|Publication number||US3859954 A|
|Publication date||Jan 14, 1975|
|Filing date||Oct 12, 1972|
|Priority date||Oct 12, 1972|
|Publication number||US 3859954 A, US 3859954A, US-A-3859954, US3859954 A, US3859954A|
|Original Assignee||Pauletich Joseph|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (7), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Pauletich Jan. 14, 1975  STEAM DRIVEN SONIC IMPLODER 3,690,403 9/1972 Davis 18l/.5 A
 Inventor: Joseph Pauletich, 91-18 43rd Ave.,
Elmhur t, NY, 11373 Primary Examiner-Louis J. Capozi  Filed: Oct. 12, 1972 21 Appl. No.: 297,026  ABSTRACT A steam driven imploder device adapted to generate  CL 116/22 A 43/17 1 181/ 5 A strong sonic vibrations. The device incorporates a 51 rm. Cl. cosh 9/00 C108 cycle Steam generating system which includes  Field of Search I A 117 22 an uninsulated steam pipe or vibrator submerged in a 181/5 A 5 A 65 165/84 73/17' coolant such as river water which causes the steam to 1 lsglDlG 202/15 43/17 1 be rapidly condensed. The sound imploder may be used to repel fish and the like for their protection as,  References Cited for example, in the vicinity of inlets to atomic energy UNITED STATES PATENTS generatmg plants" 127,797 6/1872 Ring 202/185 D 5 Claims, 2 Drawing lFigures li i iililll ll STEAM DRIVEN SONIC IMPLODER This invention relates to sound generators and, in particular, to sonic imploders designed to emit sound vibrations through a liquid medium.
The instant sound generator operates on the prinsiple of implosion. Steam is conducted through an insulated pipe to an uninsulated section which is submerged in a coolant. As the steam makes contact with the cooled wall structure of the section it is instantly converted into a water condensate causing rapid pressure reduction which is then quickly built up as the steam passes into the section. The consequent contraction and expansion of pressure in the section causes severe vibration of the wall structure which becomes, therefore, a source of noise.
One object of the invention is to provide a new and improved underwater noise producer adapted, for example, to repel] sea life as a protective measure therefor.
Other objects and advantages of the invention may be appreciated on reading the following description of several embodiments thereof taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic view showing my improved steam driven imploder; and
FIG. 2 is a diagrammatic view of a modified version of the invention.
Referring to FIG. 1 of the drawings, boiler generates steam whichpasses through insulated pipe section 12 into an uninsulated pipe section or vibrator l4 fabricated of hardened steel and formed into a spiral or coil, or into an S-shaped as shown. If the uninsulated pipe section is of considerable length it may be constituted of straight pipe. The section is submerged in water 16 which is thus heated by the section to keep the wall structure thereof cool. As a consequence, condensate forms at the bottom of the section from which it is drawn off by pump 18 through check valve 20.
There is shown in FIG/2 a modified version of the invention in which the uninsulated vibrator section 22 is inserted in a submerged steel barrel 24. The section 22 has several outlets 26 some of which are downwardly directed and others upwardly directed in the barrel causing the steam to make uniform and efficient contact with the cooled wall structure of the barrel. The condensate is then led off from the vibrator by pump 18 through check valve 20 in the same manner as in the first described embodiment.
The continuing passage of steam through the submerged pipe section 14 in the embodiment of the invention shown in FIG. 1 and into the submerged barrel 24 in the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 2 preceding and following condensation of the steam in the two units results in the desired noise generation as for the specific purpose stated hereinabove. It may be noted that there is an absence of moving parts with the exception of the pump unit in the two embodiments render-- ing the systems highly durable and of simple construction and maintenance.
Various other embodiments of the invention may be effected by persons skilled in the art without departing from the scope and principle of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. An underwater sonic imploder comprising a boiler, a vibrator, insulated pipe connecting said boiler to said vibrator, said vibrator including an uninsulated pipe section submerged in a liquid medium, and a pump connecting said vibrator back to said boiler.
2. An imploder as defined in claim 1 wherein the uninsulated pipe of said vibrator is sinuously formed.
3. An imploder as defined in claim 1 wherein said vibrator includes a structure of barrel like formation, said uninsulated pipe terminating therein, means being pro vided for said pump to draw off condensate from said structure.
4. An imploder as defined in claim 3 wherein the uninsulated pipe within said structure has a plurality of outlets disposed variously in the upward and downward direction.
5. An imploder as defined in claim 1 wherein a check valve is provided in the line between said vibrator and said pump.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US127797 *||Jun 11, 1872||Improvement in distilling fresh from salt water|
|US3690403 *||Jan 2, 1970||Sep 12, 1972||Texas Instruments Inc||Acoustic energy source utilizing the water-hammer phenomenon|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4015684 *||May 5, 1975||Apr 5, 1977||Joseph Pauletich||Snow field sound imploder|
|US4181124 *||Jun 2, 1977||Jan 1, 1980||Joseph Pauletich||Therapeutic imploder|
|US4327813 *||Mar 26, 1980||May 4, 1982||Compagnie Generale De Geophysique||Generation of seismic sources|
|US4343698 *||Jan 23, 1981||Aug 10, 1982||E. Beaudrey & Cie, Societe Anonyme||Water intake|
|US4955005 *||Oct 5, 1988||Sep 4, 1990||Loeffelman Paul H||Underwater acoustic animal guidance system|
|US5134592 *||Dec 28, 1990||Jul 28, 1992||Parra Jorge M||Method and apparatus for separating dolphin from tuna|
|WO1991011904A1 *||Feb 16, 1990||Aug 22, 1991||Henrik Roennqvist||A method and a device for the pollination of plants|
|U.S. Classification||116/22.00A, 181/113, 43/17.1|
|International Classification||A61N7/00, G01V1/02, G10K9/02, G01V1/135, G10K9/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A61N7/00, G10K9/02, G01V1/135|
|European Classification||A61N7/00, G01V1/135, G10K9/02|