|Publication number||US3854983 A|
|Publication date||Dec 17, 1974|
|Filing date||Jun 1, 1972|
|Priority date||May 10, 1972|
|Also published as||CA991975A1, DE2323023A1, DE2323023B2, DE2323023C3|
|Publication number||US 3854983 A, US 3854983A, US-A-3854983, US3854983 A, US3854983A|
|Original Assignee||Rohm & Haas|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (13), Referenced by (11), Classifications (16)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Brodnyan [451 Dec. 17,1974
 Assignee: Rohm and Haas Company,
22 Filed: June 1, 1972 21 Appl. No.: 258,758
Related US. Application Data  Continuation-impart 0f Ser. No. 255,880, May 10,
John G. Brodnyan, Langhorne, Pa.
 US. Cl 117/68, 117/10, 117/11, 117/65.2,117/71R,117/160 R  Int. Cl. B056 9/04  Field 01' Search 117/68, 76 T, 71 R, 8, 117/9, 10, 11, 160 R; 161/159, 160, 161
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,306,046 12/1942 Duggan C1 111 117/68 X 2,769.72] 11/1956 Converse 117/76 X 2,790.735 4/1957 McLaughlin et :11 117/76 X 2,820,721 1/1958 Hitchcock 6t 81. 117/76 X 3,020,173 2/1962 Sticffenhofer l 117/76 X 3,030,232 4/1962 Morganstern t 117/68 X 3,095,318 6/1963 PiiZOld 1 117/68 3,527,654 9/1970 Jones et a1. 117/76 X 3,565,661 2/1971 Harrison 117/76 X 3,573,964 4/1971 Jones 117/76 3,607,341 9/1971 Goins et a1 117/10 3,642,516 2/1972 Gasaway et a1 .l 117/76 X 3,649,325 3/1972 Affeldt 117/11 Primary Examiner-William D. Marvin Assistant Examiner-M. R. Lusignan Attorney, Agent, or FirmTerrence P. Strobaugh 5 7 ABSTRACT This invention is concerned with flameproofed covering material formed of a textile fabric, especially cover fabrics or ticking materials for mattresses, pillows and sleeping bags, pads, cushions for chairs or sofas, slip covers for the latter, and so on. The flameproofed materials of the present invention may be formed of a close-woven fabric coated with (l) a thin layer (the intermediate layer) of plastic foam which is crushed and (2) a heat-conductive metal layer, such as of aluminum, which dissipates heat rapidly. The object is to protect the main body, of highly combustible filler material in cushions, pillows, mattresses, sofas, upholstered chairs, and the like from fire in case of the dropping of a match, cigarette or the like on the cover fabric or ticking by someone, such as a careless smoker.
12 Claims, N0 Drawings FLAMEPROOF COVERING MATERIAL, SUCH AS TICKING This application is a continuation-in-part of an application filed by John G. Brodnyan, May 10, 1972, entitled FLAMEPROOF COVERING MATERIAL, SUCH AS TICKING, Ser. No. 255,880 now abandoned.
DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION It has heretofore been the practice in making ironing board covers to apply a coating of metal particles, such as of aluminum, to the face or back of the cover to provide rapid dissipation of heat. However, ticking fabric materials are in general, relatively thin and generally have a printed decorative design on the exposed face. Consequently, the placing of a metal-particlecontaining layer directly on the face would obscure the design and if it were placed on the back or inside surface of the ticking fabric, it results in an undesirable appearance of the coated ticking because the metal layer is visible to observers as they look at the outside of the covered article, such as a mattress, the effect observed being commonly referred to as grin-through. In addition, the metal-coated covering fabric is stiffened detrimentally.
In accordance with the present invention, these disadvantages have been overcome by first coating one surface, preferably the back surface which becomes the inside surface in use, of the covering material, such as a ticking fabric, with a thin opaque coating of a flexible foamed plastic material, crushing the foamed layer, and coating the other surface of the foamed layer with a metal-containing coating. The foam may be crushed before or after the metal-containing layer is applied, but preferably before.
The opaque foam layer prevents grin-through and also assures the maintenance of flexibility in spite of the normal tendency of the metal coating to stiffen the fabric undesirably. It is essential that the foamed composition in the dry condition be soft and flexible. The thickness of the crushed foam layer may be from about to mils, the lower limit being predicated on the need of a certain minimum thickness to counteract the stiffening effect of the metal layer applied to the foam layer. The maximum thickness of the foamed composition is influenced by the desirability to avoid too great a mass of combustible material between the cover fabric (or ticking) and the metal coating or layer which serves to protect the highly combustible filling or stuffing of the mattress, pillow, cushion or the like from the heat developed by burning of the cover fabric proper. The amount of the crushed foam deposited should be from about 1 oz. to about 4 ounces per square yard. Preferably, it is from 1.5 to 2.5 oz./sq. yd.
The composite cover fabric of the present invention prevents burning of the fibrous filler body of pads, cushions, pillows, mattresses, sofas, and the like when a lighted cigarette or match comes into contact with the cover fabric or ticking enclosing the fibrous filling material. The lighted object may cause smoldering or burning of a small area in direct contact with the burning segment of a cigarette, match, or the like, but the combustion of this small area quickly brings the metal coating into play and, as a consequence, the heat in that small area is quickly dissipated through the metal layer, rapidly bringing the burning or smoldering items or segments down in temperature so that they themselves are extinguished and preventing the rise in temperature of the highly combustible fibrous filling material to the temperature of combustion.
Heretofore, the general practice was to use as the ticking fabric, a rather tightly woven fabric, e.g., cotton to the face of which a decorative design may be applied as by printing, or a heavy damask fabric in which a decorative effect may be provided in the weaving. The present invention is applicable to such cover fabrics. But it is also applicable to thin ticking fabrics having a weave as open as cheese cloth such as a 40 cotton, and after applying the foam layer, the foam/- cloth composite may be printed with a decorative design on either face and the metal-containing layer may then be provided on the face opposite to that carrying the printed design. This versatility is a distinct advantage of the present invention.
The thickness of the metal coating or layer may be from about V2 to 6 mils, preferably 2 to 4 mils. The metal in the coating may be a powdered metal, the particles or flakes thereof being bonded together in a binder of a combustion-resistant material, or the metal may be applied by a chemical plating on an electroplating process wherein no organic binder is used. Again, the metal may be applied by a sputtering process or by a vacuum metallizing process wherein a small amount of metal is vaporized in a vacuum within which the crushed foam/ticking laminate is either disposed with the ticking surface as well as the crushed foam surface exposed or disposed with a removable protective film, e.g., of polyethylene, against the front face of the ticking to prevent its being coated by the metal, the protective film being removed after the metallizing operation, if desired. A wide variety of metals may be used, such as aluminum, nickel, silver, bismuth, antimony, tin, zinc and alloys, such as stainless steel, brass, bronze, solder, woods metal, etc. At present aluminum is preferred.
When the metal is deposited by applying a coating composition comprising the metal particles in a polymeric binder, the proportion of metal should be at least about 25 percent by weight of the binder, and preferably is at least 40 to 50 percent or more by weight thereof. The amount of the metal-containing coating is from about 0.5 to 4 oz./sq. yd. and preferably 1 to 2 oz./sq. yd.
The metal layer may be continuous or it may also be in the form of a foamed or a crushed foam layer wherein it is somewhat discontinuous, but has the ad vantage of being more or less permeable, i.e. it has the quality of breathability, which makes it more comfortable to a person sitting or lying upon the pad, cushion, mattress or the like, especially in hot weather.
When the metal layer is formed from a metal powder/binder composition, the binder used should be of a flameresistant polymer, such as a polymer of vinyl chloride, vinylidene chloride, or other halogencontaining vinyl monomer. Regardless of what type of polymer is used, it should be one that is of flexible, rather than stiff, nature.
Preferred compositions are those based on aqueous dispersions of emulsion copolymers of monoethylenically unsaturated monomers having a group of the formula including vinyl monomers, especially of vinyl chloride, vinylidene chloride or mixtures thereof. Since these monomers produce hard and rigid homopolymers, they are copolymerized with monomers which, when homopolymerized produce polymers which are soft and flexible. Examples of the latter type of monomer are ethylene, ethyl acrylate, butyl acrylate, 2-ethylhexyl acrylate which are included in the general class of acrylic acid esters of alcohols having 1 to 18 or more carbon atoms and amyl methacrylate, Z-ethylhexyl methacrylate and octadecyl methacrylate which are included in the general class of methacrylic acid esters of alcohols having 5 to 18 carbon atoms. The copolymers may also include appreciable amounts of other hardening monomers, such as styrene, vinyltoluene, acrylonitrile, and vinyl acetate provided the particular softening monomer in the amount thereof used is able to provide the desired flexibility for the particular laminated covering material in its intended use without requiring a reduction of the halogenated monomer to such an extent as to make the binder of the metal layer too susceptible to combustion. The copolymer may also comprise small amounts (0.l to 2 percent by weight) of an acid such as acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, and itaconic acid, to provide improved stability of the emulsion polymer and ease of thickening by adjustment of pH of the system. Small amounts (0.5 to 5 percent by weight) of other reactive monomers may be included to provide self-crosslinking properties to the copolymer and/or to favor reaction of the metal layer binder with the intermediate foam layer and thereby provide chemical bonding and the advantages of this type of adhesion between the metal layer and the intermediate foam layer.
The amount of powdered metal in such compositions should beat least about 20 percent by weight, based on the total solids Weight of the composition, and is preferably 40 to 50 percent or more by weight of the total solids.
The dry weight of the powdered metal-containing coating applied to the intermediate foam coating layer should be in the range of 0.5 to 4 ounces per square yard. The metal particles or flakes may have a wide range of sizes. Metal particles of sizes in the range of 0.02 to 0.1 mm., preferably 0.03 to 0.05, are quite practical. The selection of size is made to assure extensive contact between the metal particles to provide for rapid conduction of heat from one area to another in the coating.
in the metal coatings obtained by chemical or electrical plating, by sputtering, or by vacuum metallization it is only necessary to provide adequate weight of metal deposit to obtain essential continuity of the metal coating film deposited, but much heavier thicknesses of the metal are permissible. Generally, a metal deposit of about 0.1 oz. or more, e.g., to 0.5 oz./sq. yd. is adequate. In this situation, the upper limit of thickness or weight of metal is determined by the amount of flexibility necessary in the particular use. While a metal foil may be used, it is preferable to avoid it because of the tendency to develop a crackling noise when. the composite cover fabric is flexed.
The intermediate layer of a foamed polymeric material is composed of a vinyl addition polymer to which there may be added a filler and/or pigment to provide greater opacity and, if desired, color.
The polymer from which this intermediate layer is formed may or may not contain halogenated monomer to impart flameproof qualities thereto. It may be primarily a copolymer of ethylene or of an acrylic acid ester of an alcohol having 1 to 18 carbon atoms orof a methacrylic acid ester of an alcohol having from 5 to 18 carbon atoms. Such monomeric components pro vide a soft, highly flexible foamed layer. One or more these esters may be copolymerized with one or more hardening comonomers, such as a (C -C alkyl methacrylate, e.g. methyl, ethyl, propyl, or butyl methacrylate, acrylonitrile, styrene, vinyltoluene, vinyl acetate, vinyl chloride, or vinylidene chloride. Suitable copolymers are thus obtained provided the relative amounts between the soft and the hardening monomers are maintained so that the copolymers obtained are still ad equately flexible for the purposes of the present invention. The copolymers may also contain small amounts of reactive monomers, such as from 0.1 to 5 percent by weight of one or more of the following: acrylamide, methacrylamide, N-rnethylolacrylamide, N-methylolmethacrylamide, acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, and itaconic acid to act as internal crosslinking agents in the copolymer for setting it by heating in foamed condition. Preferably, these copolymers are made by emulsion polymerization processes and the aqueous dispersions obtained are mixed with fillers or pigments and foamed in known fashion to provide a foamed mass having closed, or preferably intercommunicating, cells.
The composition used for making the foam layer may comprise a filler and/or pigment to assure good opacity of the foam layer. Suitable fillers include clay and hydrated alumina, and titanium dioxide may be used as a pigment to obtain white coloration. Other pigments or dyes, such as Monastral Blue, iron oxides, carbon black, and lead chromate, may be used if black and colors other than white are desired. The total amount of filler and/or pigment, if used in the composition, may vary widely but is preferably in the range of about 25 to percent by weight of total solids.
A suitable method of forming a foam from an aqueous dispersion of one of these polymers is to prepare the emulsion copolymer at a solids content of about 40 to 55 percent by weight, add a predispersed filler and- /or pigment if desired, a catalyst, and a foaming agent, which is preferably a type which stabilizes the foam while it is being set by heating it, and diluting the mixture, if necessary to suitable consistency. The dispersion is whipped or beaten to entrain air therein, and when the desired foamed condition is reached, the agitation is stopped while heating to set the foamed condition while drying the foamed mass. The heating to dry and set the foamed mass may be to various temperatures for various times, depending on the water content, the reactivity of the reactive groups in the polymer, and whether or not an external cross-linking or setting agent is used. Examples of the latter are watersoluble condensates of formaldehyde with urea, N,N- ethyleneurea, or arninotriazines, such as melamine or benzoguanamine. When the copolymer contains N- methylol-acrylamide or -methacrylamide with or without an external cross-linking agent, an acidic catalyst may be used, such as ammonium chloride, oxalic acid, diammonium phosphate, or an amine salt of an acid, such as hydrochloric acid, wherein the amine may be triethylamine, triethanolarnine, etc.
When the copolymer contains N-methylolacrylamide or N-methylolmethacrylamide, drying and setting may be accomplished by heating in the range of 100 to 200C. for a period of about half a minute at the higher temperature to about half an hour or longer at the lower temperature. A temperature of about 145 to 150C. for a period of 3 to 5 minutes is generally quite practical.
The intermediate layer may be formed in situ on the cover fabric or ticking by spreading the freshly foamed polymer dispersion before it has been set by heating onto the fabric at suitable thickness and then subjecting the coated fabric to heat to dry it and set it. Near the end of the heating stage and before the cross-linking reaction has been completed, it is preferred that the foam/fabric laminate be passed through squeeze rolls to crush the foam without completely sealing the foamed polymer mass into an integral, fused body so that the product still has the character of permeability and porosity and is breathable.
Instead of crushing the foam at this stage, the heating may be terminated after the foamed polymer is dry and the crushing may be effected by heating and pressing of the three-layer assemblage after deposition and drying of the metal-containing polymer layer either in foamed or unfoamed condition. This may be done by a hot calendering operation which may or may not involve a polishing action, e.g. above 100C, and this calendering may serve to reduce defects by causing flow of the binder in the metal-containing layer to favor an increase of the contact between metal particles therein and thereby increasing heat-conduction, electro-static conduction, and reflectivity of the layer.
The present invention is applicable to provide a wide variety of covering materials adapted to serve as pillow cases, slip covers for upholstered chairs, sofas, cushions, etc., ticking for pillows, pads, sleeping bags, mattresses, etc., zippered covers for mattresses, pillows, cushions, upholstered chairs, beds, sofas, bedspreads, coverlets, and so forth.
In the following examples, which are illustrative of the invention, parts and percentages are by weight and temperatures are C. unless otherwise specified.
EXAMPLE 1 a. A 60 percent solids filler dispersion is prepared by agitating a mixture of 42 parts of water, one part of a 25 percent aqueous solution of the sodium salt of a 1:1 mol ratio copolymer of maleic anhydride and diisobutylene, parts of a 2 percent aqueous solution of hydroxyethyl cellulose of the grade QP-4400 (4400 cp. visc. of 2 percent solution at C.), 7.5 parts of titanium dioxide, 22.5 parts clay, and 55 parts hydrated alumina. This dispersion is added to 100 parts of a 50 percent solids aqueous dispersion of an emulsion copolymer of about 65 percent ethyl acrylate, about 25.5 percent butyl acrylate, about 4.5 percent acrylonitrile, 3.5 percent acrylamide, and 1.5 percent itaconic acid while stirring and then 5.4 parts of a 33 percent aqueous solution of ammonium stearate, 1.8 parts of a 33 percent solution of sodium lauryl sulfate, and 1 part of 14 percent aqueous ammonium hydroxide.
b. The mixture obtained in part (a) hereof is agitated to beat air into it and then is spread onto the back face of a printed 80 X 80 cotton ticking fabric of the type used in making mattresses to provide a 60-mil thick layer. The foam-layer ticking fabric is dried 2 minutes at 280F., then passed through squeeze rolls of a padder to crush the foam layer, and finally cured for 5 minutes at 300F. There is thus deposited about 4 oz./sq. yd. of the crushed foam on the ticking.
0. An aluminum powder (25 parts) containing metal particles of about 0.02 to 0.04 mm. size is mixed with 100 parts of a 46 percent solids aqueous dispersion of an /20 weight ratio mixture of (1) an emulsion copolymer of about 66 vinylidene chloride, 29 percent butyl acrylate, 0.5 percent itaconic acid, about 3 percent acrylamide, and about 2 percent N- methylolacrylamide, and (2) an emulsion copolymer of about 96 percent of butyl acrylate, 2 percent of methacrylamide and 2 percent of N-methylolacrylamide, 2 parts of methylene-bisdiarnylphenoxypoly(9)ethoxyethanol, 8 parts of a 25 percent aqueous solution of diammonium hydrogen phosphate, 15 parts of a 50 percent aqueous solution of a copolymer of about 60 percent ethyl acrylate, 39.5 percent methyl methacrylate and about 0.5 percent of diallyl phthalate, and 42.5 parts of water. The mixture is thoroughly stirred, yielding a 40 percent solids coating composition.
d. The resulting 40 percent solids composition obtained in part (c) is coated onto the exposed surface of the crushed foarn of the foam/ticking laminate obtained in part (b) to provide a 6-mil thick layer thereof. The coated assemblage is then dried four minutes at 280C, yielding a deposit of about 2 oz./sq. yd.
e. A simulated mattress for testing purposes is made by placing a piece of cotton wadding (such as is used as mattress stuffing) 6 inches wide 15 inches long and 4 inches thick in the center of an 80 cotton ticking fabric 12 inches wide by 15 inches long so that the 15-inch dimensions of the wadding and the fabric extend in the same direction. Then a 12-inch by 15-inch piece of the cover fabric to be tested, such as the laminar assemblage obtained in part ((1) above, is laid on top of the batting with its l2-inch and l5-inch dimensions coinciding with the corresponding dimensions of the bottom fabric layer and with its metal-coated face in contact with the wadding. The two fabrics are sewn together along the l5-inch edges of the wadding to compress the wadding along the edges. Also, the wadding is compressed along a central line parallel to the sewn edges by sewing the assemblage together along such central line. The resulting simulated pad or mattress may then, if desired, be stretched taut by fastening the extended edges of one or both cotton fabrics to opposite sides of a square frame having a square opening within the four edge members thereof. The resulting pad has a trough formed by the central sewn line between two parallel bulged ridges one on each side of the central line. For testing, a burning cigarette is placed on the pad, either on top of one of the ridges or preferably in the groove between them. The cigarette is allowed to burn itself out; if the wadding ignites, the ticking is a failure but if the wadding does not ignite before the cigarette burns out, the ticking passes the test.
EXAMPLE 2 The procedure of Ex. 1 is repeated except that in part (d) thereof, the metal-containing composition is modir tied by inclusion of afoam stabilizer or agent, specifically a mixture of about 4.3 parts of a 33 percent aqueous solution of ammonium stearate and 1.4 parts of a 33 percent aqueous solution of sodium lauryl sulfate. The mixture is beaten into a foam which is spread on the surface of the foam layer of the composite obtained in Ex. 1 part (b) to provide a thickness of about 60 mils and after drying for 2 minutes at 280F., the composite is passed through squeeze rolls of a textile pad to crush the foamed metal-containing layer after which curing is completed by heating four minutes at 280F., yielding a composite material in which the metal-containing coating is present in an amount of about 3.5 oz./sq. yd. This fabric when made into a simulated mattress, passes the test described in Ex. 1 (e).
EXAMPLE 3 Ex. 1 is repeated except that the emulsion polymer of part (a) is replaced with a corresponding amount (solids) of the same emulsion copolymer used in part EXAMPLE 4 EXAMPLE 5 Ex. 4 is repeated except that the emulsion copolymer used in part a) is a copolymer of 96 percent ethyl acrylate, 3.5 percent acrylamide, and 0.5 percent acrylic acid. The cover fabric obtained also passes the test of Ex. 1 (e).
EXAMPLE 6 The procedure of Ex. l is repeated except that the emulsion copolymer used in part (a) is a copolymer of 86 percent ethyl acrylate, percent acrylonitrile and about 2 percent each of acrylamide and N- methylolacrylamide. The cover fabric obtained passes the test of- Ex. 1 (e).
EXAMPLE 7 Ex. 6 is repeated except that the metal-containing coating of part (c) is modified by inclusion of the foam stabilizing agent of Ex. 2 and the procedure of Ex. 2 is used for depositing the metal-containing coating as a crushed foam.
The simulated mattress made using the composite material of this example passes the test.
EXAMPLE 8 Ex. 1 is repeated except in part (c) thereof, the aqueous dispersion is an emulsion copolymer of about 80 percent vinyl chloride and percent ethylene.
The simulated mattress made using the composite material of this example passes the test.
EXAMPLE 9 Ex. 1 is repeated except in part (c) thereof, the aqueous dispersion is an emulsion copolymer of about 60 percent vinyl chloride, 38 percent butyl acrylate, 1.5 percent acrylamide and 0.5 percent itaconic acid.
The simulated mattress made using the composite material of this example passes the test.
EXAMPLE l0 Ex. 9 is repeated except that the metal-containing coating of part (c) is modified by inclusion of the same amount of the foam-stabilizing agent of Ex. 2 and the procedure of Ex. 2 is used for depositing the metalcontaining coating as a crushed foam. The simulated mattress passes the test.
EXAMPLE 1 1 EXAMPLE 12 The process of Ex. 1 is carried out except that in part (c) the aluminum powder is replaced with 23 parts of stainless steel powder, the particles of which range in size from 0.05 to 0.1 mm. The simulated mattress passes the test.
EXAMPLE 13 The process of Ex. 1 is carried out except that in part (c) the aluminum powder is replaced with 23 parts of silver powder, the particles of which range in size from 0.03 to 0.07 mm. The simulated mattress passes the test.
EXAMPLE 14 The process of Ex. l is carried out except that in part (c) the aluminum powder is replaced with 23 parts of nickel powder, the particles of which range in size from 0.03 to 0.06 mm. The simulated mattress passes the test.
EXAMPLE 15 The process of Ex. l is carried out except that in part (c) the aluminum powder is replaced with 23 parts of tin powder, the particles of which range in size from 0.02 to 0.04 mm. The simulated mattress passes the test.
EXAMPLE 16 The process of Ex. 1 is carried out except that in part (c) the aluminum powder is replaced with 23 parts of anodized alumimum powder, the particles of which range in size from 0.02 to 0.04 mm. The simulated mattress passes the test.
EXAMPLE 17 The process of Ex. 1 is carried out except that in part (c) the aluminum powder is replaced with 23 parts of bronze powder, the particles of which range in size from 0.03 to 0.7 mm. The simulated mattress passes the test.
1. A cover fabric of composite-layer type comprising a lightweight woven or damask fabric. a soft, flexible layer adhered thereto formed of a crushed foam of a polymeric material and a metal-containing coating of about 0.5 to 4 oz./square yard composed of metal particles in a polymeric binder wherein the proportion of metal is at least 25 percent by weight of the binder on the crushed foam layer, the metal content of which serves to conduct heat rapidly through this layer.
2. A cover fabric according to claim 1 in which the fabric is provided with a decorative design on its exposed surface.
3. A cover fabric according to claim 1 in which the metal-containing layer is also crushed foam.
4. A cover fabric according to claim 1 in which the thickness of the crushed foam layer is from 5 to 20 mils and the weight thereof in the composite is in the range of l to 4 oz./sq. yd.
5. A cover fabric according to claim 1 which the thickness of the metal-containing coating is from 0.5 to 6 mils and the weight thereof in the composite fabric is from 0.5 to 4 oz. per sq. yd.
6. A cover fabric according to claim 1 in which the metal in the metal-containing layer is selected from the group consisting of aluminum, nickel, silver, bismuth, antimony, tin, zinc, stainless steel, brass, bronze and Woods metals.
7. A cover fabric according to claim 1 in which the metal in the metal-containing layer is specifically aluminum having a particle size in the range of 0.02 to 0.1 mm.
8. A cover fabric according to claim 1 in which the foam layer contains a filler and the proportion of filler in the foam is from 25 to percent by weight of the weight of dried foam.
9. A cover fabric according to claim 1 in which the metal in the metal-containing layer is specifically anodized aluminum having a particle size in the range of 0.02 to 0.1 mm.
10. A cover fabric according to claim 1 in which the metal in the metal-containing layer is specifically stainless steel having a particle size in the range of 0.02 to 0.1 mm.
11. A cover fabric according to claim 1 in which the foam layer contains a pigment and the proportion of pigment in the foam is from 25 to 75 percent by weight of the weight of dried foam.
12. A cover fabric according to claim 1 in which the foam layer contains a filler and pigment and the proportion of filler and pigment in the foam is from 25 to 75 percent by weight of the weight of dried foam.
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|U.S. Classification||428/328, 428/314.2, 428/921|
|International Classification||D06F83/00, A47C27/00, D06M11/83, D06N3/00|
|Cooperative Classification||D06N3/0063, D06F83/00, D06M11/83, A47C31/001, Y10S428/921|
|European Classification||A47C31/00B, D06M11/83, D06N3/00E6, D06F83/00|