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Publication numberUS3854020 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 10, 1974
Filing dateJun 29, 1973
Priority dateJun 29, 1973
Publication numberUS 3854020 A, US 3854020A, US-A-3854020, US3854020 A, US3854020A
InventorsGlover R, Musch G, Summa J
Original AssigneeBlack & Decker Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Trigger mechanism for hand-operated power device including stationary locking device which provides lock-off and lock-on operation
US 3854020 A
Abstract
A trigger mechanism for a hand-operated power tool includes a manually operable trigger movable between inoperative and operative levels and a stationary locking device which normally locks the trigger in its inoperative level and permits the trigger to be locked in its operative level. The trigger is slidable in its inoperative level from a lock-off position wherein the locking device prevents movement of the trigger to its operative level to an unlock position wherein the trigger is manually movable to its operative level. The trigger is also slidable in its operative level from an on position to a lock-on position wherein the locking device locks the trigger in its operative level for continuous operation of the power tool. The trigger mechanism requires distinct, intentional actions for its unlock and lock-on operations and thus provides a safeguard against accidental operation of the tool.
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States Glover et a1.

atent 1 1 The Black and Decker [73] Assignee:

Manufacturing Company, Towson, Md.

[22] Filed: June 29, 1973 21 Appl. No.2 375,081

[ Dec. 10, 1974 3,780,246 12/1973 Beckering et a] 200/157 3,784,765 I/1974 Daly 200/157 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1,064,120 4/1967 Great Britain 200/ 169R 6,919,843 4/1969 Gennany Primary Examiner-Robert K. Schaefer Assistant Examiner-William J. Smith Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Joseph R. Slotnik; Leonard Bloom; Edward D. Murphy [5 7] ABSTRACT A trigger mechanism for a hand-operated power tool includes a manually operable trigger movable between inoperative and operative levels and a stationary looking device which normally locks the trigger in its inoperative level and permits the trigger to be locked in its operative level; The trigger is slidable in its inoperative level from a lock-off position wherein the locking device prevents movement of the trigger to its operative level to an unlock position wherein the trigger is manually movable to its operative level. The trigger is also slidable in its operative level from an on position to a lock-on position wherein the locking device locks the trigger in its operative level for continuous operation of the power tool. The trigger mechanism requires distinct, intentional actions for its unlock and lock-on operations and thus provides a safeguard against accidental operation of the tool.

will 38 [52] US. Cl. 200/321, 200/157 [51] Int. Cl; H0lh 9/20 [58] Field of Search; 200/157, 169 R, 169 PB, 200/321, 322, 328

[56] References, Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,929,662 10 1933 Wappat 200/157 2,564,612 8/ 1951 Schneider .200/60 2,676,217 4/1954 Garbs 200/60 2,701,288 1/1955 Russell et al... 200/169 R X 2,947,840 8/1960 Park et a1. 200/157 X 3,413,498 11/1968 Bowen et a]. 310/47 3,676,627 7/1972 Happe 200/157 x 5 2 20 98 fez 9e ea 8 7 110 o 56 O 760 94 92 as 114 I2 |o2 s 84 10s 30 a I Imi PATENTEDEEC 1 01974 SHEET 2 I]? 2 FIG 4 The present invention relates to a trigger mechanism for a hand-operated power device and, more particularly, to a trigger mechanism for a portable, handoperated power tool driven by an electric motor which is automatically locked off when turned off and which permits the tool to be temporarily locked on for continuous operation.

In the prior art, portable, hand-operated power tools, e.g., electrically powered hedge or shrub trimmers, grass shears and power saws, have included trigger mechanisms incorporating automatic lock-off and manual lock-on features. These features have been provided by a locking device movable between lock-off and lock-on positions to control the operation of a trigger. The automatic lock-off feature has protected an operator against accidental operation of the power tool, and the lock-on feature has enabled the operator to continuously operate the power tool without the necessity of exerting continuous manual pressure on the trigger.

The prior art trigger mechanisms have been capable of operation by a simple activity to operate the power tool between its lock-off and lock-on states. For example, it has been possible for an operator, by continuous movement of the locking device in a single direction, to unlock the trigger mechanism from its lock-off state and to operate the trigger mechanism to its lock-on state. Since only a simple activity has been required to operate the prior art trigger mechanisms from lock-off to lock-on states, the possibility of accidental lock-on operation of the power tool has been enhanced along with the attendant risk of injury to the operator.

To avoid the disadvantages of the prior art, it is desirable to provide a trigger mechanism having automatic lock-off and manual lock-on features of portable, handoperated power tool which requires a positive, intentional action, distinct from the activity required to unlock the trigger mechanism, to operate the trigger mechanism into its lock-on state. The requirement of a positive, intentional action minimizes the possiblity of inadvertent lock-on operation of the tool.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a trigger mechanism for a hand-operated power tool which provides automatic lock-off and manual lock-on operation and requires an operator to consciously perform a complex activity to operate the trigger mechanism from its lock-off state to its lock-on state to minimize the possibility of inadvertent operation of the tool.

It is an additional object of the present invention to provide a trigger mechanism for a hand-operated power tool incorporating a stationary locking device including lock-off and lock-on portions cooperatively engageable with a manually operable trigger to provide automatic lock-off and manual lock-on operations and requiring a positive, intentional action by an operator, distinct from the action required to move the trigger out of registration with the lock-off portion of the lock ing device to move the trigger into engagement with the lock-on portion of the locking device.

It is still another object of the present invention to provide a trigger mechanism for a hand-operated power tool incorporating a locking device including lock-off and lock-on means cooperatively engageable "with a manually operable trigger to provide automatic the lock-off portion of the locking device is in registralock-off and manual lock-on operations and requiring a distinct and different trigger action by an operator from the action required to move the trigger out of the lock-off condition to move the trigger into the lock-on condition.

It is a further object of the' present invention to provide a trigger mechanism for a hand-operated power tool incorporating a trigger which is automatically returned to its lock-off position upon termination of the operation of the trigger mechanism, i.e., when the tool is turned off.

In accordance with the invention, a trigger mechanism for a hand-operated power device including a motor and a control operatively associated with the motor includes a manually operable trigger movable from an inoperative level to an operative level to actuate the control and operate the motor, the trigger being manually movable in its inoperative level from a lockoff position to an unlock position wherein it is movable to its operative level to actuate the control and manually movable in its operative level to a lock-on position to continuously actuate the control; and a locking device which preferably is stationary and includes a lockoff portion cooperatively engageable with the trigger in its lock-off position to prevent movement of the trigger from its inoperative level to its operative level and a lock-on portion cooperatively engageable with the trigger in its lock-on position to maintain the trigger in its operative level to continuously actuate the control and operate the motor. Preferably, the trigger is normally biased toward its inoperative level and its lock-off position. A positive, intentional action, distinct from the action required to unlock the trigger, is required by an operator to move the trigger to its lock-on position. The requirement of distinct actions reduces the likelihood of inadvertent operation of the power device to its lock-on state and thus minimizes the risk of injury to the operator.

In a preferred embodiment of the trigger mechanism, for use in a hand-operated power tool including an electric motor and a handle which supports a switch operatively associated with the motor, the trigger is mounted on the handle for both slidable and pivotal movement and the stationary locking device is mounted on the handle adjacent to the trigger. The trigger is pivotable from an inoperative level to an operative level to actuate the switch and, in each level, it is slidable relative to the handle. In its inoperative level, the trigger is slidable from a lock-off position, wherein tion with the trigger to prevent pivotal movement of the trigger to its operative level, to an unlock position wherein the lock-off portion of the locking device is out of registration with the trigger to permit pivotal movement of the trigger to its operative level to actuate the switch. In its operative level, the trigger is slidable from an on position to a lock on position wherein the lockon portion of the lockingdevic'e engages the trigger to maintain the trigger in its operative level to continuously actuate the switch and operate the motor.

The trigger is normally biased by novel spring means toward its inoperative level and its lock-off position. If

. the trigger, in its unlock position and either on or off,

is completely released, it automatically returns to its standard construction and, thus, only a portion lock-off position. Similarly, if the trigger, in its operative level and its lock-on position, is disengaged from the locking device and completely released, the trigger automatically returns to its inoperative level andits lock-off position.

The automatic lock-off and manual lock-on features of the trigger mechanism of the present invention preclude inadvertent operation of the power tool. The automatic lock-off feature requires an operator to perform an unlock activity prior to the actuation of the trigger to operate the tool. In addition, the manual lock-on feature requires the operator to perform a positive, intentional action, which is distinct from the unlock activity, to achieve lock-on operation of the power tool. These safety features of the trigger mechanism prevent an inexperienced operator from accidentally turning on the power tool and locking the tool on for BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF.Tl-IE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side elevation, partially cutaway, of a portable hand-operated power tool, e.g., a shrub or hedgetrimmer, having a handle which supports a trigger mechanism including a trigger, trigger biasing assembly, and a stationary locking device-constructed in accordance with the principles of the present invention a motor, and a cutting blade assembly;

FIG. 2 is a plan view of the portable power tool of FIG. 1 illustrating the construction of the handle in two sections; FIG. 3 is an enlarged side view, partially in section, taken along line 33 of FIG. 2, of a portion offthe handie of the portable power tool, with onehandle section removed, illustrating the trigger moved to its unlock position; and

FIG. 4 is an enlarged side view, partially in section, of the same portion of the power tool handle illustrating' the trigger moved to its lock-on position.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION FIG. 1 illustrates a portable, hand-operated power tool, e.g., a shrub or hedge trimmer, which incorporates a trigger mechanism constructed according to the principles of this invention. The power tool includes an elongated, hollow handle, generally 20, consisting of two half sections 22 and 24 (FIG. 2). The half-sections Cutting blade assembly 40 includes a lower, stationary blade 42, an upper, reciprocating blade 44, and an elongated support member 46 which extends forward from the front end of the handle above reciprocating blade 44. Lower, stationary cutting blade 42 is secured to support member 46 by a plurality of nuts and bolts 48 (one shown in FIG. 1) spaced along the cutting blade assembly. Upper, reciprocating blade 44 includes a plurality of elongated slots 50 extending longitudinally along the blade for receiving bolts 48 to permit blade 44 to be reciprocated relative to stationary blade 42 and support member 46. A drive mechanism (not shown) is provided to convert the rotary output of motor 36 to reciprocating motion of blade 44. Alternatively, the blades 42 and 44 may. both be reciprocated by suitable means (not shown).

In the present embodiment, the rear end of handle 20 is provided with a power cord receptacle 52 for receiving a detachable power cord (not shown) to connect the tool to an electrical power source. The power cord receptacle receives a specially shaped powercord connector (not shown) of the detachable power cord to enable the tool to be connected to the power source. It is understood that the detachable power cordand receptacle do not constitute any part of the present invention and that other power cord arrangements, e. g., a permanently attached power cord, can be used to supply electric power to the tool.

Referring to FIG. 3, the tool includes a plug 54 located within the interior of handle 20 with a pair of plug blades 56 (one shown in FIG. 3) extending rearwardly into power cord receptacle S2. A generally rectangular support 58 extends inwardly from the interior of handle section 22 for supporting plug 54in a fixed position relative to the handle. The connector of the detachable power cord (not shown) received in power hand of an operator. The handle also includes an enlarged forward portion to support a housing 34 for receiving a motor 36 which drives the power tool. A hand grip 38 is secured at the top of the housing toallow the operator to grip the tool with both hands.

' As shown in FIG. I, a cutting blade assembly, generally 40, extends forward from the front end of handle 20. The cutting blade assembly is representative ofone of the assembly is illustrated.

cord receptacle 52 is adapted to make electrical contact with plug blades 56 to connect the tool to a source of electrical power. Rectangular support 58 includes a first, cylindricalprojection 60 extending inwardly from the interior of handle section 22 including a central opening for receiving a screw (not shown) in the assembly of the handle.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and '3, the power tool handle supports a control here shown to be an on-off switch 62 operatively associated with motor 36. Switch 62 may be a single speed, on-off switch, a multiple speed switch, or a variable speed switch. It includes an actuator 64 normally biased downward to an off position and movable upward toan on position to operate the motor. A first pair of conductors 66 (only one shown) connects plug 54 to switch 62. In addition, a second pair of conductors 68 (only one shown) connects switch 62 to motor 36.

Handle section 22 includes an additional cylindrical projection 70 for receiving another screw (not shown) in the assembly of the handle; Similar cylindrical projections (not shown) are provided on the interior of handle section 22 for receiving screws 30 of FIG. 1.

The power tool handle supports a trigger mechanism for actuating switch 62 to control operation of motor 36. The trigger mechanism provides automatic lock-off and manual unlock, on, and lock-on operations for control of the motor. The manual unlockand lock-on operations require intentional, distinct actions by the operator to unlock the trigger mechanism for manual operation and to achieve continuous operation of the power tool.

In accordance with the invention, the trigger mechanism includes a manually operable trigger movable from an inoperative level to an operative level to actuate the control and operate the motor. The trigger is manually movable in its inoperative level from a lockoff position to an unlock position wherein it is movable to its operative level into an on position to actuate the control. It is also manually movable in its operative level from the on position to a lock-on position to continuously actuate the control. In a preferred embodiment of the trigger mechanism, improved means is provided for normally biasing the trigger toward its inoperative level and its lock-off position.

Referring to FIG. 3, the preferred embodiment of the trigger mechanism includes a trigger, generally 80, mounted within the interior of handle 30 which includes a finger' engageable body-82 protruding downwardly through a trigger opening defined by adjacent slots provided in the bottom of handle sections 22 and 24. Trigger 80 also includes a pair of spaced, parallel arms 84 extending rearwardly from trigger body 82.

As shown in FIG. 3, switch 62 is positioned in the space between arms 84 of the trigger. The arms terminate in an enlarged collar 86 which is provided with an elongated, horizontal slot 88 for receiving a stationary pin 90 projecting inwardly from the interior of handle section 22. The pin supports trigger 80 for both slidable and pivotal movement relative to the handle.

Trigger 80 may be constructed from a suitable elastomeric, non-conductive material and includes a first, integral leaf spring 92 extending horizontally backward from collar 86 with its free end received between a pair of stationary pins 94 provided on the interior of handle section 22. The purpose of first, integral leaf spring 92 is to normally bias trigger body 82 downward to its inoperative level (FIGS. 1 and 3). In addition, trigger 80 includes a second integral leaf spring 96 extending vertically upward from collar 86 with its free end received between a pair of pins 98 provided on the interior of handle section 22. The purpose of second, integral leaf spring 96 is to normally bias the trigger body forward toward a lock-off position (FIG. 1).

Trigger body 82 includes an upper, actuating surface 100 which moves into contact with actuator 64 of switch 62 upon upward movement of the trigger to an operator level. In addition, a finger 102 projects forward from the front end of trigger body 82. The finger includes a top, lock-off surface 104 and a notch 106 formed in its lower surface which provides a downwardly extending lip or lock-0n member 108.

In accordance with the invention, the trigger mechanism also includes a locking device, preferably stationary, including a lock-off portion cooperatively engageable with the trigger in its lock-off position to prevent movement of the trigger from its inoperative level to its operative level and a lock-on portion cooperatively engageable with the trigger in its lock-on position to maintain the trigger in its operative level to continuously actuate the control and operate the motor.'Referring to FIGS. 1 and 3, a locking device or rib 110 projects inwardly from the interior of handle section 22. -Rib 110 is located above finger 102 of trigger body 82 when the trigger is in its lock-off position (FIG. 1) Rib 110 includes a lower, lock-off surface 112 and a lock-on member or ridge 114 projecting upward from its upper surface.

In the operation of the trigger mechanism, integral leaf spring 92 normally maintains trigger body 82 in a downward inoperative level, and integral leaf spring 96 normally maintains the trigger body in a forward, lockoff position. Referring to FIG. 1, with trigger in its inoperative position, lock-off surface 112 of locking device 110 is in registration with lock-off surface 104 of finger 102 of the trigger to prevent upward movement of trigger body 82 from its inoperative level.

When it is desired to unlock the trigger mechanism, the operator manually engages trigger body 82 and slides the trigger longitudinally backward against the bias of leaf spring 96 to its unlock position (FIG. 3). With the trigger in its unlock position, lock-off surface 112 of locking member 110 is out of registration with lock-off surface 104 of finger 102 to pennit trigger body 82 to be moved upward to its operative level. The operator can then pivot trigger 80 upward against the bias of leaf spring 92 to its operative level by manually applying pressure to trigger body 82. Upon upward movement of trigger 80 to its operative level, i.e., into its on position, actuating surface of trigger body 82 moves switch actuator 64 upward to actuate switch 62 and operate the motor 34.

If, at this time, the trigger is released, leaf spring 92 returns trigger body 82 downward to its inoperative level and leaf spring 96 returns the body forward to its lock-off position. The trigger is thus automatically returned to its lock-off position when the operation of the trigger mechanism is terminated.

When it is desired to lock trigger 80 in its upward, operative level, the operator can slide trigger body 82 forward from its on position to a lock-on position (FIG. 4). With the trigger body in its lock-on position, lockon ridge 114 is received in notch 106 of finger 102 of the trigger body. Integral leaf spring 92 exerts a downward bias on trigger body 82 and integral leaf spring 96 exerts a backward bias on the trigger body to maintain its lip 108 in engagement with lock-on ridge 114. Trigger body 82 is thus locked in its upward, operative level to continuously actuate switch 62 and operate motor 34.

When it is desired to terminate lock-on operation of the trigger mechanism, the operator manually engages trigger body 82 and moves the trigger body slightly upward to disengage its lip 108 from lock-on ridge 114 of locking device 110. If the trigger is thereafter released, integral leaf springs 92 and 96 automatically return trigger body 82 to its downward, inoperative level and its lock-off position (FIG. 1).

The preferred embodiment provides a trigger mecha nism having automatic lock-off and manual lock-on features. The trigger mechanism requires distinct actions, i.e., slidable movement of its trigger in reverse directions, to unlock the trigger for manual on-off operation of the power tool and to lock the trigger on for continuous operation of the tool. The requirement of distinct, intentional actions precludes inadvertent operation of a trigger mechanis i The invention, in its broader aspects, is not limited to the specific details shown and described, and modifications may be made in the details of the trigger mechanism without departing from the principles of the present invention.

What is claimed is:

1. A trigger mechanism for a hand-operated power device including a motor and a control operatively associated with the motor, comprising: v

a manually operable trigger movable from an inoperative level to an operative level to actuate the control and operate the motor, said trigger being manually movable in its inoperative level from a lockoff position to an unlock position wherein it is'movable to its operative level to actuate the control and manually movable in its operative level to a lock-on position to continuously actuate the control;

a stationary locking device including a lock-E portion cooperatively engageable with said trigger in.

its lock-off position to prevent movement of said trigger from its inoperative level to its operative level and a lock-on portion cooperatively engageable with said trigger in its lock-on position to maintain said trigger in its operative level to continuously actuate the control and operate the motor;

means for normally biasing said trigger toward its inoperative level; and

means for biasing said trigger to a position in which said trigger cooperates with said lock-off portion when said trigger is at its inoperative level, and in which said trigger is released from said lock-on portion when said trigger is at its operative level. i Z A triggeraisciianism' a aaimea'ih'aaim' wherein said locking device includes a sloped surface extending through said neutral position for enabling said firstmentioned means to overcome said last-mentioned means whereby said trigger is automatically returned to its lock-off position from any released position other than said lock-on position.

3. A trigger mechanism for a handoperated power tool including an electric motor and an elongated, hollow handle which supports a switch operatively associated with the motor; comprising:

a manually operable trigger mounted within the handle and including a finger engageable body extending through an opening provided in the handle, said trigger having an arm which extends from its body and includes an elongated slot for receiving a pin provided on the handle to permit slidable movement of said trigger longitudinally relative to the handle and pivotal movement of said trigger transversely relative to the handle, said trigger body including a lock-0E surface and a lock-on member, said trigger being pivotable from an inoperative level to an operative level to actuate the switch and operate the motor; said trigger being longitudinally slidable relative to the handle in its inoperative level from a lock-off position to an unlock position wherein said trigger is pivotable to its operative level to actuate the switch, said trigger being longitudinally slidable relative to the handle in its operative level to a lock-on position to continuously actuate the switch, said trigger being normally biased toward its inoperative level and its lock-off position; and

a locking member mountedwithin the handle adjacent to said trigger body, said locking member including a lower surface in registration with said lock-off surface of said trigger body when said trigger is in its lock-off position to prevent pivotal movement of said trigger from its inoperative level to its operative level, said lower surface of said locking member being out of registration with said means for biasing said trigger to a position in which said trigger cooperates with said lock-off portion when said trigger is at its inoperative level, and in which said trigger is released from said lock-on portion when said trigger is at its operative level. 4. A trigger mechanism for a hand-operated power tool including an electric motor and an elongated, hollow handle which supports a switch operatively associated with the motor, comprising:

a manually operable trigger mounted within the handle and including a finger engageable body extending downward through an opening provided in the handle, said trigger having an arm which extends backward from its body and includes an elongated, horizontal slot for receiving a pin provided on the handle to permit slidable movement of said trigger horizontally relative to the handle and pivotal movement of said trigger vertically relative to the handle, said trigger body including a finger which extends forward from said trigger body and in cludes an upper, lock-off surface and a lower surface provided with a downwardly extending lockon member, said trigger being vertically pivotable from an inoperative level to an operative level to actuate the switch and operate the motor, sa'id trigger being slidable backward relative to the handle in its inoperative level from a lock-off position to an unlock position wherein said trigger is vertically pivotable to its operative level to actuate the switch, said trigger being slidable forward relative to the handle in its operative level to a lock-on position to continuously actuate the switch, said trigger including a first, integral leaf spring extending backward from said arm and engaging the handle to normally bias said trigger downward toward its inoperative level and a second, integral leaf spring extending upward from said arm and engaging the handle to normally bias said trigger forward toward its lock-off position; and

a locking member mounted within the handle above said trigger body, said locking member including a lower surface in registration with said lock-off surface of said finger when said trigger is in its lock-off position to prevent pivotal movement of said trigger from its inoperative level to its operative level, said lower surface of said locking member being out of registration with said finger when said trigger is in its unlock position to permit pivotal movement of said trigger to its operative level to actuate the switch, said locking member including a ridge on its upper surface for engaging said lock-on member of said finger to lock said trigger in its operative level to continuously actuate the switch and operate the motor.

5. A trigger mechanism for a hand-operated power tool including an electric motor and an elongated, hol- 3 ,854,02O 9 t 10 low handle which supports an on-off switch operatively position to prevent movement of said trigger from associated with the motor and provided with a movable its inoperative level to its operative level, and a actuator to control its operation, comprising: lock-on portion cooperatively engageable with said a manually operable trigger mounted within the hantrigger in its lock-on position to maintain said trigface of said finger when said trigger is in its lock-off position to prevent pivotal movement of said trigger from its inoperative level to its operative level, said lower surface of said locking member being out of registration with said finger when said trigger is in its unlock position to permit pivotal movement of said trigger to its operative level to actuate the switch, said locking member including a ridge on its upper surface for engaging said lock-on member ger being manually movable in its inoperative level from a lock-off position to an unlock position wherein it is movable to its operative level to actuate the control, and manually movable in its operative level to a lock-on position to continuously acdi and including a finger engageable body extend- 5 get in its operative level to continuously actuate ing downward through an opening provided in the th t l d operate th motor; d handle Said trigger having an arm which extends means normally biasing said trigger into cooperable backward from its body includes an elongated, lock-off engagement with said locking means when horizontal slot for receiving a pin provided'on the id trigger i i i inoperative l L handle to permit slidable movement of said trigger to 7, A trigger mechanism for a hand-operated power horizontally rehjltivq the handle and Pivotal tool including a motor and a handle which supports a movement of Sald trlgger Vertically relative to the control operatively associated with the motor, comprishandle, said trigger body including a finger which ,r extends forward from Said trigger y and a manually operable trigger mounted on the handle chides PP SurfaCe and a lqwer for both slidable and pivotal movement relative to face provided with a downwardly extending lockthe handle, said trigger being pivotable from an in- On membery Sald trigger bemg P operative level to an operative level to actuate the Peath thew1tch mcludmg an aqtuatfng Surface control and operate the motor, said trigger being 9 engagmg the swltch acufatori Salfj mgger bemg slidable in its inoperative level from a lock-off posiplvotable upward from an moperatlve level to an tion to an unlock position wherein said trigger is operative level to move said actuating surface into pivotable to its operative level to actuate the com engagement with the Switch q to actlfate trol and slidable in its operative level to a lock-on Swnch to tum on motor sald g i bejmg position to continuously actuatethe control; and b backward relatlve to the l'andle m mopera' a locking device on the handle adjacent to said triglevel q a.locli'off 9 to an unlock get, said locking device including a lock-off portion Smon Sald mgger 1S pwota.bIe W Its in registration with .said trigger in its lock-off posi- Op.eratw.e level to actuate h Swltch said trigger tion to prevent pivotal movement of said trigger to bemg S.hdable relatwe handle us its operative level, means normally biasing said Operative level to pos.ltlon i coritmu' 3o trigger toward lock-off registration with said lockously actuate the sw1tch, sa1d trigger including a mg device when sald trigger IS in said inoperative first, integral leaf spring extending backward from 1 l ff b t f t said arm and engaging the handle to normally bias eye F Ion emg regls ra p with said trigger in its unlock position to permit said trigger downward toward its inoperative level t 1 f t and a second, integral leaf spring extending upward PM) a movemen 0 Sal ngger opgrative from said arm and engaging the handle to normally level. to actuate the C(introl Sald kickmg device bias said trigger forward toward its lock-off posiclPdmgalock'on q i i fiingageable tion; and with to releasably retain said trigger in its lockon a locking member mounted within the handle above posltlon to l Sald trigger m its Operative Said trigger body, Said locking member including a level to continuously actuate the control and open-- lower surface in registration with said lock-off sur- 40 ate the motor and means normally blasmg Said trigger away from cooperative engagement with said lock-on portion when said trigger is in its operative level.

8. A trigger mechanism for a hand-operated power device including a motor and a control operatively associated with the motor, comprising:

a manually operable trigger movable from an inoperative level to an operative level to actuate the control and operate the motor, said trigger being manof said finger to lock said trigger in its operative hq lts'ihopefalti've level h h f 1001(- level to continuously actuate the switch and oper- Offposltlon to an unlock P Q Whereln 1t 15 r h motor able to its operative level to actuate the control, 6. A trigger mechanism for a hand-operated power and if movable i inoperative level to a device including a motor and a control operatively aslock-Oh POSltlOh U IY ac uate the Consociated with the motor, comprising:

a manually operable trigger movable from an inoperfirst biasing means arranged to constantly urge said ative'level to an operative level to actuate the congg to its lhoperatlve Position; and trol and operate the motor, means normally biasing Second biasing means for urging said trigger into a said trigger toward said inoperative level, said trigposition where said trigger IS in engagement with said lock-off portion when said trigger is at its inoperative level and for urging said trigger out of said lock-on position when said trigger is at its operative level.

9. A trigger mechanism for a hand-operated power tool including an electric motor and a switch for controlling the application of power to said motor, comprising:

tuate the control; locking means including a lock-off portion cooperatively engageable with said trigger in its lock-off a manually operable trigger for controlling said switch;

means mounting said trigger for pivotal movement between a first position in which said switch is off and a second position in which said switch is on;

means biasing said trigger toward said first position;

locking means including a lock-off portion engageable with said trigger for maintaining said trigger in said first position, and a lock-on portion for maintaining said trigger in said second position;

second biasing means associated with said trigger, said second biasing means being arranged to urge said trigger into engagement with said lock-off por- 11. A trigger mechanism as claimed in claim wherein said mounting means for said trigger permits both pivotal movement of said trigger between said first position and said second position and lateral movement of said trigger into engagement with one of said first and said second surfaces of said locking device, said first surface being positioned closer to said trigger than said second surface, and said second biasing means urges said trigger into an intermediate lateral position relative to said first and said second surfaces whereby, at said first level, said trigger is engaged with said first surface and, at said second level, said trigger is normally spaced from said second surface.

tion when said trigger is in said first position and to urge said trigger out of engagement with said lockon portion when said trigger is in said second position.

10. A trigger mechanism as claimed in claim 9 wherein said locking device comprises a stop member, wherein said lock-off portion is a first surface of said stop member and wherein said lock-on portion is a second surface of said stop member; and

said mounting means for said trigger comprises means permitting movement of said trigger into engagement with said first surface when said trigger is in said first position andintoengagement with said second surface when said trigger is in said secend position.

12. A trigger mechanism as claimed in claim 11 wherein retaining means are provided for holding said trigger in engagement with said second surface upon movement of said trigger into such engagement.

13. A trigger mechanism as claimed in claim 11 wherein a sloped surface is provided between said first and said second surfaces, said sloped surface and said first biasing means cooperating to oppose said second biasing means to urge said trigger into its inoperative, lock-off position unless said trigger is engaged with said lock-on portion.

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Classifications
U.S. Classification200/43.17, 200/293.1, 200/522
International ClassificationH01H3/20, H01H9/06, H01H3/02, H01H9/02
Cooperative ClassificationH01H3/20, H01H9/06
European ClassificationH01H3/20, H01H9/06