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Publication numberUS3858750 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 7, 1975
Filing dateJan 7, 1974
Priority dateJan 7, 1974
Publication numberUS 3858750 A, US 3858750A, US-A-3858750, US3858750 A, US3858750A
InventorsGrall Bernard C
Original AssigneeVollrath Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pressure relief valve
US 3858750 A
Abstract
A cooking pot cover has an opening in which a valve body is vertically slideably and rotatably mounted. A flange on the bottom of the valve body is engageable with the cover to limit the upward movement of the valve body. A separately-formed valve cap is snap-fitted from above into the top of the valve body and is engageable with the cover to limit downward movement of the valve body. A vent opening in a cylindrical portion of the valve body is positioned to be above the cover when the valve body is in a raised position and to be below the cover when the valve body is in its lowermost position. Locking ribs project radially from the cylindrical portion of the valve body and abut against the underside of the cover to lock the valve body in its lowered position when the valve body is in a predetermined position of rotation. In another rotational position of the valve body, the locking ribs are aligned with locking recesses in the margin of the cover opening to permit upward movement of the valve body in response to steam pressure to vent the steam out of the cooking pot.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Grall [75] Inventor:

52 U.S. c1 ..220/203, 220/208 151 1111.01 B65d 51/16 [58] Field 61 Search 220/44 R, 44 A, 44 E;

1451 Jan. 7, 1975 Primary ExaminerJohn Petrakes Attorney, Agent, or FirmArthur L. Morsell, Jr.

[57] ABSTRACT A cooking pot cover has an opening in which a valve body is vertically slideably and rotatably mounted. A flange on the bottom of the valve body is cngageable with the cover to limit the upward movement of the valve body. A separately-formed valve cap is snapfitted from above into the top of the valve body and is engageable with the cover to limit downward move ment of the valve body. A vent opening in a cylindri- [56] References Cited cal portion of the valve body is positioned to be above UNITED STATES PATENTS the cover when the valve body is in a raised position 1,834,837 12/1931 HaShlmOtO 220/44 R and to be below the Cover when I119 valve y is in its 1,862,778 6/1932 Vought '220/44 E lowermost position. Locking ribs project radially from 1,867,994 7/1932 Wisenor et al. 220/44 E X the cylindrical portion of the valve body and abut 2,219,498 10/1940 Steyaert 220/44 E against the underside of the cover to lock the valve g body in its lowered position when the valve body is in ieny 1 3,362,566 1/1968 1161181616.... 220/44 5 3 :2?gg figi g i g fi g gg ig i'ggg f gi 3,374,805 3/1968 Trevarrow, Jr. 220/44 R X d I th f th 3,395,695 8/1968 .Nagashima 8131.. 220/44 E x mg P m e magm o e 3,454182 7/1969 Morton 220/44R Cover OPemng PermIt upward movement of the Y valve body in response to steam pressure to vent the FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS Steam out of the cookingpot 687,928 2/1953 Great Britain 220/44 A 7 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures l 1 1 1 Z8 Z9 /6 PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION A pressure relief valve body is vertically slideably and rotatably mounted in an opening in a utensil cover. Means on a lower portion of the valve body is engageable with the cover to limit upward movement of the valve body. A separately-formed valve cap is snapfitted from above into the valve body when the body is inserted from beneath the cover. A vent opening in the valve body is positioned to be above the cover when the valve body is in a raised position and to be below the cover when the valve body is in its lowered position. Cooperating locking means on the valve body and cover selectively hold the valve body in its lowered position when the valve body is in one rotational position and permit upward movement of the valve body when it is in another rotational position to vent steam through the vent opening.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is an enlarged side elevational view, partially in vertical section, of the pressure relief valve of this invention as its component parts are being assembled on a utensil cover, a fragment of the cover and utensil being shown.

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary top view of the utensil cover showing the opening therein for receiving the valve body.

FIG. 3 is a side elevational view, partially cut away, of a utensil having the pressure relief valve of FIGS. 1 and 2 installed on its cover and .in venting position.

FIG. 4 is a view similar to FIG. I showing the valve dialed to locking position.

FIG. 5 is a top view looking in the direction indicated by the line 55 in FIG. 4.

FIG. 6 is an enlarged top view of the valve body alone before the valve cap is attached thereto.

FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view taken on the line 77 of FIG. 6.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The drawing shows one embodiment of the invention which is mounted in an opening 10 (FIG. 2) in the cover 12 (FIG. 3) of a cooking pot 14. This embodiment includes a valve body 16 and a valve cap 18 which are snap-fitted together by means described hereinafter. Valve body 16 is shaped in the form of a cylindrical sleeve having an outer diameter which is slightly smaller than the opening 10 so that valve body 16 will be vertically slideable and rotatable therein. Two vertical locking ribs 20 (FIGS. 4 and 6) are formed on the outside of the cylindrical portion of the valve body 16.

7 Locking ribs 20 are semi-cylindrical in cross section,

and are positioned diametrically opposite each other on the valve body 16. A cooperating pair of semicircular recesses 22 (FIG. 2) is formed in diametricallyopposite locations in the margin of opening 10 to receive the locking ribs 20 when the valve body 16 is in one position of rotation (the position of FIG. 3). Thus the valve body 16 is movable up and down in opening 10 when the locking ribs 20 are aligned with recesses 22. However, in all other rotational positions of valve body 16, the upper ends 24 of ribs 20 (FIGS. 4 and 7) abut against the underside of the utensil cover I2 and prevent the valve body 16 from moving upwardly.

One or more vent openings 26 (FIGS. 3 and 7) are formed in valve body 16 in such position as to be above the cover 12 when the valve body 16 is in a raised position, as shown in FIG. 3, but to be below cover I2 when the valve body 16 is in its lowered position. Thus, when valve body I6 is in the dialed position of FIGS. I and 3 in which locking ribs 20 are aligned with recesses 22, steam pressure in pot I4 will enter the interior of the cylindrical body I6 to push the valve body upwardly until vents 26 are above cover I2, thereby allowing the steam to escape from pot I4 through the vents 26 and thus relieve the pressure within pot I4. Upward movement of the valve body 16 is limited by a flange 28 (FIG. 4) which is formed at the bottom of valve body 16 and which projects outwardly therefrom so as to engage the under surface of the cover 12. When the valve body 16 is dialed to a rotational position such as that of FIGS. 4 and 5 in which the locking ribs 20 are not aligned with the recesses 22, the upper ends 24 of ribs 20 abut against the underside of the cover 12 inwardly of the margin of the opening 10 to lock the valve body 16 in closed position where steam is confined within the pot.

One important feature of this invention is that the valve body 16 and the valve cap 18 can be easily assembled by simply snap-fitting the two parts together. As a means of snap-fitting the valve cap 18 and valve body 16 together, the top of the valve body has an opening 30 with an inwardly-tapering and rounded margin 32. The opening 30 is dimensioned to yieldingly receive a cylindrical stem 34 having a conically-tapered lower portion 36 providing a shoulder 38 which is positioned so that it can be snapped beneath the margin of the opening 30 to lock the cap 18 to the body member I6 (see FIG. 1). This is accomplished by the simple expedient of pressing the two parts together with the body 16 positioned beneath the pot cover I2 and the cap I8 inserted from above the cover.

Cap 18 has a raised, tapered finger hold .40 (FIGS. I and 5) on its upper surface to allow the cap 1% to be easily grasped for dialing. The front end of the finger grip 40 is pointed at 42 to form an indicator to show the orientation of the locking ribs 20. To insure that the pointer 42 is aligned in assembly with the locking ribs 20, a pair of guide openings 44 (FIG. 6) are formed on the upper surface of valve body 16 and are positioned to receive matching guide bosses 46 (FIG. I) when the valve cap 18 is press-fitted onto the valve body I6.

The valve cap I8 and valve body 16 can be conveniently molded from a suitable plastic material such as is available under the trade name of Zytel, or any other suitable plastic material such as nylon. This type of material has sufficient resiliency to provide for the snap-fit during assembly when the conical portion 36 of stem 34 is snapped from the full line position of FIG. 1 to the dotted line assembled position. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the valve cap 18 and valve body 16 can be mass produced at a very low cost by injection molding or similar processes. Also, the opening and semi-circular recesses 22 can be easily made in the cover 12 at a very low cost.

In use of a cooking pot equipped with the improved pressure relief valve, if the housewife is cooking something in the pot in such a manner that there will be a pressure build-up, she merely dials the valve to the position shown in FIGS. 1 and 3 where the ribs are aligned with the recesses 22. Then, as soon as pressure builds up, the steam will act against the valve to move it to the elevated position of FIG. 3. This brings the vents 26 above the surface of the cover and allows the steam to freely escape. If, on the other hand, the housewife is cooking vegetables or other food on a low flame where excessive pressure build-up is not likely to occur, then the valve can be dialed to the position of FIGS. 4 and 5 to lock the valve in the lowered position. This precludes the escape of steam from the valve but will speed up the cooking process and improve the results for certain types of food items. Of course, even when the valve is locked as in FIGS. 4 and 5, with the type of cooking pot and cover illustrated, the cover can, of course, bobble up and down to relieve excessive steam pressure, should this occur. For most. operations this is undesirable and, by having the valve dialed to the position of FIGS. 1 and 3, pressure is relieved without the objectionable bobbling of the cover which would otherwise occur. The present relief valve enables the housewife to select the type of steam control best suited for the item being cooked.

Various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention, and all of such changes are contemplated as may come within the scope of the claims.

What I claim is:

I. In combination with a utensil cover having an opening therein, a pressure relief valve body vertically slideably and rotatably mounted within said opening; means on a lower portion of said valve body engageable with said cover to limit the upward movement of said valve body; a separately-formed valve cap for said valve body, said cap having means engageable with the top of the cover to limit the downward movement of the valve body; cooperating means on said cap and valve body connecting the same in assembled relationship while aligned with the cover opening and with the cover between at least a portion of said valve body and cap, said valve body having a vent opening positioned to be above said cover when said valve body is in a raised position and positioned to be below said cover when said valve body is in its lowered position; and cooperating locking means on said valve body and cover to selectively lock said valve body in its lowered position when the valve body is in one position of rotation and to permit upward movement when the valve body is in another position of rotation.

2. The combination claimed in claim I wherein said means on the bottom of said valve body engageable with said cover to limit the upward movement of said valve body comprises an outwardly-extending flange at the lower end of said valve body, said flange extending far enough outwardly from said valve body so that it will abut against the bottom of said cover when the valve body is in a raised position.

3. The combination claimed in claim 1 wherein said cooperating means on said cap and valve body for connecting the same in assembled relationship comprises an opening in the top of said valve body having an inwardly-tapered marginal portion, a stem projecting downwardly from said valve cap and having a conically-tapered lower portion providing a shoulder, there being relative resiliency between said tapered stem portion and the marginal portion of the opening, and said tapered portion and shoulder of said stem being positioned and sized to snap through said tapered marginal portion of said opening in response to pressure.

4. The combination claimed in claim 1 wherein said cooperating locking means on said valve body and cover comprises at least one looking rib projecting radially outwardly from said valve body, and at least one cooperating recess in the margin of said cover opening, said recess being large enough to receive said locking rib when the rib is aligned with said recess to permit upward movement of the valve member to venting position, and the upper end of said locking rib being located adjacent the lower surface of said cover when said locking rib is out of alignment with said recess to lock the valve body in non-venting position.

5. The combination claimed in claim 4 and further comprising a pointer on said valve so positioned relative to said locking rib as to indicate the position thereof with respect to said recesses in the margin of said cover opening.

6. The combination claimed in claim 1 and further comprisingguide means projecting downwardly from said valve cap and engageable with matching guide means in the upper end of said valve body for insuring proper rotational orientation between the valve cap and valve body when the two parts are assembled.

7. The combination claimed in claim 1 in which said valve body is a cylindrical sleeve having an outwardlyprojecting annular flange at the lower end thereof and having a top opening, the inner margin of said opening being tapered, and further comprising a tapered stem projecting from the bottom of said valve cap dimensioned to interact with said tapered margin to provide for snap-fitting the two parts together.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1834837 *Aug 29, 1930Dec 1, 1931Takichi HashimotoSteam pressure cooker
US1862778 *May 21, 1931Jun 14, 1932Vought Arthur LCombination erying pan and cooking oven
US1867994 *Aug 30, 1930Jul 19, 1932Gertrude C WisenorLid for cooking utensils
US2219498 *Dec 11, 1939Oct 29, 1940Steyaert Joseph LPot or pan cover
US3047186 *Dec 6, 1957Jul 31, 1962Serio Anthony WVent knob
US3055536 *May 9, 1958Sep 25, 1962Alfred DienyClosing device for a pressure container
US3362566 *Dec 3, 1965Jan 9, 1968Tewfic S. HananiaCover for pots and the like
US3374805 *Aug 16, 1965Mar 26, 1968Kelsey Hayes CoPressure relief valve
US3395695 *Jun 9, 1965Aug 6, 1968Akira AokiCooker having a steam pressure control valve
US3454182 *Sep 30, 1965Jul 8, 1969Timken Roller Bearing CoVent grommets
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4143787 *Jun 15, 1978Mar 13, 1979National Presto Industries, Inc.Captivated over-pressure relief air vent assembly
US4642105 *Jul 22, 1985Feb 10, 1987Toter Kimberly A MGastric drainage system
US6789690Jun 18, 2002Sep 14, 2004Tilia International, Inc.Hose direct canister lid
US7048136May 6, 2003May 23, 2006Tilia International, Inc.Canister lid with improved evacuation and vent assembly
US7204067Feb 26, 2004Apr 17, 2007Sunbeam Products, Inc.Vacuum packaging appliance with removable trough
US7464522Jun 5, 2006Dec 16, 2008Sunbeam Products, Inc.Vacuum packaging appliance
US7478516Mar 20, 2006Jan 20, 2009Sunbeam Products, Inc.Vacuum packaging appliance
US7484346Feb 15, 2007Feb 3, 2009Sunbeam Products, Inc.Vacuum packaging appliance with removable trough
CN102397011BNov 3, 2011Apr 23, 2014中山市美斯特实业有限公司Pressure relief device of soybean milk machine
Classifications
U.S. Classification220/203.5, D07/358
International ClassificationA47J36/06, A47J36/00, B65D51/16
Cooperative ClassificationB65D51/1644, A47J36/06
European ClassificationA47J36/06, B65D51/16D2
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jan 8, 1990ASAssignment
Owner name: M&I MARSHALL & ILSLEY BANK
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:VOLLRATH COMPANY, INC., THE, A CORP. OF WI;REEL/FRAME:005211/0851
Effective date: 19891208
Jan 8, 1990AS06Security interest
Owner name: M&I MARSHALL & ILSLEY BANK
Owner name: VOLLRATH COMPANY, INC., THE, A CORP. OF WI
Effective date: 19891208
Mar 13, 1989ASAssignment
Owner name: M & I MARSHALL & ILSLEY BANK
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:VALLRATH COMPANY, THE;REEL/FRAME:005030/0307
Effective date: 19881221
Owner name: M&I MARSHALL & ILSLEY BANK
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:VOLLRATH COMPANY, THE;REEL/FRAME:005046/0238
Owner name: VOLLRATH COMPANY, INC., THE
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:VOLLRATH FOOD SERVICES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:005046/0230
Effective date: 19881116
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:VOLLRATH COMPANY AND VALLROTH FOOD SERVICES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:005046/0222
Mar 13, 1989AS01Change of name
Owner name: VOLLRATH COMPANY, INC., THE
Effective date: 19881116
Owner name: VOLLRATH FOOD SERVICES, INC.
Mar 13, 1989AS06Security interest
Owner name: M&I MARSHALL & ILSLEY BANK
Effective date: 19881221
Owner name: VOLLRATH COMPANY, THE
Jan 19, 1989ASAssignment
Owner name: VOLLRATH COMPANY, INC., THE, A CORP. OF WI
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:VOLLRATH COMPANY, THE;REEL/FRAME:005001/0330
Effective date: 19881228
Jan 19, 1989AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: VOLLRATH COMPANY, INC., THE, A CORP. OF WI
Effective date: 19881228
Owner name: VOLLRATH COMPANY, THE
Oct 24, 1985ASAssignment
Owner name: M&I MARSHALL & ILSLEY BANK AS AGENT FOR M&I MARSHA
Owner name: M&I MARSHALL & ILSLEY BANK AS AGENT FOR THE BENEFI
Owner name: M&I MARSHALL & ILSLEY BANK AS AGENT FOR THE PRUDEN
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:VOLLRATH COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:004485/0822
Effective date: 19850923
Oct 11, 1985ASAssignment
Owner name: SECURITY FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF SHEBOYGAN
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:VOLLRATH COMPANY, THE;REEL/FRAME:004500/0581
Effective date: 19850920