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Publication numberUS3854622 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 17, 1974
Filing dateDec 5, 1972
Priority dateDec 5, 1972
Also published asCA1087549A1, DE2359531A1, DE2359531C2
Publication numberUS 3854622 A, US 3854622A, US-A-3854622, US3854622 A, US3854622A
InventorsR Mckirnan
Original AssigneeKnight Eng & Molding Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Childproof cover
US 3854622 A
Abstract
A cover for an aerosol and similar containers that is difficult, if not impossible, for a child to remove but which may be readily removed by an understanding adult who sequentially squeezes, pulls and twists the cover after grasping it in designated locations.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent McKirnan Dec. 17,1974

1 1 CHILDPROOF COVER [75] Inventor: Robert A. McKirnan, Winnetka, 111.

[73] Assignee: Knight Engineering & Molding C0.,

Arlington Heights, 111.

[22] Filed: Dec. 5, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 312,284

[52] U.S.Cl ..220/306,2l5/206,215/216, 1

[51] Int. Cl 865d 83/14 [58] Field of Search..... 220/60 R, 60 A, 85 P, 43 P; 2l5/9,4l,206,216;222/182, 153

[56] 1 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,532,249 10/1970 Gach 220/60 R l/l972 Markowitz 220/60 R 4/1974 Mead 215/9 Primary Examiner-Ge0rge Eflsowrance Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Kinzer, Plyer, Dorn &

McEachran 57' ABSTRACT A cover for an aerosol and similar containers that is difficult, if not impossible, for a child to remove but which may be readily removed by an understanding adult who sequentially squeezes, pulls and twists the cover after grasping it in designated locations.

6 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures CHILDPROOF COVER SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention is directed to a plastic cover for an aerosol and similar containers that cannot be readily opened by a child, especially a young child. An object of this invention is a cover for an aerosol and similar containers that is difficult, if not impossible, for achild to remove but can be readily be removed by an understanding adult.

Another object is a cover for an aerosol and similar containers that must be sequentially squeezed, pulle and twisted to be easily removed.

Another object is a cover for an aerosol and similar containers that must be squeezed in designated locations to effect easy removal.

Another object is a cover for an aerosol and similar containers that can be removed and replaced many times without destroying the childproof features of the cover.

Another object is such'a cover having designated squeezing locations formed integrally therewith.

Other objects may be found in the following specification,,claims and drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The invention is illustrated more or less diagrammatically in the following drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of an aerosol container equipped with a cover embodying the novel features of this invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged partial cross-sectional view of the aerosol container and cover of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a bottom view of the cover of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged partial view taken along line 4-4 of FIG. 3; and

FIG. 5 is a somewhat schematic view of the inner skirt of the cover in its squeezed position prior to removal.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT FIG. 1 shows a dispensing container 11 which may beof the aerosol type equipped with a cap 13 of the childproof type. The dispensing container is cylindrical in shape and is enclosed at its upperend by a domed top 15 secured thereto by an upstanding annular rim 17. A valve actuator 19 is mounted on the domed top and is surrounded by an annular collar 21. The annular collar has an underside 23 which is spaced from the domed top.

The cap 13, which may be formed of a suitable flexible plastic, includes a circular top 27 formed integrally with an outer depending skirt 29 and an integral coaxial inner skirt 31 also depending from the circular top. As can be seen in FIG. 2, the inner skirt is shorter than the outer skirt.

Diametrically spaced slits 35 are cut through the inner skirt 31 and extend from the lower edge thereof towards the circular top 27 of the cap, stopping short thereof. Arcuate lips 37 are formed integrally with the inner skirt 31 at the lower edge thereof and extend inwardly of the skirt. As is shown in FIG. 3, the lips are located diametrically of one another and at right angles to the slits 35. Webs 39 connect the outer skirt 29 with the lip portions of the inner skirt 31. The webs 39 are diametrically positioned relative to each other and .con-

-aerosol and other dispensing containers for products nect with the inner skirt at approximately the midpoint of the arcuate lips 37. The webs also are located at right angles to the slits 35 in the inner skirt. The webs extend the full length of the inner skirt. Additional webs 41, which are shorter than the webs 39, also connect the outer and inner skirts to strengthen the cap. These webs are spaced generally symmetrical relative to the webs 39 and should be positioned nearer to the webs 39 than to the slits 35 so as not to interfere with the elliptical deformation of the inner skirt 31.

lndicia 45 are formed on the exterior of the outer skirt 29 at'locations radially outwardly of and aligned with the slits 35. In'this embodiment, the indicia consists of a series of slightly raised longitudinally extending parallel ribs which are formed integrally with the outer skirt.

The use, operation and function of this invention are as follows:

The cap 13 of this invention is intended for use on Y which may be hazardous to children. Itis particularly concerned with such a cap which is inexpensive to manufacture and which may be installed and removed numerous times without losing its childproof locking features. I

When a cap 13 is installed on a container 11 of the type shown in the drawings having annular collar2l located above a domed roof 15 with the collar having an underside 23, the diametrically located, arcuate inwardly extending lips 37 on the inner skirt 31 of the cap will engage the underside 23 of the collar, holding the cap securely in place. It will be difficult, if not impossible, for a child to easily remove the cap.

To remove the cap from the container, it is necessary to apply pressure to the portions of the cap marked with the indicia 45 with thepressure being applied in the direction of the arrows as shownin FIG. 3. The squeezing of the outer skirt 29 of the cap due to the application of pressure to the indicia areas 45 will cause the outer skirt to become elliptical with the long axis of the ellipse aligned with and extending through the webs 39. The webs 39 will move radially outwardly along with the outer skirt 29,-pulling the inner skirt 31 into an elliptical shape as shown in FIG. 5. The slits 35 assist the inner skirt to distort to an elliptical shape due to the pulling force of the webs 39. Since the webs 39 are connected to the portions of the inner skirt 41 adjacent the centers of the lips, the lips 37 will also be moved radially in the manner shown in FIG. 5, moving the lips out of engagement with the underside 23 of the collar 21.

This will permit the user to pull and twist the cap and thereby remove it from the container.

If pressure is applied to portions of the outer skirt, other than the portions marked by the indicia, the lips 37 of the inner skirt will not be moved out of engagement with the underside 23 of collar 21 but rather will be forced more firmly into locking engagement with this collar. Thus, removal of the cap requires a sequence of manipulations of which a young child would not normally be capable of performing.

I claim: Y

1.-A childproof cover for a container such as an aerosol container having a roof, a circular collar located on said roof with said collar having an 'undersurface positioned above said roof, said cover being formed of a flexible plastic and including: I

a circular top, and outer skirt depending from said circular top, an inner skirt coaxial with said outer skirt and also depending from said top, a pair oflips projecting inwardly from the lower end of said inner skirt and positioned to engage the undersur 5 face of said circular collar when said cover is positioned on said container, said lips being spaced from and located opposite to each other,

a pair of slits formed in said inner skirt and extending from the lower edge thereof towards the circular top with said slits being located generally diametrically of each other and between said lips, and

a pair of webs connecting said outer and inner skirts with said webs positioned relative to said slits so that forces inwardly applied to opposite sides of said outer skirt at the lower edge thereof adjacent said slits'will cause distortion of said outer skirt and radially outward movement of said webs which in turn will cause distortion of said inner skirt and re lease of said lips from engagement with the undersurface of said circular collar.

2. The childproof cover of claim 1 in which said webs are located at right angles to said slits. I

3. The childproof cover of claim I in'which indicia indicating pressure applying areas are formed on the exterior of said outer skirt adjacent the lower edge thereof with said indicia positioned at right angles to said ribs.

4. The childproof cover of claim 1 in which said indicia are aligned with said slits.

5. The childproof cover of claim 1 in which additional webs shorter than said webs of said pair of webs are provided to connect the inner and outer skirts with said shorter ribs being arranged in pairs located on opposite sides of each of said webs and spaced closer to said webs than to said slits.

6. The childproof cover of claim 1 in which said lips are arcuate shaped and each extends through an are less than that of its portion of said inner skirt.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3532249 *May 2, 1969Oct 6, 1970Sunbeam Plastics CorpTamperproof replaceable cap
US3633789 *Jul 10, 1970Jan 11, 1972Markowitz Isral JProtective cap for a container
US3802607 *Sep 30, 1971Apr 9, 1974Dow Chemical CoChild resistant overcap for aerosol or like containers
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3958708 *May 5, 1975May 25, 1976Sunbeam Plastics CorporationOversized safety cap
US3964634 *Sep 2, 1975Jun 22, 1976Knight Engineering And Molding Co.Child resistant safety cap
US3993208 *Jan 14, 1975Nov 23, 1976Vca CorporationSafety closure means
US4029231 *Nov 20, 1975Jun 14, 1977Ab Wicanders KorkfabrikerPilferproof closure for bottles, tubes and similar containers
US4068696 *Nov 19, 1976Jan 17, 1978Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc.Supplemental additive indication cap for containers and the like having auxiliary sleeve
US4303175 *Apr 28, 1980Dec 1, 1981Philmac CorporationOvercap assembly for valved containers
US4962864 *Jan 23, 1989Oct 16, 1990Clayton CorporationTamper-evident aerosol cap
US4991730 *Sep 12, 1989Feb 12, 1991Pehr Harold TCaptive key release closure structure
US5040694 *Jan 31, 1989Aug 20, 1991Gambello Vincent JLocking removable cap and method of assembly and installation thereof
US5092493 *Dec 27, 1990Mar 3, 1992Pehr Harold TCaptive key release closure structure
US5722568 *Sep 13, 1996Mar 3, 1998Summit Packaging Systems, Inc.Tamper-evident aerosol cap
US5915576 *Apr 15, 1998Jun 29, 1999Owens-Illinois Closure Inc.Child-resistant safety closure
US6189719 *Jan 22, 1999Feb 20, 2001Mitani Valve Co.Plastic cover for a container
US6769563Oct 30, 2002Aug 3, 2004L.L. Culmat, L.P.Molded aerosol can cap
US6783014Jun 7, 2001Aug 31, 2004Rexam Medical Packaging Inc.Double shell closure with support ribs
US7530470 *Nov 4, 2005May 12, 2009Houser Kent AChild resistant aerosol can cover
USB541015 *Jan 14, 1975Jan 27, 1976 Title not available
EP0968935A2 *Apr 29, 1999Jan 5, 2000Mitani Valve CoPlastic cover for a container
WO1992012067A1 *Dec 27, 1991Jul 23, 1992Harold T PehrCaptive key release closure structure
WO2005037659A2 *Oct 8, 2004Apr 28, 2005Douglas A AbbottChild-resistant package
Classifications
U.S. Classification220/784, 222/182, 215/216, 215/206, 220/915
International ClassificationB65D83/14
Cooperative ClassificationB65D83/40, Y10S220/915
European ClassificationB65D83/40
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jul 20, 1988AS06Security interest
Owner name: MARYLAND NATIONAL BANK, SUITE 101, 2328 WEST JOPPA
Effective date: 19880713
Owner name: WHEELING STAMPING COMPANY
Jul 20, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: MARYLAND NATIONAL BANK, SUITE 101, 2328 WEST JOPPA
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:WHEELING STAMPING COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:004918/0897
Effective date: 19880713