|Publication number||US3858130 A|
|Publication date||Dec 31, 1974|
|Filing date||Dec 4, 1973|
|Priority date||Dec 4, 1973|
|Also published as||CA1013846A, CA1013846A1|
|Publication number||US 3858130 A, US 3858130A, US-A-3858130, US3858130 A, US3858130A|
|Original Assignee||Westinghouse Electric Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (47), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [1 1 Misencik GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT BREAKER WITH COLD TEMPERATURE BIMETAL CONSTRICTION  Inventor: John J. Misencik, Shelton, Conn.  Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corporation,
 Filed: Dec. 4, 1973 211 Appl. No.: 421,573
 US. Cl. 335/18, 337/55  Int. Cl. H01h 83/02  Field of Search 335/18, 37; 337/55, 57
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,691,708 10/1954 Drobney et a]. 335/37 2,786,917 3/1957 Casey 335/37 3,636,482 1/1972 Edmunds 335/18 Dec. 31, 1974 Primary Examiner-Harold Broome Attorney, Agent, or Firm-l... P. Johns [5 7] ABSTRACT A ground fault circuit interrupter characterized by a circuit breaker and a ground fault detector contained within an insulating housing. The circuit breaker comprises an elongated current-carrying bimetal element for tripping a pair of cooperable contacts from the closed to the open position, one end portion of the bimetal element being fixedly mounted and the other end being free to move in one direction in response to an increase in temperature. A bi-metal stop projection within the housing to prevent movement of the bimetal element from its latched position to the other direction in response to extremely cold ambient temperatures.
5 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT BREAKER WITH COLD TEMPERATURE BIMETAL CONSTRICTION BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to a circuit breaker and more particularly it pertains to a ground fault circuit interrupter having restriction means for preventing movement of a bimetal element when subjected to inordinately cold temperatures.
2. Description of the Prior Art A standard circuit breaker includes elements for sensing current overloads and consist primarily of a straight bimetal element and a latch assembly. When thermal overloads occur the bimetal element deflects in one direction by a distance which is a function of the amount of current overload and thereby releases the spring loaded latch to trip the circuit breaker to the open position. This uncompensated bimetal arrangement is an economical method for general circuit breaker usage.
In a ground fault circuit breaker a standard circuit beaker is utilized but it can be inadequate because only temperature ranges above C are important. Building code restrictions govern the circuit breaker usage in cold ambient environments. The specific temperature range for ground fault circuit breakers is 35C to about 66C which offers maximum protection. It is important to aid the bimetal element for the following reasons: (a) severe cold temperature causes opposite movement of the normal bimetal element thereby causing excessive deflection in the wrong direction; (b) resultant movement in the wrong direction (toward the latch assembly) causes undue and inconsistent latch spring release pressures; and (c) ability to repeat the normal circuit breaker action and maintenance of accurate calibration are impaired.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Generally, in accordance with this invention, it has been found that the foregoing difficulties may be overcome by providing a ground fault circuit interrupter comprising a circuit breaker and a ground fault detector within an insulation housing, the circuit breaker comprising a pair of cooperable contacts operable between open and closed positions, a releasable member in an initial position and movable when released to a tripped position to effect automatic opening of the contacts, an elongated current-carrying bimetal element for tripping the releasable member when a predetermined current overload effects a deflection of said bimetal element in one direction from a latched position, a bimetal stop means such as a projection integral with the insulating housing for preventing the bimetal element from moving in the other direction from the latched position when subjected to excessively low ambient temperatures, the ground fault detector comprising a current-monitoring core and a plurality of primary windings on the core, each being one of a line and a neutral conductor of an A.c. electrical distribution system, a secondary winding sensing current imbalance between the primary windings, means responsive to a predetermined sensing signal to open said line conduc tors, the means responsive to the predetermined sensing signal including a pivotally movable member movable against the bimetal element to unlatch the releasable member, and the pivotally movable member being adjacent to the bimetal element on the side of the stop means.
The advantage of the device of this invention is that the stop means for constriction insures reliable operation of the ground fault circuit breaker when subjected to excessively cold temperatures, and when the bimetal element is restricted. The force required by an intermittent duty solenoid in the ground fault detector is minimized.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a ground fault circuit breaker structure of this invention;
FIG. 2 is a vertical sectional view taken on the line II-II of FIG. 1 and showing the circuit breaker side of the invention in the closed position; and
FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along the line III-III of FIG. 1.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In FIG. 1 a ground fault circuit breaker structure is generally indicated at 3 and it comprises a housing 5 which is composed of electrically insulating material such as a thermosetting resin. The housing 5 includes a pair of box-like containers or tray portions 7 and 9 and a side cover 11, which are secured in place by suitable means such as rivets 12 (FIG. 2) in a conventional manner.
Inasmuch as a detailed description of both the ground fault detector portion and the circuit breaker portion is set forth in the application of Kenneth R. Coley and John J. Misencik, Ser. No. 287,921, filed Sept. 1 l, 1972, the description of those portions is limited to the parts that are essential to the operation of the invention disclosed herein.
As shown in FIG. 3 the tray portion 7 comprises a back wall 8 and the tray portion 7 comprises a back wall 13 that serves as a single partition wall between compartments 15 and 17 formed between the back walls 8 and 13 and the side cover 11. A circuit breaker mechanism is disposed within the compartment 15 and a ground fault circuit interrupter is disposed within the compartment 17.
Briefly, the circuit breaker structure comprises a stationary contact 21, a movable contact 23, a supporting metal frame 25, an operating mechanism 27, and a trip device 29. Among other things the operating mechanism 27 comprises a contact arm 31 and a releasable member 33 which is pivotally supported at one end thereof on a pivot 35 when the circuit breaker is opened manually a handle 37 is rotated from the on to the off position, whereby the contact arm 33 moves the movable contact 23 away from the stationary contact 21 in a conventional manner.
The contact arm 31 is electrically connected to the lower end of an elongated bimetal element or bimetal 39 by a flexible conductor 41. The bimetal 39 is part of the trip device 29 and is secured at its upper end to a flange 43 of the frame 25.
A flexible conductor 45 connects the upper end of the bimetal 39 with a terminal strap 45 having a terminal connector 47. Thus, the closed circuit through the circuit breaker extends from a terminal 51 through the stationary contact 21, the movable contact 23, the contact arm 31, the flexible conductor 41, the bimetal 39, the flexible conductor 45, the terminal strap 47 to the terminal connector 49.
The trip device 29 comprises the bimetal 39, an elongated rigid magnetic armature or latch member 53, an end portion 55 of the releasable member 33, and a projection 57 of a lever 59 (FIG. 3). The latch member 53 ing 63 which includes a latch surface 65 at the base of the opening in the reset position of the circuit breaker as shown in the drawings. The end portion 55 of the releasable member 33 is latched in the opening 63 of the latch member 53, and more particularly is lodged upon the latch surface 65. Upon the occurrence of a sustained overload current above a first predetermined value the bimetal 39 which is heated by the current flowing therethrough, deflects from the position shown in FIG. 2 to a thermally tripped position to the right of that shown in FIG. 2, whereupon the end portion 55 drops from its position on the latch surface 65.
In accordance with this invention bimetal stop means or construction or a projection 67 is provided to prevent the bimetal 39 from moving to the left of the latched position (FIG. 2) such as when the bimetal is exposed to severely cold ambient temperature conditions such as of the order of 35C. The projection 67 is preferably a molded part of the tray portion 9 and extends outwardly from the back wall 13 as well as a bottom wall 69. However, the projection 67 would function satisfactorily if it were part of the cover 11. In the position shown in FIG. 3 the upper end of the projection 67 extends slightly above the lower end of the bimetal 39 so as to prevent the bimetal from moving to the left in response to severely cold ambient temperatures. The projection 67 however may be located at another position along the length of the bimetal so long as it is suitably disposed to prevent the bimetal from moving unduly to the left beyond the latched position of FIG. 2. In effect a thermal restriction is produced within the compartment 15 so that upon a limited movement of the bimetal 39 when subjected to cold temperature, a motion takes place where the lower free end of the bimetal engages the projection 67 to restrict further deflection. As a result a binding effect between the spring loaded end portion 55 of the releasable member 33 and the latch surface 65 is avoided and the bimetal 39 is free to operate in a conventional manner.
Where a ground fault occurs and is detected in the ground fault detector 71 in the compartment 17 as set forth in the above mentioned application the lever 59 is actuated to cause the projection 67 at the lower end thereof to move the latch member 53 to the right and thereby disengage the end portion 55 of the releasable member 33 from the latch surface 65. In ground fault circuit breakers where the unit has been subjected to a temperature of as low as -35C for a period of hours ordays the circuit breaker must nevertheless be able to trip free in 0.25 milliseconds or less when subjected to 260 milliampere ground fault circuits which are unable to heat the bimetals to cause deflection. A ground fault circuit breaker mechanism is activated on a ground fault by the use of a toroid sensor, electronic amplifier and power device, and a solenoid, as disclosed in the above indicated patent application. The solenoid is the action member which depresses the spring latch to effect disconnection. If the bimetal 39 is deflected in the direction to cause latch interference, the solenoid is unable to depress the latch sufficiently to overcome the excessive deflection caused by cold temperature on the bimetal and thereby causing an inoperative device.
According the device of this invention satisfies problems existing in prior art devices and results in an improved ground fault circuit breaker.
What is claimed is:
l. A circuit breaker comprising an electrically insulating housing and including a box-like container and a cover therefor, a circuit breaker structure within the housing and comprising a pair of separable contacts operable between open and closed positions, a releasable member in an initial position and movable when released to a tripped position to effect automatic opening of the contacts and comprising an elongated currentcarrying bimetal for tripping the releasable member when a predetermined current overload effect deflection of said bimetal in one direction from a latched po sition, the bimetal being mounted at one end portion and disposed in an unbiased position, bimetal stop means for preventing said bimetal from moving in the other direction from said latched position when the bimetal is subjected to extremely cold ambien temperature, and the container and the cover being molded members one of which comprises an integral molded projection at the other end of the bimetal.
2. A ground fault circuit interrupter for use in a load center and comprising a circuit breaker, a ground fault detector, and an insulation housing therefor; the circuit breaker comprising a pair of cooperable contacts operable between open and closed positions, a releasable member in an initial position and movable when released to a tripped position to effect automatic opening of the contacts, an elongated current-carrying bimetal element for tripping the releasable member when a predetermined current overload effects deflection of said bimetal element in one direction from a latched position, the bimetal being mounted at one end portion and disposed in an unbiased position, bimetal stop means for preventing said bimetal element from moving in the other direction from said latched position when the bimetal is subjected to extremely cold ambient temperature; the ground fault detector comprising a current monitoring core, a plurality of primary windings on the core, each being one of a line and a neutral conductor of an AC, electrical distribution system, a secondary winding sensing current imbalance between the primary windings, means responsive to a predetermined sensing signal to open said line conductors, the means responsive to a predetermined sensing signal including a pivotally movable member movable against said bimetal element to unlatch the releasable member, and the pivotally movablemember being adjacent to the bimetal element on the side of the bimetal stop means.
3. The ground fault circuit breaker of claim 2 in which the bimetal stop means comprises a projection extending into a position on the side of the bimetal element opposite the direction of deflection thereof.
4. The ground fault circuit breaker of claim 3 in which the projection is an integral portion of one of the container and cover.
5. The ground fault circuit breaker of claim 4 in which the bimetal element is fixedly mounted at one end portion and the other end portion is unattached, and in which the projection is a portion of the container and located at said other end portion thereof.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2691708 *||Oct 10, 1951||Oct 12, 1954||Westinghouse Electric Corp||Circuit breaker|
|US2786917 *||Jun 4, 1954||Mar 26, 1957||Gen Electric||Circuit breaker trip device|
|US3636482 *||May 25, 1970||Jan 18, 1972||Federal Pacific Electric Co||Modular circuit breakers and panelboards with ground-fault protection|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3999103 *||Mar 14, 1975||Dec 21, 1976||Westinghouse Electric Corporation||Multi-pole ground fault circuit breaker|
|US5012382 *||Jun 14, 1990||Apr 30, 1991||Teal Electronics Corporation||Low impedance power conditioner apparatus and method|
|US5224006 *||Sep 26, 1991||Jun 29, 1993||Westinghouse Electric Corp.||Electronic circuit breaker with protection against sputtering arc faults and ground faults|
|US5307230 *||Aug 26, 1993||Apr 26, 1994||Westinghouse Electric Corp.||Circuit breaker with protection against sputtering arc faults|
|US5420740 *||Sep 15, 1993||May 30, 1995||Eaton Corporation||Ground fault circuit interrupter with immunity to wide band noise|
|US5432455 *||Sep 6, 1994||Jul 11, 1995||Blades; Frederick K.||Method and apparatus for detecting arcing in alternating current power systems by monitoring high-frequency noise|
|US5434509 *||Sep 6, 1994||Jul 18, 1995||Blades; Frederick K.||Method and apparatus for detecting arcing in alternating-current power systems by monitoring high-frequency noise|
|US5682101 *||Feb 13, 1996||Oct 28, 1997||Square D Company||Arcing fault detection system|
|US5825598 *||Feb 11, 1997||Oct 20, 1998||Square D Company||Arcing fault detection system installed in a panelboard|
|US5834940 *||Sep 24, 1996||Nov 10, 1998||Brooks; Stanley J.||Arcing fault detector testing and demonstration system|
|US5839092 *||Mar 26, 1997||Nov 17, 1998||Square D Company||Arcing fault detection system using fluctuations in current peaks and waveforms|
|US5847913 *||Feb 21, 1997||Dec 8, 1998||Square D Company||Trip indicators for circuit protection devices|
|US5940256 *||Nov 9, 1994||Aug 17, 1999||Eaton Corporation||Circuit breaker responsive to repeated in-rush currents produced by a sputtering arc fault|
|US5946179 *||Mar 25, 1997||Aug 31, 1999||Square D Company||Electronically controlled circuit breaker with integrated latch tripping|
|US5969921 *||Jan 29, 1998||Oct 19, 1999||Eaton Corporation||Ground fault electrical switching apparatus for coordinating tripping with a downstream ground fault switch|
|US5986860 *||Feb 19, 1998||Nov 16, 1999||Square D Company||Zone arc fault detection|
|US6034611 *||Feb 4, 1997||Mar 7, 2000||Square D Company||Electrical isolation device|
|US6195241||Mar 7, 1997||Feb 27, 2001||Squares D Company||Arcing fault detection system|
|US6242993||Feb 6, 1997||Jun 5, 2001||Square D Company||Apparatus for use in arcing fault detection systems|
|US6246556||Feb 19, 1998||Jun 12, 2001||Square D Company||Electrical fault detection system|
|US6259996||Aug 5, 1998||Jul 10, 2001||Square D Company||Arc fault detection system|
|US6313641||Jul 1, 1999||Nov 6, 2001||Square D Company||Method and system for detecting arcing faults and testing such system|
|US6313642||Jan 24, 1997||Nov 6, 2001||Square D Company||Apparatus and method for testing an arcing fault detection system|
|US6377427||Dec 17, 1999||Apr 23, 2002||Square D Company||Arc fault protected electrical receptacle|
|US6452767||Jan 27, 1997||Sep 17, 2002||Square D Company||Arcing fault detection system for a secondary line of a current transformer|
|US6477021||Dec 21, 1999||Nov 5, 2002||Square D Company||Blocking/inhibiting operation in an arc fault detection system|
|US6532424||Apr 11, 2000||Mar 11, 2003||Square D Company||Electrical fault detection circuit with dual-mode power supply|
|US6567250||Dec 22, 1999||May 20, 2003||Square D Company||Arc fault protected device|
|US6591482||Nov 17, 2000||Jul 15, 2003||Square D Company||Assembly methods for miniature circuit breakers with electronics|
|US6621669||Dec 17, 1999||Sep 16, 2003||Square D Company||Arc fault receptacle with a feed-through connection|
|US6625550||Oct 26, 1999||Sep 23, 2003||Square D Company||Arc fault detection for aircraft|
|US6782329||Jan 17, 2001||Aug 24, 2004||Square D Company||Detection of arcing faults using bifurcated wiring system|
|US6822543||Sep 24, 2003||Nov 23, 2004||General Electric Company||System and method for controlling trip unit mechanical stress|
|US7041921||Apr 19, 2004||May 9, 2006||Moeller Gebäudeautomation KG||Switching device|
|US7068480||Mar 27, 2002||Jun 27, 2006||Square D Company||Arc detection using load recognition, harmonic content and broadband noise|
|US7136265||May 13, 2003||Nov 14, 2006||Square D Company||Load recognition and series arc detection using bandpass filter signatures|
|US7151656||Oct 17, 2001||Dec 19, 2006||Square D Company||Arc fault circuit interrupter system|
|US7253637||Sep 13, 2005||Aug 7, 2007||Square D Company||Arc fault circuit interrupter system|
|US20050230231 *||Apr 19, 2004||Oct 20, 2005||Moeller Gebaudeautomation Kg||Switching device|
|CN1957432B||Apr 15, 2005||May 5, 2010||穆勒建筑物自动化有限公司||Switchgear|
|CN101145478B||Oct 12, 2007||Jul 28, 2010||温州市新蓝天电器有限公司||Circuit breaker with leakage, overloading and short circuit protector|
|EP0320928A2 *||Dec 15, 1988||Jun 21, 1989||ABB Elettrocondutture S.p.A.||Device for detecting differential currents in electric systems|
|EP0320928A3 *||Dec 15, 1988||Aug 29, 1990||ABB Elettrocondutture S.p.A.||Device for detecting differential currents in electric systems|
|WO1991020116A1 *||May 23, 1991||Dec 26, 1991||Teal Electronics Corporation||Low impedance power conditioner apparatus and method|
|WO2005101443A2 *||Apr 15, 2005||Oct 27, 2005||Moeller Gebäudeautomation KG||Switchgear|
|WO2005101443A3 *||Apr 15, 2005||Dec 22, 2005||Moeller Gebaeudeautomation Kg||Switchgear|
|WO2014143462A1 *||Feb 7, 2014||Sep 18, 2014||Eaton Corporation||Trip device support frame and top frame calibration method|
|U.S. Classification||335/18, 337/55|
|International Classification||H01H83/22, H01H71/16, H01H71/12, H01H83/00|
|Cooperative Classification||H01H83/226, H01H71/16|