, retains the flange 22 with limited capability of longitudinal slippage, that is, slippage longitudinally of the cross beam member 14 and generally transversely of the vehicle.

' The bracket 20 has a hinge connection with the impact-receiving member 34 which can be effected in a variety of ways and is represented here as a boss 36 unitized with the member 34 and bored to receive a hinge pin 38 which also is received and held by opposed and aligned lugs 40 on the bracket 20. The im- 0 pact-receiving member or bar 34 is curved. preferably as a section of an ellipse, and may be a single bar or a more complex assembly but in every case this member 34 is definitely resilient and, as illustrated in FIGS. 1

and 3, has a curvature substantially equivalent to and 5 in the same sense as the curved terminal frame member 14. Upon flexure due to an impact applied more or less centrally of the member 34 both brackets 20 may move outwardly as indicated in dash line in FIG. 1, while glancing blows may require only one bracket-t0 move.

0 In either case the brackets are prevented from moving toward each other, except of course in the reestablishment of normal non-impact position thereof, and this feature assures stabilization of the bumper against undue movement as a whole transversely of the vehicle.

5 The invention as depicted in FIG. 3 is virtually identical in function except that the stabilization against undue transverse shifting is achieved by providing a one-way hinge connection 42 for the brackets in lieu of the sliding connection 22-26 described above. This hinge connection 42 is to the frame structure 10 and the brackets 44 while still hinged as before to the bar may be simplified as illustrated in FIG. 3. The one-way action in this instance is of course achieved by arranging the brackets 44 so that they engage the frame structure when urged to move in one direction. Each bracket is free to move in one direction. Each bracket is free to move in the other direction as indicated in dash line FIG. 3.

Finally, the terminal cross frame structure may be 0 such as the member 16 in HO. 4 and while this does not require an alteration in the bar 34, or a material change other than simple dimensioning in the bracket 46, the means to prevent undue lateral movement of the bum per may take the form of simple angle iron stops 48 welded to the terminal frame member 16 adjacent to the hinge connections 50 of the brackets 46. Operation of the bumper illustrated in FIG. 4 is again virtually identical to that illustrated in the other figures.

I claim:

1. Improvements in frame mountings for a vehicle bumper, comprising:

rigid parallel side frame structure including rigid frame members and terminal non-extensible cross frame structure between said side members as integral portions of the vehicle chassis;

adjacent end of said parallel side frame structure.

a pair of support brackets each having a hinge for I

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1187841 *Jan 4, 1916Jun 20, 1916Martin JelalianCushion-bunter for sailing vessels.
US1448504 *Nov 18, 1922Mar 13, 1923Ernest PlanteVehicle bumper
US1467640 *Mar 6, 1923Sep 11, 1923 Automobile bumpek
US1547793 *Mar 12, 1925Jul 28, 1925Wolverine Bumper & Specialty CBumper for vehicles
US1622442 *Jan 22, 1926Mar 29, 1927Guenther Theodore HBumper for motor vehicles
US1777342 *Jun 8, 1929Oct 7, 1930Williams William FBumper
US1954776 *Oct 26, 1931Apr 10, 1934Charles BlakeleyBumper for automobiles
US2058283 *Jun 10, 1933Oct 20, 1936Ivan WolffAutomobile bumper
FR643811A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4113296 *Mar 10, 1977Sep 12, 1978General Motors CorporationBumpers on motor vehicles
US4440429 *Oct 16, 1981Apr 3, 1984Dr. Ing. H.C.F. Porsche AgBumper for a motor vehicle, in particular a passenger car
US4488745 *Apr 4, 1983Dec 18, 1984General Electric CompanySupports for plastic motor vehicle bumpers
US4533166 *Apr 4, 1983Aug 6, 1985General Electric CompanyDouble beam motor vehicle bumpers
US5584518 *Nov 17, 1995Dec 17, 1996Alusuisse Technology & Management Ltd.Bumper with brackets for mounting it onto a vehicle
US6007123 *Jul 23, 1997Dec 28, 1999Altair Engineering, Inc.Energy absorbing bumper
US6174009Oct 9, 1998Jan 16, 2001Shape CorporationBumper construction including self-orienting support towers providing consistent energy absorption on impact
US6802548 *Feb 4, 2004Oct 12, 2004Asteer Co., Ltd.Shock absorber
US8931606Nov 29, 2008Jan 13, 2015The Aerospace CorporationForce diversion apparatus and methods
US9194452Oct 31, 2012Nov 24, 2015The Aerospace CorporationHigh stiffness vibration damping apparatus, methods and systems
US9220310 *Apr 8, 2010Dec 29, 2015The Aerospace CorporationForce diversion apparatus and methods and devices including the same
US20040169383 *Feb 4, 2004Sep 2, 2004Asteer Co., Ltd.Shock absorber
US20100313745 *Apr 8, 2010Dec 16, 2010Hawkins Gary FForce Diversion Apparatus And Methods And Devices Including The Same
EP0418923A1 *Sep 21, 1990Mar 27, 1991Aisin Seiki Kabushiki KaishaBumper assembly for vehicles
EP0677430A1 *Feb 16, 1995Oct 18, 1995FIAT AUTO S.p.A.An automobile bumper
EP0718158A1 *Dec 8, 1995Jun 26, 1996Alusuisse-Lonza Services AGBumper provided with supports for fastening on a vehicle
EP1497570A2 *Apr 17, 2003Jan 19, 2005Magna International IncCollision energy-absorbing device
Classifications
U.S. Classification293/132
International ClassificationB60R19/26, B60R19/24
Cooperative ClassificationB60R19/26
European ClassificationB60R19/26