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Publication numberUS3852713 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 3, 1974
Filing dateMay 26, 1972
Priority dateMay 26, 1972
Publication numberUS 3852713 A, US 3852713A, US-A-3852713, US3852713 A, US3852713A
InventorsGood R, Roberts V, Stephenson C
Original AssigneeGood R, Roberts V, Stephenson C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Alarm system having pulse pair coding
US 3852713 A
Abstract
An alarm system including generally a transmitter for generating a predetermined signal of pulse pairs in response to the occurrence of a preconceived condition; and a receiver for receiving the signal generated by the transmitter. The receiver detects the pulsed RF signal from the transmitter, generates the proper pulse signal in response thereto, compares the generated signal to a standard reference signal generated by the receiver and generates an alarm or operating signal when a predetermined number of coincidences between the received signal and the standard reference signal occur. In both the analog and digital embodiments, the receiver includes a radio frequency receiver for detecting an RF signal and generating a corresponding signal output, a pulse shaping network for shaping the signal output from the receiver, coincidence means for receiving the pulse signal output from the pulse shaping network, enabling means for selectively enabling the coincidence means to generate an output in response to the receipt of the pulse signal from the pulse shaping network, integrating means for generating an alarm or operating signal output in response to receipt of a predetermined number of outputs within a predetermined time interval from the coincidence means, and noise isolation means for preventing the generation of an alarm signal as the result of a noise signal.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

5 1 ALARM SYSTEM HAVING PULSE PAIR CODING I [76] Inventors: Victor B. Roberts, 3969 Sentry Ave.

NE, Marietta, Ga. 30060; Charles V. Stephenson, 1993 Williamsburg Dr., Decatur, Ga. 30033; Robert E. Good, Jr., 1955 MapleDn, Kennesaw, Ga. 30144 [22] Filed: May 26, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 257,307

52 us. c1. 340/164 R, 340/167 A, 340/167 B, I 340/167 R 51 Int. Cl. .....'H04q 5/14 [58] Field of Search 340/168 R, 167 R, 167 A, d

340/167 B, 147 PC, 171 R, 164 R; 325/41, 42; 328/109, 110, 111

Primary Examinerl-1arold l. Pitts Attorney, Agent, or FirmB. .1. Powell POM/t7? 14; Jun v,

PULSE SIM/ W6 NETWORK [57] I ABSTRACT An alarm system including generally a transmitter for generating a predetermined signal of pulse pairs in response to the occurrence of a preconceived condition; and a receiver for receiving the signal generated by the transmitter. The receiver detects the pulsed RF signal from the transmitter, generates the proper pulse signal in response thereto, compares the generated signal to a standard reference signal generated by the receiver and generates an alarm or operating signal when a predetermined number of coincidences between the received signal and the standard reference signal occur. In both the analog and digital embodiments, the receiver includes a radio frequency receiver for detecting an RF signal and generating a corresponding signal output, a pulse shaping network for shaping the signal output from the receiver, coincidence means for receiving the pulse signal output from the pulse shaping network, enabling means for selectively enabling the coincidence means to generate an output in response to the receipt of the pulse signal from the pulse shaping network, integrating means for generating an alarm or operating signal output in response to receipt of a predetermined number of outputs within a predetermined time interval from the coincidence means, and noise isolation means for preventing the generation of an alarm signal as the result of a noise signal.

12 Claims, 10 Drawing Figures PAIENTELDEB sum SHEET 8 0F 7 I ALARM SYSTEM HAVING PULSE PAIR CODING BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION These and other problems associated with the prior art alarm systems are overcome by the invention disclosed herein by providing a wireless alarm system that virtually eliminates the false alarms normally associated with prior art systems. Moreover, the system is responsive to different signals to distinguish as to the particular condition detected. The system also tends to search for the particular alarm signal once the signal is detected. e

The apparatus of the invention includes generally a transmitter. for generating a predetermined signalof pulse pairs in response to the occurrence of a preconceived condition; and a receiver for receiving the signal generated by the transmitter, comparing this signal to a standard signal generated within the receiver and generating an alarm signal in response to a predetermined number of matches between the received signal and the standard signal. The system also includes noise reject means that prevents activation of the system by signals other than the signals from the transmitters.

The transmitter includes a power supply, a sensing device for generating a signal in response to the occurrence of a certain condition such as the opening of a door or window by a burglar or the occurrence of a certain temperature indicating a fire or the closing of a switch manually to remotely operate a piece of equipment, a battery saver device for deactivating the power supply after a predetermined period of time, a crystal oscillator circuit for generating an RF carrier wave, a switched RF amplifier for generating a radio frequency output signal, a multivibrator for generating a predetermined amplitude signal, a gating logic circuit for connecting the output of the multivibrator to the switched RF amplifier to generate an RF output signal having pulse pairs with a predetermined time interval between the first generated pulse and the second generated ulse. p The receiver detects the pulsed RF signals from the I transmitter, generates the proper pulse signal in response thereto, compares the generated signal to a standard reference signal generated by the receiver and generates an alarm or operating signal when a predetermined number of coincidences between the received signal and the standard reference signal occur. In both the analog and digital embodiments, the receiver inv cludes a radio frequency receiver for detecting an RF abling means for selectively enabling the coincidence means to generate an output in response to the receipt of the pulse signal from the pulse shaping network, integrating means for generating an alarm or operating signal output in response to receipt of a predetermined number of outputs within a predetermined time interval from the coincidence means, and noise isolation means for preventing the generation of an alarm signal as the result of a noise signal.

These and other features and advantages of the invention disclosed herein will become more apparent upon consideration of the following specification and accompanying drawings wherein like characters of reference designate corresponding parts throughout the several views and in which:

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is a schematic diagram of the transmitter of the invention;

FIG. 2 is a chart showing the relationship between the coded pulse pair signals generated by the transmitters;

FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram for the receiver of the invention;

FIGS. 4A and 4B are detailed schematic diagrams of the analog embodiment of the receiver;

FIGS. 5A and 5B are detailed schematic diagrams of the digital embodiment of the receiver;

FIG. 6 shows the output waveforms of the various components of the analog embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 7 shows the output waveforms of the various components of the digital embodiment of the invention; and,

FIG. 8 shows the output waveforms of the various components of the noise isolation means of the digital embodiment of the invention.

These figures and the following detailed description disclose specific embodiments of the invention, however, it is to be understood that the inventive concept is not limited thereto since it may be embodied in other forms. 7

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF ILLUSTRATIVE EMBODIMENTS Referring to the figures, it will be seen that the invention includes a transmitter 10 and receiver 11. The system is designed to operate on a separate code for each particular type of occurrence that is to be sensed'The system shown has three separate codes, one for fire, one for burglary, and one for convenience. The transmitters l0 generate a radio frequency signal having pulse pairs with a prescribed time interval between the first generated pulse and the second generated pulse and a prescribed time interval between pulse pairs. To generate a different code, the time interval between the pulses of the pairs is changed while the time interval between pulse pairs remains the same so that sensing of the particular code can be easily achieved. FIG. 2 illustrates the different signals for the codes and compares these signals to show that the time interval between the first generated pulse and the second generated pulse is different for each particular code.

Referring to FIG. 2, it will be seen that the first coded signal is a burglary code and is identified as signal A, the second coded signal is a fire code and is identified as signal B, and the third coded signal is a convenience code identified as signal C. Each of the signals uses pulse pairs P to generate the code. The coding is accomplished by varying the time interval between the pulses of each pulse pair while the time intervals between pulse pairs remains the same. The first generated pulse of each pulse pair is designated I for signal A, P, for signal B and P," for signal C and the second generated pulse of each pulse pair is designated P for signal A, P, for signal B and P for signal C. The time interval between the first generated pulse P and the second generated pulse P for the signal A is designated t for signal B, and 2 for signal C. It will be noted that time t is greater than time t, and time t is greater than time The time intervals t and t can be selectively varied to match the particular coding requirements for each particular location and prevent alarm signal generation in response to a similar system in the vicinity. The time interval t between the pulse pairs P of each signal remains the same. It will also be noted that the time interval t is always greater than time intervals t 1 or t but less than 2 times the time intervals t t or 1 to facilitate encoding as will be apparent.

The transmitter as seen in FIG. 1 includes a power source 12, usually a battery, a sensing switch 14, a battery saver circuit connected to the power source 12 through sensing switch 14, a crystal oscillator 16 connected to the battery saver circuit 15, a switched RF amplifier 18 connected to the output of the oscillator 16 and battery saver circuit 15, a multivibrator 19 connected to battery saver circuit 15, a gating logic circuit 20 connected to the output of multivibrator 19 and battery saver circuit 15 and having its output connected to the amplifier l8, and a transmitting antenna 21 connected to the output of amplifier 18 for tansmitting the pulsed RF signal. The sensing switch 14 may be any of a number of commercially available switches that are activated in response to a preconceived condition such as entry to the premises or fire or a standard manually operable switch. The particular kind of switch 14 selected, of course, depends on the particular condition to be detected.

Closing of the sensing switch 14 connects the power source 12 to the other components of the transmitter to energize same. This causes the oscillator 16 to generate an RF carrier wave in known manner and the multivibrator to generate a pulse signal. This causes the amplifier 18 to transmit a pulsed RF signal to receiver 11. The RF signal is coded according to one of the signals A, B or C shown in FIG. 2 in known manner for the proper detection of the condition at the transmitter to take place as will become apparent.

After a predetermined period of time, the battery saver circuit 15 automatically disconnects the power source 12 from the other components of the transmitter. The predetermined period of time is sufficient to cause the receiver to set off an alarm, however. I

The receiver 11 as seen in FIG. 3 detects the pulsed RF signal from the transmitter 10, generates the proper pulse signal A, B or C in response thereto, compares the generated signal A, B or C to a standard reference signal generated by the receiver 11 and generates an alarm or operating signal when a predetermined number of coincidences between the received signal and the standard reference signal occur. Generally, the receiver 11 includes a radio frequency receiver 30 for detecting an RF signal and generating a corresponding signal output, a pulse shaping network 31 for shaping the signal output from the receiver 30, coincidence means 32 for receiving the pulse signal output from the network 31, enabling means 34 for selectively enabling the coincidence means 32 to generate an output in response to the receipt of the pulse signal from network 31, integrating means 35 for generating an alarm or operating signal output in response to receipt of a predetermined number of outputs within a predetermined time interval from the coincidence means, and noise isolation means 36 for preventing the generation of an alarm signal as the result of a noise signal.

The analog embodiment of the receiver is illustrated in FIGS. 4A and 4B and designated 111 while the digital embodiment of the receiver is illustrated in FIGS. 5A and 5B and designated 211. The components of receiver 111 corresponding to receiver 11 have the reference numerals of receiver 11 applied thereto displaced by and the components of receiver 211 corresponding to receiver 11 have the reference numerals of receiver 11 applied thereto displaced by 200.

ANALOG EMBODIMENT Referring generally to FIGS. 4A and 4B, the receiver 111 of the analog version of the invention includes the conventional radio frequency receiver for detecting an RF signal and generating a corresponding signal output, and the conventional pulse shaping network 131 for shaping the signal output from receiver 130 as previously described. If one of the signals A, B or C is received by the receiver 130, corresponding signals A, B or C will be generated at the output 0 of the network 131.

The output 0 is connected three monolithic transistor-transistor logic multivibrators M1, M2 and M3 with d-c triggering and inhibit capabilities. Such multivibrators are commercially available under part number SN 74 I 21 manufactured by Texas Instruments, Inc. of Dallas, Texas. The output 0 is connected to the logic inputs A of each multivibrator M1, M2 and M3. These multivibrators Ml-M3 form the enabling means 134 of the receiver 111.

The timing pins P1 of multivibrator Ml are connected to the external timing circuit RC1 of known construction to cause the activated time of multivibrator M1 to correspond to time interval 1 of the signal A.

In like manner, the timing pins P2 of multivibrator M2 are connected to the external timing circuit RC2 to cause the activated time of multivibrator M2 to correspond to the time interval t of signal B. Also, the timing pins P3 of multivibrator M3 are connected to the external timing circuit RC3 to cause the activated time of multivibrator M3 to correspond to time interval of signal C.

The output 0-1 of multivibrator M1 is connected to one input of a burglary NAND gate G in the coincidence means 132 through an RC coupling network CNl of known construction. The output 6-2 of multivibrator M2 is likewise connected to one input of a fire NAND gate G, in the coincidence means 132 th rough an RC coupling network CN2. Also, the output 0-3 of multivibrator M3 is connected to one input of a convenience NAND gate G in the coincidence means 132 through an RC coupling network CN3.

The output 0, is also connected to the logic inputs A of a multivibrator M4 like multivibrator M1 through an inverter I and the RC coupling network CN4 of known construction and also to one input 0 -1 of a noise isolation NAND gate G in the noise isolation means 136 through the inverter l,. The output Q4 of multivibrator M4 is connected to the inhibit inputs B of each multivibrator M1, M2 and M3 through diode D and to the set input L -S of a two gate oatch L of known construction using two NAND gates G and G through the coupling capacitor C,, of known construction. The (2-4 output is connected to the other input G -2 of gate G The timing pins P4 of multivibrator M4 are connected to an external timing circuit-RC4 of known construction designed to cause the multivibrator M4 to time out in a time interval greater than the time interval between any pair of pulses in signals A; B or C, here shown as time interval yet less than the time interval t between pulse pairs.

Input L -S of latch L is also connected to voltage source V ofpower supply 142 through resistor R Input L -S is the input G -1 of gate G and its output G is connected to the input 6 -1 of gate G The output 6 -0 is the latch output L -0. The reset input L -R which is input 6 -2 of gate G is connected to output G 0 of gate G The output L -(I of latch L is connected to the enabling inputs of gates G -G through an RC coupling netowrk CN6 of known construction and an inverter I The enabling inputs G -l,G-l and G -1 of gates G -G are also connected to the voltage source Y th rough resistor R,, and inverter l The outputs Q-l, 0-2, and 6-3 selectively enable gates G -G so that they will change state if coincidence occu rs between output L -0 and outputs 0-1, 0-2, and 0-3 as will become apparent.

The outputs 0 -0, 0 -0 and 0 -0 are connected to the logic inputs A of the disabling multivibrator M5 like multivibrator M1 respectively through diodes D D and D The inhibit input B of multivibrator M5 is connected to the voltage.source V of power supply 142 and output 0-5 is connected directly to the inhibit input B of multivibrator M4 and to the inhibit-inputs B of multivibrators Ml-M3through diode D Each output G -0, G -0 and G -0 is also connected-respectively to an integrator network IG I0 and [G through inverters I I and The networks 1G 1G and are identical with each having a diode D a charging rate control resistor R,, a capacitor C a discharge rate control resistor R a transistor Q and a voltage drop resistor R arranged in known manner to integrate the outputs G 0, G -0 and and 6 -0 to render transistor Q conductive upon a certain number of pulses at a particular rate as will become apparent.

The output 0 of the integrator network IG is connected to the set input L -S of a two gate latch L like latch L, and the output lo -0 thereof is connected to one input of the burglary alarm control NAND gate G-,.

. The output of gate G is connected to an alarm device 140 of known construction. The other inputof the gate 6, is also connected to the latch output L -0 but through an entry time delay means 141. The time delay means l4llincludes the multivibrator M6. The output L -0 is connected to input B of multivibrator M6 like multivibrator M1, the inp uts,A thereof are connected to ground, and the output 0 thereof is connected'to the other input of gate G Resistors R and R are connected in parallel to the appropriate timingpin M6 and the voltage source V from the power supply 142 of known construction. A shunt switch SW selectively SW, is open, a econd predetermined time will elapse before output Q returns to its original state upon receipt of a signal at input B but when switch SW, is closed a first predetermined time much less than th e second predetermined time will elapse before output Q returns to its original state as will become more apparent. A capacitor C connects timing pins M6 and M6 to complete the timing circuit of multivibrator M6.

The common point between resistor R and capacitor C in the integrator network IG, is connected to an exit delay means 146. Means 146 includes a field effect transistor FET a diode D a resistor R a capacitor C and a switch SW The drain of transistor FET is connected to the common point between resistor R and capacitor C connected in series between the voltage source V of power supply 142 and ground. The gate of transistor PET, is also connected to ground through diode D and switch SW so that when switch SW is closed, transistor FET will conduct as will beconnects resistor R to the source 'V and the values of i v resistors R and R: are selected so that when switch come more apparent.

The output 0 of the integrator network [G is connected to the set input L -S of a two gate latch L like latch L Its output L -0 is connected to a convenience switching device of known construction to activate an appliance APP as will become apparent.

The reset inputs L -R, Lg-R and L -R of latches L -L are connected to a reset circuit 148 of known construction. The circuit 148 includes resistor R and capacitor C in series between the voltage source V and ground. The common point between resistor R and capacitor C is connected to the inputs L -R, L -R and L -R and to ground through diode D and switch SW Thus, when switch SW is closed latches L -Lg will be reset as will become more apparent.

DIGITAL EMBODIMENT is received by the receiver 230, corresponding signals A, B or C will be generated at the output 0 of the network 231.

The output 0, is connected through an inverter 1 and resistor R1 to input 01-1 of NAND gate G1. The common point between resistor R1 and input 61-1 is connected to ground through capacitor C1. The output GLO of gate G1 is connectedto the clock input C, of a monolithic, D-type, positive edge triggered flip-flop F F1. The output 0-1 of the flip-flop FBI is connected to the data input D, of flip-flop FH and its output 01 is connected to the clock input C of a like flip-flop FF2. The data input D of flip-flop FF2 is connected to ground while the output Q2 thereof is connected back I latch while input 03-2 is the reset input Ll-R to latch L1. The output 62-0 is the output LI -0 of latch L1 and is connected to the input G4-1 of the count start NAND gate G4. The other input G4-2 of gate G4 is connected to the output Q2 of a binary clock network CN of known arrangement and which produces an incrementally variable pulsed signal output identified as signal D in FIG. 7.

The output G4-0 of gate G4 is connected to a pair of high-speed, monolithic 4-bit binary counters CTR-l and CTR-2. The counters CTR-1 and CTR-2 are identical and each consists of four master-slave flip-flops which are internally interconnected to provide a divide-by-two counter with a gated direct reset line which inhibits the count inputs and simultaneously returns the flip-flop outputs to a logical 0. Such counters are commercially available in transistor-transistor logic and one such commercial type is designated SN 7493 TTL 4-bit binary counter manufactured by Texas Instruments, Inc. of Dallas, Texas. The output G4-0 of gate G4 is connected to the input l-Al of counter CTR-1. Each counter has four outputs A, B, C and D. The counters CTR-1 and CTR-2 are connected so that output A corresponds to the binary 2, output B to binary 4, output C to binary 8, and output D to binary 16 on the counter CTR-l while output A corresponds to binary 32, output 8,, corresponds to the binary 64, output C corresponds to the binary 128, and output D 2 corresponds to the binary 256 on the counter CTR-2. Each of the outputs is also connected through an inverter l to give a NOT output corresponding to each of the above outputs as will become apparent.

The outputs of the counters CTR-1 and CTR-2 are connected to six of the inputs of eight-input positive NAND gates G5-G8. Two of the inputs of each gate G5-G8 are left open so that the gates will remain transferred for three clock pulses in the signal D instead of one as will become apparent.

The outputs of the counters CTR-1 and CTR-2 are connected to the inputs of gate G5 so that the proper number of clock pulses in signal D corresponding to the time interval t in signal A will trigger gate 5. Likewise, it will be seen that gate G6 will be triggered corresponding to time interval 1 in signal B and gate G7 will be triggered corresponding to time interval in signal C. The gate G8 serves to reset the systems and corresponds to a time interval which is less than interval t between pulse pairs but greater than any of intervals t2, 1

The output G8-0 of gate G8 is connected directly to the resetting input Ll-R of the latch L1, this being input G3-2 of gate G3 and also to the preset input P1 of the flip-flop FFl as well as the preset input P2 of the flip-flop FF2. The output G8-0 is also connected to the reset inputs R of counter CTR-l and reset inputs R of counter CTR-2 through inverter l2 since reset of counters CTR-l and CTR-2 takes place when inputs R and R go to logical l.

The output -0 of gate G5, which is adapted to change state in accordance with time t, of the burglary signal A, is connected to one input of NAND gate G9 in the coincidence means 232 through an inverter 13. Likewise, output 06-0 of gate G6, which is adapted to change state in accordance with time 1 of the fire signal B is connected to one input of NAND gate G10 in the coincidence means 232 through inverter 14. Output G7-0 of gate G7, which is adapted to changestate in accordance with time t;, of the coincidence signal C, is

connected to one input of NAND gate Gll in the coincidence means 232 through inverter l5. The other inputs of gates G9, G10, and G11 are connected to the output G1-0 of gate G1 in the noise isolation means 236 through inverter 16 so that the outputs thereof will change state upon coincidence between output G1-0 and one of the outputs G5-0, G6-0, or G7-0.

Each output G9-0, G10-0, and Gll-0 is connected respectively to an integrator network lG-l, [G2, and lG-3 through intervers [7, l8, and 19. The networks lG-l, lG-2 and IG-3 form the integrating means 235 and are identical with each having a diode D1, a charging rate control resistor R2, a capacitor C2, a discharge rate control resistor R3, a transistor Q1 and a voltage drop resistor R4 arranged in known manner to integrate the outputs G9-0, G10-0 and G1l-0 to render transistor Q1 conductive upon receipt of a certain number of pulses at a particular rate as will become apparent.

The output 0 of the integrator network lG-l is connected to the set input L2-S of a two gate latch L2 like latch L1 and the output L2-0 thereof is connected to one input of the burglary alarm control NAND gate G12. The output of gate G12 is connected to a burglary alarm device 240 of known construction. The other input of the gate G12 is also connected to the latch output 12-0 but through an entry time delay means 241. The time delay means 241 includes a monolithic transistor-transistor logic monostable multi-vibrator MV with d-c triggering. The multivibrator MV is commercially availablve under part number SN 74121 manufactured by Texas Instruments, Inc. of Dallas, Texas. The output L2-() is connected to input B of multivibrator MV, the inputs A thereof are connected to ground, and the output Q thereof is connected to the other input of gate G12. Resistors R5 and R6 are connected in parallel to the appropriate timing pin MV11 and the voltage source V from the power supply 242 of known construction. A shunt switch SW1 selectively connects resistor R5 to the source V and the values of resistors R5 and R6 are selected so that when switch SW1 is open, a second predetermined time will elapse before output Q returns to its original state upon receipt of a signal at input B but, when switch SW1 is closed, a first predetermined time much less than the second predetermined time will elapse before output 6 returns to its original state as will become more apparent. A capacitor C3 connects timing pins MV and MV to complete the timing circuit of multivibrator The common point between resistor R2 and capacitor C2 in the integrator network lG-l is connected to an exit delay means 246. Means 246 includes a field effect transistor FET 1, a diode D2, a resistor R7, a capacitor C4 and a switch SW2. The drain of transistor FET l is connected to the common point between resistor R1 and capacitor C1 and its drain is connected to ground. lts gate is connected to the common point between resistor R6 and capacitor C3 connected in series between the voltage source V of power supply 242 and ground. The gate of transistor FET 1 is also connected to ground through diode D2 and switch SW2 so that when switch SW2 is closed, transistor FET 1 will conduct as will become more apparent.

The output 0, of the integrator network lG-2 is connected to the set input L3-S of a two gate latch L3 like latch L1 and its output L3-0 is connected to the alarm device 240 of known construction. The operation thereof will become more apparent.

The output of the integrator network IG-3 is connected to the set input L4-S of a two gate latch L4 like latch Ll. Its output L4-0 isconnected to a convenience switching device 245 of known construction to activate an appliance APP as will become more apparent.

The reset inputs L2-R, L3-R, and L4-R of latches L2-L4 are connected to a reset circuit 248 of known construction. The circuit 248 includes resistor R8 and capacitor C5 in series between the voltage source V and ground. The common .point between resistor R8 and capacitor C5 is connected-to the inputs L2-R, L3-R and L4-R and to ground through diode D3 and switch SW3. Thus, when switch SW3 is closed, latches L2-L4 will be reset as will become more apparent.

THE OPERATION OF ANALOG EMBODIMENT 6. Because anyone of-the three signals can be received,

the signals are superimposed over each other with the second pulse P of the signal A appearing in solid lines, the second-pulse P of the signal B appearing in dashed lines, and the second pulse P of the signal C appearing in phantom lines in FIG. 6.

Because the leading edge of the pulses P are negative going when they emerge from the pulse shaping network 131 at output 0, as seen in FIG. 4A, the leading edge of the first pulse P,, P, or P," triggers eagh of the multi vibrators Ml-M3 to cause the outputs 0-1, 0-2 and 0-3 thereof to go low. The output Q-l of multivibrator Ml remains low until it times out through the timing circuit RC1 in known manner. The timing circuit RC1 is selected so that the output Q-l goes high again after a time interval equal to the time interval 1, of the signal A. This will enable the coincidence NAND gate at the same time the second pulse P of a burglar signal A should be received at the coincidence means 132. Likewise, the output 0-2 of the multivibrator M2 goes low with the leadingedge of the pulse P,, P, or P," and times out through the timing circuit RC2 after a time interval equal to the time interval of fire signal B. Thus, the coincidence-NAND gate G is enabled at the same time the pulse P should be received at the coincidence means 132. The output Q-3goes low on the leading edge of the pulse P,, P, or P, and remains low until the multivibrator M3 times out through the timing circuit RC3 which is equalto the time interval t, of the convenience signal C. This enables the coinci dence NAND gate G at the time the second pulse P of signal C should be received at the coincidence means 132. The coupling networks CN l-CN3 serv e to spread the positive going edge of the outputs Q1, Q2, and 0-3 so as to maintain the time interval it, as seen in FIG. 6 so that the coincidence gates-G O, are enabled when the outputs of multivibrators Ml-M3 go high. I

The trailing edge of the first pulse P,, P, or P," triggers the multivibrator M4 since the pulse has been inverted in the inverter 1,. This causes its output (2-4 to go high and its output 6-4 to go low until the multivibrator M4 times out through the timing circuit RC4. As was indicated, the circuit RC4 is designed to time out and cause output Q-4 to go low with output O-4 going high at a time interval t, greater than time interval I, but less than time interval t between pulse pairs. Time interval r,- is usually just greater than time interval t When output 6-4 goes low, the set input L,-S of latch L, momentarily goes low to set the latch L, and cause its output L,-() to go high. Because the input L,-S

is tied to voltage source V, through resistor R this input floats high again even though output 6-4 remains low. This is best seen in FIG. 6. Thus, the output L,-0 will remain high until its reset input L,-R goes low. The value of the resistor R is selected such that input L,-S will float high before any of the second pulses P P or P are received as will become apparent.

- Because of inverter I the'pulse inputs G ,-1, G -ll, and G -]l of the coincidence gates G,-G remain low as seen in FIG. 6 for point Op. On the other hand, when output Q-4 went high, the input 6 -2 of noise isolation NAND gate G, went high so that when the input G.,-1 thereof goes high as the second pulse P P or P," is received at input G -1, the output GA] goes low to cause the reset input L,-R to go low and the output of gate-G -O in latch L, to go high. This causes the crosscoupled input G -2 of gate G in latch L to go high. When input G -2 goes high, the output 0 -0 thereof goes low to lock the latch L, in that condition until the set input L,-S again goes low. Thus, latch L, is locked with its output L,-0 low.

When output L,-0 goes low, this causes the pulse inputs G,-ll, 6 -1 and G -l to go high because of inverter I Because the inputs G,-l, G -l and 6 -1 are tied to voltage source Va. through resistor R and inverter I these inputs float low again after a prescribed period of time even though output L,-0 remains low as seen in FIG. 6 for point Op. The value of resistor R is such that the inputs G,1, G -1 and 6 -1 remain high just long enough to obtain coincidence if one of the enabling inputs G ,-2, 6 -2 or G -2 is also high. Thus, if the pulse P P or P, is received in coincidence with the timing out of one of the multivibrators M1-M3, the correct output 0,-0, 0 -0 or G 4) will go low and pass through associatedinverter I I, or i to the integrator IG,, [G or 10 I r g It will also be noted that the output 6-4 of the multivibrator M4 is connected to the inhibit inputs B of each of the multivibrators Ml-M3 to prevent re-activation of the multivibrators until multivibrator M4 times out. Multivibrator M4 times out just after the longest time interval of the received signals. This prevents reactivation of the multivibrators Ml-M3 during the time the first and second pulses of a signal is received.

When the output 0 -0, G 0 or 0 -0 goes low, the negative going edge of the output pulses causes the multivibrator M5 to trigger and its output (2-5 to go low. Since output Q-S is connected to the inhibit input B of the multivibrator M4 and to the inhibit inputs B of the multivibrators MlM3, all of the multivibrators MlM4 are disabled to prevent re-activation until multivibrator M5 times out. The time interval t, for multivibrator M5 to time out is such that multivibrator M5 times out just before the next pulse pair P of the sig nals A, B or C should be received. Thus, once a pulse pair is received, the system is disabled until just prior to the probable receipt of the next pulse pair. This renders the system self-searching for the particular signals A, B or C once the first pulse pair of signals has been received.

When a sufficient number of pulses has been received by the integrator network 16,, [G or 1G,, its output 0,, or 0 goes low to trigger and lock its associated latch L L or L to energize the associated alarm device or a convenient switching network until the locked latch L L or L, is reset. The integrator networks lG,, 1G and [G are designed so that the signals A, B or C must be received for a predetermined period of time and a predetermined percentage of coincidences versus received pulse pairs P between the signals A, B or C and the enabling signals from multivibrators Ml-M3. While the values of resistor R, and capacitor C, may be varied to provide any convenient predetermined signal receiving time, and the values of resistor R and capacitor C, may be varied to provide any convenient predetermined percentage of coincidence, one satisfactory receiving time is 0.5 seconds and one satisfactory coincidence rate is 90 percent of the pulses at which coincidence should occer to obtain an output 0 0 or 0,.

Once the latch L L or L, has been locked, it will remain in that state to operate the alarm device 140 or the appliance APP. The latches L L and L, are reset to turn off the alarm device 140 or appliance APP by closing switch SW This connects the reset inputs L -R, L -R and L.,-R to ground so that the outputs thereof are changed. When switch SW is released, the inputs L, -R, L -R and L,-R again go high to render the latches operable.

When the user wants to leave the premises without setting off the alarm, he simply momentarily closes the exit switch SW which would preferably be of the normally open pushbutton type. When he closes switch SW he allows the capacitor C, to be discharged to ground to allow the field effect transistor FET, to conduct. The value of capacitor C and resistor R is selected to provide a predetermined period of time before the capacitor C, is recharged from the voltage source V after the switch SW is again open. This predetermined elapsed time is sufficient to allow the user to exit the premises and stop the transmission of the burglar signal A from the appropriately located transmitter on the door through which he exits-As long as the transistor PET, is conducting while the capacitor C is being recharged, any pulses received by the integrator network IG, will be discharged through the transistor FET, to prevent the capacitor C, from being charged and operating the integrator network IG, and thus prevent the device from alarming. Once the'capacitor C, has been recharged, the receiver 11] operates in its aforementioned manner.

Since the user must be able to re-enter the premises once he has left without the alarm sounding, the multivibrator M6 is triggered when the latch L is transferred lapse will be in effect before the gate G is transferred to give the alarm signal. Thus, if switch SW, is open, the user can enter the premises and go to the receiver 111 and reset same by closing switch SW before the multivibrator M6 is timed out to enable the gate 0,. If the user is in the premises, however, he may close switch SW which'places the lesser value of the resistor R in parallel across resistor R, and reduces the time delay of the time delay means 141 to a negligible amount to provide substantially instantaneous alarm generating capability.

OPERATION OF DIGITAL EMBODIMENT Referring now to FIGS. 7 and 8, the receiver 230 receives a signal from one of the transmitters and generates a like signal A, B or C from the pulse shaping network 231. The signal generated at output 0, is directed to the start input Ll-S of the latch L1 to enable the gate G4 and allow the output 0 from the clock CN to be received by the counters CTRl and CTRZ to start the generation of the enabling pulses. The outputs of the counters are appropriately connected to the gates G5-G8 so as to enable the gate G9 at the time the second pulse P of the burglar alarm signal A should be received thereat. The gate G6 enables the gate G10 at the time the second pulse P of the fire signal B should be received and the gate G7 enables the gate G11 at the same time the second pulse P of the convenience signal C should be received. With the particular frequency generated by the clock CN and because two of the eight inputs of each of the gates G5-G8 are open and therefore high, gate G5 is transferred from the 92nd to the 94th pulses P of the clock generated signal D as seen in FIG. 7. Gate G6 is enabled from the 124th to 126th pulses P,. of the clock signal D and gate G7 is transferred from the l52nd to 154th pulses P, of the clock signal D. The reset pulse from gate G8 is generated from the 220th to 222nd pulses P of the clock signal D. By enabling gate G5-G7 on more than one clock pulse P,., the enabled time interval r of each of the gates is slightly greater than the pulse interval t of signals A, B or C to facilitate adjustment of the system.

The output 0, of the pulse shaping network 31, at the same time that it turns on the latch L1, passes through inverter II to gate G1 to transfer the first flip-flop FFl as seen in FIG. 8. Since output G1-0 is pulsed low when input Gl-l is pulsed high, the output 61 of flip-flop FFl goes high because it was preset low and the output Q1 thereof goes low because it was-preset high on the positive going or trailing edge of the pulse from output Gl-O. Because the flip-flops FF 1 and FF2 are triggered only on the positive going edges of the input pulse, flipflop FF2 is not transferred on the first pulse from output G1-0 even though output O1 is connected thereto. When the second pulse is received from output Gl-0, the output O-l goes low and output Q1 goes high since the input D1 was high. Since input D2 is tied low, the positive going edge of the output Q1 as it goes high transfers the output Q2 low. This causes the input 01-2 to go low to prevent it from being triggered until the flip-flops PH and F F2 are'again preset. Thus, after two pulses have been received through gate G1, the flipflops FF 1 and FF2 disable it to prevent transmission of any more pulses to the coincidence gates G9-Gll until the flip-flops are again preset by the output of gate G8 going low. When the output of gate G8 goes low, the

latch L1 and counters CTR-I and CTR-2 are also reset for a repeat operation.

When a sufficient number of pulses has been received by the integrator network IG-l, IG-2 or IG-3, its output 0 or 0 goes low to trigger and lock its associated latch L2, L3 or L4 to energize the associated alarm device or a convenient switching network until the locked latch L2, L3 or, L4 is reset. The integrator networks -1, 10-2 and [(1-3 are designed so that the signals A, B or C must be received for a predetermined period of time and a predetermined percentage of coincidence versus received pulse pairs P between the signals A, B or C and the enabling signals from gates G5- (37. While the value of resistor R3 and capacitor C2 may be varied to provide any convenient predeter- R3 and capacitor C2 may be varied to provide any convenient predetermined percentage of coincidence, one satisfactory receiving time is 0.5 seconds and one satisfactory coincidence rate is 90 percent of the pulses at which coincidence should occer to obtain an output 0 ll, or 0 Once the latch L2, L3 or L4 has been locked, it will remain in that state to operate the alarm device 240 or the appliance APP. The latches L2, L3 and L4 are reset to turn off the alarm device 240 or appliance APP by closing switch SW3. This connects the reset inputs L2-R, L3-R and L4-R to ground so that the outputs thereof are changed. When switch SW3 is released, the inputs L2-R, L3-R and L4-R again go high to render the latches operable.

When the user wants to leave the premises without setting off the alarm, he simply moemntarily closes the exit switch SW2 which would preferably be of the normally open pushbutton type. When he closes switch SW2, he allows the capacitor C4 to be discharged to ground to allow the field'effect transistor FET l toconducLThe value of the capacitor C4 and resistor R7 is selected to provide a predetennined period of time before the capacitor C4 is recharged from the voltage source V, after the switch SW2 is again open. This predetermined elapsed time is sufficient to allow the user to exit the premises and stop transmission of the burglar signal A from the appropriately located transmitter on the doorthrough which he exits. As long as the transistor FET l is conducting while the capacitor C4 is being recharged, any pulses received by the integrator network [(3-1 will be discharged through the transistor F ET 1 to prevent the capacitor C2 from being charged and operating the integrator network IG-l and thus prevent the device from alarming. Once the capacitor C4 has been recharged, the receiver 211 operates in its aforementioned manner.

Since the user must be able to re-enter the premises once has has left without the alarm sounding, the multivibrator MV is triggered when the latch L2 is transferred by the output of the integrator circuit 16-]. to cause the output Q thereof to go low for the predetermined period of time depending on the position of the shunt switch SW1. Therefore, in order to make this component of the circuit operative, the shunt switch SW1 should be open before the user leaves the prem' ises andwhen he closes the switch SW2. This places the larger value of the resistor R6 in the timing circuit of the multivibr'ator MV so that the longer predetermined time lapsewill be in effect before the gate G12 is trans open, the user can enter the premises and go to the receiver 211 and reset same by closing switch SW 3 before the multivibrator MV is times outto enable the gate G12. If the user is in the premises, however, he may close switch SW1 which places the lesser value of the resistor R5 in parallel across resistor R6 and reduces the time delay of the time delay means 241 to a negligible amount to provide substantially instantaneous alarm generating capability.

In both embodiments of the invention, the noise rejection or isolation means 36 automatically disables the coincidence means 32 is an extraneous pulse signal is received by the receiver 11 which has a time interval between pulses less than the smallest time interval between the pulses'of each pulse pair of signals A, B or C. This gives maximum noise rejection for extraneous pulse signals of high frequency. Also, extraneous pulse signals having a time interval between pulses greater than twice the smallest time interval between the pulses of each pulse pair of signals A, B or C are inherently rejected since there will be no coincidence.

This leaves extraneous pulse signals which have a time interval between pulses equal to or greater than the smallest time interval between the pulses of the pulse pair of signals A, B or C but less than twice the smallest time interval between, pulses of the pulse pairs of signals A, B or C. Coincidence may occur for such extraneous signals, however, the integrating means 35 of both embodiments of receiver 11 is adjusted so as to cause an alarm signal not to be generated unless a prescribed percentage of coincidences with the received pulses takes place. Because the total energy level of both the extraneous pulses and signals A, B or C is approximately the same, it will be seen that coincidence will occur with only one out of every three pulses rather than one of every two pulses as is the case with signals A, B or C. Thus, the charging rate to the firing capacitor in the integrating means 35 is adjusted so that it takes more coincidences than one out of every three pulses to charge the capacitor to firing level within the prescribed time interval while one out of every two pulses will charge same to firing potential within a prescribed interval. Because there are generally a few pulses wihin a signal A, B or C that may not create coincidence within the prescribed time interval, the integrating means is adjusted so that an average coincidence of less than one out of every two received pulses will generate an alarm signal but an average coincidence of one'out of three received pulses will not generate an alarm signal. Thus, a pure tone having a time I interval equal to that of signals A, B or C will not generate an alarm signal.

While it is understood that the carrier frequency and While specific embodiments of the invention have been disclosed herein, it is to be understood that full ferred to give the alarm signal. Thus, if switch SW1 is use may be made of modifications, substitutions, and

equivalents without departing from the scope of the inventive concept. I

We claim:

1. An alarm system responsive to certain preconceived conditions to produce an alarm signal comprising:

transmitter means for generating a signal having pulse pairs with a prescribed time interval between said pulses of each said pulse pair upon occurrence of the preconceived conditions;

receiver means for detecting said generated signal and producing a corresponding operating signal output;

enabling means operatively connected to said receiver means for generating a reference enabling pulse a predetermined time interval after receipt of said first pulse of said pulse pair equal to said prescribed time interval between said pulses of each said pulse pair;

coincidence means operatively connected to said receiver means and said enabling means for generating an output signal pulse upon coincidingly receiving said reference enabling pulse and said second pulse of said pulse pair; and,

noise isolation means for preventing further receipt of pulses by said coincidence means from said receiver means after receipt of a second generated pulse from said receiver means after said first generated pulse for a second prescribed period of time.

2. The alarm system of claim 1 further including integrating means operatively connected to said coincidence means for generating the alarm signal upon receipt of a prescribed number of said output signal pulses from said coincidence means within a prescribed period of time.

3. The alarm system of claim 1 wherein said noise isolation means includes latch means operatively connecting said receiver means to said coincidence means, said first generated pulse of said operating signal output from said receiver means corresponding to said first generated pulse of said pulse pair rendering said latch means operative and second generated pulse of said operating signal output from said receiver means corresponding to said second generated pulse of said pulse pair rendering said latch means inoperative'while generating a pulse output from said latch means to said coincidence means.

4. The alarm system of claim 1 wherein said noise isolation means includes flip-flop means operatively connecting said receiver means to said coincidence means, said first generated pulse of said operating signal output from said receiver means corresponding to said first generated pulse of said pulse pair rendering said flipflop means operative and second generated pulse of said operating signal output from said receiver means corresponding to said second generated pulse of said pulse pair rendering said flip-flop means inoperative while generating a pulse output from said flip-flop means to said coincidence means.

5. ln an alarm system for generating an alarm signal upon receipt of a pulsed radio frequency signal having pulse pairs with a prescribed time interval between the first and second pulses of each pulse pair, detection means conprising:

tuned radio frequency receiver means for receiving pulsed radio signals and generating a pulsed signal output corresponding to' the received radio frequency signal;

coincidence means having a first input operatively connected to said output of said receiver and a second input;

enabling means operatively connected to said output of said receiver for generating an output pulse a reference prescribed time interval after receipt of a pulse from said output of said receiver, said reference prescribed time interval corresponding to said time interval of between the first and second pulses of each of pulse pair of the radio frequency signal to be detected, and said output of said enabling means connected to said second input of said coincidence means;

said coincidence means generating an alarm output upon coincidence between said output pulse of said enabling means and a pulse of said pulsed signal output of said receiver means; and,

noise isolation means operatively connecting said receiver means and said coincidence means, said noise isolation means responsive to the receipt of the next generated pulse from said receiver means after activation of said enabling means to prevent receipt of additional pulses from said receiver means by said coincidence means until said noise isolation means is reset.

6. In the alarm system as set forth in claim 5 wherein said noise isolation means includes a latch circuit means; first monostable multivibrator means having its input connected to said output of said receiver means and its normally high output connected to the set input of said latch circuit means; gating means having one of its inputs connected to said output of said receiver means, the other of its inputs connected to the normally low output of said multivibrator means, and its output connected to the reset input of said latch circuit means; the output of said latch circuit means connected to one input of said coincidence means so that said latch circuit means is locked in a prescribed state upon the change in output of said gating means until retriggering of said multivibrator means.

7. In the alarm system as set forth in claim 5 wherein said noise isolation means includes gating means having one of its inputs connected to the output of said receiver means; first flip-flop means having its input connected to the output of said gating means; and second flip-flop means having its input connected to the normally high input of said first flip-flop means and its normally high output connected to the other input of said gating means; the output of said gating means also connected to one input of said coincidence means, and said first and second flip-flop means rendering said gating means inoperative upon passage of any second pulse from said receiver means until said first and second flip-flop means are preset to their normal states.

8. 1n the alarm system as set forth in claim 5 further including integrating means operatively connected to said coincidence means for generating the 'alarm signal upon receipt of a prescribed number of said alarm output pulses from said coincidence means within a prescribed period of time.

9. In an alarm system as set forth in claim 6 wherein said enabling means includes second monostable multivibrator means and a first RC coupling network, said second multivibrator means having its logic input connected to said output of said receiver, its inhibit input connected to the normally high output of said first monostable multivibrator means, and its normally high output operatively connected to another input of said coincidence means through said first RC coupling network so that an enabling pulse is supplied to said coincidence means when the normally high output of said second multivibrator means changes from its low state to its high state.

10. In an alarm system as set forth in claim 9 wherein said noise isolation means further includes a second RC coupling network operatively connecting the output of said latch circuit means to the one input of said coincidence means for returning the one input of said coincidence means back to a low state a prescribed period of time after the one input of said coincidence means is moved to a high state, said second RC coupling network operating independently of the output of said latch circuit means.

1 1. In an alarm system as set forth in claim 9 wherein said enabling means further includes third monostable multivibrator means having its logic input operatively connected to the alarm output of said coincidence means and its normally high output operatively connected to the inhibit input of said first monostable multivibrator means for disabling said first multivibrator means for a predetermined period of time upon generation of an alarm signal output from said coincidence means. I

12. A method of decoding received multi-pulsed signals having pulse pairs using a two input coincidence system comprising the steps of:

generating a reference signal in response to the receipt of the first pulse of the received signal, the reference signal being a pulsed signal having a time interval between initiation of the reference signal and its pulse corresponding to the time interval between pulses of the pulse pairs of the received signal to be decoded;

connecting the reference signal to one of the inputs of the coincidence system to enable the coincidence system;

connecting the received signal to the other of the inputs of the coincidence system;

disconnecting the received signal from the other of the inputs of the coincidence system immediately after receipt of the second pulse of the received signal for a prescribed period of time; and, generating an alarm signal upon the pulse from the reference signal being received at the coincidence system simultaneously with the receipt of the second pulse of the received signal at the coincidence system. l =i

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3946362 *Jul 12, 1974Mar 23, 1976Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki KaishaTime division multiple transmission control apparatus
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Classifications
U.S. Classification340/512, 340/539.1, 340/539.3
International ClassificationG08B25/10
Cooperative ClassificationG08B25/10
European ClassificationG08B25/10