US 3860133 A
A safety cap for containers of dangerous products whereby the cap is locked onto the container by cooperating parts on the cap and container and cannot be removed from the container until the cap is in a proper orientation with respect to the container.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States atent [191 Boxer et al.
 I 3,8,133 Jan. 14, 1975 SAFETY CAP  Inventors: Leo M. Boxer, White Fish Bay;
Robert W. Boxer, Fox Point, both of Wis.
 Assignees: James D. Pauls; Robert R. Burton;
Warren M. Menaker; James Smith; Owen J. Ooms; Eli C. Frank, part interest to each  Filed: Jan. 26, 1973  Appl. No.: 327,220
 US. Cl 215/206, 215/223, 215/224  Int. C1.B65d 55/02, 365d 85/56, A6lj 1/00  Field of Search 215/9, 41, 46 R, 206, 224,
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,432,058 3/1969 Burgess 215/9 3,627,160 12/1971 Horvath 215/9 3,669,295 6/1972 Horvath 215/9 3,703,974 11/1972 Boxer et al.. 215/9 3,704,802 12/1972 Schultz 215/9 Primary ExaminerGeorge T. Hall Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Shoemaker and Mattare  ABSTRACT A safety cap for containers of dangerous products whereby the cap is locked onto the container by cooperating parts on the cap and container and cannot be removed from the container until the cap is in a proper orientation with respect to the container.
11 Claims, 11 Drawing Figures PATENTEI] JAN 1 4|975 FIG. 4.'
SAFETY CAP BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Containers of dangerous products such as medicines, drugs, poisons, etc. have been packaged in containers having easily removable closures. Such containers when found by small children have been opened by them, and the contents taken internally to their discomfort or death.
This invention relates to interengaging of the cap or cover with the container so that a small child cannot remove the cap or cover from the container.
Government regulations now require that all dangerous products be packaged with a locked cap or cover on the container. The cap or cover must withstand a number of trials by machine without losing the locking qualities and must not be opened by a small child in an infinite number of tries either by hand, tooth or a tool without breaking the container.
It is therefor an object of the invention to produce a cap or cover so interengaged with the container that it can only be removed by manipulation of the cap or cover to a proper orientation with respect to the container.
A further object is to place a locking lug or lugs on the interior of the cap or cover which must be so placed with respect to the container that the lug or lugs will pass through a slot or slots in a rib formed on the neck of the container.
Another object is to placeother lugs on the interior of the cap or cover which are opposite to-the aforementioned lug or lugs that will aid in the locking of the cap or cover to the container and will act as a fulcrum in the removing of the cap or cover from the. container. The additional lugs also aid in holding a vacuum in the container when originally sealed as is required in the packaging of some products.
A still further object is to provide a further sealing means in the cap or cover and on the container which will interengage upon motion of the cap or cover and the cap or cover having a means thereon to aid in the unsealing of the cap or cover before moving the cap or cover into the oriented position for removal from the container. 1
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an elevational view of the cap or cover as applied to a container;
FIG. 2 is a plan view of the cap or cover looking at the inside thereof;
FIG. 3 is a top plan view of the container;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 4'4 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a plan view of a modified form of the cap or cover;
FIG. 6 is an elevational view of afurther modified form of the cap or cover;
FIG. 7 is an exploded .view of the cap or cover and container;
FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional similar to FIG. 4 but showing a further modified form of the cap or cover;
FIG. 9 is an elevational view partly in'cross-sectional view of another modified form of the cap or cover and the container;
FIG. 10 is a part elevational view of a modifiedform of the container, and
FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view of still another modified form of the cap or cover;
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION A container for dangerous products, liquid or solid is designated generally at l. The container although shown as relatively small and of a round configuration may be larger in size and of other configurations. The
container is provided with side walls 2, a bottom wall 3 and an open top 4 and a rim 5 surrounding the open top. Near the open top 4 the side walls have an outwardly extending flange or tooth ring 6. Adjacent the open top 4 and between the open top and the tooth ring 6 is an outwardly extending rib 7. The rib is provided with an angled upper surface 8, which extends outwardly and downwardly with respect to the rim 5, and a substantially planar lower surface 9 extending from the end of the upper surface 8 inwardly to the side walls. The rib 7 has two slots 10 and 11 cut therein with the entire rib removed at the slots. Except for the slots, the rib is continuous around the container. Although two slots are shown, the rib may contain only one slot. Carried by the tooth ring 6 is an indicating means 12 which may be in the form of an arrow or other marking, the purpose of which will be set forth later.
Received on and covering the open end of the container l is a cap or cover 15, having an upper wall or top portion 16 and askirt or depending wall portion 17. The skirt l7 flares outwardly and downwardly with respect to the upper wall and is provided with equispaced flutes 18. The cap or cover 15 is made of a flexible plastic material and this, together with the flared skirt provides flexibility in the removal from and application to the container. The skirt 17 also has a lower ring 19 having at one portion an outwardly extending tab 20. Extending upwardly in one of the flutes 18 is an indicating means 21 terminating in the approximate center of the tab in the form of a pointed bar.
The upper wall 16 of the cap has an inner surface 22 which is substantially planar throughout its extent. There may be a very narrow planar ring 23 adjacent the inner surface 24 of the-skirt 17, the ring sealingly engaging the rim 5 when the cap is in closed position on the container. The inner surface 24 has thereon in one semi-circular portion two locking lugs 25 and 26 in circumferentially spaced relation to each other and extending radially inwardly therefrom a distance substantially equal to the thickness of the skirt. Said lugs are near respective opposite ends of the tab 20 where the ends of the tab merge into the skirt. The spacing of the locking lugs is the same as the spacing of the slots 10 and 11 in the rib on the container and each locking lug has a planar upper surface 27 and a downwardly and outwardly extending angled lower surface 28. There may be only one locking lug which would be positioned substantially in the diametric center of the tab 20. Also carried on the inner surface of the skirt l7 and within the other semi-circular portion thereof are three camming lugs 29, 30 and 31, each of said camming lugs having a planar lower surface 32 and an angled upper surface 33 similar to the shape of the locking lugs 25 and 26. The remainder of the inner surface of the skirt between the camming lugs and the locking lugs and between the locking lugs being substantially a plane surface. The camming lugs 29, 30 and 31 engage the lower surface of the rib 7 when the cap or cover is in locked or closed position on the container and aid in sealing complished by rotating the cap or cover relative to the container until the indicating means 21 on the cap or cover is aligned with the indicating means 12 on the container at which time the locking lugs 25 and 26 are aligned with the slots and 11. The locking lugs will pass through the slots when the tab is raised upwardly and with the pivotal and fulcrum action of the camming lugs 29, 30 and 31 the cap or cover will be easily removed. The cap or cover may be applied to the container in any position by first placing one of the semi-circular portions of the cap or cover under the rib on the container and then forcing the other semicircular portion o'ver the rib whereupon the lugs in the other semi-circular portion will pass over the rib with a snap action.
The flared skirt of the cap or cover extends outwardly to a point wherein it substantially covers the tooth ring with only the tab extending beyond the tooth ring. The rim 19 of the skirt is also in contact with the upper surface of the tooth ring so that the cap or cover cannot be forced from its closing position by engagement or prying under the rim with the teeth or any instrument or tool except when the locking lugs are aligned with the slots in the rib.
In some instances the cap or cover may be difficult to turn with respect to the container to align the locking lugs with the slots in the rib. To alleviate this problem another tab 35 is provided which is diametrically opposite to the tab 20. Thus, lateral pressure against each tab will easily aid in turning the cap or cover. The extra tab, however, will not aid in the removal of the cap or cover from the container. The indicating means 21 will only be on the tab 20.
Another aid in the turning of the cap or cover is shown in FIG. 6 wherein a bar 36 is provided on the top of the cap or cover. The bar 36 may be molded to or affixed diametrically across the cap or cover and grasped between the thumb and forefinger for turning movement. I
The cap or cover may be modified as shown in FIG. 8 wherein a thick inner plug 37 is provided on the inside of the cap or cover. The plug is of a size sufficient to pass within the wall of the container and be in engagement therewith. A recess 38 is between the plug 37 and the skirt 17 to allow the insertion of the upper end of the container and the rib 7. The locking lugs 25 and 26 and the camming lugs 29, 30, 31 are also on the inner side of the skirt. The plug aids in sealing the container to prevent contamination of the contents and to provide a good seal.
A further modification of the cap or cover and the container is shown in FIG. 9, wherein the container is provided with a thread member 40 adjacent the top 41 cap or cover will draw the cap or cover downwardly upon the container to effect a tighter seal. In an opening operation the cap or cover must be turned to first release the thread engagement and then place the lock ing lugs with the slots before removal of the cap or cover as described heretofore. The cap or cover as shown in FIG. 9 may have the plug 37 therein or may be plain as shown in FIG. 4.
The container may be further modified as shown in FIG. 10, wherein the upper end of the container 44 is extended with the upper end or rim 45 having an outstanding bead 46 therearound. The container may have a thread member 47 under the rib 7 and the lower part of the skirt may have a complementary thread member thereon or may use one of the lugs as a thread member. The rib 7 may have the slot therein in the form of an inverted keystone as shown in 52. The wider base of the slot will aid in causing the locking lug to pass into the slot upon the opening operation. The lug is of an annular extent to just pass through the upper end of the slot requiring some force on the part of the operator.
The cap or cover shown in FIG. 11 may be used with the container shown in FIG. 10. The cap or cover 48 is'provided with a semi-circular, in cross-section, recess 49 on the upper part of the skirt 50 adjacent the point of juncture of the skirt and the top 51, and which will receive the bead 46 when the cap or cover is forced downwardly onto the container to effect the seal thereof. The cap 48 of FIG. 11 is provided with the locking and camming lugs as previously described in connection with the other figures.
The invention herein shown and described is for illustration and description only and any and all structures and changes which fall within the metes and bounds of the claims herein are intended to be covered thereby.
What is claimed is:
l. A safety cap and container combination, comprising a container having a closed bottom, a side wall, and an open upper end, a radially outwardly extending circumferential locking rib on the side wall adjacent the open upper end thereof, said rib having a substantially planar bottom surface and an inwardly tapered upper surface and having at least one notch therethrough; said cap comprising a top portion having a depending peripherally continuous skirt with an inner surface and an open bottom end, at least two circumferentially extending radially inwardly projecting camming lugs on the inner surface of the skirt at the open bottom thereof and closely circumferentially spaced apart in one half circular portion of the skirt, said camming lugs having substantially planar lower surfaces substantially in the plane of the open bottom end of the skirt and outwardly tapered upper surfaces and said lugs having a radial thickness substantially equal to the skirt wall thickness, and at least one circumferentially extending radially inwardly projecting locking lug on the inner surface of the skirt at the open bottom end thereof in the other half circular portion of the skirt and opposite the camming lugs and substantially coplanar therewith, said locking lug having a circumferential extent substantially the same as said notch and registerable with the notch in one position of the cap so as to pass therethrough to release the cap from the container, said locking lug and camming lugs cooperably engaged with the lower surface of said locking rib in all other positions of the cap to lock the cap to the container, said camming lugs engageable with the locking rib to define a fulcrum about which the cap is pivoted when the locking lug is removed through said notch to remove the cap from the container, and said plurality of camming lugs and the locking lug and locking rib cooperating to effect a vacuum-tight seal of the cap on the container.
2. A safety cover and container combination comprising a flexible cover member having a top portion and a depending peripherally continuous wall portion, the wall portion having an interior surface, the interior surface having at least one radially inwardly projecting locking lug thereon in one half circular portion thereof extending inwardly from the wall portion at the lower end thereof a distance substantially equal to the thickness of the wall portion and having a substantially planar upper surface and an angled lower surface, the interior surface also having a plurality of radially inwardly projecting camming lugs in the other half circular portion thereof and opposite the locking lug, the container having a mouth portion, an outwardly projecting circumferential rib on the mouth portion adjacent an upper end thereof, the rib being substantially continuous with at least one slot formed in one part thereof, the rib having a substantially planar lower surface and an angled upper surface, the locking lug and the camming lugs engaging the lower surface of the rib to tightly hold the cover on the container, and the camming lugs engaging the lower surface of the rib to aid in the application and removal of the cover from the container, the angled surfaces of the locking lug and rib allowing the lug and rib to frictionally slide past each other in placement of the cover on the container in any position due to the flexibility of the cover, the substan tially planar surface and thickness of the locking lug preventing removal of the cover from the container except when the locking lug is positioned in registry with the slot in the rib for removal therethrough, and indicating means on the cover and container indicating the adjacency of the locking lug and slot when in alignment.
3. A safety cover and container combination as in claim 2, wherein the locking lug is so sized as to just pass through the slot, and the camming lugs are larger than the slot.
4. A safety cover and container combination as in claim 2, wherein there are two locking lugs and three camming lugs on the interior surface of the wall portion and two slots in the rib, the locking lugs and the slots being spaced apart equal distances,
5. A safety cover and container combination as in claim 2, wherein gripping means are provided on the cover to aid in rotating the cover relative to the container to obtain the adjacency of the locking lug and the slot.
6. A safety cover and container combination as in claim 2, wherein the interior surface and the container each have complementary thread members thereon aiding in the sealing of the container.
7. A safety cover and container combination as in claim 2, wherein the interior of the cover has a plug extending downwardly therein of a size to engage the inner wall of the container mouth to seal the container,
8. A safety cover and container combination as in claim 2, wherein the mouth of the container has an outwardly extending bead thereon at the open end of the mouth and the cover has a groove formed therein at the juncture of the wall portion and the top to receive the bead and aid in sealing the container.
9. A safety cover and container combination as in claim 2, wherein the slot in the rib is of an inverted keystone configuration.
10. A safety cover and container combination as in claim 3, wherein the interior surface is substantially smooth and continuous except for the locking lugs and camming lugs, all lugs having the same inward radial extent.
11. A safety cover and container combination as in claim 2, wherein there are two locking lugs and three camming lugs on the interior surface each having the same inward radial extent, the locking lugs being smaller in annular extent than the camming lugs and of a size substantially the same as the width of the slots, and additional complementary means are provided on the interior surface and the container aiding in the sealing of the container.