|Publication number||US3853379 A|
|Publication date||Dec 10, 1974|
|Filing date||Jul 20, 1973|
|Priority date||Jul 20, 1973|
|Also published as||CA1015419A, CA1015419A1, DE2433385A1|
|Publication number||US 3853379 A, US 3853379A, US-A-3853379, US3853379 A, US3853379A|
|Inventors||D Goodman, J Langenbach|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (95), Classifications (13), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Goodman et al.
PRINTED CIRCUIT-BOARD CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY Inventors: David S. Goodman, Orange; Jack E.
Langenbach, Newport Beach, both of Calif.
International Telephone and Telegraph Corporation, New York,
Filed: July 20, 1973 Appl. No.: 381,266
. US. Cl. 339/75 MP, 317/101 DH, 339/65,
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 4/1964 Giel 2/1970 Anhalt et a1. 339/101 DH Bender 339/18 3' 7/1971 Anhalt 339/75 M Primary Examiner.loseph H. McGlynn Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Thomas L. Peterson [5 7] ABSTRACT An assembly is provided in which a printed circuit board is inserted into a supporting frame for engagement with an electrical connector with zero insertion force. After the printed circuit board is mounted on the frame, electrical contacts in the connector are cam actuated to make electrical engagement with associated contacts on the printed circuit board. A card guide is slidably mounted on the frame for guiding the printed circuit board contacts into juxtaposition with the connector contacts on the frame. A cam for actu' ating the contacts is carried by the card guide. A lever mounted on the frame shifts the card guide to cam actuate the contacts. The lever latches the printed circuit board in the frame. Lifting the lever releases the cam actuated contacts and the latching arrangement,
thus allowing the printed circuit board to be removed from the frame.
'26 Claims, 11 Drawing Figures PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates generally to a printed circuit board connector assembly and, more particularly, to a connector assembly. in which the force required to insert a printed circuit board therein is substantially zero.
The advent of computer technology, and the utilization of computer technology in the design and development of electronic equipment, has increased manyfold the number of printed circuit boards and other connector assemblies utilized in electronic equipment. Complete and functional modular circuits may be mounted on a single circuit board and associated with other circuit boards, each of which carries a functional modular circuit. The combination of cooperatively related circuit boards form a complete electronic component. Electrical connection is made to the contact terminals on each circuit board or plug connector through resilient metallic contact members supported'on a contact carrier member. Conventional circuit board and plug connector sockets usually utilize opposed resilient contacts normally biased toward the circuit board or plug connector and are arranged to be impinged upon by the edge of the circuit board or plug when inserted into the socket. One difficulty presented by this con ventional type electrical socket is that the force required to be imposed on the circuit board or plug to effect displacement of the resilient co ntact fingers is excessive, making it difficult to insert a circuit board or plug, and imposing forces on the circuit board or plug which might be better eliminated. Therefore, there has been a need for an electrical socket assembly into which circuit boards or electrical plug connectors may be inserted with very low or zero insertion force.
Typical arrangements of low insertion force printed circuit board connectors are found in the following US. Pat. Nos. 3,329,926; 3,475,717; 3,478,301; 3,495,132; 3,526,869; and 3,553,630. The techniques disclosed in the aforementioned patents for obtaining a low or zero force insertion of the connector have not been proved sophisticated enough in all applications for continual repeated use. Further, wear on printed circuit board pads or contacts due to excessive wiping action upon full insertion depth of the printed circuit board has been a drawback to some of these types of connectors. Moreover, the "mechanics of the arrangements utilized have been unreliable due to their lack of ruggedness. Further, typically, prior art techniques employ a rotary cam for cam-actuating movable contacts in the connector to engage with the pads or contacts on a printed circuit board. However, due to space limitations in some applications, the use of a rotary cam is impractical.
In order to overcome the attendant disadvantages of the prior art printed circuit board connectors, there is provided by'the present invention an assembly which eliminates the high insertion and extraction forces often required in prior art arrangements. During the insertion and extraction, there is basically no force applied to the printed circuit board contacts. The wear on the printed circuit board contacts is overcome due to the elimination of the force the spring contact normally exerts against the forward end of the printed circuit board contacts when the latter are inserted and extracted. The cam actuated movable contacts are activated by a cam which is reciprocally movable in the direction of the printed circuit board card guide, thus making better use of available space than rotary cam actuators of the type utilized in prior art connectors. The connector is rugged and allows numerous insertions and extractions of the printed circuit board. In addition, the printed circuit board contacts may not be inserted into the connector without the cam actuated contacts being inactivated, thus preventing any damage to either set of contacts upon initial insertion of the board into the assembly. Further, the board cannot be removed from the assembly without the cam-actuated contacts being inactivated.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In accordance with the present invention there is provided a printed circuit board connector in which one or more printed circuit boards may be mounted in a supporting frame. The frame is provided with a card guide which guides the printed circuit board contacts into juxtaposition with a set of contacts fixedly mounted at one end of the frame. When the printed circuit board faces which engage individual contacts mounted on either the printed circuit board or the frame. Actuation of the cam in one direction shifts the plate laterally to move one set of contacts in tandem into engagement with the other set of contacts. Movement of the cam in the opposite direction releases the contacts from engagement with each other, thus allowing the printed circuit board to be freely withdrawn from the frame. Thus, insertion and extraction of the printed circuit board contacts with respect to the fixed contacts carried by the frame is effected with low or zero force. Since the cam is reciprocally movable in the direction of movement of the printed circuit board, it may be actuated by a lever mechanism mounted on the outer end of the frame, thus utilizing less space than that required by conventional printed circuit board connectors utilizing rotary cam actuators. Also, the lever mechanism may be arranged to allow insertion and withdrawal of the printed circuit board into and from the frame only when the contacts are in their inactivated position, thus eliminating the possibility of excessive wear occuring between the two sets of contacts at the time of insertion or withdrawal of the board.
Other aspects and advantages of the invention will become more apparent from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of the printed circuit board connector assembly of the present invention showing two printed circuit boards partially inserted into the frame of the assembly.
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary partial section through the two connector members of the assembly shown in their mated position, with their contacts disengaged;
FIG. 3 is similar to FIG. 2 but showing the contacts in their engaged position; I
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of the fixed connector member with portions broken away to illustrate the contact actuating plate for the contacts therein;
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary partial vertical section of the lower end of the fixed connector member showing a spring for biasing the contact actuating plate upwardly;
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary sideelevational view of the assembly illustrated in FIG. 1 with the printed circuit board in its fully inserted position in the frame and a latching lever in its lifted position;
FIG. 7 is similar to FIG. 6 but showing the latching lever in its lowered position;
FIG. 8 is a vertical sectional view taken along line 8-8 of FIG. 6;-
FIG. 9 is a partial vertical sectional view similar to FIGS. 6 and 7 but showing a modified form of a latching lever mechanism in accordance with the present invention; and
FIGS. 10 and 11 are fragmentary, vertical sectional views similar to FIGS. 2 and 3 showing the structure of the connector members utilized inthe embodiment i1- lustrated in FIG. 9.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now to the drawings in detail, there is illustrated in FIGS. l-8 the preferred embodiment of the. present invention. Referring to FIG. 1, the printed circuit board assembly of the present invention, generally designated l2,'comprises a printed circuit board supporting frame 14 which is mounted on a panel 16. The frame includes a plurality of spaced, parallel pairs of tracks 18 and 20, only two pair being shown in FIG. 1 by way of illustration. The ends of the tracks opposite the panel 16 are interconnected by a cross member 22. The track 18 if formed with a groove 24 which faces a slot 26 formed in the corresponding track 20. An elongated card guide member 28 is formed with a tongue 30 which is slidably engaged in a groove 28 in track 18. The card guide member is formed with a slot 30 which opens in the direction of the slot 26. A printed circuit board 32 is slidable into each pair of slots 26 and 30.
A connector member 34 is fixedly mounted at one end of the printed circuit board 32. The connector member is adapted to mate with a second connector member 36 which is fixedly mounted on the panel 16 adjacent to the frame 14. The printed circuit board 32 is inserted into the slots 26 and 30 in the frame with the connector member 34 aligned with connector member 36 mounted on the panel 16 so that the respective contacts in the cconnector members will be in juxtaposition when the connector members are mated.
Referring now to FIGS. 2 and 3, the connector member 34 comprises an insulator housing 38 formed with a plurality of openings 40 therein. Each opening contains an individual contact 42 which is formed with a contacting surface 44 disposed within the opening 40. Each contact 42 terminates in a terminal portion 46 which extends outwardly from the rear of the opening 40 and is bent atright angles as best seen in FIG. 1. The end 48 of each terminal portion has'an interference fit with a plated through hole 50 formed in the printed circuit board 32. A conductive layer 52 joins each of the plated through holes 50 in a manner well known in the art. Only four of such contact terminal portions 46 are illustrated in FIG. 1 for purposes of clarity. It is, of course, understood that normally there will be provided a contact in each of the openings 40 in the insulator 38.
The connector member 36 also comprises an insulator housing 54 formed with a plurality of openings 56 which are aligned with the openings 40 in the connector member 34 when the two connector members are mated. A contact 58 is mounted in each of the openings 56. Each contact 58 includes an elongated beam portion 60 which extends outwardly from the opening 56 and terminates in a contacting surface 62. An insulator plate 64 is slidably mounted in the housing 54 for movement in a plane which is perpendicular to the slots 26 and 30 in the track 20 and card guide member 28, respectively. As seen in FIG. 4, the plate 64 is formed with a plurality of spaced apertures 66 through which the contacts 58 extend. A projection 68 is formed on one wall of each of the apertures 36 engaging the beam portion 60 of each contact 58. The upper end of the plate 64, as illustrated in FIG. 2, is formed with an inclined surface 70 which engages a similarly inclined surface 72 formed on the end of a cammember 74. This cam member is fixedly attached to the end of the card guide member 28 and extends into an opening 76 in the housing 54 of the connector member 36. As seen in FIG. 5, a coil spring 78 acts upon the bottom of the plate 64, urging the inclined surface 70 into engagement with the surface 72 on the cam member. Since the cam member is carried by the card guide member 28, it is movable in a path which is perpendicular to the path of movement of the plate 64.
As seen in FIG. 2, the plate 64 is normally positioned by the spring 78 such that the contacting surfaces 44 of the contacts 42 are out of engagement with the contacting surfaces 62 of the contacts 58. However, when the cam member 74 is shifted in the direction indicated by the arrow in FIG. 2, the surface 72 thereof, by its sliding contact with surface 70 on the plate 74, will urge the plate 64 downwardly to the position shown in FIG. 3 thereby shifting the contacts 58 in tandem so that the contacting surfaces 44 and 62 of the respective sets of contact will engage each other with a high unit force of contact. When the cam member is returned to its normal position illustrated in FIG. 2, the spring 78 will return the plate 64 to its uppermost position whereupon the contacting surfaces of the two sets of contacts will disengage. Thus, there is provided by this arrangement a zero insertion-force electrical connector assembly. Reference may be had to US. Pat. No. 3,587,037, assigned to the assignee of the present application, which describes in greater detail the structure of the contacts and the slidable actuating plate therefor. However, the connector assembly of this invention differs from that disclosed in the aforementioned patent in that it employs a reciprocally slidable cam member that moves in a plane perpendicular to the contact actuating plate, rather than a cam which is rotated to effect engagement between the contacts of the two connector members.
If desired, the connector members 34 and 36 may be provided with mating power or coaxial contacts 80 and 82 which engage one another when the connector members areinitially mated and, thus, are not activated by the slidable actuating plate 64. 1
From the foregoing, it will be appreciated that after the printed circuit board 32 is fully inserted intothe frame 14 so that the connector members 34 and 36 mate with one another, the card guide member 28 must be shifted in the direction of the connector members to urge the cam 74 against the end of the plate 64 thereby actuating the plate to shift the contacts 58 in tandem to engage the contacts 42. A latching mechanism, generally designated 84, is provided for effecting such movement of the card guide member 28. Such latching mechanism, as best seen in FIGS. 6 and 7, comprises a lever 86 which is 'pivotally mounted by means of a pin 88 to a plate 90. This plate is fixedly connected by screws 92 to the cross member 22 of the frame. The lever 86 is essentially in the form of a crank :having a downwardly extending arm 94 formed with an elongated slot 96. The outer end of the card guide member 28extends beyond the end of the track 18 and carries a laterally extending pin 98. This pin is received in the slot 96 to provide a pivotal connection between the lever 86 and the card guide member. The other end of the lever 86 opposite the arm 94 is formed with a downwardly extending finger 100. An arcuate pawl 102 is formed on the bottom of the lever between the finger 100 and the .pivot pinz88.
thereby permitting a high-density packaging arrangement for printed circuit boards. In addition, the-contact activating lever 86 is located on the front end of the frame for easy access rather than behind the panel 16 as in conventional connector assemblies.
Any number of boards and latching mechanisms 84 may be provided on the frame 14. If desired, the levers 86 may be ganged by connection to a common rod, not shown, which would allow the levers to be actuated simultaneously if desired.
Reference is now made to FIGS. 9-11 which illustrate a modified form of the invention. In this embodi- A molded plastic or metal gripping member 104 is fixedly mounted on one corner of the printed circuit board 32 opposite the end of the board from connector member 34. The member 104 is formed with an arcu ate notch 106 which opens in the direction of the pawl board 32 is fully positioned in the frame and the connector members 34 and 36 are mated, the lever 86 ispushed downwardly to the position illustrated in FIG. 7. Downward movement of the lever86 brings the pawl 102 into the notch 106. Thus, the pawl and notch provide a mechanical interlock whereby the printed circuit board and connector halves must be in proper position before the lever 86 may be moved downwardly.
As will be appreciated from the foregoing, the slidable plate 64 is in its contact activating position when the lever 86 is in the downward position illustrated in FIG. 7. Inthis position of the lever the finger 100 thereon is disposed in the path ofthe card guide slot 30, thereby preventing insertion of a board 32 into the frame 14. This assures that the board cannot be inserted into the frame when the contacts 58 are in their activated position. Likewise, the board cannot be removed from the frame until the contacts are inactivated by raising the lever 86 to the position illustrated in FIG. 6. Thus, the lever 86 assures that there is not untimely insertion or withdrawal of the printed circuit board from the frame 14, and serves to latch the board in the frame when the contacts are in their activated position. The board insertion and withdrawal operations are easily effected by the present invention, with a relatively simple arrangement, due to the fact that the slidable plate 64 is actuated to activate the contacts in the connector members by the simple push-pull or reciprocal movement of thecam member74 which is carried by the slidable card guide member 28, This arrangement requires only a relatively small space,
ment, the basic structure is as previously described and like numbers primed are used to indicate like or corresponding parts. In this embodiment, the cam member 74' is shifted away than pushed toward the connector member as in the previous embodiment. As a consequence the inclined surfaces and 72' on the plate 64 and cam member 74, respectively, are inclined in a direction opposite to the corresponding surfaces in the first embodiment of the invention described herein. In the position of the cam member 74' illustrated in FIG. 10, the contacting surfaces 44 andv62' of the contacts 42' and 58, respectively, are out of engagement. When the cam member 74' is shifted in the direction indicated by the arrow in FIG. -10, the inclined surface 72 will act upon the surface 70' to urge the plate 64 downwardly to the position illustrated in FIG. 11,
thereby bringing the contacting surfaces 44' and 62' into engagement. Outward movement of the cam member 74' to effect the actuation of the contacts in this embodiment is achieved by forming a projection on the card guide member 28 that extends upwardly through a slot 122 mounted in the end of the projection 120. When the-lever 86' is in the full line position illustrated in FIG. 9, the cam member 74 is in the position illustrated in FIG. 10; When the lever 86. is depressed to the position shown in phantom in FIG. 9, the card' guide member 28' is moved outwardly in the track 18', thereby shifting the cam member 74' in the direction indicated-by the arrow in FIG. 10. Such shifting of the cam member moves the plate 64' downwardly to activatethe contacts in the two connector members. g
Various other changes can be made in the form, details, arrangements and proportions of the various parts in the embodiments disclosed herein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. For example,
the contacts 42 in the connector member 34 could be extended so that the contacting surfaces 62 of the contacts 58 could be disposed within the openings 56 in the mating connector member 36. In addition, the contact plate 64 could be mounted in the connector member 34 for activating the contacts 42 rather than in the connector member 36. In such an embodiment,
the end of the plate 64 formed with the inclined surface What is claimed is: v V
l. A printed circuit board connector assembly comprising:
a Supporting frame including at least one pair of fixed tracks;
a card guide member slidably mounted on one of said tracks, said card guide member being formed with a slot therein facing a slot formed in the other track;
a printed circuit board slidably mounted in said slots,
said printed circuit board having conductive layers thereon and a first connector member mounted on one end thereof;
a second connector member fixedly mounted adjacent to one end of said tracks;
said first connector member having a first set of contacts secured in individual openings therein, each contact of said first set of contacts having a contacting surface;
said second connector member having a second set 20 to said conductive layers on said printed circuit 3 board; each of said contacts of said second set of contacts being associated with a contact of said first set of contacts and being spaced from said associated contact when saidconnector members are mated;
means for moving the contacts in one of said connector members in tandem causing said contacting surfaces of said first and second sets of contacts to engage after said first connector member is mated with said second connector member;
means carried by said slidable card guide member for actuating said moving means; and
latching means on said frame engageable with the. other end of said printed circuit board for retaining said board in said slots with said first and second connector members mated.
2. An assembly as set forth in claim 1 wherein:
said latching means is operable to activate said actuating means. 1
3. An assembly as set forth in claim 2 wherein:
said actuating means is fixed to said card guide member adjacent one end thereof; I
said latching means is pivotally connected to both said frame and the other end card guide member, shifting of said latching means in one direction effecting sliding movement of said card guide member on said track and, hence, movement of said actuating means.
4. An assembly as set forth in claim 3 wherein:
said contact moving means comprises an insulator plate slidably mounted in said one connector member; and 2 said actuating means comprises a cam operatively engageable with said plate, shifting of said latching means in said one direction moving said cam to shift said plate in one direction to being said first and second connector member contacting surfaces 10 least one printed circuit board, a frame for supporting said board, means on said frame defining a slot for guiding said board, said board having conductive layers thereon and a first set of contacts associated with said layers, and a second set of contacts fixedly mounted ad- 15 jacent one end of said frame in juxtaposition with said first set'of contacts when said printed circuit board is mounted in said frame, the improvement which comprises:
a card guide member slidably mounted on said frame, said slot being formed in said card guide member; said first and second sets of contacts being spaced from one another when said board is mounted in said frame; means for moving one of said sets of contacts in tandem causing said two sets of contacts to engage; and means carried by said slidable card guide for actuating said moving means. 8. An assembly as set forth in claim 7 including: lever means mounted on said frame operable to activate said actuating means. 9. An assembly as set forth in claim 8 including: pawl means carried by said lever means insertable into a notch formed in said board only when ssid first and second sets of contacts are in juxtaposition. 10. An assembly as set forth in'claim 8 wherein: said lever means is pivotally connected to both said frame and said card guide member, shifting of said lever means in one direction effecting sliding movement of said card guide member on said track and, hence, movement of .said actuating means. 11. An assembly as set forth in claim 10 wherein: said contact moving means comprises an insulator plate slidably mounted for movement in a plane perpendicular to said card guide member; and said actuating means comprises a cam operatively engageable with said plate, and shifting of said lever means in said one direction moving said cam to shift said plate in one direction to bring said first and second sets of contacts into engagement. 12. An assembly as set forth in claim 11 including: spring means biasing said plate in the opposite direction into engagement with said cam. 13. As assembly as set forth in claim 11 wherein: said first and second sets of contacts are housed in first and second mateable connector members, respectively; and said lever means is operable to activate said actuating means only when said first and second connector members are mated. 14. A connector assembly for a printed circuit board having a first connector member mounted thereon, a
65 plurality of contacts secured in individual openings in a support frame including at least one pair of fixed tracks; a card guide member slidably mounted on one of sai tracks, said card guide member being formed with a slot therein facing a slot formed in the other track, said slots being adapted to slidably receive said printed circuit board;
a second connector member fixedly mounted adjacent to one end of said tracks, said second connector member having a plurality of contacts received in individual openings therein, each said second connector member contact having a contacting surface; 1
the contacting surfaces of one of said connector members extending outwardly from their respective openings in the direction toward the other connector member;
each of said contacts in said second connector member being associated with a contact in said first con nector member and being spaced from said associated contact when said connector members are mated;
an insulator plate mounted for sliding movement in said second connector member in a plane perpendicular to said card guide member, said plate hav ing surfaces thereon engageable with individual contacts in said second connector member, movement of said plate in one direction causing said contacts in said second connector member to shift in tandem thereby bringing'said first and second connector member contacting surfaces into engagement after said first connector member is mated with said second connector member; and
cam means carried by said card guide member operatively engageable with said plate, said cam means moving said plate in said one direction upon sliding movement of said card guide member in a predetermined direction.
'15. An assembly as set forth in claim 14 including:
said connector member, said plate having surfaces engageable with said contacts, sliding movement of said plate in one direction shifting said contacts in tanedm in said direction.
support means extending generally perpendicular from said connector member adjacent the opposite ends thereof defining facing slots adapted to slidably receive a printed circuit board having a plurality of contacts thereon for engaging said 'firstmentioned contacts after said plate is moved in said one direction; and
cam means mounted on said support means for sliding movement in a direction perpendicular'to the path of movement of said plate, said cam means being operatively engageable with said plate, sliding movement of said cam means in a predetermined direction moving said plate in said one direction to thereby shift said first-mentioned contacts in tandem, for engagement with said contacts on said printed circuit board.
19. An assembly as set forth in claim 18 wherein:
said supporting means includes a card guide member formed with one of said slots and slidably mounted for movement in a direction perpendicular to said path of movement of said plate, said cam means being carried by said card guide member.
20. An assembly as set forth in claim 19 including:
lever means on said support means for moving said card guide member in said predetermined direction.
21. An assembly as set forth in claim 18 including:
lever means on said support means movable between first and second positions movement of said lever means from said first to said second position causing said cam means to move in said predetermined direction; and
said lever means being formed with blocking, means, in said second position of said lever means said blocking means preventing insertion of said printed circuit board into said support means.
22. An assembly as set forth in claim 21 including:
pawl means carried by said lever means, said pawl means being insertably into a notch in said printed circuit board when said lever means is in said position. 23. A printed circuit board connector assembly comprising:
cam means reciprocally movably in a path extending.
in the same direction as said slot, movement of said cam means in a predetermined direction actuating said moving means; and
lever means on said frame for reciprocally moving said cam means.
24. An assembly as set forth in claim 23 wherein:
said lever means is pivotally movable between first and second positions, movement of said lever means from said first position to said second position causing said cam means to move in said predetermined direction.
25. An assembly as set forth in claim 24 wherein:
said lever means is formed with blocking means, in said second position of said lever means said blocking means preventing insertion of said board into said frame.
26. An assembly as set forth in claim 24 including:
a notch formed in said board; and
pawl means carried by said lever means insertable into said notch when said lever means is in said second position, one side of said pawl means engaging with one side of said notch to prevent withdrawal of said board from said frame.
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|U.S. Classification||439/261, 439/372, 439/328, 361/801, 439/377|
|International Classification||H01R12/16, H05K7/14, H01R13/00, H01R24/00|
|Cooperative Classification||H01R12/89, H05K7/1409|
|European Classification||H05K7/14B2E, H01R23/68B4A|
|Apr 22, 1985||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ITT CORPORATION
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:INTERNATIONAL TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004389/0606
Effective date: 19831122