|Publication number||US3853118 A|
|Publication date||Dec 10, 1974|
|Filing date||Aug 29, 1973|
|Priority date||Aug 29, 1973|
|Publication number||US 3853118 A, US 3853118A, US-A-3853118, US3853118 A, US3853118A|
|Original Assignee||Measurand Syst, Newpark Resources Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (16), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Schendel Dec. 10, 1974 [5 SWELLING DETECTOR 3,533,095 10/1970 Collins 119/1 x  Inventor: Robert E. Schendel, Houston, Tex. ggg g  Assignee: Measurand Systems, a division of 31680386 8/1972 l 73/379 R Newpark Resources Inc. New 3,782,368 l/l974 Relbold 128/2 S Orleans, La.
 Filed: Aug, 29, 1973 Primary ExaminerAldrich F. Medbery 1 pp O 392,8 8 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Michael P. Breston' 52 us. (:1. 128/2 s, 73/379 R 57 ABSTRACT  Int. Cl A61b 5/10 E 1 [581 Field Search 128/2 5, 2 R105 P; A swelling detector for detecting the swelling in a 73/379; 1 19/ 1 member of a patients body which includes a pressure responsive transducer applied to the member for mon-  References Clted itoring changes in the volume thereof.
UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,520,294 7/1970 Fuzz ell et a1. 128/2 S 1 Claim, 3 Drawing Figures PAIENIEB sic 01914 FIG. I.
RECORDER BRIDGE CIRCUIT PRESSURE T RANSDUCER SWELLING DETECTOR BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Intravenous alimentation is extensively used in hospitals on patients of various ages including infants. When an intravenous needle accidentally moves out of the blood vessel, the liquid being delivered spreads into the surrounding tissues causing painful swelling thereof. When such abnormal delivery is detected at an early stage, the liquid-delivery means can be stopped and the swelling prevented.
Accordingly, it is a broad object of the present invention to provide a swelling detector for use on portions of a patients body for detecting swelling thereof.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention provides a swelling detector for detecting the swelling in a patients body member to which liquiddelivering means are inserted into a blood vessel thereof for delivering liquid thereto. A pressureresponsive element is constructed and arranged to be attached to the member, near the liquid-delivering means, for detecting a change in the pressure exerted a by the member. The output signal from the pressureresponsive detector is indicative of the swelling of the member.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a schematic representation of the swelling detector of the present-invention;
FIG. 2 shows one type of pressure transducer that can be used in the detector of FIG. 1; and
FIG. 3 shows another type of pressure transducer.
Referring now to FIGS. 1 and 2 of the drawings, there is shown a portion of a body of a patient, such as an arm 10, to which is coupled an intravenous feeding device 12 from which a suitable liquid is fed through a conduit 14 into a needle (not shown) inserted in a blood vessel of the patient.
Under normal operating conditions the needle remains in the blood vessel and the liquid is fed into the blood circulation system of the patient. Under abnormal operating conditions, however, the needle may withdraw from the blood vessel thereby causing the supplied liquid to spread into adjacent tissues resulting in swelling thereof.
The swelling is almost instantaneous and accordingly it is desired to detect an intravenous-feeding abnormality as soon as the swelling starts. The swelling detector, generally designated as 20, typically includes but is not limited to a band or tape 22 to which is secured a pressure transducer generally designated as 24 for measuring the change in pressure produced by the expansion of the body member. The pressure transducer is arranged to produce an output warning signal which can be mechanically, optically, or electronically amplified.
- change. This causes the electrical resistance of the wire to change. Even though this resistance change is small, often a fraction of an ohm, a suitable bridge network 30 can be used to detect such small variations. The
strain gauge is sensitive enough to detect strains as low as 0.0001 inch per inch or better.
The bridge network 30 can be made to feed an alarm signal to a central station 32 having a recorder 34 for continuously monitoring the condition of one or more swelling detectors 20 on patients in the hospital. A suitable visual or audio alarm can be obtained from the recorder upon the occurrence of an abnormality in a patients intravenous feeding system.
Pressure-responsive elements other than strain gauges can of course be employed. For example, it may be desirable to employ a pressure detector (FIG. 3) containing a fluid 42 (gas or liquid) in an envelope 40 and to monitor with a pressure transducer 44 the pressure variations in the fluid in response to an expansion in the patients body member caused by swelling. Other variations will readily become apparent to those skilled in the an.
What is claimed is:
Y 1. In a method for delivering a liquid through a needle into a blood vessel of a patients arm whereby under normal conditions the needle remains in the blood vessel and the liquid is fed into the blood circulation system of the patient, and under abnormal conditions, the needle withdraws from the blood vessel thereby causing the supplied liquid to spread into adjacent tissues, the spreading of the liquid resulting in swelling of the arm, said method comprising:
attaching a band around said arm near said needle,
the band containing a fluid chamber, the pressure of said fluid in said chamber increasing with the swelling of said arm,
coupling a pressure transducer to said chamber for detecting the pressure increase in said chamber, and converting the pressure increase to a warning signal of said abnormal conditions.
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|U.S. Classification||600/595, 340/573.1, 604/66, 604/506, 340/626, 604/505|
|International Classification||A61B5/103, A61B5/107|
|Cooperative Classification||A61B5/107, A61B5/1073, A61B5/6824, A61B5/6831|
|European Classification||A61B5/107C, A61B5/107|