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Publication numberUS3852054 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 3, 1974
Filing dateJul 6, 1973
Priority dateJul 7, 1972
Also published asDE2234061A1, DE2234061B2, DE2234061C3
Publication numberUS 3852054 A, US 3852054A, US-A-3852054, US3852054 A, US3852054A
InventorsDichter H
Original AssigneeDichter H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method and apparatus for producing ampoules
US 3852054 A
Abstract
The invention relates to a method and apparatus for producing glass ampoules in particular double ampoules which comprises drawing an elongated thin neck into a glass tube at a distance from the end of the tube corresponding to the length of one ampoule body. The neck is twice the normal length of an ampoule neck and is later divided in the middle. At a distance from the end of the neck equal to the length of a second ampoule body at least one ampoule is melted off from the tube and simultaneously each ampoule bottom is closed. During drawing of the ampoule neck that portion of the double neck where separation is to be effected, is cooled, to form a funnel-shaped end on each single length neck.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

[ Dec. 3, 1974.

' [22]v Filed:

[54] METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING AMPOULES [76] inventor: Hans-Joachim Dlchter, Sachsendam 93, 1 Berlin 62, Germany July 6, 1973 21 Appl. No.: 377,050

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data Primary Examiner-Arthur D. Kellogg Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Smythe &v Moore [57] ABSTRACT The invention relates to a method and apparatus for producing glass ampoules in particular double ampoules which comprises drawing an elongated thin neck into a glass tube at a distance from the end of the tube corresponding to the length of one ampoule body. The neck is twice the normal length of an ampoule neck and is later divided in the middle. At a distance from the end of the neck equal to the length of a second ampoule body at least one ampoule is melted off from the tube and simultaneously each ampoule bottom is closed. During drawing of the ampoule neck that portion of the double neck where separation is to be effected, is cooled, to form a funnel-shaped end on each single length neck.

5 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING AMPOULES The invention relates to a method of producing ampoules, particularly double ampoules, which comprises drawing an elongated thin neck into a glass tube at a distance from the end of the tube corresponding to the length of one ampoule body, said neck being twice the normal length of an ampoule neck and being later divided in the middle, and at a distance from the end of the neck equal to the length of a second ampoule body melting off an ampoule or double ampoule from the tube with the simultaneous closing of the ampoule bottoms.

In conventional methods of carrying-out the above procedure, the portion of the glass tube between the two ampoule bodies is heated by a burner and then reduced to the desired diameter between chucks which move apart (German Pat. Specification No. 889,970). Double ampoules are thus obtained, and when these are separated the single ampoules have elongated necks with cylindrical ends.

When such ampoules are to be filled, particularly when they are filled on automatic filling machines, difficulties are often experienced and to overcome these it is desirable before filling the ampoules to expand the ends of their necks to make them funnel-shaped.

The formation of such funnel-shaped mouths at the ends of the ampoule necks requires the performance of additional operations which not only adversely affect the cost but also necessitate the provision of an additional working station in the ampoule filling machine.

It is an object of the presentinvention to avoid this additional expense and to provide a method of imparting the desired funnel shape to the mouths of the ampoule necks without needing additional operations.

According to the invention this is achieved during the drawing of the ampoule neck by'cooling that portion of the double neckwhere separation is to be effected and thus simultaneously forming a funnel-shaped end on each neck. I

The proposed method has the advantage of being extremely economical to perform, a circumstance of considerable importance, bearing in mind that ampoules are mass produced articles.

The additional apparatus needed for performing the method is very small. A preferred apparatus according to the invention comprises an upper and a lower rotating chuck of which at least one is movable to and fro for drawing an ampoule neck. There is provided, for forming the double length neck, an assembly consisting of at least two burners of which the firstserves for forming one part and the second the other part of the double length neck, and of a blowing nozzle for blowing cold air intermediately between the two burners.

In the proposed method, and when using the proposed apparatus, the filling funnels at the ends of the ampoule necks are not produced by expanding. the weekends, as was hitherto the practice, but bypreventing the corresponding portion of the double neck from being drawn down during the process of production of the ampoule respectively double ampoule. Hence two filling funnels are formed simultaneously with the production of the double ampoule neck.

The invention willbe hereinafter more particularly described by way of example, with reference to an emobidment shown in the accompanying drawing in which:

FIG. 1 is apparatus in a first operative position for performing the method according to the invention,

FIG. 2 is a view of the apparatus in FIG. 1 from above and FIG. 3 is the apparatus in FIG. 1 in a second operative position.

With reference to the drawings a glass tube 11 is held between the jaws 12 of an upper rotating chuck l3 and of a lower rotating chuck 14. The latter chuck 14 is is also adapted to be lowered and raised as indicated by an arrow 15. The rotary movement of both chucks is in the direction indicated by an arrow 16. Moreover, both chucks bodily travel along a circular path 17 indicated in FIG. 2 by an arrow 18. In the course of this latter motion they pass different working stations. At the station where the necks of the ampoules are formed a swivel arm 19 is adapted to swing about a hinge 20 at the end of a swing arm 21 attached by a pin 22 to part 23 of a glass working machine. The swivel arm 19 carries rollers 24 which bear against the circumference of the upper chuck 13 with which they are kept in contact by springs not shown in the drawing. Fast with the swivel arm 19 is a rod 25 containing splines 26 engaged by a bush 28 which can rise and fall on the rod without rotating. The bush carries three pipes 29,30 and 31, of which pipes 29 and 31 are connected to supply pipes 32 and 33 providing a mixture of gas and air, whereas pipe 30 is connected to a supply pipe 34 for cold air. The end of the pipes 29 and 31 facing the glass tube 11 are each fitted with a burner 35 and 36, whereas the end of pipe 30 carries a blower nozzle 37.

In FIG. 1 portions 38 and 39 of the glass tube 11 are heated by the flames of the burners 35 and 36, whereas portion 40 is cooled by the cold air issuing from the blowing nozzle 37. When thetube has been heated to a required temperature the chuck l5 and the bush 28 together with their associated parts jointly descend. The heated portions 38 and 39 of the glass tube are thus elongated so that they assume the shape illustrated in FIG. 3. Since portion 40 of the glass tube cannot be deformed by the cold air issuing from the blowing nozzle 37, the tube here retains its original diameter. At the end of this drawing process which is defined by the bush 28 being intercepted by a stop 41 the necks of two ampoules will have been formed. At a following station which is not shown the glass tube is allowed to slip a predetermined distance downwards in a manner known in the art and the double ampoule is separated by melting it off with the simultaneous formation of the bottom of the upper ampoule and of the bottom of the following lower ampoule. The furtherdivision of the double ampoules into single ampoules-can be performed outside the machine. I

In the illustrated embodiment the burners 35, 3,6 and the blowing nozzle 37 participate in the downward movement of the chuck 14 during its descent. As an alternative it would also be possible in a modified form of construction of the proposed apparatus to keep the assembly comprising the burners and the blowing noznozzle. Such a procedure would also lead to the development of the configuration shown in FIG. 2.

I claim:

1. A method of producing ampoules, particularly double ampoules, which comprises drawing an elongated thin neck into a glass tube at a distance from the end of the tube corresponding to the length of one ampoule body, said neck being twice the normal length of an ampoule neck and being later divided in the middle, and, at a distance from the end of the neck equal to the length of a second ampoule body, melting off at least one ampoule from the tube with the simultaneous closing of each ampoule bottom, characterised in that during the drawing of the ampoule neck that portion of the double neck where separation is to be effected is cooled to form a funnel-shaped end on each single length neck.

2. Apparatus 'for producing double ampoules, comprising an upper and a lower rotating chuck, of which at least one is movable to and fro for drawing an ampoule neck, characterised in that, for forming a doublelength neck, an assembly consisting of at least two burners is provided, of which the first serves for forming one part and the second the other part of the double length neck, and in that a blowing nozzle blowing cold air is located interrnediately between the two burners.

and raised jointly with the lower chuck.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2639554 *Aug 18, 1950May 26, 1953Zons Frederick WMethod of and apparatus for sealing ampoules
US3222157 *Jan 3, 1962Dec 7, 1965Jakob DichterApparatus for the manufacture of ampules
US3266124 *May 1, 1962Aug 16, 1966Rca CorpMethod of and apparatus for sealing glass-type envelopes
FR1217484A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4111677 *Jan 24, 1975Sep 5, 1978Trw Inc.Apparatus for drawing glass tubing
US4157909 *Apr 27, 1978Jun 12, 1979Burroughs CorporationApparatus for forming mercury-filled capillary tubes
US4507137 *Nov 30, 1983Mar 26, 1985Owens-Illinois, Inc.Driven roller tube conveyor
US4530712 *Mar 26, 1984Jul 23, 1985Kopf J DavidDrawing glass or quartz into micropipettes
US4578101 *Sep 26, 1984Mar 25, 1986At&T Technologies, Inc.Method for stretching a glass rod
US4631079 *Nov 25, 1985Dec 23, 1986At&T Technologies, Inc.Method for stretching a glass rod
US4801323 *May 19, 1987Jan 31, 1989Patent Treuhand-Gesellschaft Fur Elektrische Gluhlampen MbhMethod of making a discharge vessel for compact low-pressure discharge lamps
US4818266 *May 14, 1986Apr 4, 1989The Research Foundation Of State University Of New YorkApparatus for producing glass tubing of a narrowed diameter
US5455100 *Oct 8, 1993Oct 3, 1995Interpore InternationalPorous articles and methods for producing same
US5611834 *Sep 21, 1994Mar 18, 1997Schott Rohrglas GmbhMethod for controlling the free deformation of thermoplastic material
US6341502 *Nov 19, 1998Jan 29, 2002Ampolletas, S.A. De C.V.Method and machine for the manufacturing of syringes
Classifications
U.S. Classification65/109, 65/271, 65/270
International ClassificationA61J1/06, C03B23/00, C03B23/11
Cooperative ClassificationC03B23/11
European ClassificationC03B23/11