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Publication numberUS3860065 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 14, 1975
Filing dateJun 5, 1972
Priority dateApr 8, 1970
Publication numberUS 3860065 A, US 3860065A, US-A-3860065, US3860065 A, US3860065A
InventorsJames J Schauls
Original AssigneeTrane Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Distributor for plate type heat exchanger having side headers
US 3860065 A
Abstract
A plate type heat exchanger is shown having a plurality of rectangular passages disposed in heat exchange relationship through the separator plates thereof. A passage is provided with a port at the side of the heat exchanger adjacent the end thereof for communicating the passage with a side header. Disposed within the heat exchanger passage is a flow distributor or director constructed of metallic corrugated sheet fin material. The distributor contains a wedge shaped section of this corrugated material which has a relatively high resistance to flow therethrough. This wedge section is disposed in a novel orientation to greatly increase the uniformity of fluid flow distribution across the width of the heat exchanger passage. This novel distributor may be used in association with either inlet or outlet side ports. Seven forms of the invention are herein disclosed, of which FIGS. 5, 7, 8, 9 and 10 are claimed as species.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

[ Jan. 14, 1975 1,925,480 11/1969 Germany 165/166 Primary Examiner-Manuel A. Antonakas Assistant Examiner-Theophil W. Streule, Jr.

[57] ABSTRACT A plate type heat exchanger is shown having a plural ity of rectangular passages disposed in heat exchange relationship through the separator plates thereof. A passage is provided with a port at the side of the heat exchanger adjacent the end thereof for communicating the passage with a side header. Disposed within the heat exchanger passage is a flow distributor or director constructed of metallic corrugated sheet fin material. The distributor contains a wedge shaped section'of this corrugated material which has a relatively high resistance to flow therethrough. This wedge section is disposed in a novel orientation to greatly increase the uniformity of fluid flow distribution across the width of the heat exchanger passage. This novel distributor may be used in association with either inlet or outlet side ports. Seven forms of the invention are herein disclosed, of which FIGS. 5, 7, 8, 9 and 10 are claimed as species.

16 Claims, 14 Drawing Figures No. 128,909, March,

EXCHANGER HAVING SIDE HEADERS James J. Schauls, La Crosse, Wis.

[73] Assignee: The Trane Company, La Crosse,

Wis.

June 5, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 259,744

Related US. Application Data [63] Continuation-in-part of Ser. Nos. 26,624, April 8,

1970, abandoned, and Ser. 1971, abandoned.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3/1955 Simbelaar....................... 11/1966 Stahlheher.... 2/1971 Schauls......... 10/1971 Toyama....

FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1/1970 France................................

United States Patent Schauls 1 DISTRIBUTOR FOR PLATE TYPE HEAT [75] Inventor:

[22] Filed:

[51] Int. [58] Field of Search.............................

/( llll t e w m t. t m

DISTRIBUTOR FOR PLATE TYPE HEAT EXCHANGER HAVING SIDE HEADERS CROSS-REFERENCES TO RELATED APPLICATIONS This application is a continuation-in-part of US Pat. applications Ser. No. 26,624 filed Apr. 8, 1970 now abandoned and Ser. No. l28,909 filed Mar. 29, 1971 now abandoned, both in the name of James J. Schauls.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This inventions relates to brazed plate-type heat exchangers having relatively thin generally rectangularlyshaped passages separated by spaced metallic plates. More particularly this invention relates to plate type heat exchangers having a port through the side edge adjacent the end edge thereof. Such passages are commonly provided with various tin material to function as extended heat transfer surface. Such fin materials in the vicinity of the port may also function as a flow distributor for distributing fluid between the port face and the full width of the heat exchanger passage.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The instant invention provides a fluid flow distributor for a plate type heat exchanger having side ports in which the fluid distributor provides substantially uniform distribution of fluid across the width of the heat exchanger passage.

The distributor includes an elongated wedge or triangular section of metallic corrugated sheet fin material wherein the longest extent of said wedge extends transversely to the passage and has its wider end disposed adjacent to the port side of the passage next to but not overlying the port. The wedge section has a comparatively higher resistance to fluid flow therethrough per unit length in the direction of fluid flow than the average resistance to fluid flow per unit length in the direction of fluid flow for the remainder of the fin material within the distributor as well as the passage.

Other aspects and advantages of the instant invention will become apparent as this specification proceeds to describe the invention with reference to the accompanying drawings in which FIG. 1 is a perspective of a plate type heat exchanger embodying the instant invention;

FIG. 2 is a section taken along line 22 of FIG. 1 through one of the heat exchange passages and having the fin material of the flow distributors removed to more clearly show the distributor areas adjacent the side port of the passage;

FIG. 3 is a section similar to FIG. 2 taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 1 through another of the heat exchanger passages;

FIG. 4 is an enlargement of a portion of the passage of FIG. 2 showing a first form of flow distributor structure within the distributor area of the passage which structure embodies an elongated wedge of high flow resistance metallic corrugated sheet fin material extending from its wider end just below the side port at the port side of the passage to its narrower end across the passage.

FIGS. 5-10 are similar to FIG. 4 showing additional embodiments of the novel flow distributor all of which embody a wedge of high flow resistance material extending across the flow path of the passage and having its wider end disposed adjacent but not overlying the port face;

FIG. 11 is a perspective illustrating one form of metallic corrugated sheet fin material between a pair of plates used in the heat exchanger;

FIG. 12 is a perspective illustrating a second form of metallic corrugated sheet fin material between a pair of plates in which the spans between the crests thereof are slit or serrated;

FIG. 13 is a perspective illustrating a third form of metallic corrugated sheet fin material between a pair of plates in which the sheet is provided with a plurality of pores or apertures; and

FIG. 14 is an enlarged perspective of the heat exchanger disclosed in FIG. 7 having portions of the side plate 12 and header 24 broken away and the wedge shaped section 42D displaced to facilitate visual understanding of the fin material within the distributor portion of passage 16 thereof.

Now referring to the drawings it will be seen that the heat exchanger has a plurality of rectangular plates 12 of generally similar peripheral configuration contraposed in spaced parallel relationship. The length of each plate exceeds its width by a factor of more than six. The relatively thin spaces between the plates 12 are sealingly enclosed by a series of passage closing end and side bars 14 and 15 respectively brazed bonded to plates 12 at the end and side margins thereof to thereby define a plurality of relatively thin rectangular passages intermediate each pair of adjacent plates 12, the longi tudinal axis of which is parallel to the major axis of the rectangular plates 12 as well as bars 15. For purposes of illustration adjacent passages 16 and 18 are shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 respectively. Passage 16 is proveded with inlet and outlet ports 20 and 22 respectively through one side, i.e., one longitudinal edge 23A of passage 16 adjacent the passage ends 25A and 25B respectively for communication with headers 24 and 26 respectively. Passage 18 is correspondingly provided with ports 28 and 30 through another longitudinal edge 29 adjacent the passage ends 31A and 31B for communication with headers 32 and 34 respectively. Each of the plural passages 16 is correspondingly connected to headers 24 and 26 and each of plural passages 18 is correspondingly connected to headers 32 and 34.

Each pair of adjacent passages 16 and 18 are dis posed in heat exchange relationship through the intermediate rectangular plate 12 separating the adjacent passages. Each of passages 16 and 18 is further provided with a packing comprising a rectangular section 36 of metallic corrugated sheet fin material preferably of the well-known serrated construction 38 illustrated in FIG. 12. The purpose of section 36 is to function as extended heat transfer surface. As with all the sections of metallic corrugated sheet fin material hereinafter described, the crests thereof are preferably braze bonded to the adjacent plates 12 throughout.

In accordance with the invention the distributor areas 40 of each of passages 16 and 18 as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 may be provided with any of the flow distributor structures illustrated in FIGS. 410 each form of which includes an elongated wedge section (indicated generally by numeral 42 with a letter suffix) of metallic corrugated sheet fin material having a comparatively high resistance to fluid flow therethrough per unit length in the direction of fluid flow. Dashed lines A-A and B-B in FIG. 2 illustrate generally the direction of fluid flow path within passage 16. The direction of flow paths is more accurately represented by dashed lines AA and BB in FIGS. 4-10 for the various distributor constructions shown.

The flow distributor shown in FIG. 4 has first and second triangular sections 44A and 46A in addition to the aforementioned elongated wedge section 42A. The wedge section 42A extends from its widest end which abuts the first longitudinal edge 23A of passage 16 just below side port 20 and traverses the flow path in passage 16 (as depicted by dashed lines AA andv BB) to its narrowest end at the intersection of the second longitudinal edge 23B and the first end edge 25A of passage 16. The first triangular section 44A fills the void between wedge section 42A and rectangular packing section 36 while second triangular section 46A fills the void between wedge section 42A and side port 20. Sections 44A and 46A are constructed of metallic corrugated sheet fin material 48 represented in FIG. 11 while wedge section 42A is constructed of a metallic corrugated sheet fin material 38 of the type represented in FIG. 12. The crests of the corrugations of section 46A are normal to the longitudinal edge 23A while the crests of the corrugations of sections 42A and 44A are parallel to the longitudinal edge 23A.

The flow distributor shown in FIG. 5 has first trapezoidal section 44B and second triangular section 46B in addition to the elongated wedge section 42B. The wedge section 428 extends from its widest end which abuts the first longitudinal edge 23A of passage 16 just below side port and traverses the flow path in passage 16 (as depicted by dashed lines AA and BB) to its narrowest end at a point adjacent the first end edge A and spaced from first and second longitudinal edges 23A and 23B of passage 16. The first trapezoidal section 44A fills the void between the wedge section 42B and rectangular section 36 while the second triangular section 46B fills the void between wedge section 42B and side port 20. Sections 44B and 468 may be constructed of metallic corrugated sheet fin material 48 represented in FIG. 11 while wedge section 42B is constructed of metallic corrugated sheet fin material 38 of the type represented in FIG. 12. The crests of the corrugations of section 46B are normal to the edge 23A while the crests of the corrugations of section 42B are parallel to edge 23A. The crests of the corrugations of section 44B are oblique to edge 23A and extend between adjacent edges of sections 42B and 36.

The flow distributor shown in FIG. 6 has a first triangular section 44C and a second trapezoidal section 46C in addition to the aforementioned elongated wedge section 42C. The wedge section 42C extends from its widest end which abuts the first longitudinal edge 23A of passage 16 just below side port 20 and traverses the flow path in passage 16 (as depicted by dashed lines AA and BB) to its narrowest end at the second longitudinal edge 23B spaced from the first end edge 25A of passage 16. The first trapezoidal section 44C fills the void between wedge section 42C and rectangular packing section 36 while the second triangular section 46C fills the void between wedge section 42C and side port 20. Sections 44C and 46C may be constructed of metallic corrugated sheet fin material 48 represented in FIG. 11 while the wedge section 42C is preferably constructed of metallic corrugated sheet fin material 38 of the typerepresented in FIG. 12. The crests of the corrugations of sections 42C and 44C are parallel to edge 23A while the crests of the corrugations of section 46C are oblique to edge 23A and extend from wedge section 42C to port 20.

The flow distributor shown in FIG. 7'has first and second triangular sections 44D and 46D in addition to the aforementioned elongated wedge section 42D. The wedge section 42D extends from its widest end which abuts the first longitudinal edge 23A of passage 16 just below side port 20 and traverse the flow in passage 16 (as depicted by dashed lines AA and BB) to its narrowest end at the second longitudinal edge 23B of passage 16. The lower edge of wedge section 42D is normal to longitudinal edges 23A and 238 while the upper edge is inclined and extends upwardly to the lower corner of port 20. The first triangular section 44D is located immediately above wedge section 42D while second triangular section 46D extends between the first triangular section 44D and port 20. The sections 44D and 46D are constructed of metallic corrugated sheet fin material 48 represented in FIG. 11 while wedge section 42D is constructed of metallic corrugated sheet fin material 38 of the type represented in FIG. 12. The crests of the corrugations of sections 42D and 44D are parallel to longitudinal edge 23A while the crests of the corrugations of section 46D are normal to longitudinal edge 23A.

The flow distributor shown in FIG. 8 has a second trapezoidal section 46B in addition to the aforementioned elongated wedge section 42E. The wedge section 42E extends from its widest end which abuts the first longitudinal edge 23A of passage 16 just below side port 20 and traverses the flow path in passage 16 (as depicted by dashed lines A-A and BB) to its narrowest end at the second longitudinal edge 23B of passage 16. The lower edge of wedge section 42E is normal to longitudinal edges 23A and 23B while the upper edge of wedge section 42E extends upwardly and toward the lower end of side port 20. The trapezoidal second section 46E fills the void between wedge section 42B and side port 20. Section 46E may be constructed of metallic corrugated sheet fin material 48 represented in FIG. 11 while wedge section 42E is constructed of metallic corrugated sheet fin material of the type represented in FIG. 12. The crests of the corrugations of the section 46E are inclined to edge 23A extending from the upper edge of wedge section 42E to port 20 while the crests of the corrugations of section 42E are parallel to the longitudinal edge 23A of passage 16.

The flow distributor shown in FIG. 9 has a first tetrahedral section 44F and a second triangular section 46F in addition to the aforementioned elongated wedge section 42F. The wedge section 42F extends from its widest end which abuts the first longitudinal edge 23A of passage 16 just below side port 20 and traverses the flow path in passage 16 (as depicted by dashed lines AA and BB) to its narrowest end adjacent the second longitudinal edge 23B of passage 16. The lower edge of wedge section 42F is normal to longitudinal edges 23A and 23B while the upper edge is inclined upwardly to the lower end of port 20. The first tetrahedral section 44F is disposed immediately above the upper edge of wedge section 42F while the triangular section 46F is disposed between the section 44F and side port 20. Sections 44F and 46F are constructed of metallic corrugated sheet fin material 48 represented in FIG. 11 while wedge section 42F is constructed of metallic corrugated sheet fin material 38 of the type represented in FIG. 12. The crests of the corrugations of section 46F are normal to longitudinal edge 23A while the crests of the corrugations of wedge section 42F are parallel to longitudinal edge 23A. The crests of the corrugations of the tetrahedral section 44F are oblique to longitudinal edge 23A and inclined from the upper edge of wedge section 42F to the triangular section 46F.

The flow distributor shown in FIG. is substantially the same as that shown in FIG. 9 except that the crests of the corrugations in the wedge section42G thereof are normal to the longitudinal edges 23A and 23B, i.e., normal to the path of fluid flow therethrough. For this reason it is required that wedge section 42G be porous. It is preferred that section 42G be constructed of a metallic corrugated porous sheet fin material 50 such as represented in FIG. 13.

The fin material of which sections 42A through 426 are constructed is selected to have a comparatively higher resistance to fluid flow therethrough per unit length, in the direction of fluid flow, i.e., in a direction of the dashed lines A-A and B-B therethrough, than the average resistance to fluid flow per unit length in the direction of fluid flow for the remainder of the fin material in the distributor as well as in the remainder of passage 16 for the particular embodiment shown. This is represented in the drawings by the more closely spaced corrugations for sections 42A-42G. It should be understood, however, that other fin parameters than corrugation spacing also affect the flow resistance in the corrugated sheet fin material such as sheet thickness, spacing and size of serrations or pores all of which is well known to those having ordinary skill in the art.

The various distributor embodiments disclosed in FIGS. 4-10 suggest that considerable variations may be made. Thus it will be seen that some distributor embodiments are constructed of only two sections while others have three sections. Some sections are triangular while others are rectangular and still others tetrahedral. While three forms of metallic corrugated sheet fin ma terial have been disclosed, others could be adapted to the invention.

What is common to these various embodiments is that they all involve a side port distributor, i.e., a distributor that imparts about 90 net turn to the fluid in passing between the passage and the port. Further they all employ a uniquely shaped and oriented wedge section 42. Section 42 is shaped and oriented so that fluid passing closest to the port side of the passage travels further in the section 42 than the fluid passing farthest from the port side. Thus note that the length of BB is greater than A--A in section 42 while the length of A-A is greater than BB when considering the entire distributor area 40. It will thus be apparent that by its higher flow resistance and its unique shape and orientation, section 42 can be constructed to counter balance unequal pressure drops found in present day side port distributors. This is accomplished through the shape, orientation and flow resistance of elongated wedge section 42 which has its widest end adjacent but not overlying the side port and extends across the flow path.

Having now described the preferred embodiments of my invention, I contemplate that many changes may be made without departing from the scope or spirit of my invention and I accordingly desire to be limited only by the claims.

I claim:

1. In an elongated plate type heat exchanger having a plurality of elongated plates of generally similar peripheral configuration contraposed in spaced substantially parallel relationship wherein the distances between adjacent plates individually are substantially less than the width of said plates thereby defining a plurality of relatively thin spatial layers therebetween, sealing means sealingly bridging between and extending along the margins of adjacent plates whereby said spatial layers are substantially enclosed to define a plurality of elongated passages each having a thickness less than its width and a width less than its length at least one of said passages having first and' second longitudinal edges spaced by the width of said one passage and first and second end edges spaced by the length of said passage, said one passage having an inlet and outlet openings for ingress and egress of a heat exchange fluid, one of said openings being a port communicating with said one passage through said first longitudinal edge adjacent said first end edge of said one passage, and metallic corrugated sheet fin material extending substantially throughout said one passage between said inlet-and outlet openings; the improvement comprising: an improved fluid distributor wherein said fin material includes an elongated wedge section of said material hav' ing its longest extent extending transversely of the flow path in said one passage and having its wider end terminating adjacent to said port and longitudinally inwardly of said one passage beyond said port at said first longitudinal edge; said section having a comparatively higher resistance to fluid flow therethrough per unit length in the direction of fluid flow than the average resistance to fluid flow per unit length in the direction of fluid flow for the remainder of said fin material in said one passage.

2. The apparatus as defined by claim I wherein the narrowest end of said wedge section is disposed at said first end edge of said passage and substantially displaced from said first longitudinal edge.

3. The apparatus as defined by claim 2 wherein the narrowest end of said wedge section is substantially displaced from said second longitudinal edge.

4. The apparatus as defined by claim 1 wherein the narrowest end of said wedge section is disposed at said second longitudinal edge.

5. The apparatus as defined by claim 4 wherein the narrowest end of said wedge section is spaced from said first end edge.

6. The apparatus as defined by claim 1 wherein one of the two longest edges of said elongated wedge section is substantially normal to said first longitudinal edge of said one passage and the other of said two longest edges is oblique to said first longitudinal edge of said one passage.

7. The apparatus as defined by claim 6 wherein said one edge of said wedge section is spaced from said port and the other of said two longest edges terminates adjacent said port.

8. The apparatus as defined by claim 6 wherein said remainder of said fin material includes corrugated fin material having crests oblique to said first longitudinal edge extending substantially from said wedge section substantially to said port.

9. The apparatus as defined by claim I wherein said remainder of said fin material includes a first section disposed between said wedge section and said port wherein the crests of the corrugations of said first section are oblique to said first longitudinal edge of said one passage.

10. The apparatus as defined by claim 9 wherein said remainder of said fin material includes a second section disposed between said first section and said port wherein the crests of the corrugations of said second section are substantially normal to said first longitudinal edge.

1 l. The apparatus as defined by claim 10 wherein the crests of the corrugations of said wedge section are substantially parallel to said first longitudinal edge of said one passage.

12. The apparatus as defined by claim 1 wherein the crests of the corrugations of said wedge section are substantially parallel to said first longitudinal edge of said one passage.

13. The apparatus as defined by claim 1 wherein the crests of the corrugations of said wedge section are substantially normal to said first longitudinal edge of said one passage.

14. The apparatus as defined by claim 1 wherein said remainder of said fin material includes a first and second section of said fin material disposed between said wedge section and said port wherein the crests of the corrugations of said first section are substantially parallel to said first longitudinal edge and the, crests of the corrugations of said second section are substantially normal to said first longitudinal edge.

15. The apparatus as defined by claim 1 wherein said remainder of said fin material includes a second section disposed between said wedge section and said port wherein the crests of the corrugations of said second section are substantially normal to said first longitudinal edge.

16. The apparatus as defined by claim 1 wherein said remainder of said fin material includes first and second sections of said fin material disposed between said wedge section and said port wherein the crests of the corrugations of said first section are oblique to aid first longitudinal edge and the crests of the corrugations of said second section are oblique to the crests of said first

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US3612494 *Sep 10, 1969Oct 12, 1971Kobe Steel LtdGas-liquid contact apparatus
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3992168 *Apr 17, 1974Nov 16, 1976Kobe Steel Ltd.Heat exchanger with rectification effect
US4049051 *Jan 6, 1976Sep 20, 1977The Garrett CorporationHeat exchanger with variable thermal response core
US4344481 *Jan 23, 1980Aug 17, 1982United Technologies CorporationCounterflow heat exchanger construction
US5816315 *Sep 13, 1995Oct 6, 1998Nautica Dehumidifiers, Inc.Plate-type crossflow air-to-air heat exchanger having dual pass cooling
US5913360 *Oct 2, 1998Jun 22, 1999Nautica Dehumidifiers, Inc.Dual pass cooling plate type cross flow air to air heat exchanger with air flow damper controls
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Classifications
U.S. Classification165/166, 165/DIG.391
International ClassificationF25J3/00, F28D9/00, F28F27/02, F28F3/02, F28F9/02
Cooperative ClassificationF28D9/0068, Y10S165/391, F25J5/002, F28F9/02, F28F3/027, F25J2290/32, F25J2290/42, F28F9/0268, F28D2021/0033
European ClassificationF25J5/00B, F28F3/02D2, F28D9/00K2, F28F9/02, F28F9/02S4B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Aug 20, 1987AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: ALBRAZE INTERNATIONAL, INC., A CORP. OF WISCONSIN
Effective date: 19860221
Owner name: AMERICAN STANDARD INC., A CORP. OF DE.
Aug 20, 1987AS04License
Owner name: ALBRAZE INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Owner name: AMERICAN STANDARD INC., 40 WEST 40TH STREET, NEW Y
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Effective date: 19841226
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