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Publication numberUS3852517 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 3, 1974
Filing dateJun 12, 1972
Priority dateJun 12, 1972
Also published asCA1024627A, CA1024627A1, DE2329908A1, DE2329908C2
Publication numberUS 3852517 A, US 3852517A, US-A-3852517, US3852517 A, US3852517A
InventorsDel Fava D
Original AssigneeRaychem Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Conductive insert for heat recoverable electrical connector
US 3852517 A
Abstract
A conductive insert for placement within a connector capable of forming an electrical and mechanical connection between two or more conductors. The insert is a unitary conductive member which has two open ends. At least a portion of the inner surface of each end of the insert is coated with a solder alloy. In use, a conductor is inserted in each open end of the connector and in contact with the insert and heat applied to cause the connector to shrink, to melt the solder and to join the conductors to the insert. The connector with the conductive insert is particularly useful for joining a flat conductor to a round conductor and for joining a plurality of pairs of conductors.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Hittite Sttes t 1 Fawn 111] 3,852,517 Dec.3,]1974 [75] Inventor: Donald A. Del Fava, Fremont, Calif.

[73] Assignee: Raychem Corporation, Menlo Park,

Calif.

[22] Filed: June 12, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 262,084

[52] US. Cl. 174/84 R, 174/88 R, 338/214,

[51] Int. Cl H02g 15/08 [58] Field of Search l74/DIG. 8, 84 R, 52 S,

174/88 R; 338/237, 272, 274, 309, 327, 329; 339/275 R, 278 R, 278 C; 285/22 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,816,275 12/1957 Hammell 339/278 R 2,868,863 l/i959 Cook 339/278 C 2,972,657 2/1961 Stamke l74/84 R 2,977,561 3/l96i Pugh et 211.... 338/237 3,089,223 5/1963 Walker 174/84 R 3,100,813 8/1963 Rice et al. 174/52 S 3,126,6l9 5/l964 Brent 174/84 R 3,296,577 l/l967 Travis 339/275 R 3,324,230 6/1967 Sherlock 174/84 R 3,334,925 8/1967 Jayne 174/84 R 3,538,240 11/1970 Sherlock 174/88 R 3,691,505 9/1972 Graves l74/88 R 3,717,717 2 197'4 Cunningham et al 174/88 R FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS l98,l7l 6/1958 Austria 174/84 R Primary E.\'aminerVolodymyr Y. Mayewsky Attorney, Agent, or Firm+Lyon & Lyon [5 7 ABSTRACT A conductive insert for placement within a connector capable of forming an electrical and mechanical connection between two or more conductors. The insert is a unitary conductive member which has two open ends. -At least a portion of the inner surface of each end of the insert is coated with a solder alloy. In use, a conductor is inserted in each open end of the connector and in contact with the insert and heat applied to cause the connector to shrink, to melt the solder and to join the conductors to the insert. The connector with the conductive insert is particularly useful for joining a flat conductor to a round conductor and for PATENIELBEE 3M4 3.852.517

sum as; 2

mllllllllll um Illll CONDUCTIVE INSERT FoRIIEAT v RECOYERABLE ELECTRICAL oNNE ToR BACKGROUND OF THE INVE TION The field of the invention is electrical connectors capable of forming both an electrical and physical connection between two or more conductors. Such connections are commonly made by soldering the over-' lapped ends of the conductors together or by crimping a connector over the ends of the conductors. In many applications, it is desirable to make a transition from a flat conductor, such as found, for example, in flat'cables, to round conductors. In such cases many of the commonly used connectors have-been found to be unsatisfactory.

One method of joining a flat conductor to a round conductor utilizes a crimp connector which is in the shape of a hollow cylinder. The end of the flat conductor is bent into a generally U-shaped configuration According to the present invention an insert is provided which overcomes the disadvantages of the prior art devices. This is accomplished by the use ofan. insert comprising a unitary'conductive metallic member havalong its longitudinal axis so that this end is capable of methods which employ male and female members connected to the respective conductors have. also been used but they mayrequire considerable insertion force which often must be transmitted by the conductors themselves, leading, in many instances, to difficul ty in connection, bent conductors or an unsatisfactory connection.

Recently, a new type of heat recoverable connector has been developed which has a plurality of openings at'each end. A conductor is inserted into each opening and a matched conductor is inserted into the corresponding opening in the-other'end'ofthe' connector. The connector has a quantity of solder and flux within each opening and after the-conductors have been inserted into each opening in each end, the connector is heated causing the heat recoverable material to shrink around the conductors and the solder to melt and flow around the stripped ends of the'conductors. A patent application, Ser. No. 89,719 was filed on Nov. 16,- 1970 by Donald Del Fava, the present applicant on a device of this-nature and that application is incorporated by reference herein for purposes of background information. Anotherapplication, Ser. No. 89,742 was also filed on Nov. 1 6, I970 by Robin J. T. Clabburn on a device of this type and that application is also incorporated by reference herein. Both of these applications are assigned to the assignee of the present application.

. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION a time-consuming and skillfuloperation. Connection ing two ends which contain a coating of solder alloy and flux adjacent to at least a portion of its inner surface. Each end of the insert is at least partly open to permit the viewing of the connection after completion. An insert having one round end and one flat open end is particularly useful for joining a round conductor to a flat conductor within the connector. An additional use would be to make the round end a socket contact and plug into a wire wrap pin.

The advantage would be the overall thickness of the terminated device and the ability to play directly from a flat cable with conductors on .100 centers into a wire wrap connector in a printed circuit board with wire wrap pins. The thinness of the connecting device (e. g. approximately 0.070) allows stacking on rows of 0.100.

After insertion of stripped conductor ends, the connector, containing one or more inserts of the present invention, is heated thus causing the connector to shrink about the conductor and to hold the stripped ends against the inserts. The heat further causes the solder and flux to melt and to electrically connect a pair of conductors to each insert thereby electrically joining the pair of conductors. When a plurality of inserts are held within the connector in a parallel and spaced relationship, a particularly useful device results.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an insert of the present invention together with the stripped ends of two insulated conductors.

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a connector containing an insert of the present invention.

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the connector of FIG. 2 shown. about the ends of two insulated conductors and shown after a heating step and with the plastic sleeve shown in phantom lines.

FIG. 4 is a view taken along line 4-4 of FIG. 1.

' FIG. 5 is a perspective view of an alternate embodiment of the insert of the present invention.

FIG. 6 is a view taken along line 6-6 of FIg. 5.

FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional viewtakenalong line 7-7 of FIG. 5.

FIG. 8 is a perspective. view of a connector containing a plurality of inserts of the present invention.

FIG. 9 is a perspective view of an alternate embodi- DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Turning now to FIG. 1, a unitary conductive metallic member or insert 10 is shown in perspective view.

Member 10 has a round oval end 11 and a flattened oval end 12. A round insulated conductor 13 has a stripped end 14' which will fit within the round oval end ofmember 10, A flat insulated conductorjls has a stripped end'lfi which likewise is capable of fitting within the flattened oval end 12.'Preferablythe round ovalend 11 is not closed but rather is left with an opening 11a so that the completed soldered joint may be in-. spected. Similarly, the flattened oval end 12 is provided with an inspection slot 12a.

Each end of unitary conductive metallic member is flared outwardly to facilitate the insertion of the stripped ends 14 and 16 within themember '10. The member 10 is coated with a thin layer of a solder alloy 17 and is also provided with a portion of flux. Although I the solder layer is shown in the drawings as a continuous coating, it may, instead, cover only a portion of the member 10. For instance, layer 17' could cover only the inner surface of the member '10 or'could cover just appropriate parts of the inner surface.

In operation, the stripped end 14 of conductor 13 is inserted in the round oval end 11, preferably so that it extends to. the transition 18 between the round and flattened portions of the member 10. The stripped end 16 of conductor .15 is' similarly inserted within the flattened oval end12, also, preferably extending to transition 18. The member and strippedends are then heated by any conventional means'such as-infrared,'hot air or induction heating in order to meltthe flux and solder alloy layer 17 which then flows ontostripped ends 14 and 16 thereby creating a secure' electrical and me- .chanical connection, Theamount of solder used preferbeen made heat recoverable softhat it will tend'to shrink when it is' heated to its heat recovery temperature. Su'ch heat recoverable sleeves", an'dtheir various uses, are'disclosed' in U.S; Pat; No. 2,027,962 to Currie;

No. 3,086,242 to Cookpand No, 3,243,2ll' toWetmore, 'the'disclosures of'which areincorporated by referejnce herei'nto' illuminate the. background of the present invention. Sleevefl25 should extend beyond the ends of the'inser't' so that it can cover thestripped portions of the conductors which will beinserted withinm'ember l0.

Turning now to FIG. 3, the connector device of FIG. 2 is shown after it has been installed on insulated con- -ductors l3 and 15. Heat recoverable sleeve 25 is shown v in phantom lines after it has shrunk around the insulated conductors 13 and i5 and the conductive insert.

formed from a flat. sheet of conductive metal. This sheet may. be coated with a layer of a solder alloy and flux either before or after it has been formed intolts final shape. The coating of solder may be'only on a portion of the "interior surface. the entire interior surface,

or it could be on both the exterior and interior surfaces.

cilitate theinsertion of the conductors into the metallic member. ,Alternatively,;; the plastic sleeve ,may, be

shaped to guide the conductors into the ends of the insert. The-provision of flared ends, although beneficial,

is an optional feature. ,Furthermore,while the solder materialis shown asa coating, it is within thepurview of the present invention to use an'u'ncoated member with a'ring or other shape of a solder preform inserted into the, member. The insert should be placed in such a way that it does not interfere with the insertion of the conductors into the open ends of the-member.

Turning now to" FIG. 5, an alternate embodiment of the insert of the'presentiinvention is shown in perspective view and identified by reference character 30. in-

sert 30 has an outer layer 31 of aconductive material such as copper or berylium copper and an inner-layer 32 of a-solde'r alloy. The solder layer 32 extends from the flat end 33 to the rounded end 34 of insert 30. An

opening 35 is located midwayalong the rounded portion of insert 30. Opening 35fpermits the'viewing of the interior of insert'30'and, when "atransparent heat'recoverable member is used; permits the visual-confirmation of a completedsoldered joint. I

FIG. l3 shows the stripped endportion 'ofa cable I having a plurality of flat conductors 70, 71 and '72 within an insulative material 73.".The' insert of the-presentinvention canbeused'to terminate a cable stripped in this ,man'neras described below.

Insert30 is shown in fendview in FIG; 6 andjin side cross-sectional view -in I-?IG.\7. I- lat end. 33 of insert3i) is adapted for electrical connection witha flat conductor such as that shownin FIG. 13 0f the drawingsand identified byreference characterjfl. Rot serie 34 of insert 30 is-adaptedforelectrical connection to"around conductor suchasthat identified reference character 14 in FIG. 1"of thedraivings;v 1 1 f A connector 'eoht inmgg, pluralityof inserts is shown in perspective view in FIGIS A heat .reco'vel'ralrile insulativemernber 40 an; operiend il'adapted tore ceive a plurality of flat conductors, theends of which have beenstripped, asshown in FlGnllirfMcmber. 40

has a second open end 42 whichlisadapted toreceive a plurality, of roundf conduetors'ojr'aplurality ofwi're- The method of forming the member from the flat sheet is conventional and any of the known techniques for performing this step may be utilized. I

The {flared endsof the connector help to eliminate a potential source of weakness which might otherwise result from contact between the connector ends and the conductors. These flared ends are also beneficialto fa- I heated. The unitary condiictive metallic member may be wrapped conductors'or'the like the endsof whichhave also been stripped. The extent Of s trippingfshouldbe such that the conductor insulator is within member 40 but should not extend into the conductive inserts. Member 40 may be provided with a heat activated ads hesive, or other softenable material which serves to insulate and seal a conductor from the adjacentconductors. This provices maximum voltage break down and insulating resistance values after member 40, has been In operation, a;;'-;plurality" of flat conductors are stripped and insertedinto open end 41.'0ne conductor is inserted against. each flat end of the conductive insertssuch as those indicated byreterence characters;

43, 44 and 45. Similarly, a strippedendoi a round insuy lated conductor is inserted into each opening'along open end 42. The stripped ends of the conductors may be tinned to furtherfacilitate the solderingstep. The

insertions should be such that the insulation of theconf ductors extend within insulativemember 40. Member 40' is then heated byany conventional meanssuch as infrared. hot air or induction heatingjin order' to cause heat recoverable member 40 to recover against the inserted conductors and further to cause the flux and sol-' der layers of the conductive inserts to melt and electrically connect the conductors to the inserts.

A particularly simple and yet effective electrical connection results from the combination of an insert of the type described above within a heat recoverable member. The insert may have a completely open end such as end 33 of FIG. 5 andyet an excellent electrical contact results. This excellence of connection is a resuit of the fact that the conductor is held tightly against the insert at a time when the solder is heated to a temperature sufficient to cause it to melt and cooled to solidify.

Turning now to FIG. 9, an alternate embodiment of the insert of the present invention is indicated by reference character 50. Both ends of insert 50 are identical and a viewing port is located near each end as indicated layer but instead could be selectively coated on portions of the interior of the inserts of the present invention. The opening shown in the inserts which are useful in the drawings by reference characters 51 and 52. An

outer layer 53 of a conductive material such as berylium copper provides structural strength and electrical conductivity to the insert. An inner layer of flux and a solder alloy 54 is provided in the interior of insert 50.

An alternate embodiment is shown in FIG. 12 where insert 65 has a socket end 66, described below and a flat end 67 which functions in a manner analogous to the flat end of device 30 in FIG. 5. Socket end 66 is flared outwardly at its terminous to facilitate the insertion of a conductive pin therein. A pair of slits 68 and 69 are located in the side wall of insert 65 to provide a spring action which tends to hold a pin of an appropriate diameter which has been inserted into end 66. Insert 65 is preferably fabricated from a metal having good resiliency and strength such as berylium copper.

for connection with a round conductor need not be shaped in the manner shown in the drawings but instead could be a uniform slot, a square hole or other opening as long as it permits viewing a conductor which has been placed within the insert.

The outer layer of conductive material is preferably formed from a metal which is both a good electrical conductor and also readily accepts solder. Copper such as oxygen free copper, electro tough pitch copper and copper alloys such as berylium copper are preferred.

The present embodiments of this invention are to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description. All changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency therefore are intended to be embraced therein.

I claim:

1. A connector including a conductive insert disposed within a heat recoverable member for forming an electrical and mechanical connection between conductors, said insert comprising; a heat recoverable member having disposed therein an elongated layer of a conductive material,- each end of said layer having an inner surface for receiving a conductor; and

a layer of electrically conductive solder means disposed on at least a portion of one of said inner surfaces of said conductive elongated layer, recovery of the heat recoverable member after positioning at least one conductor proximate to each of said inner surfaces resulting in the melting of said solder means and in the electrical and mechanical connection between the conductors, said insert being adapted to connect a flat conductor to a round conductor wherein one end of said layer of conductive material is formed into a cylindrical shape having a viewing port located in the side thereof and theother end of said layer of conductive material being formed into a generally flat shape.

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4135336 *Dec 23, 1976Jan 23, 1979Virginia Plastics CompanyPlastic guy wire guard and method of making and using same
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US4887182 *May 2, 1989Dec 12, 1989Raychem LimitedCircuit protection device
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US6372988Sep 24, 1999Apr 16, 2002Paul C. BurkeSeamless flat-round conductive cable for a retractable cord reel
US7033233 *Apr 25, 2003Apr 25, 2006Yazaki CorporationWelding terminal and welding apparatus for welding the same
US7354283 *Jul 25, 2006Apr 8, 2008Yazaki CorporationWire-connecting device
US9190741 *Jan 31, 2014Nov 17, 2015Thomas & Betts International LlcHybrid grounding connector
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Classifications
U.S. Classification174/84.00R, 338/214, 174/88.00R, 439/736, 439/875
International ClassificationH01R4/48, H01R4/02, H01R4/70, H01R4/72
Cooperative ClassificationH01R4/022, H01R4/723
European ClassificationH01R4/72B, H01R4/02B2