Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3856142 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 24, 1974
Filing dateJan 24, 1973
Priority dateJan 24, 1973
Publication numberUS 3856142 A, US 3856142A, US-A-3856142, US3856142 A, US3856142A
InventorsW Vessalo
Original AssigneeMine Safety Appliances Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Inhalant package
US 3856142 A
Abstract
A wrapper having a central absorbent area is wrapped around a frangible ampoule containing an inhalant. The absorbent area substantially surrounds the ampoule, and the wrapper projects from the opposite ends of the ampoule. A pressure sensitive adhesive on the inner surface of the wrapper around its central area sticks the inner end of the wrapper to the ampoule and also sticks the outer end of the wrapper to its own outer surface. The projecting portion of the wrapper at each end of the ampoule is flattened on itself to form flat layers of wrapper stuck together by the adhesive. The portion of the wrapper surrounding the ampoule is porous so that when the ampoule is broken fumes or vapor therefrom can escape through the wrapper.
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 91' Vessalo [111 3,856,142 [451 Dec. 24, 1974 INIIALANT PACKAGE [75] Inventor: William V. Vessalo, Irwin, Pa.

[73] Assignee: Mine Safety Appliances Company,

Pittsburgh, Pa.

22 Filed: Jan. 24, 1973 [21 App1.No.: 326,166

' [52] US. Cl 206/530, 128/272, 206/438,

[51] Int. Cl A6lm 15/00, B65d 85/42 [58] Field of Search 206/56 AA, 63.2 R, 46 CC, 206/0.5; 128/200, 272

11/1954 McGredy 206/56 AA Primary Examiner-William T. Dixson, Jr. Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Brown, Murray, Flick & Peckham [57] ABSTRACT A wrapper having a central absorbent area is wrapped around a frangible ampoule containing an inhalant. The absorbent area substantially surrounds the ampoule, and the wrapper projects from the opposite ends of the ampoule. A pressure sensitive adhesive on the inner surface of the wrapper around its central area sticks the inner end of the wrapper to the ampoule and also sticks the outer end of the wrapper to its own outer surface. The projecting portion of the wrapper at each end of the ampoule is flattened on itself to form flat layers of wrapper stuck together by the adhesive. The portion of the wrapper surrounding the ampoule is porous so that when the ampoule is the wrapper.

3 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures PATENTEB DEC24|974 sum 1 o 2 INHALANT PACKAGE Glass ampoules or vials containing a liquid that will vaporize or give off fumes when released are known. One of the most common ampoules is the ammonia inhalant ampoule. To protect the fingers from injury when the ampoule is broken or crushed and to absorb the released liquid, it is customary to enclose the ampoule in a flexible absorbent cover. A label, carrying information regarding the contents and use of the ampoule, is wrapped around the cover. The cover and the label are applied to the ampoule in succession and therefore require two different operations.

It is an object of this invention to provide an ampoule or the like with a special wrapper that not only encloses or covers the ampoule, but also serves as a label. Another object is to provide an inhalant package that can be quickly assembled.

The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which 1 I FIG. 1 is a fragmentary plan view showing a number of ampoule labels carried by a tape;

bels;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing the beginning of the wrapping of an ampoule in a label; 1-

FIG. 4 is a perspective view ofthe label completely wrapped around the ampoule;

FIG. 5 is an enlarged end view of FIG. 4; FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the completed pack- FIG. 7 is a perspective view showing the beginning of the wrapping of an ampoule in a modified embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 8 is an enlarged end view of the wrapped ampoule; and

FIG. 9 is an end view of the completed package.

Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2 of the drawings, a tape 1 of indefinite length carries a plurality of rectangular labels 2 that are stuck to the tape by a pressure'sensitive adhesive previously applied to the labels, the surface of the tape being such that the labels can readily be peeled away from it. Each label carries the usual information (not shown) applicable to the ampoule to which the label is to be applied. Applied to the back or inner surface of each label is a thin layer of absorbent material 3. This layer also is rectangular, but considerably smaller than the label so that it will be spaced inwardly from all four edges of the label. The label and absorbent material form an ampoule wrapper. The absorbent material may be fabric, fiber, foamed synthetic resin or a resinous pad formed by applying a liquid resin to the label and then curing it to form absorbent material. If the absorbent material is in the form of a separate pad as shown, it is held in place by slightly overlapping the inner edge of a band of the pressure sensitive adhesive 4 that extends around the marginal portion of the label.

' It is this adhesive that temporarily holds the label on the tape. The label may be cloth, but if it is impervious material such as paper, the area of the label covering the absorbent pad is provided with perforations 5 so that fumes or vapors canpenetrate the label. This area likewise could be covered with the adhesive, but it is preferred notto do so in order to be sure that the perforations will not be clogged by adhesive.

To make the inhalant package, a vial or ampoule 7 (FIG. 3) of glass or other frangible material is filled FIG. 2 is a view of the reverse side of one of the lawith the liquid, such as ammonia; that will provide the desired inhalant. The ampoule may be cylindrical or oval in section. Its opposite ends generally will be rounded or more or less pointed. The ampoule is sub stantially the same length as absorbent pad 3. The label with its absorbent pad is stripped from the carrying tape 1 and placed face down on a. support. The ampoule then is laid on the adhesive band at one side of the absorbent pad. As shown in FIG. 3, this will be the inner end of the label that will stick to the ampoule and follow it as it is rolled across the pad to wrap the label around the ampoule. The label is just long enough for its outer end to overlap its inner end so that the adhesive at the outer end will stick to the outside of the inner end of the label as shown in FIG. 5. At this time the package has a cylindrical appearance as shown in FIG. 4, with the label projecting from the opposite ends of the ampoule.

The only further operation required to complete the package is to pinch together the projecting portion of the label at each end of the ampoule in order to flatten it on itself so that there will be flat layers of label stuck together by the adhesive as shown in FIG. 6. The operations just described are readily susceptible to being automated. There is only the one wrapping operation and the single cover for the ampoule. No additional label is required for the package because all of the necessary information can be printed on the flat label before it is applied to the tape. When the package is struck or pinched or bent to crush or break the ampoule, its contents are released and will saturate the absorbent pad, from which they will vaporize and escape throughthe perforations 5 in the label so that the fumes can be inhaled.

In the modification shown in FIGS. 7 to 9, the wrapper is made in one piece instead of from two pieces stuck'together. Also, in this case the wrapper I0 is a rectangular piece of cloth or porous fabric that is long enough to be wrapped around an ampoule 11 a sufficient number of times to provide the desired absorbency for the inhalant when the ampoule is broken. Like the label in the first embodiment, the marginal area of the inner surface of the wrapper carries a pressure sensitive adhesive 12. The ampoule is rolled up in the wrapper, the inner end of which sticks to the ampoule and the outer end of which sticks to the outer surface of itself as shown in FIG. 8. The projecting ends of the wrapper then are squeezed together to flatten them as shown in FIG. 9. The outer surface of the fabric wrapper can carry the printed matter desired for labeling the package.

According to the provisions of the patent statutes, I have explained the principle of my invention and have illustrated and described what I now consider to represent its best embodiment. However, I desire to have it understood that, within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically illustrated and described.

I claim:

1. An inhalant package comprising a frangible ampoule containing an inhalant, a wrapper having inner and outer surfaces and inner and outer ends and a central absorbent area spaced inwardly from the edges of the wrapper, the wrapper being wrapped around the ampoule in engagement therewith and projecting from the opposite ends of the ampoule, and a pressure sensitive adhesive on the inner surface of the wrapper at the opposite ends thereof and along its opposite sides, the

-- adhesive surrounding said absorbent area, the adhesive at the inner end of the wrapper sticking to the ampoule and the adhesive at the outer end of the wrapper sticking that end to the-outer surface of the wrapper, the

projecting portion of the wrapper at each end of the ampoule being flattened on itself to form flat layers of the wrapper stuck together by the adhesive, and the portion of the wrapper surrounding the ampoule being porous 2. An inhalant package according to claim 1, in

stick the pad to the label.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1541299 *Jul 5, 1921Jun 9, 1925Lilly Co EliDressing for wounds
US2209914 *Feb 25, 1937Jul 30, 1940Erwin G GerberSelf-impregnating pad
US2395109 *Dec 23, 1942Feb 19, 1946Burroughs Wellcome CoInhaler
US2546848 *May 3, 1949Mar 27, 1951Nips IncCrushable container
US2695704 *Feb 10, 1950Nov 30, 1954Mcgredy Robert MCleaning device and package containing same
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4027671 *Jun 18, 1976Jun 7, 1977Sperti George SInsertable dispensing capsule
US4058425 *Mar 18, 1974Nov 15, 1977A-T-O Inc.Inhalant disperser
US4232671 *Jun 23, 1978Nov 11, 1980Crump Charles LSafety eyewash package and container therefor
US4275820 *Dec 19, 1979Jun 30, 1981J. W. SmallPersonal repellent device
US4342395 *Feb 2, 1981Aug 3, 1982Brown James BLiquid dispensing unit and method of manufacture thereof
US4648513 *Sep 27, 1985Mar 10, 1987Kimberly-Clark CorporationPackage and disposal container including plural tear portions
US5126070 *Oct 20, 1989Jun 30, 1992The Drackett CompanyChlorine dioxide generator
US5133458 *Apr 1, 1991Jul 28, 1992Siebe North, Inc.Ampule-type inhalant dispenser
US5819730 *Jun 9, 1993Oct 13, 1998Glaxo Wellcome Australia Ltd.Device for administering pharmaceutical substances
US5875776 *Apr 9, 1996Mar 2, 1999Vivorx Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Dry powder inhaler
US6041928 *Nov 5, 1996Mar 28, 2000Molnlycke Health Care AbInner packaging for abdominal towels sterile-packed in an outer packaging
US6062213 *Jun 16, 1998May 16, 2000Fuisz Technologies Ltd.Single unit dose inhalation therapy device
US6478191 *Dec 12, 2001Nov 12, 2002Closure Medical CorporationApplicator with protective barrier
US6571790Jul 19, 2001Jun 3, 2003Robert E. WeinsteinMethod and device for organizing and coordinating the combined use of liquid medications for continuous nebulization for the treatment of respiratory disorders
US6719172 *Jun 6, 2003Apr 13, 2004Summithood Enterprises, LlcPepper agent system
US6929004 *Apr 19, 2000Aug 16, 2005Smithkline Beecham CorporationMedicament carrier
US7048203Dec 10, 2002May 23, 2006Lumica CorporationDiffuser for volatile material such as aromatic or chemical agent
US7147171Dec 19, 2005Dec 12, 2006Lumica CorporationDiffuser for volatile material such as aromatic or chemical agent
US7278424Apr 19, 2000Oct 9, 2007Glaxo Group LimitedMedicament carrier
US7311105 *Oct 25, 2004Dec 25, 2007Plummer Jr Willie PresslyMask having a scenting means, and method for blocking out unpleasant odors
US7565987 *Aug 31, 2005Jul 28, 2009Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Pull tab activated sealed packet
US8631941Apr 22, 2011Jan 21, 2014James Alexander CorporationAmpoule dispenser assembly and process
US8671937Mar 15, 2012Mar 18, 2014Mannkind CorporationUnit dose capsules and dry powder inhaler
US8950397Jun 6, 2012Feb 10, 2015Mannkind CorporationUnit dose cartridge and dry powder inhaler
US9192675Jul 30, 2013Nov 24, 2015Mankind CorporationDry powder inhaler and system for drug delivery
US9220687Nov 7, 2014Dec 29, 2015Mannkind CorporationSubstituted diketopiperazine analogs for use as drug delivery agents
US9233159Oct 24, 2012Jan 12, 2016Mannkind CorporationMethods and compositions for treating pain
US9241903Jul 15, 2013Jan 26, 2016Mannkind CorporationMethod for improving the pharmaceutic properties of microparticles comprising diketopiperazine and an active agent
US9283193Apr 10, 2014Mar 15, 2016Mannkind CorporationMethod of drug formulation based on increasing the affinity of crystalline microparticle surfaces for active agents
US9339615Mar 14, 2013May 17, 2016Mannkind CorporationDry powder inhaler and system for drug delivery
US9346766Apr 30, 2014May 24, 2016Mannkind CorporationCatalysis of diketopiperazine synthesis
US9364436Jun 18, 2012Jun 14, 2016Mannkind CorporationHigh capacity diketopiperazine microparticles and methods
US9364619Jun 19, 2009Jun 14, 2016Mannkind CorporationInteractive apparatus and method for real-time profiling of inhalation efforts
US20030038057 *Oct 18, 2002Feb 27, 2003Weder Donald E.Decorative basket assembly and method for producing same
US20030192908 *Jun 6, 2003Oct 16, 2003Slewidge Kenneth ThomasPepper agent system
US20040124254 *Dec 10, 2002Jul 1, 2004Shiro HaradaDiffuser for volatile material such as aromatic or chemical agent
US20040244793 *Jun 9, 2003Dec 9, 2004Wedel Victor J.Aroma inhaling product
US20060107959 *Oct 25, 2004May 25, 2006Plummer Willie Pressly JrMask having a scenting means, and method for blocking out unpleasant odors
US20060157578 *Dec 19, 2005Jul 20, 2006Lumica CorporationDiffuser for volatile material such as aromatic or chemical agent
US20090241949 *Mar 27, 2009Oct 1, 2009Smutney Chad CDry powder inhalation system
EP1435246A1 *Jan 6, 2003Jul 7, 2004Lumica CorporationCompact diffuser for volatile material
Classifications
U.S. Classification206/530, 206/438, 128/200.23, 206/484.1, 206/534, 229/87.1, 206/813
International ClassificationA61M15/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61M2015/0031, A61M2202/0468, Y10S206/813, A61M15/0028
European ClassificationA61M15/00C