Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3860316 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 14, 1975
Filing dateJul 6, 1973
Priority dateJul 6, 1973
Also published asCA1003517A1, CA1028403A1, DE2432122A1, DE2432122B2, DE2432122C3, US3954320
Publication numberUS 3860316 A, US 3860316A, US-A-3860316, US3860316 A, US3860316A
InventorsHardesty Edwin Charles
Original AssigneeWestern Electric Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electrical connecting devices for terminating cords and methods of assembling the devices to cords
US 3860316 A
Abstract
A one-piece plug for terminating a cord to connect electrically the cord to components in a telephone apparatus is constructed with features advantageous to the assembly of the cord with the plug. The plug has a dielectric housing molded with a cord-input aperture in the one end thereof. The jacket is removed from a leading portion to expose individually insulated conductors. Then an end portion of the cord is inserted into the cord-input aperture in the housing until individual conductors are received in conductor-receiving troughs and until the leading end of the jacket abuts a shoulder formed internally of the housing. Forces are applied to a jacket anchoring member formed integrally of the housing to partially disconnect it from the housing and move it into engagement with the jacket. Another portion formed integrally with the housing is reformed into a strain relief element in engagement with the conductors to provide strain relief for the conductors. Flat blade-like terminals are inserted into the dielectric housing to move internal contacting portions thereof through the insulation and into engagement with the conductors. External contacting portions of the terminals engage associated components of the telephone apparatus when the plug is inserted thereinto.
Images(5)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Hardesty [111 3,860,316 [451 Jan 14, 1975 [57] ABSTRACT A one-piece plug for terminating a cord to connect lnvemofi Edwin Charles Perry Hall, electrically the cord to components in a telephone apparatus is constructed with features advantageous to [73] Assigneez western Electric Company, the assembly of the cord with the plug. The plug has a Incorporated New York NY. dielectric housing molded w th a cord-input aperture in the one end thereof. The acket is removed from a [22] Filed Ju y 1973 leading portion to expose individually insulated con- [21] APPL No: 377,154 ductors. Then an end portion of the cord is inserted into the cord-input aperture in the housing until llldlvidual conductors are received in conductor-receiving CL 1 339/99 339/103 troughs and until the leading end of the jacket abuts a 339/176 M shoulder formed internally of the housing. Forces are Int. to a jacket anchoring member formed flute- Field of Search 339/91, 97, 98, 99, 176 grally of the housing to partially disconnect it from the 107 housing and move it into engagement with the jacket. Another portion formed integrally with the housing is References Cited reformed into a strain relief element in engagement UNITED STATES PATENTS with the conductors to provide strain relief for the 356991 4 3/1971 Taylor et a]. i I 339/107 conductors. Flat blade-like terminals are inserted into 3,576,518 4/1971 Bazille et al. 339/98 the dielectric housing to move internal Contacting P 3,621,449 11/1971 Bridle 339/99 R tions thereof through the insulation and into engage- 3,699,498 10/1972 Hardesty et al 339/99 R X ment with the conductors. External contacting por- 3,76l,869 9/l973 Hardesty et al 339/99 R tions of the terminals engage associated components of the telephone apparatus when the plug is inserted Primary Examiner-Roy D. Frazier thereinto, Assistant ExaminerRobert A. Hafer Attorney, Agent, or Firm-E. W. Somers 23 Chums 12 Drawmg F'gures PATENTED JAN 1 41975 SHEEI 10F 5 ELECTRICAL CONNECTING DEVICES FOR TERMINATING CORDS AND METHODS OF ASSEMBLING THE DEVICES TO CORDS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to electrical connecting devices for terminating cords and methods of assembling the devices to cords, and more particularly, to devices for making electrical connections between a cord comprising flexible conductors and terminals wherein conductive terminals are combined with one-piece dielectric members to form plugs and methods of assembling the cord and the devices.

2. Description of the Prior Art In the telephone industry, increasing use is being made of modular plug type connectors on straight and retractile handset and line cords which are used between the base and a handset of a telephone and between the base and a wall terminal block. In the presently used plugs, a terminal is applied to each of a plurality of insulated conductors contained within a jacketed length of a retractile Cordage. These terminals are mounted within a dielectric structure which is attached securely to the associated cordage. The dielectric portions of the plugs, which are mounted on both ends of a length of cordage, cooperate with receptacles in the handset and in the base of the telephone to properly align the terminals of the plug with mating terminals within the components of the telephone.

One presently used plug is disclosed in US. Pat. No. 3,699,498 issued on Oct. 17, 1972 in the names of E. C. Hardesty, C. L. Krumreich, A. E. Mulbarger, Jr. and S. W. Walden. In this disclosure, conductors are confined in conductor-receiving troughs formed in a dielectric base by a cover bonded to the base. Flat terminals are then inserted into individual grooves in the base in a side-by-side arrangement with contact portions thereof extending into engagement with the conductors. When the plug is inserted into a jack of a telephone handset, portions of the terminals in the jack engage portions of associated terminals in the plug.

Provisions in the just-identified plug for contacting the external component may be changed to that described in a continuation-in-part application Ser. No. 232,803 filed on Mar. 8, 1972 in the names of E. C. Hardesty, C. L. Krumreich, A. E. Mulbarger, Jr. and S. W. Walden. There, the external contact portions of the terminals of the plug consist of an edge exposed to the exterior of the dielectric enclosure. Of course, the terminals in the plugs are aligned with the contact elements in the jack in the telephone handset. The cord conductors in the just described system are aligned with the terminals.

The recent trend to the use of plug-in type connectors in telephone handsets as exemplified by that shown in US. Pat. No. 3,617,982 has been accompanied by the use of flat telephone cords. The use of flat cords leads toward increased manufacturing economies provided that the plug is designed with regard for a flat cord system.

As an alternative to the bonding together of the portions of the dielectric housing in using the plug, it would be desirable to have a one-piece plug, into which a telephone cord end may be inserted and secured and subsequently engaged by flat terminals moved into terminal-receiving openings in the plug. Such a plug would also yield manufacturing economies.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention provides electrical connecting devices for terminating cords. A dielectric portion of the device can be fabricated in one-piece by using conventional molding techniques. The device may be assembled to a line cord or to a retractile cord either before or after the cord is heat treated to achieve retractile properties.

An electrical connecting device which embodies the principles of this invention is molded to include a onepiece or unipartite dielectric housing which includes a cavity that opens to at least one end of the housing for receiving an end section of a telephone cord. Unipartite or one-piece as used to describe the housing is intended to define the housing as not divided or divisible into parts. Moreover, the housing is molded so that no securing, including bonding, nor moving of hinged or otherwise moveable parts is necessary to form the cavity. The surfaces of the housing as molded define the cavity and substantially enclose the end portion of the cord. The plug is molded with a plurality of terminalreceiving openings communicating with the cavity and with the exterior of the connector. The housing is formed with at least one portion moveable at least partially into the cavity for engaging portions of the cord to secure the cord within the housing to prevent unintended movement of portions of the cord. Terminals positioned within associated ones of the terminalreceiving openings each includes a first contact portion extending into the cavity for making electrical engagement with the associated conductor in the cavity and a second contact portion positioned within the associated terminal-receiving opening for making electrical contact external to the connector.

A method embodying the principles of this invention for assembling connecting devices to cords for connecting electrically individual conductors which comprise the cord to associated components external to the device includes holding the housing and exposing individual insulated conductors of a predetermined length of a leading portion of the cord by removing the jacket therefrom. Then the leading portion of the cord is inserted into a cord-input aperture of the device and advanced to position the exposed conductors in conductor-receiving troughs. Forces are applied to portions formed integrally with the dielectric housing to move the portions to engage the jacket and the conductors to secure the cord within the device and provide strain relief for the jacket and the individual conductors. Terminals are inserted into openings in the device such that first contact portions extend into the troughs and pierce the insulation to establish an electrical connection with the conductors and to expose second contact portions of the terminals for engagement with external components.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Other features of the present invention will be readily understood from the following detailed description of specific embodiments thereof when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing plugs which embody the principles of this invention inserted into a handset and base portion of a telephone set and into a wall terminal;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of one of the plugs prior to assembly of a cord and terminals therewith for purposes of clarity and further showing an internally movable jacket strain relief member of the plug prior to movement thereof;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the plug shown in FIG. 2 with terminals inserted into the plug and with the jacket strain relief member having been moved into engagement with the cord which has been inserted into the plug;

FIG. 4 is an elevational view of a housing of the plug partially in section prior to the assembly of the cord and terminals therewith;

FIG. 5 is an elevational view partially in section showing the jacket strain relief member of the plug after having been moved into engagement with the jacket of the cord to provide strain relief for the cord and a portion of the housing having been reformed into a strain relief member in engagement with the conductors and also showing the terminals inserted;

FIG. 6 is an elevational view showing an alternate embodiment in which one end of the plug housing is closed;

FIG. 7 is a front end view of the plug shown in FIG. 3 and taken along lines 7-7 thereof;

FIGS. 8 and 9 are enlarged detail views in elevation showing the use of tools to move the jacket strain relief member and to form the conductor strain relief member and with the tools and plug in an inverted position from that normally used for this operation;

FIG. 10 is an elevational view partially in section and showing the plug inserted into ajack in a telephone set;

FIG. 11 is an enlarged detail view of a portion of latching facilities of the plug in engagement with surfaces of a jack in the telephone set; and

FIG. 12 is a perspective view of an apparatus which may be used to carry out the steps of the methods of this invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION 1. Overall Referring now to FIG. 1, there is shown a telephone, designated generally by the numeral 20, which includes a base portion, designated generally by the numeral 21, and a handset portion, designated generally by the numeral 22. A retractile cord, designated generally by the numeral 23, interconnects the base portion 21 and the handset portion 22.

Each end of the retractile cord 13 is provided with a plug, designated generally by the numeral 24, designed to be inserted into a jack 26. One of the plugs 24-24 is inserted into one of the jacks 2626 assembled to the handset end and the other plug of the retractile cord 23 inserted into a jack in the base of the telephone 20. The plug 24 has facilities for establishing electrical connections between the cord 23 and internal contacting components 27-27 of the telephone (see FIG. 10). Ones of the plugs 24-24 are also assembled to each end of a line cord, designated generally by the numeral 28 (see FIG. 1), for connecting the line cord to jacks 2626 in the telephone base and in a wall terminal block 29.

Referring now to FIG. 5, a more detailed view of the structure of the retractile cord 23 can be seen. The retractile cord 23 includes a jacket 31 covering a plurality of insulated conductors 32-32. A free end portion of each of the conductors 32-32 is designed to be connected to an associated one of a plurality of terminals, designated generally by the numerals 33-33. Each of the conductors 32-32 is constructed of a nylon core 34 having a tinsel ribbon 36 wrapped helically thereabout. The tinsel ribbon 36 has a nylon insulation covering 37 extruded thereabout with a ridge 38 formed longitudinally thereof. The outside nominal diameter of the individual insulated conductors 32-32 is approximately 0.037 inch.

Miniature plugs constructed in accordance with the present inventions permit the expeditious connection of cord ends to the completed dielectric portion of the plugs rather than to a dielectric subassembly which must then be assembled to at least one other subassembly. This avoids having to maintain the cord 23 in a predetermined position in the subassembly while assembling the dielectric portion of the plug.

2. Dielectric Portion The detailed construction of a plug 24 is shown in FIGS. 2, 4 and 7. A rigid, dielectric unpartite housing, designated generally by the numeral 40, is designed to be easily molded by using conventional injection molding techniques. The rigid, dielectric housing 40 has a free end 41, a cord-input end 42, and a terminalreceiving side 43 (see FIG. 4).

It may be observed from FIGS. 4 and 5 that the housing 40 is formed with a cord input aperture 44 which circumscribes substantially the portion of the jacket 31 of the cord 23 extending therethrough. As may be appreciated from the drawing, the housing 40 is constructed in one-piece with the cord input aperture 44 formed entirely therewithin. The aperture 44 has a flared entrance which prevents sharp bends in the cord 23 about an otherwise sharp edge during use of the telephone 10 by the subscriber. This advantageously increases the life of the cord 23. The flared entrance also facilitates insertion of a leading end of the cord 23.

The cord input aperture 44 opens to a cavity 46 (see FIG. 4) which partially terminates in a ledge 47 at the free end 41 of the base of the housing 40. The cavity 46 substantially encloses the entire end section of the cord which is inserted into the aperture 44 and is completely formed as molded. No further securing together of parts such as by bonding or moving of hinged parts with subsequent bonding together is required to form the cavity 46.

The formation of a one-piece housing 40 with the surfaces defining the cavity 46 substantially enclosing the entire end portion of the cord 23 facilitates holding the cord while other operations are performed by automated equipment. In prior art connectors, the cord 23 is generally positioned in a portion of a conductoraccess opening formed in a base and then a lid bonded to the base. This, of course, will not suffice to hold the cord 23 in the base during assembly without additional steps and equipment. Moreover, problems have been experienced in consistently obtaining reliable bonds between the cover and the base.

As can best be seen in FIGS. 2 and 7, the cavity 46 is formed with a plurality of longitudinally extending partitions 48-48 which are molded with the dielectric housing 40. The partitions 48-48 are in the form of toothed ridges with a plurality of conductor-receiving troughs 49-49 formed therebetween on 0.040 inch centers and opening to the free end 41. The conductorreceiving troughs 49-49 are designed to receive associated ones of the conductors 32-32 (see FIG. 7).

Each of the troughs 49-49 is dimensioned so that the conductor 32 therein cannot move laterally. This is necessary to insure that during the insertion of the terminals 33-33, the terminals remain aligned with the conductors 32-32 to make electrical engagement therewith.

It may be observed from FIG. 2 that the bottoms of the troughs 49-49 are substantially coplanar with the top surface of the ledge 47 at the free end 41. This facilitates the use of the ledge 47 at the free end 41 as an anvil for conductor cut-off during assembly of the plug 24 to the cord 23.

As can best be seen in FIG. 4, the portion of the cavity 46 adjacent the cord-input end 42 communicates with the main portions of the conductor-receiving troughs 49-49 through a tapered transition section 51 having a shoulder 52. The partitions 48-48 are constructed to extend along a sloping face 53 of the tapered transition section 51.

After the jacket 31 of the cord 23 is stripped therefrom to expose a predetermined length of each of the insulated conductors 32-32, the cord is inserted into the input aperture 44 until the conductors 32-32 are moved along associated ones of the conductorreceiving troughs 49-49 extending down the sloping face 53. The portions of the partitions extending down the sloping face 53 assist in guiding the conductors 32-32 into the main portions of the troughs 49-49. As the conductors 32-32 are moved up the face 53, the jacketed portion of the cord 23 is being moved into the cavity 46. When the cord 23 has been advanced such that the conductors 32-32 are received in the troughs 49-49, the leading end of the jacket 31 is in engagement with the shoulder 52 (see FIG. 5).

Also, as can be seen in FIG. 4, the walls of the cavity 46 are formed to include a groove 56 longitudinally thereof. The groove 56 is designed to mate with the ridge 38 formed externally of the jacket to insure that the cord 23 is inserted properly into the plug 24.

The housing 40 is also constructed with facilities for providing strain relief for the jacket and for the individual conductors 32-32. This is one of the key features of the invention in that it permits the use of a one-piece molded plug rather than two parts assembled to the cord 23. As can best be seen in FIG. 4, the housing 40 is constructed with an opening 59 having a jacketanchoring member 61 connected to a rear section of the plug through a plastic hinge 62. Referring now to FIG. 2, it is seen that the member 61 extends for only a portion of the width of the housing 40. Moreover, the member 61 is connected at a forward end thereof by a very thin tapered web of dielectric material 63.

The configuration of the connecting web 63 is very important. As can best be seen in FIG. 4, the web 63 is constructed such that the dimension 11,, adjacent a forward wall 64 is substantially less than the dimension d adjacent the main body of the member 61. This has two functions. It insures that the web 63 is broken along the shearing plane along the dimension d,. The shearing plane is a vertical plane adjacent the wall 64 along the thinnest portion of the web 63. Secondly, the web 63 forms a rounded trailing edge (see FIG. 5) of the hinged member 61 to be formed and wrapped in a clockwise direction, as viewed in FIG. 5, of the cord 23. In this way, there are no sharp burrs or edges to tear the material comprising thejacket 31. Rather, the trailing end of the web 63 curls around, as seen in FIG. 5, with the contour of the cord 23.

The wrap-around effect of the web 63 permits the development of a more effective resistance of the cord 23 to forces imparted to the cord during customer use. If the member 61 were simply hinged initially without the web 63 and moved pivotally to engage the cord 23, the member would bite into the jacket 31. Then, during use, forces imparted to the cord 23 could cause a cutting of the jacket 31. However, the use of the web 63 which connects the member 61 initially to the portion 64 and then is severed, forms a blunt portion which engages the jacket 31 and avoids cutting into the jacket. This permits greater forces to be applied to the cord 23 without damaging the jacket 31.

The unitary dielectric housing 40 is also formed with facilities to provide strain relief for the conductors 32-32. An opening 66 extends transversely across a portion of the housing 40 (see FIG. 2). As can be seen in FIG. 4, a conductor-anchoring member in the form of a restraining bar 67 of dielectric material spans the opening 66. A portion of the conductor restraining bar 67 is spaced from the main portion of the housing 40 by slots 68 and 69 (see FIGS. 4 and 8). The restraining bar 67 is integral with the walls of the opening 66 through connecting portions 71 and 72. As can be seen in FIG. 2, the ends of the restraining bar 67 of dielectric material are spaced from the end walls of the opening 66.

In this way, an operator may cause a specially adapted tool 103 (see FIG. 8) to reform the restraining bar 67 within the opening 66 to provide a generally wedge-shaped strain relief element (see FIGS. 5 and 9) in engagement with ones of the individual conductors 32-32. Forces are applied to the restraining bar 67 to shear the bar along irregular planes. The resultant strain relief element 70 is of a generally trapezoidal cross-section with the larger dimension base in engagement with the conductors 32-32. The sloping walls of the element 70 engage with the walls of the opening 66 to lock the element in engagement with the conductors 32-32.

While the embodiment shown in FIGS. 4 and 8, shows the pressure bar 67 separated from the housing 40 by he slots 68 and 69, it should be understood that other structural arrangements will suffice. For example, one of the slots 68 or 69, desirably the slot 69, may be extended to communicate with the cavity 46. Also, the restraining bar 67 may be molded so that forces applied thereto cause the bar to be moved linearly or pivotally to engage the conductors 32-32.

The use of the one-piece or unipartite dielectric housing 40 affords certain advantages. It permits an operator to simply insert a jacketed cord 23. Heretofore, separate or hinged portions (see application Ser. No. 311,575 filed Dec. 4, 1972 in the name of E. C. Hardesty) are mated together to secure the cord jacket and the conductors 32-32 within the assembled dielectric body. Finally, the terminals 33-33 are inserted into the assembled dielectric body.

In using a connecting device embodying the principles of this invention, there is no required bonding of mating portions with accompanying problems of alignment and reliability of the bond.

Moreover, the housing 40 has provisions molded therewith for securing the cord 23 to the plug and for alleviating strain relief on the cord jacket 28 and the conductors 32-32 during customer use. The jacketanchoring member 61 and the conductor restraining bar 67 not only secure the plug 24 to the cord 23 but also provide strain relief for the jacket and the conductors, respectively.

After the cord 23 has been inserted into the aperture 44 and operator may apply forces to the member 61 to break the connection 63 and move the resulting tooth portion thereof into engagement with the cord jacket 31. As this is done, an upper portion 65 of the hinged member 61 catches under a ledge 73 (see FIGS. and 9) which has been formed upon breaking the web 63. The strain relief for the individual conductors 32-32 is provided by reforming the dielectric restraining bar 67 downwardly within the opening 66 into the strain relief element 70 which engages with the individual conductors 32-32.

In this way, the terminals 33-33 function only to make electrical contact with the conductors 32-32 and are not required to retain the conductors and resist the forces imparted to the conductors or the cord during customer use. The forces on the conductors 32-32 occur notwithstanding the anchoring of the jacket 31 with the member 61. While the pressure on the jacket 31 may prevent the insulation 37 of the conductors 32-32 from moving relative to the jacket, the pressure is not sufficient to prevent the nylon core 34 and ribbon 36 from moving relative to the insulation thereof during customer use. This occurs because the relatively hard nylon insulation 37 forms what may be thought of as a tubulation over the core 34 and nylon 36 wrapped about the core. Forces applied to the cord 23 by the subscriber tends to cause the core 34 and ribbon to move slideably within the insulation 37. This movement, if unchecked, could cause the tinsel ribbon to be sheared off the core 34 at the engagement thereof with portions of the terminals 33-33.

The molding of the housing 40 with the ability to be able to precisely confine the conductors 32-32 in the troughs 49-49 is especially important. Prohibition against movement is necessary in order to cause the terminals 33-33 to penetrate the nylon-insulated conductors 32-32. The terminals 33-33 must be inserted with sufficiently high forces imparted thereto to penetrate the insulation. If the conductors 32-32 were free to move laterally of the plug, the terminals 33-33 may very well slice into the insulation on either side of the conductive elements and fail to establish engagement therewith.

As can best be seen in FIG. 2, the housing 40 is formed with a well 74 having a plurality of spaced parallel terminal-receiving openings 76-76 opening thereto. The openings 76-76 are in the form of slots and are aligned on a one-to-one basis with associated ones of the conductor-receiving troughs 49-49. Each of the terminal-receiving slots 76-76 is parallel to and communicates with an associated one of the conductor-receiving troughs 49-49. Each of the slots 76-76 is of a length slightly less than the out-to-out distance of that portion of the terminal 33 which is to be received therein. The shortening of the slots 76-76 from the overall length of the well 74 forms abutments 77-77 (see FIG. 4, for example).

The dielectric housing 40 is also formed with a plurality of fins 78-78 (see FIGS. 2, 3 and 7). The fins 78-78 are upstanding from a bottom surface 79 of the well 74 to which the terminal-receiving slots 76-76 open and are spaced apart approximately 0.035 inch. Also, the fins 78-78 are aligned between adjacent associated ones of the terminal-receiving slots 76-76. In this way, the external contacting components 27-27 of the jack 26 are received between the associated fins 78-78 and guided into engagement with portions of the terminals 33-33.

Formed integrally with the dielectric housing 40 is a resilient locking tab, designated generally by the numeral 80. The locking tab is approximately 0.040 inch thick, 0.200 inch wide, and 0.500 inch long. The locking tab 80 is molded so that its longitudinal axis is oriented at an angle approximately 15 with respect to the plane of the terminal-inserting side 43. The locking tab 80 is molded with a generally flat portion 81 connected by a plastic hinge 82 to the free end of the housing. The portion 81 is stepped to form wings 83-83 adjacent a subscriber-contact portion 84.

The combined height of the thickness of the locking tab 80 and resiliency of the locking tab permits the insertion of the plug 24 into the jack 26 between opposing surfaces 85 and 86 (see FIG. 10). The tab 80 can be deflected inwardly of the dielectric housing 40 to become substantially coplanar with the under-surface of the housing 40 and be moved slideably in engagement with the surface 85 which forms an entrance ledge (see FIG. 10).

After being released, the locking tab 80 will essentially resume its original molded shape and orientation because of its natural resilience. Proper resilience to provide desired flexing properties can be incorporated into the locking tab 80 when it is molded from polycarbonate or other appropriate materials with the aforementioned dimensions. Return of the tab 80 to its originally molded shape causes the free end of the tab to be urged downwardly into seating engagement with surfaces of the jack 26 (see FIGS. 10 and 11) in the handset 22 and base 21. A wall 87 and the ledge surface 85 cooperate to form an edge 88 which engages the locking tab 80. This locks the plug 24 to the jack 26 in the handset 22 and insures integrity of the connection during customer use.

The locking tab 80 is designed to permit the plug 24 to be released from the handset 22 when subjected to at least a predetermined force rather than to break the plug or rupture the cord 23. In order to accomplish this, the tab 80 is constructed with shallow angled shoulders 89-89 (sec FIGS. 2 and 3) which form the wings 83-83. When the plug 24 has been inserted into the jack 26, the shoulders 89-89 engage the edge 88. The shoulders 89-89 ride up along the edge 88 when forces of a predetermined magnitude are imparted to the cord 23. Continued application of the forces cause withdrawal of the plug 24 from the jack 26.

3. Terminals As can best be seen in FIG. 2, each one of the terminals 33-33 is made from an electrically conductive resilient material such as Phosphor bronze. The terminal 33 has a flat conductive portion 91 with at least one contact or insulation-piercing tang 92 protruding therefrom. The tangs 92-92 provide electrical connection between the conductive portion of the conductor 32-32 and the associated ones of the terminals 33-33.

Each of the blade-like terminals 33-33 also has an edge surface 93 having curved crowns 94-94 of predetermined radii. The crown 94 nearest the free end 41 of the housing 40 functions to complete the connection between the associated conductor 32 and an associated external-contacting component 27 illustrated in FIG. 10, and positioned in the telephone jack 26.

Provisions are also made for seating properly the terminals 33-33 within the associated terminal-receiving slots 76-76. Each of the terminals 33-33 is formed with shoulders 96-96 having necked-down portions 97-97 that terminate in barbs 98-98. As was indicated hereinbefore, the overall length of the terminal 33 out-to-out of the barbs 98-98 is greater than that of the length of the terminal-receiving slot 76. When the terminal 33 is inserted into the associated terminalreceiving slot 76, the barbs 98-98 penetrate the dielectric material which defines the slot to anchor the terminal (see FIG.

The extent to which the terminal 33 is inserted into the associated slot 76 is determined by the operation of an apparatus, designated generally by the numeral 100 (see FIG. 12) used to insert the terminals. Generally, the apparatus 100 is controlled to insert the terminals 33-33 within the associated ones of the terminalreceiving slots 76-76 such that the shoulders 96-96 are spaced above the abutments 77-77.

The extent to which the terminal 33 is inserted into the associated terminal-receiving slot 76 is controlled to also insure that adequate electrical engagement is effected between the terminal tangs 92-92 and the conductors 32-32. If the depth of insertion is lacking, the tangs 92-92 may not engage one or both aligned portions of the helical tinsel ribbon 36. On the other hand if the depth of insertion is too great, the shoulders 98-98 could rupture the abutments 77-77. It is important that the tangs 92-92 engage the top or closest portion of the tinsel ribbon 36, be moved through the core 34, and into engagement with the bottom portion of the helically wrapped tinsel ribbon.

While the terminals 33-33 have been shown in a flat blade-like configuration, it should be obvious that they could be in the form of pins (not shown). Of course, the terminal-receiving openings 76-76 would then be molded to accommodate the pins (not shown) rather than the blade-like terminals 33-33.

ALTERNATE EMBODIMENT OF DIELECTRIC PORTION There have been instances of contaminants and corrosive atmospheres penetrating the plug 74. This could cause problems in maintaining electrical continuity and reduction in the effectiveness of the electrical engagement between the terminals 33-33 and the cord 23.

In order to prevent such occurrences, the housing of the plug may be modified to that designated 40A and shown in FIG. 6. The housing 40A is identical to the housing 40 except that the free end 41 has a wall 99 closing off the conductor-receiving troughs 49-49. This prevents any contaminants or unwanted atmospheric corrosives from entering the plug 24 at least from the one end thereof adjacent the terminals 33-33. This creates an essentially hemetic seal.

In using the plug 24 having a modified housing 40A, the cord 23 must be stripped of the jacket 31 with some precision to expose only a predetermined length of the conductors 32-32. Then, when the cord 23 is inserted into the cavity 46 and the free end of the jacket 31 abuts the shoulder 52, the ends of the conductors 32-32 will be spaced slightly from the wall 99.

SECOND ALTERNATE EMBODIMENT OF DIELECTRIC PORTION It will be recalled that the embodiment first described herein discloses that the cord 23 have the jacket 31 removed from a leading portion thereof to expose the individual insulated conductors 32-32. The individual conductors 32-32 are received in the conductorreceiving troughs 49-49.

The principles of this invention may be used to construct a housing 40 which may accommodate an end portion of a flat cord 23 without the necessity of removing the jacket from an end portion thereof. The cavity 46 is molded without the conductor-receiving troughs 49-49 and such that a leading end portion of the cord 23 is inserted into the cavity. The cavity 46 is constructed to communicate with the terminalreceiving slots 76-76 and may or may not open to the free end 41 of the housing 40 (see FIG. 6).

In using this embodiment, the end portion of the cord 23 is inserted into the cavity 46. Then the terminals 33-33 are driven into the slots 76-76 into engagement with the conductive elements of the cord 23. Since the cord 23 is flat, and assuming that the cord is inserted properly into the cavity 46, the conductive elements of the cord are aligned properly with the terminals 33-33.

METHOD OF ASSEMBLING PLUG WITH CORD The construction of the plug 24 is especially adapted to be used with flat Cordage. Moreover, the plug 24 is easily adapted to automated high speed manufacturing. In describing the assembly of the plug 24 and the cord 23, reference will be made to FIGS. 4 and 5 which depict the steps of the method. Reference will also be made to FIG. 12 which illustrates the apparatus 100. The apparatus is exemplary of apparatus which may be used to carry out the steps of the method.

One of the plugs 24-24 is positioned in a work holder 101. Then a leading end of the jacketed cord 23 has a portion of the jacket 31 stripped therefrom. The leading end of the cord 23 is inserted into the flared entrance 44 and into the cavity 46 with the conductors riding up along the sloped portion 53 until the conductors 32-32 are received in associated ones of the conductor-receiving troughs 49-49. At that time, the leading edge of the jacketed portion 31 engages the shoulder 52. Also, then, the conductors 32-32 extend onto and perhaps slightly past the ledge 47.

An advantage of constructing a one-piece dielectric housing 40 derives from the alignment feature of the cord 23 with the housing. In using prior plugs, it was necessary to align the conductors 32-32 with appropriate conductor-receiving facilities within the plug and to maintain that alignment during the insertion of the terminals 33-33. This is unnecessary in using the plug 24 embodying the features of this invention since the insertion of the cord 23 within the plug automatically maintains the cord therewithin and aligns the individual conductors 32-32 with the associated ones of the troughs 49-49.

There is still another significant advantage realized from the use of the one-piece plug 24. The dimensions of the separate dielectric portions in a two-piece plug may vary within tolerances as between different molding tools. This may cause problems of alignment as between successive matings of successive pairs of parts and further may cause problems of alignment of the terminals 33-33 and associated conductors 32-32 in assembly equipment when using parts from different molds. With the one-piece plug 24, the terminalreceiving slots 76-76 are inherently aligned with the conductor-receiving troughs 49-49.

Because the cord 23 is flat and because of the assembly process, the conductors 32-32 are spaced in a prearranged order in the troughs 49-49. Once the cord 23 is inserted into the housing 40 in the correct orientation, then it is unnecessary for an operator to identify the conductors 32-32 prior to the electrical connection with ones of the terminals 33-33. The order in the cord 13 is maintained in the plug 24 to correspond to the order of engagement with the external contact elements 2727.

However, to insure the correct orientation of the cord 23 with respect to the plug 24, the cord must be inserted into the plug in such a fashion to insure that the order of the conductors 32-32 is correct. Since the cavity 46 is formed with the groove 56, the cord 23 should be inserted such that the ridge 38 on the cord jacket 31 is received in the groove. If the cord 23 were inserted in an inverted position, the conductors 32-32 would not be oriented properly with the terminals 33-33 and hence with the external contacting components 27-27. Also, the subsequent engagement of the member 61 with the cord 23 would span the ridge and not be fully seated across the jacket enclosing the four conductors 32-32. This would result in a less efficient anchoring of the jacket 31.

The operator then causes a tool 102 to be moved into engagement with the member 61 to break the thin web 63. The now-hinged member 61 is moved counterclockwise, as viewed in FIG. 5, until the toothed portion 65 thereof catches and locks under the newly formed ledge 73. As can be seen in FIGS. and 9 the thin web 63 is such that the free end thereof curls around to form a blunt portion which engages the cord jacket 31.

Next, the operator causes the tool 103 to engage the conductor-restraining bar 67 within the opening 66 (see FIG. 8) and apply compressive forces thereto. The conductor bar 67 is reformed and broken off along the lines shown dotted in FIG. 9 into the tapered or wedgeshaped dielectric element 70 (see FIG. 9) and moved into engagement with the conductors 32-32. The element 70 spans the conductors 32-32 with the bottom portion thereof tending to assume the partial peripheral shape along the tops of the conductors 32-32. Moreover, the element 70 is locked in the position shown in FIG. 9. The element 70 therefore locks the conductors in the troughs 49-49 to provide strain relief for the conductors while the toothed portion of the hinged member 61, i.e., the web 63, provides strain relief for the jacket 31.

The tool 103 used to reform the body 67 spans the entire opening 66. This is unlike the tool 102 which is used to move the member 61. In this way, downward movement of the tool 103 does not cause the restraining bar 67 to be moved pivotally about one of the connecting portions 71 and 72. Rather, as shown in FIG. 9, the restraining bar 67 is moved downwardly beginning at the bottom of the slots 68 and 69 and mushrooms outwardly. This in effect forms the strain relief element 70 having a generally trapezoidal cross-section which is locked at the bottom of the opening 66 in tight engagement with the conductors 32-32.

Then the free end portions of the conductor 32-32 are trimmed off with a cutting device 104 using the ledge 47 as a bearing surface. The extension of the leading ends of the conductors 32-32 onto the ledge 47 avoids having to strip exactly the leading ends of the conductors.

In the alternative embodiment shown in FIG. 6 with the troughs 49-49 not opening to the ledge 47, the conductors 32-32 are presized to approach the ends of the troughs. The cut-off must be such that the conductors extend beyond the most forward one of the tangs 92-92. The construction of the plug 24 with a closed front end minimizes moisture absorption and exposure of the terminals 33-33 to a corrosive atmosphere. This creates an effective hemetic seal.

In order to complete the assembly of the plug 24 to an end of the cord 23, four of the terminals 33-33 are inserted into the plug. The blade-like terminals 33-33 are inserted by rams 106-106 from the terminalreceiving face 43 of the plug 24 into associated ones of the terminal-receiving slots 76-76 until the rams bottom out. The shoulders 96-96 thereof are spaced above the abutments 77-77 (see FIG. 5). At that time, the contact tangs 92-92 extend into the associated trough 49-49. The tangs 92-92 penetrate the insulation of the conductors 32-32 confined in the troughs 49-49 and establish electrical contact with both the upper and lower wraps, as viewed in FIG. 5, of the tinsel ribbon 36. Also, the barbs 93-98 are caused to become embedded in the portion of the dielectric housing 40 which defines the terminal-receiving slot 76-76. This anchors the terminal 33-33 against movement or inadvertent removal from the housing 40.

An apparatus for completing the formation of and inserting the terminals 33-33 into housing 40 is disclosed and claimed in application Ser. No. 346,556 filed on Mar. 30, 1973 in the names of W. B. Brown (deceased) and F. D. Gavin.

Of course, apparatus other than the apparatus may be used to practice the methods of this invention. For example the assembly of the plug 24 to the cord 23 could be accomplished by using a turntable, (not shown) with facilities for inserting the cord, stripping the cord, etc. arranged about the periphery of the turntable. Successive cords 23-23 and associated plugs 24-24 are moved with the turntable (not shown) through the work stations.

It is to be understood that the above described arrangements are simply illustrative of the invention. Other arrangements may be devised by those skilled in the art which will embody the principles of the invention and fall within the spirit and scope thereof.

What is claimed is:

1. An electrical connector for terminating a cord having a plurality of insulated conductors and for making electrical contact external to the connector, which comprises:

an unipartite dielectric housing, with internal surfaces thereof defining a cavity that opens to at least one end of the housing for receiving an end portion of the cord, the surfaces of the housing as formed and defining the cavity substantially enclosing the entire end portion of the cord, with at least one portion of the surfaces defining the cavity being movable relative to the remainder of the surfaces defining the cavity at least partially into the cavity for engaging portions of the cord to secure the cord within the housing and to prevent unintended lateral and longitudinal movement thereof the housing also including a plurality of terminal-receiving openings communicating with the cavity and the exterior of the connector; and

a plurality of electrically conductive terminals positioned within associated ones of the terminalreceiving openings each of which includes:

a first contact portion extending into the cavity for piercing the insulation of and making electrical engagement with an associated conductor of the cord; and

a second contact portion positioned within the as sociated terminal-receiving opening for making electrical contact external to the connector.

2. An electrical connector for terminating a cord having a plurality of insulated conductors and for making electrical contact external to the connector, which comprises:

an unipartite dielectric housing, which includes a free end and a cavity opening to a cord-input end for receiving an end portion of the cord, with internal surfaces of the housing as formed and defining the cavity substantially enclosing the entire end portion of the cord, with at least one portion of the surfaces defining the cavity being movable relative to the remainder of the surfaces defining the cavity at least partially into the cavity for engaging portions of the cord to secure the cord within the housing and to prevent unintended lateral and longitudinal movement thereof, the housing also including conductor-receiving troughs formed in at least a portion of the cavity and a plurality of terminalreceiving openings communicating with the troughs and the exterior of the connector; and

a plurality of electrically conductive terminals positioned within associated ones of the terminalreceiving openings each of which includes:

a first contact portion extending into the associated trough for piercing the insulation of and making electrical engagement with the associated conductor in the trough; and

a second contact portion positioned within the associated terminal-receiving opening for making electrical contact external to the connector.

3. The electrical connector of claim 2, wherein the at least one moveable portion of the housing includes an anchoring member formed integrally with the housing along at least a portion of the periphery of the anchoring member such that compressive forces applied to the anchoring member reforms the anchoring member into a wedge-shaped element locked in engagement with the cord and the housing to provide strain relief for the cord during use thereof.

4. The electrical connector of claim 2, wherein the conductor-receiving troughs open to the free end of the housing.

5. The electrical connector of claim 2, wherein the conductor-receiving troughs terminate in a wall forming at least a portion of the free end of the housing to seal off the troughs from the free end of the housing.

6. The electrical connector ofclaim 2, wherein a free end of the housing extends beyond the remaining portion of the housing to provide a bearing surface for cutting off exposed end portions of the conductors which extend beyond the free end of the housing.

7. The connector of claim 2, wherein the terminals are blade-like and the terminal-receiving openings include a plurality of spaced slots opening to an external surface of the housing and communicating with associated ones of the troughs, each of the slots being of a size to permit the first contact portion of the associated one of the terminals to pass therethrough.

8. The connector of claim 7, wherein the first contact portions of each terminal includes a plurality of contact tangs which extend through the associated one of the slots and into electrical engagement with the conductor in the associated trough.

9. The connector of claim 7, wherein each of the terminals is formed with barbs extending therefrom and which are positioned within the associated one of the slots, an overall longitudinal dimension between extremities of the barbs being slightly greater than the longitudinal dimension of the slot which communicates with the associated trough to facilitate the barbs of the terminal becoming embedded in the walls of the slot when the terminals are inserted to anchor the terminals within the housing at a predetermined depth within the housing.

10. The electrical connector of claim 7, wherein the housing is also formed with a plurality of spaced fins upstanding from the external surface to which the terminal-receiving slots open, each of the fins interposed between the longitudinal axes of two adjacent ones of the slots, the fins capable of guiding external contacting elements into engagement with second contact portions of associated ones of the terminals.

11. The connector of claim 2, wherein the cord-input cavity has approximately the same cross section as the cord with the walls of the cavity diverging continuously from the inner portion to the cord-input end of the connector and forming a flared inlet to avoid sharp bends in the cord during use thereof and to facilitate insertion of the leading end of the cord.

12. The electrical connector of claim 2, wherein the cord includes a jacket which encloses the individual conductors, the jacket being formed with a ridge longitudinally thereof, the cord-receiving cavity being formed with a groove parallel with the longitudinal axes of the troughs, the conductors of the cord inserted into the cavity being oriented properly with respect to associated ones of the troughs, the terminals and associated external contact elements only when the ridge is aligned with the groove.

13. The electrical connector of claim 2, at least the free end of which is insertable into a cavity of a jack wherein the housing is formed with a resilient locking tab cantilevered from the free end of the housing, the electrical connector inserted intothe cavity being in engagement with a surface defining partially the jack cavity which is adjacent the surface of the housing to which the second contact portions of the terminals are exposed, the locking tab being depressed toward the housing at the free end thereof to insert the electrical connector into the jack cavity, the tab moving pivotally away from the housing when forces are no longer applied to depress the free end thereof, the movement of the tab tending to return the tab to an initial position and causing a surface thereof to engage an edge formed transversely of the jack cavity by surfaces defining partially the jack cavity.

14. The electrical connector of claim 13, wherein the tab is undercut at a portion thereof which engages the edge of the jack cavity, the undercut formed by a sloping surface which engages the edge, the configuration of the locking tab and the cooperative engagement thereof with the jack edge and at least one of the surfaces defining the edge being such that when the cord of the electrical connector is subjected to unintended forces in excess of a predetermined magnitude, the sloping surface of the tab will ride up over the edge to permit the electrical connector to be withdrawn from the jack cavity.

15. The electrical connector of claim 3, wherein the anchoring member is a conductor-restraining member which is capable of being moved to engage individual conductors of the cord to secure the conductors within the housing and prevent unintended lateral and longitudinal movement thereof.

16. An electrical connector for terminating a cord having a plurality of insulated conductors and for making electrical contact external to the connector, which comprises:

an unipartite dielectric housing, which includes a free end and a cavity opening to a cord-input end for receiving an end portion of the cord, the surfaces of the housing defining the cavity substantially enclosing the entire end portion of the cord, the housing also including conductor-receiving troughs formed in at least a portion of the cavity and a plurality of terminal-receiving openings communicating with the troughs and the exterior of the connector, the housing being formed with, at least, one portion moveable at least partially into the cavity for engaging portions of the cord to secure the cord within the housing and to prevent unintended lateral and longitudinal movement thereof wherein the at least one moveable portion of the housing includes an anchoring member connected through a hinged portion at one end thereof and through a severable web at the other end thereof to the housing, such that application of forces to the anchoring member separates the web from the housing and then causes the anchoring member to be moved pivotally about the hinged portion to engage and anchor the cord; and

a plurality of electrically conductive terminals positioned within associated ones of the terminalreceiving openings each of which includes:

a first contact portion extending into the associated trough for piercing the insulation of and making electrical engagement with the associated conductor in the trough; and

a second contact portion positioned within the associated terminal-receiving opening for making electrical contact external to the connector.

17. The electrical connector of claim 16, wherein the web of the anchoring member is formed so that the web is separated from the housing adjacent the housing to form an elongated extension which is caused to assume a curved shape as the anchoring member is moved pivotally to cause a blunt curved portion of the extension to engage the cord thereby preventing damage to the cord as forces are applied thereto during use of the cord.

18. The electrical connector of claim 16, wherein the cord includes a jacket which encloses the individual insulated conductors, and the anchoring member capable of being moved into engagement with a jacketed portion of the cord to anchor the jacket against unintended lateral and longitudinal movement.

19. The electrical connector of claim 16 wherein the anchoring member is formed within an opening in the housing that communicates with the cavity and the pivotal movement of the anchoring member causes the anchoring member to lock under one of the walls defining the opening to secure the anchoring member in engagement with the cord.

20. The electrical connector of claim 18, wherein the jacket is removed from a portion of the cord which is adjacent the free end of the housing and the at least one moveable portion of the housing also includes a conductor-restraining member formed integrally with the housing along at least a portion of the periphery of the conductor-restraining member such that compressive forces applied to the conductor-restraining member reforms the restraining member into a wedge-shaped element locked in engagement with the housing and the conductors to provide strain relief for the conductors during use of the cord.

21. A device for terminating a cord having a plurality of insulated conductors, which comprises:

an unipartite dielectric housing,

the housing being provided with a cord-input cavity that opens to at least one end of the housing for receiving an end portion of the cord;

the surfaces of the housing defining the cavity substantially enclosing the entire end portion of the cord;

the housing also being provided with a plurality of terminal-receiving openings communicating with the cavity and the exterior of the device; and

the housing being formed with at least one portion of the surfaces defining the cavity being moveable relative to the remainder of the surfaces defining the cavity at least partially into the cavity for engaging portions of the cord to secure the cord within the housing and to prevent unintended lateral and longitudinal movement thereof.

22. A method of assembling a cord, which comprises individually insulated conductors enclosed in a jacket, to a device, which includes an unipartite housing constructed from a dielectric material having a cavity that opens to at least one end of the housing for receiving an end section of the cord, the surfaces of the housing defining the cavity substantially enclosing the entire end section of the cord, the housing also having conductor-receiving troughs formed in the cavity and terminal-receiving openings communicating with associated troughs, which includes the steps of:

holding the housing;

exposing the individual insulated conductors of a predetermined length of the one end section of the cord by removing the jacket therefrom;

inserting the one end section of the cord into the cavcausing relative motion between the device and the cord to advance the conductors into associated ones of the troughs;

applying forces to at least one portion of the unipartite housing to move the at least one portion at least partially into the cavity to engage and anchor the cord within the housing; and

inserting and seating terminals in the terminalreceiving openings such that first contact portions connect one end of the one portion from the housing and to then move the portion pivotally to engage the one end thereof with the cord jacket; and applying forces to another portion of the dielectric housing to reform the other portion to engage and lock the conductors within the housing to prevent unintended lateral and longitudinal movement of the conductors.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3569914 *Feb 19, 1969Mar 9, 1971Hewlett Packard CoConnector housing
US3576518 *Nov 7, 1968Apr 27, 1971Minnesota Mining & MfgSolderless connector for insulated wires
US3621449 *May 21, 1969Nov 16, 1971Electronic Components LtdElectrical connectors
US3699498 *Apr 30, 1970Oct 17, 1972Bell Telephone Labor IncDevices for making electrical connections
US3761869 *Mar 8, 1972Sep 25, 1973Bell Telephone Labor IncConnector
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3954320 *Nov 6, 1974May 4, 1976Western Electric Company, Inc.Electrical connecting devices for terminating cords
US3998514 *Oct 6, 1975Dec 21, 1976Western Electric Company, Inc.Device armed with a terminal for making electrical connection with a conductor
US4002392 *Oct 6, 1975Jan 11, 1977Western Electric Company, Inc.Electrical connecting devices for terminating cords
US4051383 *Mar 30, 1976Sep 27, 1977Amp IncorporatedElectrical harnesses and connecting devices therefor
US4054350 *Dec 3, 1976Oct 18, 1977Western Electric Company, Inc.Modular plug for terminating cord having non-planar array of conductors
US4148539 *Apr 29, 1977Apr 10, 1979Western Electric Company, IncorporatedModular plug having superior dielectric strength for terminating cords
US4160575 *Feb 24, 1978Jul 10, 1979Vari-Tronics Co.Telephone cord connector
US4178675 *Apr 12, 1978Dec 18, 1979Amp IncorporatedApplicator for telephone connectors
US4211462 *Jan 22, 1979Jul 8, 1980Stewart Stamping Corporation, A Division Of Insilco Corp.Electrical connector for termination cords with improved locking means
US4212612 *Jul 5, 1979Jul 15, 1980Western Electric Company, Inc.Apparatus for enclosing a plurality of conductors in a partitioned jacket
US4230982 *Oct 23, 1978Oct 28, 1980Bbc Brown, Boveri & Company, LimitedProcess and device for short-circuit monitoring of electrical lines
US4258469 *Sep 10, 1979Mar 31, 1981Salvesen William RApparatus and method for installing electrical connectors
US4277642 *Jan 9, 1980Jul 7, 1981Western Electric Company, Inc.Cordage having a plurality of conductors in a partitioned jacket
US4295702 *Dec 21, 1979Oct 20, 1981Bell Telephone Laboratories, IncorporatedMulti-outlet adapter for plug-in telephones
US4313645 *May 13, 1980Feb 2, 1982Western Electric Company, Inc.Telephone cord having braided outer jacket
US4343527 *Apr 29, 1980Aug 10, 1982Western Electric Company, Inc.Telephone connecting device
US4379609 *Mar 9, 1981Apr 12, 1983Western Electric Company, Inc.Modular cord coupler jack having a disconnection encumbrance
US4406509 *Nov 25, 1981Sep 27, 1983E. I. Du Pont De Nemours & Co.Jack and plug electrical assembly
US4431246 *Apr 9, 1981Feb 14, 1984Akzona IncorporatedInsulation piercing contact
US4443050 *Apr 8, 1982Apr 17, 1984Strix LimitedElectrical interconnectors
US4458973 *Jan 28, 1983Jul 10, 1984Amp IncorporatedConnector assembly having improved internal latching system
US4480374 *Oct 22, 1982Nov 6, 1984Communication Systems, Inc.Communication plug connection tool
US4553800 *Oct 15, 1982Nov 19, 1985Virginia Patent Development Corp.Low profile modular plug
US4566745 *Aug 20, 1984Jan 28, 1986Cooper Industries, Inc.Connector assembly
US4569566 *Jan 4, 1985Feb 11, 1986Molex IncorporatedPlug and receptacle connector assembly
US4593966 *Sep 17, 1984Jun 10, 1986Communications Systems, Inc.Modular telephone line coupler
US4626057 *Oct 21, 1985Dec 2, 1986The Siemon CompanyEight conductor modular plug
US4639055 *Jun 3, 1985Jan 27, 1987Whirlpool CorporationHose coupling for vacuum cleaner
US4650269 *Sep 16, 1985Mar 17, 1987At&T Information Systems Inc.Modular plug connector
US4655527 *Jan 6, 1986Apr 7, 1987Precision Mecanique LabinalConnector apparatus
US4664460 *Jul 24, 1985May 12, 1987Precision Mecanique LabinalElectrical connectors
US4669800 *Jun 21, 1985Jun 2, 1987Siemens AktiengesellschaftConnector device for a group of insulated conductors
US4674822 *Nov 4, 1985Jun 23, 1987Virginia Plastics CompanyMulti-conductor shielded cable
US4679878 *Aug 1, 1985Jul 14, 1987Stewart Stamping CorporationInsulation-piercing electrical contact and connector incorporating the same
US4715825 *Mar 25, 1987Dec 29, 1987E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And CompanyConnector with pierce contact element having reduced wear crown
US4742434 *Apr 23, 1986May 3, 1988Koito Manufacturing Co., Ltd.Vehicular lamp
US4778407 *Dec 23, 1982Oct 18, 1988Amp IncorporatedElectrical connector plug for conductors on closely spaced centers
US4786259 *Feb 27, 1984Nov 22, 1988Hayes Microcomputer Products, Inc.Low profile modular receptacle and method of making same
US4910359 *Oct 31, 1988Mar 20, 1990American Telephone And Telegraph Company, At&T Technologies, Inc.Universal cordage for transmitting communications signals
US4950176 *Nov 18, 1988Aug 21, 1990At&T Bell LaboratoriesModular plug for terminating cordage
US5005284 *Jun 6, 1990Apr 9, 1991At&T Bell LaboratoriesMethod of assembling terminals with modular plug
US5059140 *Apr 26, 1990Oct 22, 1991Stewart Stamping CorporationShielded plug and jack connector
US5186649 *Apr 30, 1992Feb 16, 1993At&T Bell LaboratoriesModular plug having enhanced cordage strain relief provisions
US5340333 *Jan 15, 1993Aug 23, 1994Interconnect Systems Group Inc.Shielded modular adapter
US5346405 *May 4, 1993Sep 13, 1994The Whitaker CorporationShunted connector assembly and shunt assembly therefor
US5579425 *Aug 30, 1995Nov 26, 1996Lucent Technologies Inc.Anti-snag duplex connector
US5624273 *Apr 21, 1995Apr 29, 1997The Whitaker CorporationInsulation displacement contact with strain relief
US5638474 *Aug 30, 1995Jun 10, 1997Lucent Technologies Inc.Connector for terminating a cable containing a transmission medium
US5702271 *Aug 30, 1996Dec 30, 1997The Whitaker CorporationUltra low profile board-mounted modular jack
US5727962 *Sep 29, 1995Mar 17, 1998Caveney; Jack E.Modular plug connector
US5807133 *Apr 15, 1997Sep 15, 1998Lucent Technologies Inc.For making an electrical connection with an insulated wire conductor
US5993236 *Dec 18, 1997Nov 30, 1999Panduit Corp.Tangle-free modular plug connector
US5996224 *Jan 16, 1998Dec 7, 1999Sullivan; Robert W.Method and apparatus for securing twisted-pair electrical cable to a connector
US6017237 *Jan 28, 1997Jan 25, 2000Sullivan; Robert W.Twisted-pair data cable with electrical connector attached
US6293710Oct 6, 1999Sep 25, 2001Lucent Technologies Inc.Optical connector having a one-piece housing
US6296501 *Oct 27, 1999Oct 2, 2001Charles E. WebbElectric cable grounding piercer
US6479754Aug 7, 2000Nov 12, 2002Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc.Strain relief system for electrical cable
US6488543 *Sep 27, 2001Dec 3, 20023Com CorporationModular jack for type III PCMCIA cards
US6706970Jan 4, 2002Mar 16, 2004Tyco Electronics CorporationStrain relief for electrical cable
US6793516Jul 31, 2003Sep 21, 2004Anthony MamasElectrical pivotal lever connector
US7325438 *Oct 27, 2005Feb 5, 2008Weidmüller Interface GmbH & Co. KGCrimping tool for plug connectors having cable shield clamp means
US7527515Jul 9, 2008May 5, 2009Metrologic Instruments, Inc.Cable connector release
US7841888 *Apr 27, 2007Nov 30, 2010Volex (Asia) Pte Ltd.Positive lock connector
US7862384Jul 7, 2009Jan 4, 2011Myers Kelly HRepair adapter for a modular plug
US8025514Aug 6, 2010Sep 27, 2011Leviton Manufacturing Co., Inc.Shroud to prevent manipulation of a release mechanism of a plug
US8025519Nov 12, 2009Sep 27, 2011Symbol Technologies, Inc.Electro-optical reader with cable connector release
US8038456Sep 21, 2010Oct 18, 2011Leviton Manufacturing Co., IncTamper prevention system having a shroud to partially cover a release mechanism
US8167638Jun 11, 2008May 1, 2012Panduit Corp.Multi-position quick release plug cassette assembly
US8215972May 19, 2011Jul 10, 2012Leviton Manufacturing Co., Inc.Anti-tamper adapter with a mechanism to block a release mechanism of a plug
US8425247Mar 28, 2012Apr 23, 2013Panduit Corp.Multi-position quick release plug cassette assembly
US8602807Apr 15, 2013Dec 10, 2013Panduit Corp.Multi-position quick release plug cassette assembly
USRE31197 *Apr 9, 1982Apr 5, 1983Western Electric Company, Inc.Telephone cord having braided outer jacket
DE2645038A1 *Oct 6, 1976Apr 14, 1977Western Electric CoElektrischer verbinder
DE3318966A1 *May 25, 1983Dec 1, 1983Amp IncElektrisches verbindergehaeuse
DE4238224A1 *Nov 12, 1992May 19, 1994Gaertner Karl TelegaertnerVorrichtung zum Anschließen elektronischer Einrichtungen
DE202010017099U1Dec 23, 2010Mar 3, 2011Foung, PaulBefestigungselement für Steckverbinder
EP0004779A2 *Apr 4, 1979Oct 17, 1979AMP INCORPORATED (a New Jersey corporation)Apparatus for applying electrical connectors to cables
EP0115425A2 *Jan 25, 1984Aug 8, 1984AMP INCORPORATED (a New Jersey corporation)Connector assemble having improved internal latching system
EP0165490A2 *May 20, 1985Dec 27, 1985STEWART STAMPING CORPORATION (a Delaware Corporation)Printed circuit board jack for modular plug connector terminated cord
EP0261285A1 *Sep 23, 1986Mar 30, 1988Gerhard FoersterTelephone cord terminating plug
EP0786834A2 *Jan 17, 1997Jul 30, 1997Hirose Electric Co., Ltd.Modular plug guide plate
EP1091226A1 *Sep 25, 2000Apr 11, 2001Lucent Technologies Inc.An optical connector having a one-piece housing
WO1987000355A1 *May 30, 1986Jan 15, 1987Amp IncApplicator for applying an electrical connector to a cable
WO1995005014A1 *Aug 6, 1993Feb 16, 1995Partagon Trade AbCable adapters for modular plugs
Classifications
U.S. Classification439/344, 439/425, 439/460
International ClassificationH01R12/08, H01R13/58, H01R4/10, H01R13/50, H01R12/38, H01R4/16, H01R12/00, H01R4/24
Cooperative ClassificationH01R13/5829, H01R13/501, H01R23/025, H01R13/50
European ClassificationH01R23/02B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Mar 19, 1984ASAssignment
Owner name: AT & T TECHNOLOGIES, INC.,
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:WESTERN ELECTRIC COMPANY, INCORPORATED;REEL/FRAME:004251/0868
Effective date: 19831229