US 3861026 A
Methods of making dynamoelectric machines having winding accommodating magnetic cores, insulation systems, and winding retaining means are described. Ground insulation system may include one or more formed in situ insulation members with portions thereof providing retainer means for constraining windings accommodated by a magnetic core from undesired movement. With tongue shape retainer means, access means may also be provided for facilitating the removal of defective winding turns accommodated on a given core. With formed in situ insulating members, retainer means for terminals and terminal boards, winding retainer means, and spacer or other means may be provided. Spacer or other means may be locating surfaces having predetermined spatial relationships relative to core, with such surfaces being used to locate insulated core relative to reference surfaces in another mold cavity for a subsequent molding operation.
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
EJHTEEQ States Patent [191 Swaim Jan. 21,1975
 Inventor: Carl E. Swaim, Fort Wayne, Ind.
 Assignee: General Electric Company, Fort Wayne, Ind.
 Filed: July 3, 1973  Appl. No.: 376,117
Related U.S. Application Data  Division of Ser. No. 180,757, Sept. 15, 1971, Pat.
 U.S. Cl. 29/596, 242/1.1 E, 264/272, 310/42, 310/43, 310/215, 310/260  Int. Cl. H02k 15/00  Field of Search 29/596, 598, 605; 242/1.1 E; 310/43, 42, 215, 260; 264/272  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,027,475 3/1962 Gandry 310/43 X 3,163,369 12/1964 Hogue 310/43 X 3,176,172 3/1965 Thompson et al. 310/43 X 3,194,993 7/1965 Hackney et a1 310/43 3,688,137 8/1972 Filhol 310/43 3,768,152 10/1973 Swanke et a1 29/596 R24,909 12/1960 Dochterman 310/43 X Primary ExaminerCarl E. Hall Attorney, Agent, or Firm.lohn M. Stoudt; Ralph E. Krisher, Jr.
 ABSTRACT Methods of making dynamoelectric machines having winding accommodating magnetic cores, insulation systems, and winding retaining means are described. Ground insulation system may include one or more formed in situ insulation members with portions thereof providing retainer means for constraining windings accommodated by a magnetic core from undesired movement. With tongue shape retainer means, access means may also be provided for facilitating the removal of defective winding turns accommodated on a given core. With formed in situ insulating members, retainer means for terminals and terminal boards, winding retainer means, and spacer or other means may be provided. Spacer or other means may be locating surfaces having predetermined spatial relationships relative to core, with such surfaces being used to lo cate insulated core relative to reference surfaces in another mold cavity for a subsequent molding operatron.
2 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PATENTEI] JAN 21 I975 ISHEEI 10F 2 PATENTEUW'W f 3.861.026 sum aor METHOD OF MAKING DYNAMOELECTRIC' MACHINES CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS This application is a division of my application Ser. No. 180,757, filed Sept. 15, 1971, titled DYNAMO- ELECTRIC MACHINE AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME which issued Dec. 18, 1973 as US Pat. No. 3,780,323. Church application Ser. No. 99,049, filed Dec. 17, 1970, titled APPARATUS FOR FORMING AN INSULATING MEMBER IN SITU ON A LAMI- NATED MAGNETIC CORE which issued Jan. 9, 1973 as US. Pat. No. 3,709,457; Deuter application Ser. No. 180,770, filed Sept. 15, 1971, titled PRESSURE MOLDED ARTICLES, COMPOSITION, AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME which issued Oct. 2, 1973 as US Pat. No. 3,763,080, and Deuter and Shaffer application Ser. No. 180,728, filed Sept. 15, 1971, titled APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MAKING A MOLDED ELECTRICAL STRUCTURE, which issued Oct. 2, 1973 as US. Pat. No. 3,762,847 are related applications and are assigned to the assignee of this application. The disclosures of all three of the above applications are specifically incorporated herein by reference.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to dynamoelectric machines and, more particularly, to methods of making such machines, including molded in situ insulation material.
Heretofore, what has come to be known as ground insulation for dynamoelectric machine (e.g., transformer, motor, and generator) magnetic cores has been provided by following one of several different approaches. In the ease of motor stator cores, for example, separate insulators for winding accommodating core slots have sometimes been provided. Such insulators have been formed from materials such as kraft paper, cellulose acetate or still other plastic materials.
Another approach has involved an integral insulation as taught for example in Baciu US. Pat. No. 2,978,371, issued Apr. 4, 1961, which is assigned to the assignee of the present invention. Of course integral insulation has also been applied by powdered spray and fluidized bed approaches. All of the above approaches have been, however, relatively expensive in practice-- for both material and labor.
Still other relatively expensive aspects of dynamoelectric machine manufacture has been related to providing means for holding laminations together in stacked relationship and for retaining winding turns in a desired position on a stator core. One technique used heretofore to solve multiple problems is shown, inter alia, in DeJean US. Pat. No. 3,030,528, issued Apr. 17, 1962. This patent discloses, for example, a method of holding core laminations together during the application of insulating and bonding material without use of keys, rivets, welds, or the like which tend to increase core losses during machine operation. For example, core laminations are held together by the use of winding retaining pins fitted tightly into winding pin holes netic core did indeed advance the dynamoelectric machine art it would nevertheless, of course. be desirable to reduce, if not eliminate the material and labor cost due to the use of such pins. Moreover, the expense related to protecting and or holding termination means would also, desirably, be produced.
Recently filed Church application Ser. No. 99,049 (which issued as US Pat. No. 3,709,457 on Jan. 9, I973), Deuter application Ser. No. l80,770 (which issued as US Pat. No. 3,763,080 on Oct. 2. 1973). and Deuter, et al, application Ser. No. 180,728 (which issued as Pat. No. 3,762,847 on Oct. 2, I973) disclose noteworthy and valuable advances in the art, and it would be desirable to provide new and improved dynamoelectric machines and methods of making the same that overcome the previously stated problems and also, where desirable, practice the inventions of Church. Deuter, et al, and Deuter.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved method of making a dynamoelectric machine.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a method of making a dynamoelectric machine stator core formed of a stack of magnetic laminations having molded in situ insulation means and a molded interstitial structure for at least some winding turns accommodated on the core.
In carrying out the above and other objects in one preferred form, there is provided a method of making a dynamoelectric machine comprising a laminated magnetic core having inner and outer peripheral surfaces and winding accommodating means, in the form of winding accommodating slots, disposed between such surfaces.
A preferred method includes molding insulating means in situ to provide ground insulation for a winding, with the insulating means including retaining means for retaining winding turns and/or terminations in a predetermined position relative to the core. Thereafter, a substantially solid and rigid interstitial mass of a particulate material may be secured in place by a substantially solid and rigid matrix to cover at least part of at least some winding turns that is formed in another mold cavity. The winding retaining means preferably include tongues projecting from at least one end face of the core, the tongues being provided with means in the form of slots for facilitating winding removal and core salvage operations. Retaining means for terminations including terminal receiving receptacles or receptacles for a termination supporting member may also be provided and be formed from the formed in situ insulating material. Meanssuch as locating surfaces may be provided to have predetermined spatial relationships with the core and such surfaces later are positioned relative to reference surfaces in the another mold cavity.
The subject matter which I regard as my invention is set forth in the appended claims. The invention itself, however, together with further objects and advantages thereof may be better understood by referring to the following more detailed description taken on conjunction with the drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side elevation, with parts in section and I of the invention in another form;
FIG. 6 is a side elevation, with parts in section and parts broken away, to be used in the description of another embodiment of the invention.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now in more detail to the drawings, there is shown in FIG. 1 a dynamoelectric machine illustrated as a motor 10. The motor 10 includes a stator core 11 comprised of a stack of magnetic laminations l2, molded in situ insulating means indicated generally by the'numeral 13, a winding 14, cast iron shell 16, steel cover 17, a conventional rotor 18, oil well cover 19, and termination means not shown in FIG. I.
The motor 10, of course, includes other assembled components such as hearing means and a lubrication system, as will be understood by persons skilled in the art.
Turning now to FIGS. 2, 3, and 4, the core 11 includes a magnetic yoke section 21 with an outer peripheral surface 22 and also includes radially inwardly projecting tooth sections 23 for establishing salient polar regions or poles. The tips of sections 23 in turn define inner peripheral surfaces 24 that collectively define the bore 26 of the stator core. It should be specifically noted at this point that a salient pole stator core has been selected for purposes of exemplification only and that the invention may also be embodied in other types of apparatus, including distributed wound or nonsalient pole motors and generators or alternators. About each pole defining tooth section is wound a winding coil 27 having a plurality of side turn portions 28 and end turn portions 29 as will be understood. In addition, one or more shading coils 31 are provided for each pole.
Ground insulation, i.e., insulation between the magnetic core and winding coils is molded in situ on the core as shown at 32. The insulation 32 covers at least those portions of each tooth section adjacent to which side turn or end turn portions of the winding are to be disposed. This covering then electrically insulates the energizing coils from the laminated magnetic core.
Thus, ground insulation is provided for coils accommodated by winding accommodating regions of the core 11. More specifically, windings disposed in the winding accommodating slots 33 are separated by insulating material from the laminations of core 11.
As may be seen more clearly by reference to FIGS. 2 and 4, the molded in situ insulation or insulating means also includes a plurality of retaining means. Preferably, this includes termination and winding rataining means.
In a preferred form, the winding retaining means includes a plurality of tongues 34 that project substantially normally from each end face 36, 37 of the core 1]. There situated, the tongues serve to retain the energizing coils from undesired movement toward the inner peripheral surface of the core 11. This arrangement is of particular advantage while placing the winding turns on the core 11.
Also as best shown in FIGS. 2 and 4, winding retaining means may be arranged to retain the windings from movement toward the outer peripheral surfaces of the core 11 and, accordingly, cylindrical rims 38, 39 are provided to project substantially normally from each core end face 36, 37. The edges of rims 38, 39 are wavy with wave crests and with wave troughs disposed therebetween as illustrated. These rim portions retain the winding against movement and are of particularadvantage when the windings are subjected to a flowable blended molding composition in a molding process as described in more detail in Deuter application Ser. No. 180,770 and Deuter, et al, application Ser. No. 180,728 and as will be discussed hereinafter in more detail in conjunction with a description of FIG. 6.
Tongues 34 are each seen to be bifurcated by notches 41. Rims 38 likewise have notches 42 therein. Each of the illustrated notches is disposed adjacent the centerline of a winding coil. These notches facilitate core salvage by providing improved access of tools to the wind ing coils so that damaged windings may be cut and removed from a core. During salvage operations a wire cutting tool may be inserted through the notches into contact with each side of the coils simultaneously if desired. This would be done, for example, if a conventional test showed that the winding was damaged after or during placement on a core.
The retaining means of the preferred embodiment also includes termination retainers in the form of a pair of hollow projections or receptacles 43 which extend substantially normally from one of the core ends. One or more coil wires 44 having insulation stripped there from may be electrically connected with a terminal 46 to form a termination means, with the terminals then being placed and retained in the receptacles as best shown in FIG. 2.
Alternatively, the winding termination means may be in the form illustrated by FIG. 5 wherein such means are generally denoted by the reference numeral 47. The means 47 include an electrical interconnection between coil leads 48, 49 and lead wires 51, 52; a barrier 53 of thermo-responsive material such as General Mills Companys Versamid" material disposed to prevent the inadvertent removal of the termination means 47 from the core 54; and a barrier supporting member 56. The barrier supporting member in turn is disposed in receptacle means that are but shown as notches 57, 58 formed in two adjacent tongue shaped retaining members 61, 62 in FIGS. 2, 4 and 5.
I have also provided spaced apart surface areas, designated as areas 66 and 67 in FIGS. 2 and 4 and which are illustrated as the ends of locating spacers or tabs 68, 69 which are formed in situ with the insulating means. The surface areas 66, 67 are located preselected distances from the end face 36 of the core and are of particular advantage when an insulating covering is to be molded against all or part of at least the winding as will be described hereinafter.
The molded body of insulation is preferably formed in situ on the laminated magnetic portions of the stator core by following the teachings of Church application Ser. No. 99,049, so as to not increase the electrical losses of the core as a result of compressive stresses therein. This may be done by positioning stack l0 suitable molding apparatus. An unhardened polyamide resin at elevated temperature may then be introduced under pressure into the closed mold cavity. A particularly well suited and readily available nylon material for this purpose is Zytel 101 resin sold by the E. l. du Pont de Nemours and Co., Inc. This material is preferably moved into the mold at about 580F. under pressure of about 12,000 psi, again, all as taught in the incorporated by reference Church application.
With reference now to FIG. 6, l have there shown a portion of still another dynamoelectric machine that may be made by practicing the invention in an even more preferred form. ln the case of the dynamoelectric machine 80, an insulating covering is provided substantially entirely around the molded in situ insulating body 81, core 82 and winding 83. Although any one of a number of different processes may be used for forming this insulating covering, generally denoted by the reference numeral 84, more satisfactory results have been obtained by utilizing the approaches taught by Deuter, et al, in their application Ser. No. 180,728 and by utilizing materials for molding composition as taught in Deuter application Ser. No. 180,770. When those approaches are followed (all of the same being specifically incorporated by reference hereinabove), a dynamoelectric machine structure comprising an assembly of components results wherein the windings are substantially completely surrounded by insulating material, the insulating covering separating the windings from the environment of the dynamoelectric machine and the molded in situ insulating member separating the windings from the laminated core. For this exemplification 13% glass reinforced nylon insulating material is preferred but not required.
However, all of the advantages that may be obtained by following the teachings of the present invention may just as well be achieved even when an insulating protective covering is provided for only a part of some of the winding turns of the winding 83.
It will be understood that in the formation of the insulating covering 84, a stator core such as the core 82 having the insulating member 81 and windings 83 positioned thereon is placed in the cavity of a piece of pressure molding equipment which may be of the injection, transfer, or any other suitable pressure molding type.
When this is done, the locating surfaces 66, 67 may advantageously be utilized as bearing surfaces for the wound and insulated core component within the second mold cavity (the first mold cavity being the cavity in which the insulating material 81 is molded in situ on the core). Thereafter, a molding composition comprising a blended matrix forming mixture as described in more detail in the above mentioned Deuter application and a mass of particulate material such as sand are forced, under pressure, into the mold cavity and into intimate engagement with the windings 83, exposed portions of the core 82, and the insulating member 81. At this time, due to the relatively high pressures. veloci ties, and viscosity of molding composition being employed, the retaining means such as tongues 34 and rim 38 may be of great benefit in preventing undesired movement of the windings relative to the stator core. Moreover, by providing receptacle means in the insulating body, any pressure exerted against the termination means of a core having an insulating cover formed therearound does not bend or otherwise disturb a predetermined dimensional relationship between the winding termination means and the magnetic core within the mold cavity.
Although I have described above and illustrated herein two preferred exemplified dynamoelectric machines and portions thereof embodying the invention in -one form, it will be understood that the invention itself will have other applications. Moreover, it should be clear at this time that the advantages and features of the invention are numerous.
Accordingly, while in accordance with the Patent Statutes l have described what at present are considered to be the preferred embodiments of my invention. it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that numerous changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the invention.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is: v
l. A method of manufacturing a dynamoelectric machine comprising a laminated magnetic core with winding accommodating regions, a molded in situ insulation system, at least one winding accommodated on the laminated magnetic core, and a substantially solid and rigid interstitial mass of particulate material embedded in a matrix and covering at least part of the at least one.
winding, the method comprising the steps of: positioning astack of magnetic laminations in a first mold cavity; molding insulative material as ground insulation in situ on the core and molding locating surfaces of insulative material on the core while the core is in the first mold cavity so as to form locating surfaces having preselected spatial relationships relative to a predetermined portion of the core, removing the core and molded in situ insulative material from the first mold cavity; accommodating at least one winding on the core to form an insulated wound core assembly; relatively positioning the locating surfaces of insulative material and reference surface means within another mold cavity and molding a protective covering comprising an interstitial mass of particulate material and matrix forming material against at least a part of the at least one winding in the another mold cavity.
2. The method of claim 1 further comprising the steps of assembling a rotor and at least one bearing system with the wound magnetic core after completion of the step of molding a protective covering.