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Publication numberUS3855432 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 17, 1974
Filing dateFeb 25, 1974
Priority dateFeb 25, 1974
Also published asDE2507729A1, DE2507729B2, DE2507729C3
Publication numberUS 3855432 A, US 3855432A, US-A-3855432, US3855432 A, US3855432A
InventorsJ Kelly, R Lawter, K Shooter
Original AssigneeNcr Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Drawer position sensing latch operated switch assembly
US 3855432 A
Abstract
A drawer position sensing latch mechanism for generating an electrical pulse upon the latching of a cash drawer of a data terminal device. The mechanism includes a rotatable latch member and a switch actuating member slidably mounted on the latch member for conditioning the latching of the drawer upon movement of the drawer towards a closed position, means for urging the drawer to an open position which movement latches the drawer and closes a switch which generates an electrical pulse and includes a solenoid for rotating both the latch member and the switch actuating member to release the drawer for movement to an open position by the urging means.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Kelly et al.

[ DRAWER POSITION SENSING LATCH OPERATED SWITCH ASSEMBLY [75] Inventors: James E. Kelly, Cambridge; Kenneth L. Shooter, Senecaville; Ray L. Lawter, Zanesville, all of 21 Appl. No.: 445,194

[52] US. Cl ZOO/61.61, ZOO/61.62, 235/22, 340/274 [51] Int, Cl. I-I0lh 3/16 [58] Field of Search ..200/6l.6l6l.83, 318-328; 235/10, 22; 340/274 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,097,347 7/1963 Simjian 200/6L6l UX FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 751,535 6/l956 Great Britain 235/22 OTHER PUBLICATIONS IBM Technical pisclosure l 3 ulletin, J. W. Berkman,

[ Dec. 17, 1974 Multiple Cash Drawer Control, Vol. 10, No. 12, May 1968, pp. 1928, 1929.

Primary Examiner-lames R. Scott Attorney, Agent, or FirmJ. T. Cavender; Wilbert Hawk, Jr.; Richard W. Lavin [57] ABSTRACT A drawer position sensing latch mechanism for generating an electrical pulse upon the latching of a cash drawer of a data terminal device. The mechanism includes a rotatable latch member and a switch actuating member slidably mounted on the latch member for conditioning the latching of the drawer upon move ment of the drawer towards a closed position, means for urging the drawer to an open position which movement latches the drawer and closes a switch which generates an electrical pulse-and includes a solenoid for rotating both the latch member and the switch actuating member to release the drawer for movement to an open position by the urging means.

12 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PATENTEMEB 17 I974 "Fl-G.

SHEET 1 0F 2 DRAWER POSITION SENSING LATCH OPERATED I SWITCH ASSEMBLY BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In modern data terminal or electronic cash register devices which are used in a checkout operation, the opening of the cash drawer prior-to the disbursement of change is controlled by the operation of certain control keys on the keyboard of the terminal device. After a change operation, the cash drawer is required to be closed before the operation of the-terminal device can continue. In, meeting this requirement, prior cash drawer constructions have used a switch which is actuated as the drawer is moved into a latched position. It has been found, however, that the drawer may not be latched securely at the time of the switch operation and can subsequently be opened with theterminal indicating that the cash drawer is in a latched position. It is therefore a principal object of this invention to provide a latch mechanism which operates a switch only after the cash drawer is in a latched position. It is another object of this invention to provide a latch mechanism which can be released from the keyboard of the terminal device. It is a further object of this invention to provide a latching mechanism which is simple in operation and construction and therefore low in cost.

SUMMARY OF THE. INVENTION In accordance with the teachings of the present invention, there is provided a latch member pivotally mounted adjacent the cash drawer, a switch actuating arm slidably mounted on the latch member, the actuating armengaging the arm of an associated switch in a non-actuated position, both the latch member and actuating arm having a latching portion for engaging the drawer upon movement of the drawer to a closed position and subsequently latching the drawer upon movement of the drawer to an open position, resilient means engaging the cash drawer and urging the drawer towards aniopen position, resulting in the drawer being latched by the. latch member, and moving the actuating arm to trip the switch, andv a solenoid engaging the latch member to rotate the latch member and the actuating arm to "a position releasing the drawer to the action of the resilient means."

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT 2 Referring to FIG. 1, there is shown a side view of the latch mechanism of the present embodiment and which includes the rear portion of the cash drawer. Included which in turn is rotatably secured to the armature 26 of a solenoid 27 by means of a stud 28. The solenoid 27 is mounted to the bracket 23.

Secured to the other end of the stud 24 is one end of a return spring 30, the other end of which is secured to a stud 31 mounted on the bent-over portion 22 of bracket 23. With this construction, the latch member 20 is capable of rotating in a clockwise direction as viewed in FIG. l,'about the stud 21 either by operation of the solenoid 27 or being moved by means, to be described hereinafter, attached to the end of the drawer. In either case, the clockwise movement of the latch member 20 is against the action of the spring 30 which allows the spring to return the latch member to its home position upon release of the latch member.

Slidably mounted on a stud 32 secured to the latch member 20 and the stud 21 is a switch actuating member 33, the rear end of which is U-shaped to form an actuating portion 34. This actuating portion 34 is engaged by the switch arm 35 of a snap action switch 36 secured to a bracket 37 mounted on bracket 23. The switch arm 35 when in a switch-open position normally positions the switch actuating member 33 in a rearward position with respect to the latch-member 20. In the present embodiment, the switch arm 35 is biased in a rearward direction thereby sliding the switch actuating member 33 in a rearward direction. While other arrangements can be used, the only requirement of the construction is that the switch actuating member 33 be positioned with respect to the latch member 20 to allow for a movement in forward direction, which movement will move the switch arm 35 in a switch closing direction.

Both the latch member 20 and the spring actuating member 33 have a recessed portion 38 which functions to latch an L-shaped tab member 40 secured to the rear of the cash drawer 41 by means of screws 42. Also secured to the rear of the cash drawer are a pair of spring members 43, the other end of which. are positioned over an associated stud secured to the bracket 23.

tioned in a rear position'by the switch arm 35 when in in the latch mechanism is an elongated latch member 20 rotatably mounted on a stud 21 secured to a bentover portion 22 of a bracket 23. Secured to the latch member 20 is a stud 24 which extends through both sides of the latch member 20 (FIG. 3). Rotatably secured to one end of the stud 24 is a link member 25 aswitch-open position. As the drawer 41 is moved toward a closedposition, the L-shapedend of the tab member 40 will engage and cam both the latch member 20 and the switch actuating member 33 clockwise against the action of the spring 30. Further movement of the tab member 40 will allow the spring 30 to return the latch member 20 and the actuating member 33 to their home positions which positions the tab member 40 in the recessed portions 38 of the latch member 20 and switch actuating member 33. This movement of the drawer will compress the springs 43. Once the inward movement of the drawer stops, the springs 43 will move the drawer and the tab member 40 forward toward an open position. During this forward movement, the tab member 40 will engage the recessed portion 38 of the switch actuating member 33 moving the actuating member 33 a distance sufficient to rotate the switch arm 35 counterclockwise thereby closing the switch 36. This movement of the tab member will continue until it engages the recessed portion 38 of the latch member 20, thereby latching the drawer in a closed position.

Closing of the switch 36 will generate a signal to the terminal device that the cash drawer is latched and closed. To release the cash drawer to the action of the spring 43, thereby opening the drawer, the solenoid 27 is momentarily energized during operation of the terminal device or through depression of an appropriate key on the terminal device resulting in the armature 26 moving in an upward direction. This movement will rock both the latch member and the switch actuating member 33 clockwise, thereby releasing the tab member 40 allowing the drawer to move to an open position under the action of the springs 43. The solenoid will then be deenergized allowing the spring 30 to return the latch member 20 and the switch actuating member 33 to their home position.

It will be seen from this construction that the switch 36 is actuated only after the drawer is positioned so that it cannot fail to be latched in a closed position. The drawer is held in a latched position by the action of the spring 30 on the latch member 20 and the switch actuating member 33 thus requiring no electrical power to hold the cash drawer in a closed position. While the switch 36 is shown mounted perpendicular to the line of movement of the drawer, it is obvious that its position can be altered to accommodate the structural environment in which it is used. Numerous variations or modifications of the disclosed latching mechanism will be evident to those skilled in the art. Therefore, it is intendedthat the foregoing description of the invention and the illustrative embodiment be considered in the broadest aspects and not in a limiting sense.

What is claimed is: i

1. In combination with an enclosure structure including a slidably mounted drawer having an engaging member secured thereto, a latch apparatus for generating a signal upon latching of the drawer in a closed position-within the enclosure structure comprising:

. a. latching means movably secured to said enclosure structure and positioned in the plane of movement of the drawer engaging member, said latching means being moved to an operating position, by the engaging member upon movement of the drawer in a drawer closing direction, conditioning the engaging member to be latched by said latching means when the engaging member is moved in a drawer open direction;

' sure structure for generating a signal when operated, said 'signalgenerating means includes an actuating member for operating said signal generating means when actuated;

c. actuating means operably associated with said latching means and engageable with said actuating member, said actuating means includes a latching portion for engaging the engaging member upon movement of the drawer in a drawer closing direction, said actuating means actuating said actuating member when moved by said engaging member in a drawer open direction;

d. and means engaging the drawer for normally urging the drawer in a drawer open direction, said urging means moving the drawer in a drawer open direction upon engaging of said engaging member by said actuating means whereby the engaging member is latched by said latching means and the signal generating means is operated by said actuating member.

2. The latch apparatus of claim 1 in which said latching means comprises a first latch member pivotally mounted to said enclosure structure, said latch member signal generating means mounted on said enclomember includes a recessed portion for engaging the engaging member upon movement of theengaging member in a drawer open direction, and said urging means comprises a spring member for normally urging the drawer in a drawer open direction whereby the engaging member will move into engagement with the blocking portion of said first latch member and move said second latch member, in a drawer open direction thereby actuating said actuating member.

4. The latch apparatus of claim 3 in which said signal generating means comprises a switch memberand said actuating member comprises a switch arm normally biased in a drawer close direction.

5. The latch apparatus of claim 4 whichincludes selectively operable actuating means for rocking, when operated, said first latch member in a direction disengaging said engaging member from alatched position whereby said spring member will move the drawer in a drawer open direction.

6. In a data terminal device having a drawer slidably mounted for movement between an open and closed position, a mechanism for generating a signal indicating the closed position of the drawer comprising:

a. engaging means secured to the rear of the drawer;

b. a first movable latch member mounted in thepath of movement of said engaging means, said' latch member being moved by said engaging means, upon movement'of the drawer in a drawer closing direction, to a first position conditioning the latch member for latching the engaging means;

I c. a second movable latch member being moved b i said engaging means to a first position conditioning said second latch member to latch .the engaging means;

. switching means for generating a signal when actuated;

e. switch actuating means engaging said switching means and said second latch member for actuating said switching means when operated, said switch actuating means being operated upon movement of said second latch member in a drawer open direction;

f. and urging means engaging said drawer member for normally urging said drawer member and said engaging means in a drawer open direction whereby upon movement of said first and second latch members to said first position, said urging means will move said engaging means to a latch position with said first latch member, said engaging means moving said second latch member to operate said switch actuating means.

7. In a housing which slidably supports a drawer between an open and closed position wherein the drawer has an engaging portion, a switch actuating latch mechanism for latching the drawer in the closed position comprising:

steps of:

a. a first latching member movably secured to the housing adjacent the engaging portion of the drawer, said first latching member being engaged and moved to a first position by the engaging portion of the drawer upon movement ofthedrawer in a drawer close direction, said first position conditioning the first latching memberfor latching the engaging portion upon movement of the drawer in a drawer open direction;

b. a second latching member movably mounted on said first latching member, said second latching member being moved to the first position by the first latching member upon movement of the drawer in a drawer close direction, said first position conditioning the second latching member for movement by the engaging portion in a drawer open direction upon movement of the drawer in a drawer open direction;

c. switch means for generating a signal when operated;

' d. a switch operating member engaging said switch means for operating said switch means when moved in a drawer open direction, said switch operating member engaging said second latching member; v 1 e. and resilient means engaging the drawer for normally urging the drawer in a drawer open direction, whereby upon the movement of said first and second latching member to said first position, said resilient means will move the drawer in a drawer open direction allowing said engaging portion to move into a latched position with said first latching member and said switch operating member through said second latching member to operate said switch means. i v i 8. A method for generating a signal indicating the latched position of a register drawer comprising the i a. moving the'drawer in a first direction into engagement with a' latch mechanism conditioning the latching mechanism for operation;

b. moving the drawer in the opposite direction to a latching engagement with the latching mechanism;

c. and actuating a switch during the opposite direc tion movement of the drawer to generate a signal indicating the latched position of the drawer.

9. In combination with a housing including a slidably mounted drawer having an L-shaped anchor member secured to the rear thereof, a switch actuating latch apparatus for generating a signal upon the position of the drawer in a closed position comprising:

a. a latch member pivotally mounted to the housing,

said latch member having a first latching portion;

b. a first resilient member engaging said latch member for normally urging said latch member to a position in the path of movement of the L-shaped anchor member, whereby said latch member will be moved, by said anchor member upon movement of the drawer in a drawer closing direction, to a first position conditioning said anchor member to be latched by said latch member upon movement of the drawer in a drawer open direction;

c. a switch actuating member slidably mounted on said latch member and having a second latching portion for latching. the anchor member upon movement of the latch member to said first position;

d. a switch member positioned adjacent said switch actuating member, said switch member generating a signal when operated;

a movable switch actuating arm engaging said switch member for operating said switch member when moved in a drawer open direction, said actuating arm being normally biased in a drawer close direction and engaging said switch actuating member for biasing said actuating member in a drawer close direction to latch the anchor member when in said first position;

f. and a second resilient member engaging the drawer for urging the drawer in a drawer open direction whereby upon movement of the latch member and the switch actuating member to said first position, said second resilient member will move the drawer in a drawer open direction thereby latching said anchor member and operating said switch member.

10. The latch apparatus of claim 9 which includes a selectively operable actuating means engaging said latch member for pivoting said latch member, when operated, in a direction to release the anchor member from said latch member whereby said second resilient member will move the drawer to an open position.

11. A latch apparatus for actuating a switch upon latching a drawer in a closed position within an enclosure, the drawer having an anchor member on its rear portion comprising; g

a. a first latch member pivotally mounted on the enclosure; g

b. a first spring member engaging said latch member for normally positioning the latch member in the path of movement of the anchor member whereby upon movement of the drawer in a closed direction, the anchor member will engage and pivot the latch member to a first position conditioning the latch' member to latch the anchor member upon movement of the drawer in an open direction;

. a second latch member slidably mounted on said first latch'member for. latching the anchor member when moved to said'first position by said first latch member, said second latch member having an actuating portion; v

d. a switch member positioned adjacent the second latch member;

e. a switch operating member engaging said switch member for operating said switch member when moved in a drawer open direction, said operating member being normally biased in a drawer closing direction and engaging the actuating portion of said second latch member thereby slidably moving the second latch member in a drawer closing direction to latch the anchor member when in said first position;

f. and a second spring member engaging the enclosure and the drawerfor normally urging the drawer in an open direction whereby upon movement of said first and second latch member to said first position, said second spring member will move the drawer in a drawer open direction thereby latching the anchor member and operating said switch member. 12. The latch apparatus of claim 11 which includes a link member engaging said first latch member and a solenoid operated drive member engaging said link member for moving said link member and said first latch member, upon operation of the solenoid, in a direction releasing the anchor member-from a latched position whereby said second spring member will move the drawer to an open position.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3097347 *Sep 9, 1959Jul 9, 1963Universal Match CorpSubscriber controlled apparatus
GB751535A * Title not available
Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin, J. W. Berkman, Multiple Cash Drawer Control, Vol. 10, No. 12, May 1968, pp. 1928, 1929.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4101745 *Apr 11, 1977Jul 18, 1978Ncr CorporationDrawer operated switch assembly
US4360796 *Mar 9, 1981Nov 23, 1982Shocknesse Ronald LRegister-gate system
US4595993 *May 17, 1983Jun 17, 1986Sharp Kabushiki KaishaManually reciprocative section of an electronic apparatus
US4603239 *Jul 5, 1985Jul 29, 1986M-S Cash DrawerCash drawer assembly having a compulsory switch activating drawer latch
US4659884 *Aug 16, 1985Apr 21, 1987Helmut LetzelSafety interlock switching device for protecting equipment
US4752874 *Jan 31, 1986Jun 21, 1988Ncr CorporationCash drawer/operator identification
US5111394 *Sep 22, 1989May 5, 1992Ncr CorporationCircuit and method for energizing a solenoid in an electronic device for a predetermined energizing period
US6084511 *Oct 10, 1999Jul 4, 2000Kil; Joon K.Notification device for containers with openings
US7004386 *Jul 27, 2004Feb 28, 2006Te-Hsin ChienCash drawer
USRE32456 *Jan 2, 1986Jul 7, 1987M-S CorporationBattery powered drawer opening device
USRE34396 *May 29, 1990Oct 5, 1993Helmut LetzelSafety interlock switching device for protecting equipment
DE2815325A1 *Apr 8, 1978Oct 12, 1978Ncr CoSchubladen-sperrklinkenvorrichtung
Classifications
U.S. Classification200/61.61, 200/61.62, 235/22
International ClassificationG07G1/00, E05B47/02, E05C3/32, E05B65/46, E05B17/22
Cooperative ClassificationE05B47/0004, E05B17/22, E05B47/023, E05B47/0002, G07G1/0027, E05B65/461
European ClassificationE05B47/02P, E05B47/00A1, E05B17/22, G07G1/00B2