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Publication numberUS3851505 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 3, 1974
Filing dateMay 1, 1973
Priority dateMay 1, 1973
Publication numberUS 3851505 A, US 3851505A, US-A-3851505, US3851505 A, US3851505A
InventorsWilkinson L
Original AssigneeWilkinson L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Card holder for vehicles
US 3851505 A
Abstract
A card holding device is provided which is mounted to a vehicle dashboard for conveniently retaining a parking card, or the like, when not in use. A lock mechanism including a solenoid is connected to the vehicle ignition switch to prevent unauthorized removal of the card when the vehicle is left unattended.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Wilkinsonv [451 Dec. 3, 1974 CARD HOLDER FOR VEHICLES [76] Inventor: Lawrence H. Wilkinson, 718 Encino P1,, N.E., Albuquerque, N. Mex. 87106 [22] Filed: May 1, 1973 [21] Appl. N0.: 356,079

52 us. Cl. 70/255, 70/389 Int. Cl E05b 65/12 [58] Field of Search 70/276,277, 278, 413,

70/389, 390, 387, 405, 237, 258, 255, 58; 40/10 A, B, R, 15 A, 17, 18, A

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 429,795 6/1890 Pusey 70/390 x 745,355 11/1903 Walbridge.... 70/390 1,500,028 7/1924 Morrison /15 R 1,590,006 6/1926 Wcrley /255 1,628,525 5/1927 Bell 40/15 A 2,151,113 3/1939 Jac0bi.... 70/81 X ,3,595,042 7/1971 Sedley.... 70/276 3,636,745 l/l972 Green 70/281 3,705,277 12/1972 Sedley 200/45 3,708,032 1/1973 Suzuki /114 Primary ExaminerRobert L. Wolfe Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Clarence A. OBrien; Harvey B. Jacobson [57] ABSTRACT A card holding device is provided which is mounted to a vehicle dashboard for conveniently retaining a parking card, or the like, when not in use. A lock mechanism,including a solenoid is connected to the vehicle ignition switch to prevent unauthorized removal of the card when the vehicle is left unattended.

4 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures CARD HOLDER FOR VEHICLES The present invention is generally related to vehicle accessory holders and, more particularly, to a unique device for holding parking cards, or the like.

' In recent years, credit. cards and the like have become most popular and are used for nearly every type of purchase and transaction. This is particularly true of vehicle related purchases and services, where cards may even be used for gaining access to automated parking lots. Heretofore, the use of such credit cards has been rather bothersome to the vehicle operator, as he had to reach in his back pocket to remove his wallet to get the desired card. Therefore, it would be most desirable to provide a means of holding vehicle parking cards and the like within easy reach of the driver, such that the cards may be retrieved with a minimum amount of effort.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a novel device for holding parking cards, or the like, within easy reach of the driver for convenient storage and retrieval, as desired.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a unique card holding device including means for preventing unauthorized removal of a credit card, parking card, or the like held by the device.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a versatile card holding device including a solenoid operated lock mechanism which prevents removal of the card unless the vehicle ignition switch is turned on.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide a novel card holding device which is convenient to operate, includesa minimum number of moving parts, is durable, long lasting, easy to install, and economical to manufacture and maintain.

These together with other objects and advantages which will become subsequently apparent reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafterdesc'ribed and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout.

FIG. I is a perspective view of a typical'vehicle dashboard with' the card holding device of the present invention installed therein. 3

FIG. 2 is a plan view of the card holding device of the present invention with a typical parking card inserted therein.

FIG. 3 is a side elevation of the device shown in FIG. 2.

FIG. 4 is a side elevation similar to FIG. 3, but with the card locked in place.

Referring now, more particularly, to FIG. I of the drawings, the card holding device of the present invention is generally indicated by the numeral and is illustrated as being mounted in a typical vehicle dashboard panel 12 provided with a conventional vehicle ignition switch 14. The card holding device is provided with a framework or housing 16 which is provided with a card-receiving slot or opening 18 into which a parking card 20 or the like may be conveniently inserted. Preferably, the card is held in the slot and stored there when not in use. When the vehicle operator requires use of the card, for example, in the event of a purchase, or to gain access to an automated parking lot, the card may be easily removed from the device which is within convenient reach of the vehicle operator. However, the device is provided with a locking mechanism which prevents removal of the card in the event that the vehicle ignition switch is turned off, as hereinafter explained.

Referring now, more particularly to FIGS. 24, the structure and operation of the card holding device of the present invention may be more fully understood. The device is provided with a housing or framework 22 which is appropriately fastened to the vehicle dashboard by way of brackets 24, or other appropriate means. Of course, if desired, the device may be mounted separate from the vehicle dashboard, but still within convenient reach of the vehicle operator. A solenoid 26, or other appropriate means of actuation is mounted to housing 22 and is provided with an elongated actuator 28 which is reciprocated upon energization of the solenoid to lock or unlock the card holding device. A lever member 30 is pivotally mounted on top of housing 22 and is provided with a cam surface 32 which is engaged by the end of actuator 28. Lever member 30 is also provided with a finger portion 34 having a lower surface in engagement with a lockpin 36 which is reciprocally mounted to housing 22. A coil compression spring 38, or other biasing means, is disposed between an enlarged head portion 39 of the locking pin and housing 22, such that it influences the pin upwardly into engagement with lever member 30.

Card 20 is provided with an aperture 40, or other appropriate irregularity on its surface which is retentively engaged by locking pin 36 when it is depressed to the locked position. When card 20 is fully inserted into the receiving slot 18 of the card holding device, opening 40 is in general alignment with locking pin 36. With the vehicle ignition switch in the on" position, solenoid 26 is conditioned to hold actuator 28 in the retracted or open position illustrated in FIG. 3. In this condition, locking pin 38 is in an uppermost position, such that it does not interfere with removal of the card from the receiving slot. r I r When the vehicle ignition switch is turned off, solenoid 26 is appropriately operated, preferably by deenergization thereof, to cause actuator 28 to move to the right as illustrated in FIG. 4. The end of actuator 28 presses against cam surfaces 32 of lever 30, causing it to pivot in a clockwise direction to a locked position as shown in FIG. 4. This movement, in turn, depresses actuator pin 36 against the bias of spring 38, such that the lower end of the actuator pin extends into the card opening 40. With the pin in the locked position, it is impossible to remove the card from the holding device without destroying the card or causing significant damage thereto.

From the foregoing description, it will be appreciated that the card holding device permits the insertion or removal of a card when solenoid 26 is appropriately actuated to withdraw the lockpin 36. Preferably, this condition occurs when the solenoid is energized. However, if desired, an appropriate solenoid control arrangement may be provided to provide this condition when deenergized. It should also be noted that actuators, other than solenoids, may be provided to effect operation of the locking mechanism. For example, vehicle vacuum or fluid pressure may be utilized to maintain the mechanism in an unlocked condition until the vehicle engine is shut off and a corresponding drop in pressure or vacuum permitting movement of the locking pin to the locked position. Such arrangements would be provided with other appropriate springs or biasing means to overcome the bias of spring 39 to move the locking pin to the locked position.

Also, in order to prevent the card from dropping when the lock pin 36 is retracted, the housing 22 has one or more bowed leaf springs 42 mounted thereon in any suitable manner and frictionally engaging the card through an appropriately located notch 44. This structure prevents the card from falling out due to vibrations or gravity when going uphill as would occur during normal operation of the vehicle. Further, multiple card holding devices may be built in when constructing the dashboard or instrument panel or one or more card holding devices may be added on to an existing vehicle as an accessory. The term vehicle as used in this application is intended not only to include automobiles but all types of over-the-road vehicles, boats and other water vehicles, airplanes and other airborne craft and any other suitable vehicle. Additionally, the location of the aperture in the card and the location of the locking pin may be varied to eliminate any problem of reduction in the information carrying space on the card.

The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the principles of the invention. Further, since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation shown and described, and accordingly all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the invention.

What is claimed as new is as follows:

1. In combination, a mounting panel having a slot formed therein, a flat elongated hollow housing having at least one open end and a pair of opposing large plan area longitudinal side walls interconnected along corresponding longitudinal edges by a pair of opposing small plan area longitudinal side walls extending and secured therebetween, means supporting said housing from one side of said mounting panel with said one open end registered with said slot, whereby a card may be inserted into said slot from the other side of said mounting panel for at least substantial displacement of the first inserted end of said card into said housing, one of said large plan area side walls having an opening formed therethrough, an elongated locking pin plunger disposed generally normal to said one side wall, means supporting said pin plunger from said one side wall for lengthwise reciprocation of said pin through said opening between an extended position with said pin plunger projecting into the interior of said housing and a retracted position with said pin plunger retracted from the interior of said housing, means connected between said pin plunger and said one side wall yieldingly biasing said pin plunger toward its retracted position, a lever pivotally supported from the exterior of said one side wall for oscillation about an axis extending transversely of said lever intermediate its opposite ends and generally paralleling said one side wall, one end of said lever being disposed outwardly of and comprising an abutment defining the outer limit of movement of the outer end of said pin plunger, solenoid means carried by said one side wall and including a reciprocal actuator shiftable between extended and retracted positions and normally biased toward the extended position, said actuator including an operative connection with the other end of said lever to allow oscillation of the latter to a position permitting retraction of said pin plunger and to shift said lever to a position moving said pin plunger to the extended position therof upon deactivation of said solenoid means, said pin plunger, when in the extended position, being adapted to be received through a bore formed through a card positioned in said housing with the bore registered with said opening to lock said card in said housing against retraction therefrom.

2. The combination of claim 1 wherein said path of reciprocation of said actuator generally parallels said one side wall.

3. The combination of claim 1 wherein said mounting panel comprises a portion of the dashboard of a vehicle.

4. The combination of claim 3 wherein said vehicle includes an ignition circuit, said solenoid means being electrically connected in said ignition circuit for actuation of said solenoid means in response to said ignition circuit being closed.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US429795 *Feb 28, 1889Jun 10, 1890 Joshua pusey
US743355 *Feb 2, 1903Nov 3, 1903Henry B WalbridgeLock.
US1500028 *Dec 11, 1922Jul 1, 1924Francis G MorrisonCard container
US1590006 *Jan 13, 1925Jun 22, 1926Marvin H WerleyIdentification-card-receptacle attachment for automobiles
US1628525 *Aug 20, 1924May 10, 1927Thomas H RobinsonMine-car check lock
US2151113 *Dec 9, 1937Mar 21, 1939Briggs & Stratton CorpLock
US3595042 *Aug 25, 1969Jul 27, 1971Boehme Inc H OLocking mechanism
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US3705277 *May 21, 1971Dec 5, 1972Greer Hydraulics IncMulti-code, tamper proof, card-operable magnetic locking mechanism
US3708032 *Nov 19, 1970Jan 2, 1973Tokai Rika Co LtdAccidental lock preventing device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4898010 *Oct 25, 1988Feb 6, 1990Nissan Motor Company, LimitedKeyless entry system for automotive vehicles
US5125505 *Dec 21, 1990Jun 30, 1992Nifco Inc.Card holder
US5192082 *Aug 12, 1992Mar 9, 1993Nintendo Company LimitedTV game machine
US5593075 *Sep 19, 1995Jan 14, 1997Schumer; Donald A.Parking garage key or document holder
US6163081 *Jun 9, 1999Dec 19, 2000Valeo Securite HabitacleArrangement for longitudinally immobilizing a data medium in a data interchange device
US6434983 *Sep 10, 1999Aug 20, 2002Siemens Vdo Automotive S.A.S.Starting and locking/unlocking device for motor vehicle
US6802742Dec 17, 2001Oct 12, 2004Siemens Vdo AutomotiveDevice for maintaining an electronic card in a reading device
US7334441 *Jan 16, 2007Feb 26, 2008Lear CorporationElectronic vehicle key and housing assembly
US7581422 *Apr 18, 2005Sep 1, 2009Huf Hulsbeck & Furst Gmbh & Co. KgDevice for starting a vehicle engine by means of an electronic key, and key to be used therefor
US7930915 *Sep 2, 2008Apr 26, 2011Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki SeisakushoValet key storage device
US8001815 *Mar 17, 2006Aug 23, 2011Huf Hüsbeck & Fürst GmbH & Co. KGDevice for starting and operating an engine in a motor vehicle
US8011214 *Sep 2, 2008Sep 6, 2011Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki SeisakushoValet key storage device
US8138887 *Oct 2, 2008Mar 20, 2012Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki SeisakushoValet key storage device
US8487740 *Jun 8, 2009Jul 16, 2013Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki SeisakushoVehicle function restriction system
US8487743 *Aug 18, 2008Jul 16, 2013GM Global Technology Operations LLCValet keyfob system
US8511121 *Sep 24, 2009Aug 20, 2013Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki SeisakushoKey holding device for in-vehicle auxiliary key
US8648693 *Sep 22, 2009Feb 11, 2014Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki SeisakushoKey slot device for in-vehicle auxiliary key
US20090309696 *Jun 8, 2009Dec 17, 2009Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki SeisakushoVehicle function restriction system
US20100039215 *Aug 18, 2008Feb 18, 2010Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc.Valet keyfob system
US20100071427 *Sep 22, 2009Mar 25, 2010Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki SeisakushoKey slot device for in-vehicle auxiliary key
US20100073130 *Sep 24, 2009Mar 25, 2010Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki SeisakushoKey holding device for in-vehicle auxiliary key
US20110219828 *Mar 12, 2010Sep 15, 2011Checkpoint Systems, Inc.Security device
CN100595433CJan 15, 2008Mar 24, 2010李尔公司Starter kit used for vehicle key
EP0075078A1 *Jun 28, 1982Mar 30, 1983Teruyuki YanoCipher reading device preventing unauthorized vehicle use
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WO2002052497A1 *Dec 17, 2001Jul 4, 2002Chaillie FredericDevice for maintaining an electronic card in a reading device
Classifications
U.S. Classification70/255, 70/389
International ClassificationB60R7/00, B60R7/08
Cooperative ClassificationB60R7/08
European ClassificationB60R7/08