|Publication number||US3854622 A|
|Publication date||Dec 17, 1974|
|Filing date||Dec 5, 1972|
|Priority date||Dec 5, 1972|
|Also published as||CA1087549A, CA1087549A1, DE2359531A1, DE2359531C2|
|Publication number||US 3854622 A, US 3854622A, US-A-3854622, US3854622 A, US3854622A|
|Original Assignee||Knight Eng & Molding Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (25), Classifications (9), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent McKirnan Dec. 17,1974
1 1 CHILDPROOF COVER  Inventor: Robert A. McKirnan, Winnetka, 111.
 Assignee: Knight Engineering & Molding C0.,
Arlington Heights, 111.
 Filed: Dec. 5, 1972  Appl. No.: 312,284
 U.S.Cl ..220/306,2l5/206,215/216, 1
 Int. Cl 865d 83/14  Field of Search..... 220/60 R, 60 A, 85 P, 43 P; 2l5/9,4l,206,216;222/182, 153
 1 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,532,249 10/1970 Gach 220/60 R l/l972 Markowitz 220/60 R 4/1974 Mead 215/9 Primary Examiner-Ge0rge Eflsowrance Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Kinzer, Plyer, Dorn &
McEachran 57' ABSTRACT A cover for an aerosol and similar containers that is difficult, if not impossible, for a child to remove but which may be readily removed by an understanding adult who sequentially squeezes, pulls and twists the cover after grasping it in designated locations.
6 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures CHILDPROOF COVER SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention is directed to a plastic cover for an aerosol and similar containers that cannot be readily opened by a child, especially a young child. An object of this invention is a cover for an aerosol and similar containers that is difficult, if not impossible, for achild to remove but can be readily be removed by an understanding adult.
Another object is a cover for an aerosol and similar containers that must be sequentially squeezed, pulle and twisted to be easily removed.
Another object is a cover for an aerosol and similar containers that must be squeezed in designated locations to effect easy removal.
Another object is a cover for an aerosol and similar containers that can be removed and replaced many times without destroying the childproof features of the cover.
Another object is such'a cover having designated squeezing locations formed integrally therewith.
Other objects may be found in the following specification,,claims and drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The invention is illustrated more or less diagrammatically in the following drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of an aerosol container equipped with a cover embodying the novel features of this invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged partial cross-sectional view of the aerosol container and cover of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a bottom view of the cover of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged partial view taken along line 4-4 of FIG. 3; and
FIG. 5 is a somewhat schematic view of the inner skirt of the cover in its squeezed position prior to removal.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT FIG. 1 shows a dispensing container 11 which may beof the aerosol type equipped with a cap 13 of the childproof type. The dispensing container is cylindrical in shape and is enclosed at its upperend by a domed top 15 secured thereto by an upstanding annular rim 17. A valve actuator 19 is mounted on the domed top and is surrounded by an annular collar 21. The annular collar has an underside 23 which is spaced from the domed top.
The cap 13, which may be formed of a suitable flexible plastic, includes a circular top 27 formed integrally with an outer depending skirt 29 and an integral coaxial inner skirt 31 also depending from the circular top. As can be seen in FIG. 2, the inner skirt is shorter than the outer skirt.
Diametrically spaced slits 35 are cut through the inner skirt 31 and extend from the lower edge thereof towards the circular top 27 of the cap, stopping short thereof. Arcuate lips 37 are formed integrally with the inner skirt 31 at the lower edge thereof and extend inwardly of the skirt. As is shown in FIG. 3, the lips are located diametrically of one another and at right angles to the slits 35. Webs 39 connect the outer skirt 29 with the lip portions of the inner skirt 31. The webs 39 are diametrically positioned relative to each other and .con-
-aerosol and other dispensing containers for products nect with the inner skirt at approximately the midpoint of the arcuate lips 37. The webs also are located at right angles to the slits 35 in the inner skirt. The webs extend the full length of the inner skirt. Additional webs 41, which are shorter than the webs 39, also connect the outer and inner skirts to strengthen the cap. These webs are spaced generally symmetrical relative to the webs 39 and should be positioned nearer to the webs 39 than to the slits 35 so as not to interfere with the elliptical deformation of the inner skirt 31.
lndicia 45 are formed on the exterior of the outer skirt 29 at'locations radially outwardly of and aligned with the slits 35. In'this embodiment, the indicia consists of a series of slightly raised longitudinally extending parallel ribs which are formed integrally with the outer skirt.
The use, operation and function of this invention are as follows:
The cap 13 of this invention is intended for use on Y which may be hazardous to children. Itis particularly concerned with such a cap which is inexpensive to manufacture and which may be installed and removed numerous times without losing its childproof locking features. I
When a cap 13 is installed on a container 11 of the type shown in the drawings having annular collar2l located above a domed roof 15 with the collar having an underside 23, the diametrically located, arcuate inwardly extending lips 37 on the inner skirt 31 of the cap will engage the underside 23 of the collar, holding the cap securely in place. It will be difficult, if not impossible, for a child to easily remove the cap.
To remove the cap from the container, it is necessary to apply pressure to the portions of the cap marked with the indicia 45 with thepressure being applied in the direction of the arrows as shownin FIG. 3. The squeezing of the outer skirt 29 of the cap due to the application of pressure to the indicia areas 45 will cause the outer skirt to become elliptical with the long axis of the ellipse aligned with and extending through the webs 39. The webs 39 will move radially outwardly along with the outer skirt 29,-pulling the inner skirt 31 into an elliptical shape as shown in FIG. 5. The slits 35 assist the inner skirt to distort to an elliptical shape due to the pulling force of the webs 39. Since the webs 39 are connected to the portions of the inner skirt 41 adjacent the centers of the lips, the lips 37 will also be moved radially in the manner shown in FIG. 5, moving the lips out of engagement with the underside 23 of the collar 21.
This will permit the user to pull and twist the cap and thereby remove it from the container.
If pressure is applied to portions of the outer skirt, other than the portions marked by the indicia, the lips 37 of the inner skirt will not be moved out of engagement with the underside 23 of collar 21 but rather will be forced more firmly into locking engagement with this collar. Thus, removal of the cap requires a sequence of manipulations of which a young child would not normally be capable of performing.
I claim: Y
1.-A childproof cover for a container such as an aerosol container having a roof, a circular collar located on said roof with said collar having an 'undersurface positioned above said roof, said cover being formed of a flexible plastic and including: I
a circular top, and outer skirt depending from said circular top, an inner skirt coaxial with said outer skirt and also depending from said top, a pair oflips projecting inwardly from the lower end of said inner skirt and positioned to engage the undersur 5 face of said circular collar when said cover is positioned on said container, said lips being spaced from and located opposite to each other,
a pair of slits formed in said inner skirt and extending from the lower edge thereof towards the circular top with said slits being located generally diametrically of each other and between said lips, and
a pair of webs connecting said outer and inner skirts with said webs positioned relative to said slits so that forces inwardly applied to opposite sides of said outer skirt at the lower edge thereof adjacent said slits'will cause distortion of said outer skirt and radially outward movement of said webs which in turn will cause distortion of said inner skirt and re lease of said lips from engagement with the undersurface of said circular collar.
2. The childproof cover of claim 1 in which said webs are located at right angles to said slits. I
3. The childproof cover of claim I in'which indicia indicating pressure applying areas are formed on the exterior of said outer skirt adjacent the lower edge thereof with said indicia positioned at right angles to said ribs.
4. The childproof cover of claim 1 in which said indicia are aligned with said slits.
5. The childproof cover of claim 1 in which additional webs shorter than said webs of said pair of webs are provided to connect the inner and outer skirts with said shorter ribs being arranged in pairs located on opposite sides of each of said webs and spaced closer to said webs than to said slits.
6. The childproof cover of claim 1 in which said lips are arcuate shaped and each extends through an are less than that of its portion of said inner skirt.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3532249 *||May 2, 1969||Oct 6, 1970||Sunbeam Plastics Corp||Tamperproof replaceable cap|
|US3633789 *||Jul 10, 1970||Jan 11, 1972||Markowitz Isral J||Protective cap for a container|
|US3802607 *||Sep 30, 1971||Apr 9, 1974||Dow Chemical Co||Child resistant overcap for aerosol or like containers|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3958708 *||May 5, 1975||May 25, 1976||Sunbeam Plastics Corporation||Oversized safety cap|
|US3964634 *||Sep 2, 1975||Jun 22, 1976||Knight Engineering And Molding Co.||Child resistant safety cap|
|US3993208 *||Jan 14, 1975||Nov 23, 1976||Vca Corporation||Safety closure means|
|US4029231 *||Nov 20, 1975||Jun 14, 1977||Ab Wicanders Korkfabriker||Pilferproof closure for bottles, tubes and similar containers|
|US4068696 *||Nov 19, 1976||Jan 17, 1978||Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc.||Supplemental additive indication cap for containers and the like having auxiliary sleeve|
|US4303175 *||Apr 28, 1980||Dec 1, 1981||Philmac Corporation||Overcap assembly for valved containers|
|US4962864 *||Jan 23, 1989||Oct 16, 1990||Clayton Corporation||Tamper-evident aerosol cap|
|US4991730 *||Sep 12, 1989||Feb 12, 1991||Pehr Harold T||Captive key release closure structure|
|US5040694 *||Jan 31, 1989||Aug 20, 1991||Gambello Vincent J||Locking removable cap and method of assembly and installation thereof|
|US5092493 *||Dec 27, 1990||Mar 3, 1992||Pehr Harold T||Captive key release closure structure|
|US5722568 *||Sep 13, 1996||Mar 3, 1998||Summit Packaging Systems, Inc.||Tamper-evident aerosol cap|
|US5915576 *||Apr 15, 1998||Jun 29, 1999||Owens-Illinois Closure Inc.||Child-resistant safety closure|
|US6189719 *||Jan 22, 1999||Feb 20, 2001||Mitani Valve Co.||Plastic cover for a container|
|US6769563||Oct 30, 2002||Aug 3, 2004||L.L. Culmat, L.P.||Molded aerosol can cap|
|US6783014||Jun 7, 2001||Aug 31, 2004||Rexam Medical Packaging Inc.||Double shell closure with support ribs|
|US7530470 *||Nov 4, 2005||May 12, 2009||Houser Kent A||Child resistant aerosol can cover|
|US20020185464 *||Jun 7, 2001||Dec 12, 2002||Luker C. Edward||Double shell closure with support ribs|
|US20050006334 *||Jul 26, 2004||Jan 13, 2005||Rexam Medical Packaging Inc.||Double shell closure with support ribs|
|US20070210027 *||Oct 8, 2004||Sep 13, 2007||Abbott Douglas A||Child-Resistant Package|
|US20080067182 *||Sep 18, 2006||Mar 20, 2008||L. L. Culmat, L.P.||Aerosol container cap|
|USB541015 *||Jan 14, 1975||Jan 27, 1976||Title not available|
|EP0968935A2 *||Apr 29, 1999||Jan 5, 2000||Mitani Valve Co||Plastic cover for a container|
|WO1992012067A1 *||Dec 27, 1991||Jul 23, 1992||Pehr Harold T||Captive key release closure structure|
|WO2005037659A2 *||Oct 8, 2004||Apr 28, 2005||Pechiney Plastic Packaging Inc.||Child-resistant package|
|WO2005037659A3 *||Oct 8, 2004||Oct 13, 2005||Douglas A Abbott||Child-resistant package|
|U.S. Classification||220/784, 222/182, 215/216, 215/206, 220/915|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D83/40, Y10S220/915|
|Jul 20, 1988||AS06||Security interest|
Owner name: MARYLAND NATIONAL BANK, SUITE 101, 2328 WEST JOPPA
Effective date: 19880713
Owner name: WHEELING STAMPING COMPANY
|Jul 20, 1988||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MARYLAND NATIONAL BANK, SUITE 101, 2328 WEST JOPPA
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:WHEELING STAMPING COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:004918/0897
Effective date: 19880713