|Publication number||US3861134 A|
|Publication date||Jan 21, 1975|
|Filing date||Dec 15, 1972|
|Priority date||Dec 15, 1972|
|Publication number||US 3861134 A, US 3861134A, US-A-3861134, US3861134 A, US3861134A|
|Inventors||Chacon Manuel Frank, Wolters Frederick J|
|Original Assignee||Johnson Service Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (14), Classifications (12), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Chacon et a1.
[451 Jan. 21, 1975 Primary Examiner-Edith Simmons Jackmon Attorney, Agent, or FirmAndrus, Sceales, Starke & Sawall DECODER SELECT HANS OTHER PM  ABSTRACT A remote time clock unit is connected as a part of one remote station of several in a data communication system having a controller to generate message frames for reading and resetting of the clock. The clock unit is a digital type having individual day, hour, minute and second counters, with binary coded decimal paralleled input and outputs connected for direct transfer of the input setting to the outputs. The clock outputs, through the loop controller, actuate time operated loads at loop remotes in response to programs at the loop controller. The clock unit is connected to the system by a module address decoder and a command decoder to read the message frames and provide for setting of the day, hour and minute counters. The clock unit is read by message frames with a pair of succeeding frames reading the three BCD bits for the day while simultaneously reading the hour data and the minutes or seconds data. The system is automatically updated each minute or second by an interrupt signal device connected to the input of the minute and second counters. The interrupt device normally connects the minute selection to control updating, but is connected to the system for response to a message frame signal to select the second interrupt interval.
INTERRUPT DECODER HOUR COU NYER MINUTES SECONDS SYEERlNG GATES PAIENIEDJINZ OAD FRAME HANDLING I III III COMMAND DECODER ADDRESS DECODER INTERRUPT ENABLE 4 SELECT COUNTER SELECT ZJa POWER ON OFF SENSOR EADOUT I INTERRUPT SELE VOC.
] DAY WEEK COUNTER HOUR COUNTER MINUTES COUNTER SECONDS COUNTER MEANS OTHER PM AC POWER STAND BY C/MOS INTEGRATED CIRCUIT OSCILLATOR STEERING GATES DIVIDER )Z i i I REMOTE TIME CLOCK SYSTEM WITH STANDBY POWER MEANS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a remotely controlled time clock having standby power means and in particular to such a time clock forming a part of a remote control system.
In automated control systems, various functions are to be completed in accordance with a predetermined real time program. For example, in automated environmental'control systems a real time clock may be employed to provide automatic activation of certain equipment, read-outs, and displays with respect to the system at a particular time of day on a particular day within any given week. In local systems, the time clock is readily hard-wired directly into the processing and control unit. The clock is manually resettable and directly driven from a power supply system forming a part of a total public utility power system. Standby power operations are normally provided through a battery controlled system or the like. However, the basic clock system is normally constructed without specific consideration of the power drawn and the battery supplies will only control it for a relatively short period of time.
Further, the timing signals are normally obtained from a suitable crystal oscillator which inherently may result in an accumulated error which limits the applicability of the clock in primary-secondary related time systems.
- In controlsystems having remotely located activated devices, the real time clock at the remote station should be reliably driven from a standby supply and the system should provide for remote checking and updating of the clock to .insure proper time operation of the various pieces of hardware and coupling means in accordance with a predetermined time programming pattern.
Thus, the copending application Ser. No. 315,567 of Buchanan et al. entitled DATA COMMUNICATION SYSTEM EMPLOYING A SERIES LOOP, which was filed on the same day as this application and which is assigned to the same assignee, disclosed a loop control system employing actuated control stations and a plurality of remote stations. A serial data loop connects the stations by loop communication therebetween to permit the central station to not only control the hardware at the remote stations but to receive information regarding the functioning of such hardware. Digitally SUMMARY OF INVENTION The present invention is particularly directed to a remote time clock means which can be coupled into a communication or processing system such as in the Buchanan et al application without being directly wired thereto and which permits the automatic remote resetting and readout.
Generally in accordance with the present invention, the time clock means which is preferably a digital type which includes separate time units or elements for recording the several divisions of time; for example, the day, the hour, the minute and the second of real time. The clock elements .are connected to to form an interrelated time unit connected to a processing point module having a common coded address for remote communication to a central controller station or means. The module is provided with a unique interlock means including a command decoding means responsive to a command section of a message frame permitting selec' tive transfer of information to set the clock means and also to read the clock means for control station verification and the like. The several time elements of a digital clock are preferably provided with paralleled preset input and paralleled outputs which are in binary coded decimals (BCD) and which are directly transferable from the inputs to outputs. With the appropriate strobing signals received from the message frames and the like, the information is transferred through the counters to their outputs without the rapid pulse and compare technique normally encountered in many systems. Consequently, there is no need to terminate the clock operation for other than a relatively brief period during which the information is strobed through the clock and into the clocks counters or the like. The paralleled circuitry also minimizes the required interconnecting circuitry.
The novel apparatus also preferably includes a seconds interrupt and a minutes interrupt to provide for updating the system at selected intervals. The information is fed into the clock from successive frame elements by individual introduction of the time information for the several time units.
In accordance with one aspect of this invention, only the unit of time set is the minutes counter. The information is read out of the time clock by reading of all of the several time units or counters.
The command section or byte of a first message frame is employed to initiate the setting of information from the data byte into the properly addressed time clock module, with the day set by the initiatingframe and with subsequent write frames providing for the writing of the minutes and the hours into the clock. The data byte also includes information as to whether a minute or second interrupt updating is to be established. The command decoding means further provides for the reading of the day, hour, minutes and seconds by three successive frames, with the first frame receiving the first digit of the day information and the seven hour bits, the second frame providing for final introduction of the last two day bits required for the day address and the reading for the minutes or seconds information. The final frame receives the seconds or min utes, depending upon the decoding of its command section or byte. A readout can be taken in any sequence or order.
The time clock may derive power principally from line power. An auxiliary novel standby power system with minimum power consumption, particularly in standby conditions, is preferably provided for maintaining operation in response to a main power failure.
The real time clock is, in accordance with a particularly novel construction, a solid state counter having the input connected to be driven from a suitable alternating current power supply, such as a conventional 60 Hz or 50 Hz public utility system. A line-powered synchronization circuit includes a triggered circuit means which maintains a continuous source of clock pulses for normal operation which are connected directly to the seconds or lowest-reading unit of the clock through a suitable dividing network to generate the appropriate clock signal for the counter. The circuit preferably includes a rectifier and voltage limiter connecting a power line transformer to drive a suitable one-shot type circuit, the output of which is connected to generate the clock signal. An auxiliary battery-operated power supply and oscillator is provided for replacing of the line-powered synchronizing circuit. The standby power system preferably includes a battery drive having a charging circuit connected to the incoming line circuit to provide continuous charging during normal operation. The output of the standby oscillator is coupled to a steering or switching network to provide an alternate source of clock signals to the dividing network. The switching network may advantageously employ solid state gates. The normal synchronizing pulses are also connected through a timing means such as a retriggerable one-shot to control the gates after a selected time period. The second timing device remains active for a relatively long period when compared with that of the first device. Thus, as long as the first trigger means continuously generates the necessary clock signals, the second timing means will be held in the normal standby position. If power fails, the first timing means will not generate the required timing signals. The second timing means, which has a longer time period, however, will sense the power failure and generate a logic signal to the steering gates and automatically actuate the gates to connect the clock circuit to the standby oscillator. The system will thus respond with the auxiliary circuit replacing the normal clock synchronizing pulses in such that no more than two timing pulses will be missed by the clock in response to such power failure.
The time clock and particularly the standby circuitry is designed'to use the integrated circuitry such as that conventionally identified as C/MOS or COS-MOS type to reduce the power consumption, particularly in the standby operating mode. The standby oscillator is selected to operate continuously, but the output or loading thereof is only in response to main power failure. Thus, the load requirements on the system are minimized and the total design of the system minimizes the power requirements.
The present invention thus provides an improved digital type clock which is particularly adapted for remote control systems such as the serial data loop control andmonitoring system previously discussed wherein all communication is through a common communication cable which minimizes the wiring of the system while maintaining a highly flexible and rapidly responding clock unit. Further, the clock can be built as an integrated circuit module for direct addition to any properly terminated'communication network.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWING The drawing furnished herewith illustrated a preferred construction of the present invention in which the above advantages and features are clearly disclosed as well as others which will be readily understood from the subsequent description of such illustrated embodi ment.
The drawing furnished herewith is a diagrammatic illustration of a real time clock constructed in accordance with the present invention and interconnected into a loop communication system for remote control.
DESCRIPTION OF ILLUSTRATED EMBODIMENT Referring to the drawing and particularly to FIG. 1, the present invention is shown applied to a data communication loop system employing a central loop controller l serially coupled by a loop communication cable 2 to a plurality of remote stations 3, generally as more fully disclosed in the previously referred to Buchanan et al. application. The central controller 1 generates a series of message frames 4, each of which includes a plurality of digital logic .bits. The message frames 4 are circulated in serial fashion throughout the loop to establish communication with the several remote stations 3 in a selected manner. Each of the re mote stations 3 controls various load means for producing various controlling and monitoring functions. Thus, a heating, ventillating and air-conditioning system for a building or complex of buildings may include various contact and drive means for controlling the operating means as well as sensing devices for monitoring the conditions and system operation. Some ,of the load means may be operated at a predetermined time duringthe week and day under control of a time program at the loop controller. The several remote stations 3 are each arranged to control and monitor selected operating groups, which are further divided at each station into related functional groups. The functional groups are defined as point modules 5 which are selectively activated by the message frame, as more fully, disclosed in the Buchanan et alapplication. The present invention is particularly related to the reading and setting of a real time clock unit 6 which is interconnected at a point module 5 at a remote station 3 for automatic activation of time program functions, operator display and the like. The time clock unit 6, by means of its time point module 5, converses with the loop controller 1 to actuate load means 7 at selected time vat the various loop remotes 3. In a remote time clock system, the clock unit 6 should be periodically checked by readout of the setting and reset to update the .setting and ensure continued proper programming of the load means.
The remote station 3, which includes a time clock unit 6 and its assorted time point modules, is shown in detail for purposes of clearly describing the embodiment of the present invention. All remote stations 3 may include time actuated loads 7, and the same time clock may be employed for load control in several loops.
The last remote station 3 connected to receive the frame 4 and return it to the loop controller 1 is shown and includes a frame logic handling means 8 which is connected via a common bus 9 to point modules 5 for selectively activating one of the modules for receiving and processing the particular message frame 4. Each point module 5 is generally constructed with an address decoder 10 which produces a point enable signal at its output line 11 and a command decoder 12. The decoders l0 and 12 are connected to bus 9, as shown, to receive binary coded logic messages.
I The, the central controller 1 generates the message frames 4 in the time spaced sequence. The frames 4 are divided into a plurality of coded bytes each having multiple bits as disclosed in the Buchanan et al, application and particularly including a station address byte, a point module address byte as well as command and status check bytes and a final function or data byte. The frame handling means 8 will detect the initial byte of the message frame 4 and, if appropriate, couples the message frame to the appropriate point modules 10 12, for processing of each bit of the message. The associated point module hardware is activated in accordance with the multiple bit instructions or command of the message frame 4, which is decoded by the command decoder 12. The'decoders l0 and 12 may be of any suitable construction. As applied to the system described, a satisfactory construction is shown in the copending application Ser. No. 315,447 of L. J. Strojny entitled REMOTE CODED DUAL STATE CON- TROLLER APPARATUS which was filled on the same day as this application and is assigned to the same assignee. and which is now U.S. Pat. No. 3,796,995.
Generally, the time point module 5, in the illustrated embodiment of this invention, includes a plurality of counters l3 16, defining the time clock 6, one counter for each of the time units employed. The clock counters 13 16 are interconnected through the time point module 5 to loop controller 1 to effect the desired control of the associated load means 7 in accordance with a preprogrammed programmer at the loop controller transferring the clock output to the load means over loop 2.
In the illustrated embodiment of the invention the time clock is shown including a day counter 13, an hour counter 14, a minute counter and a second counter 16. The clock is driven from a special pulse-generating unit 17 which is connected to the second counter 16,-
with counters 13- 16 interconnected in the usual decimal divider chain which transfers pulses automatically to establish the minutes, hour and day as a continuous real time record.
The individual counters are shown as directly presettable units having parallel preset inputs 18 which permit the selective updating of the clock time with the input signals directly appearing on the outputs 34 as a result of the direct preset construction. Both the input and the output are preferably coded in binary-codeddecimal form, hereinafter abbreviated BCD, and are in bit parallel form to permit the direct interfacing and readout.
The day counter 13 maintains the day based on recycling for each week. Thus, the day counter 13 must record decimal digits of from zero through six for the week. This requires a three-bit wide input 18 and a corresponding three-bit wide output 19 in order to indicate a given day in binary coded decimals. The hour counter 14, which counts through 24 hours, correspondingly must have a minimum of six-bit wide inputs and outputs, two bits of which are necessary to record the most significant position or number of zero through two. The minute and the second counters l5 and 16 similarly require seven binary bit wide inputs and outputs, four of which indicate the least significant position number of zero through nine and three of which are required for the most significant position of zero through six in decimal form.
The binary data information is read into and from a message frame 4 through the fourth data byte of the message frame which includes 8 data bits. As presently described, three frames 4 are required for each setting or complete reading of the time clock 6.
To set the clock, three message frames 4 are received in a selected sequence to set the day, hour and minutes, counters 13 15 and to set the seconds counter 16 to zero. I
The directly resettable counters l3 16 are selectively updated by such message frames 4 carrying the corresponding data in the final data byte. The transfer ofthe data from the message frame 4 to the appropriate counter 13 15 is controlled by a logic circuit 20 which is driven from the command decoder 12.
The command decoder 12 establishes five outputs, and includes an initiate line 21 and a write line 22 employed to control setting of the clock counters, via the logic circuit 20. Logic circuit 20 includes an enable select logic gate 23 having inputs connected to the bus 9, decoder enable line 11 and the initiate line 21, and a logic power on/off sense circuit 23a. 1f the coded information is, therefore, available and properly processed and if the logic power on/off sense circuit 23a, which functions to inhibit the possibility of setting the clock 6 during periods of power turn-on/turn-off of circuit 20, has determined that logic power is completely applied to circuit 20, then the gate 23 produces an output at line 24 which is connected to enable a select logic unit 25 which has a set day counter output line 26, a set hour counter output line 27, and a set minute counter output line 28. The logic unit 25 "is a sequencing or counting unit which responds to the signal at the initiate line 21 to set line 26 and step the unit to next activate line 28. The logic unit 25 is also connected to line 22 which is operable to activate line 28 and step the unit to next activate line 27. The three message frames 4 must, therefore, be received in proper sequence from loop controller 1 to properly set the clock unit 6.
A program format for the three message frames 4 in the assumed four byte message frame would be as follows:
1. Station address, module address, initiate code (1111), data byte D2 D2 D2 X X X X S day.
2. Station address, module address, write code (0010), data byte X 2 2 2 2 2 2, 2, minutes.
3. Station address, module address, write code (0010), data byte X X 2 2 2 2 2, hours in 24 hours form. Where numeric data is in BCD, X denotes unused bit, and S l selects the seconds interrupt.
The first message frame 4, as all message frames for the clock unit 6, must include the proper remote station address and the point module address. The first setting message frame 4 would also include an initiate command code which, for example, might be all logic ones applied to a command decoder 12 and establish an appropriate output at the initiate line 21 which with the point enable signal line would permit insertion of data information into the clock counter 13. The data byte of frame 4 will then, in the first three bit positions, include the day in binary-coded-decimal form. Thus, if it is the first day of the week, the three bit would be set in logic 000. The four next bits of the byte in this first frame are not employed, whereas the final bit in the binary unit is employed to preselect the minute or the seconds interrupt.
This latter bit is interconnected to an interrupt logic control 29 to control the read periods as hereinafter described.
The next message frame which will be transmitted by the loop controller upon return of the above frame and analyzed by the loop controller similarly includes the remote station and point module addresses followed by a write code command in the next byte. The data byte now includes the minute data information for introduction into the minute counter. As previously described,
' a seven bit wide input is required for the hours and likewise for the minutes. The first bit may, therefore, be a data blank, whereas the next seven bits are employed to encode the appropriate hour or minute, as the case may be. All initiate and write frames reset the seconds counter to zero. Thus, the initial active three bits after bit zero are encoded with the most significant number in binary-coded-decimal form and the last four data bits are encoded with respect to the information with respect to the least significant position to read up to 59 and at 60 changes to the hour. This frame message sets the hour and minute counters and is retransmitted in acknowledged form to the loop controller 1, verified and a third frame is then transmitted.
The third frame which is received includes the hours in 24 hour form, with the information carried by the last six data bits. i
The input order is followed completely through for each clock setting, to maintain days, minutes and hours in proper sequence. The same write command is employed and requires that the above order be established and completely followed through. After the third setting frame has been received and processed at the point module, the frame is returned as an acknowledged frame.
The outputs of the several counters l3 16 are peri-. odically read, and in the illustrated embodiments at eitherminute or second intervals.
The clock 6 is provided in the illustrated construction with means to selectively cause controller 1 to read the time at intervals of either minutes or seconds. The clock module has an interrupt or message frame request unit 30 which is coupled to the inputs of the counters 15. and 16 via the interrupt select logic gate 29. Thus, a minutes interrupt signal line 31 is connected between the minutes and seconds counters l5 and 16 and a seconds interrupt line 32 is similarly connected to the input of the seconds counter 16. The minute interrupt signal at either line 31 or 32 is coupled to the frame handling logic means 8 via the interrupt unit 30 to request an available frame, unless a previous setting message'frame has specifically included a seconds interrupt command in the final byte as noted above. The interrupt signal is thus continuously and periodically generated to maintain information transfer to controller 1. When an available frame is received, it is processed by the clock modules 5, properly filled and transmitted to the loop controller 1 to indicate the pending request for transfer of information to the controller 1. An'output reader multiplex unit 33 has input lines 34 connected to the output of the counters-l3 for coupling of the data to the bus 9 and thus for selective connection into a message frame 4, under the control of the output and command decoder 12.
The decoder 12 is operable to selectively activate three read lines 35, 36 and 37 which provide for sequentially filling of three frames 4 and particularly transferring of the clock output for processing by controller 1.
in order to read the output of all four counters l3 16 with only three message frames 4, the day bits are divided and carried by two sequential frames 4. A satisfactory format for the assumed 36 multiple bit message frame is:
1. Station address, module address, Read X code data D20 210 2 210 21 21 2 21 day bits and minutes data.
2. Station address, module address, Read Y code (1001), data byte D2 D2 2,, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, day bits and hour data.
3. Station address, module address, Read Z (1011),
data 2 0 210 210 21 2 2 2 Secondsln'accordance with a preferred format, the first message frame 4 includes a read command which enables the first read line 35. This line activates the day and minute counter section of readout '33 to transferday and hour data which includes the least significant binary bit for the day in the zero or first data byte and the total minute data in the subsequent seven data bits. The subsequent frame includes an hour read code such as 1001 which activates line 36 and the readout 33 couples the output of counters l3 and 14, with the data byte received in the first two bit positions the next two binary bit logic signals for completing the day information and the'final six bits including the total hour data. Finally, the third frame 4 which is similarly addressed is provided with a seconds read code such as 1011 which enables the third read line 37. The first or zero bit of the fourth message frame byte is not employed, and only the final seven bits are employed to receive and encode the total data setting of the seconds counter 16.
. In response to a reading either at second or the minute interval, the interrupt signal is operative to fill the available frame 4 with the point module address, the code for activating the first read line 35 and the minute data of the minute counter l5.The information is continuously inserted into sequential available frames 4 until the loop controller 1 generates a read command which activates read line 35. The read line 35 is thus also connected to clear the interrupt unit 30.
Thus, the digital clock provides a continuous timed I control of the load means 7. The second and minute interrupt signals are derived for automatic time updating into the system to thereby ensure accurate control of the load. Thus, if the controller 1 detects a need to update the clock, it automatically transmits the necessary preset message frames 4, as previously discussed.
With the binary-coded-decimal bit parallel transfer,
' the information is transferred through the counters 13 16 directly to their output without the rapid pulse and compare techniques which have been widely employed. This minimizes the down time of the clock operation. The coded system also minimizes the overall circuitry and associated wiring. This is important where a significant number of remote stations 3 are provided with timed loads requiring real time clock actuation with means to ensure the accurate timed actuation of the loads.
In many applications, it is extremely important that the clock operate properly and continuously to supply the necessary timed control information to the loads 7. Consequently," the clock units are normally provided with a main power system drive and an auxiliary selfpowered standby system drive. A particularly novel main drive 38 and auxiliary drive 39 is shown in the preferred embodiment and constitute a significant and novel feature of this invention.
Generally, a main drive system 38 includes a coupling circuit 40 connected to the incoming alternating current power supply 41 which will either be the conventional 60 or 50 Hz (Hertz) power. The coupling circuit 40 including a coupling transformer 42 interconnecting the AC line power 41 into the circuit. The voltage is reduced down to a suitable level for driving the clock circuitry, in particular to a 16 volt RMS level. A half-wave rectifying diode 43 in series with a limiting resistor 44 and a pull-down resistor 45 are connected across the transformer secondary. A regulating diode 46, such as a Zener diode, is connected across the pulldown resistor 45 to limit the voltage of the signal at the junction 47 of the resistors 44 and 45. this generates an input signal which is coupled to a suitable triggered timing circuit 48 shown as a one-shot integrated circuit, identified by the circuit number 74121. Each cycle of the line voltage generates a corresponding rectified pulse which fires the circuit 48. The output is a pulse signal, for example, of two milliseconds length, although the particular timing period is not critical. It is merely necessary that the circuit provide a suitable pulse signal for each input cycle of the power supply 41. The one-shot circuit 48 establishes opposite logic level signals at output line 49 and at line 50. The output pulse signal at line 50 defines a clock synchronizing pulse which is connected through a steering diode or gate network 52 to the proper pulse dividing network 53 to generate a pulse per second at the clock drive line 54 which is connected as the input side of the second counter 16.
Thus, if the line frequency is Hz, the circuit 53 will divide by 60 and provide the pulse per second. Similarly, if the line power is a 50 Hz signal, the divider circuit 53 will proportionately divide the input pulses by 50 to provide the desired pulse per second output.
The output counting pulses, which proceed through the minutes, the hour and the day counters in accordance with well-known functioning, with the counters 13 16 being driven to maintain the desired binarycoded-decimal encoded time information.
Thus, as long as the line voltage is available, the system is driven directly from the line supply 41. If the line voltage should fail, the clock unit 16 is driven from the self-powered standby drive 39. The illustrated embodiment of the standby drive includes a standby oscillator 55 of a frequency corresponding to the line frequency and connected as a standby input to the steering gates 52 for selective introduction or replacement of the conventional clock synchronizing signals to the divider 53. The oscillator 55 is connected to a battery 56 and operates continuously. A battery charge 57 is connected to charge battery 56 from the supply 41 and maintains the battery fully charged until a line failure occurs. The output of oscillator 55 is not transferred and employed unless the line power fails. The oscillator is an C/MOS integrated circuit which requires minimal power consumption during standby operation and permits relative long periods of use in the event of a power failure.
The failure is detected through a pulse detector and timing means 58 which is connected to line 49 of the one-shot circuit 48..The means 58 is shown as a retriggerable one-shot circuit also but it has a significantly longer time period than that of the first; for example, a 30 msec. period. The retriggerable one-shot detector 58 is shown as a 74123 unit with the output line 59 connected to the steering gate 52 to switch the connection from the conventional clock sync input line 50 to the output of the standby oscillator 55. Thus, the line 59 stays active for approximately 30 milliseconds after each synchronizing pulse and will be maintained active as long as the retriggering pulses from the first one-shot circuit 48 are received.
The output line 59 is, therefore,normally maintained at a logic 0 level and activates the gate 52 to connect the divider 53 to circuit 48. If, however, the normal clock synchronizm pulse signals are not received for a period in excess of thirty milliseconds, the resettable one-shot detector 58 will time out and generate a logic 1 signal at the output line 59. When the output goes to the logic l the gate 52 automatically switches to connect the auxiliary oscillator 58 of standby power supply 39 to the dividing network 53 to replace the original timing pulses with that from the auxiliary supply.
Thus, the detection and necessary switching are such that no more than two timing or clock pulses will ever be missed by the seconds counter 16.
By the use of integrated circuits for the oscillator and the like, the present invention provides an automatic auxiliary standby supply requiring minimum power consumption and further providing for automatic transfer with essentially minimal loss of timing.
The present invention thus provides a real time clock means which is readily adapted to a communication network providing for proper updating of the setting and monitoring of the clock setting with a minimum wiring complexity and the like. The novel clock system, thus, provides a very reliable and highly satisfactory real time source which can be employed at one remote point in a data communication loop serving several points and particularly in a primary-secondary time system.
Various modes of carrying out the invention are contemplated as being within the scope of the following claims, particularly pointing out and distinctly claiming the subject matter which is regarded as the invention.
1. A data communication apparatus having a data communication loop cable means connecting a loop controller means to a plurality of remote stations, at least one of said remote stations including a real time clock controlled load means, said controller means establishing message frames for communicating with the remote stations, the improvement comprising a real time clock control apparatus at said remote stations comprising an address decoding means having an input means for connection to said loop controller and operable to establish an enable signal, a command decoding means having an input means for connection to said address decoding means for establishing a plurality of outputs including a write command output and a read output, a real time clock means having a time set input means and a time readout means, said write command output being connected to actuate the set input means, said read output being connected to activate the read out means, and said enable signal being coupled to the clock means and said set input means and said readout" means being adapted for connection to said communication loopcable means in response to said enable signal for selectively receiving time information and for transmitting time information via said message frames.
2. The data communication apparatus of claim 1 wherein said time clock means includes a plurality of multiple bit digital coded counter stages for establishing the different time units, each of said message frames including a plurality of parallel information bits for directly setting a counter stage, said command decoding means including means to activate said counter stages in a predetermined sequence, and said command decoding means establishing a plurality of different read outputs connected to said counter stages and selectively connecting said stages to said cable means for simultaneously transmitting time information in'digital form from a plurality of said stages.
3. The data communication apparatus of claim 2 wherein said counter stages include a day-of-week stage, an hour stage, a minute stage and a second stage, said different read outputs being connected to selectively and simultaneously actuate said day-of-week stage with said hour stage and with said minute stage.
4. The data communication apparatus of claim 1 wherein said real ,time' clock means is a digital means having a day counter, an hour counter, a minute counter and a second counter connected in serial fashion to a seconds" pulse input means, each of said counters having a parallel set input means and parallel readout means, said command decoding establishing a plurality of write command outputs including an initiate output and first write output and another write output, a sequence means connected to said first write output and to said initiate output and to said other write output and connected to actuate the day counter to set the day time in response to a signal from the initiate output and the minute counter in response to the first write output and the hour counter in response to the other write output, said sequence means also being reset by said initiate output.
5. The data communication apparatus of claim 4 wherein said read outputs include a first output to activate a first day bit and minute counters, a second read output connected to activate the second and third day bits of the day counter and the hour counters, and the third read output being connected to activate the seconds counters.
6..The data communication apparatus of claim 4 wherein said sequence means is a counting means responsive to the initiate and write output to establish a signal at a first output line and responsive to successive signals at the write output to sequentially establish a signal at second and third output lines, said output lines being connected to said corresponding counters.
7. The data communication apparatus of claim 1 wherein the real time clock means is a digital means having a plurality of interconnected counters for track ing different units of time, and each of said counters directly setting the output means in accordance with the binary logic signals at the input means in response to the outputs of the command decoding means.
8. The data communication apparatus of claim 1 wherein said loop controller includes a programmer for establishing said message frames, said real time clock means includes interrupt signal means to establish periodic output interrupt signals corresponding to selected division of time, and interrupt means connected to said 6 clock means and to said cable means to establish a frame request for updating of the loop controller programer.
9. The data communication apparatus of claim 8 wherein said interrupt means establishes and includes means to respond atdifferent rates to said interrupt signals. I
10. The data communication apparatus of claim 8 wherein said interrupt signal means includes a minute interrupt line and a second interrupt'line, said interrupt means being a switch means selectively responsive to said interrupt lines, and said interrupt means being con-- nected to said cable means and responsive to a signal controlling the selection of the interrupt means.
11. The data communication apparatus of claim 1 wherein said loop controller includes a programmer for establishing said message frames, said real time clock means is a digital means having a day counter, an hour counter, a minute counter and a second counter connected in serial fashion to a second pulse input means, interrupt means including a minute interrupt line connected to the minute counter and a second interruptline connected to the second counter, said interrupt means selectively coupling the signal of said interrupt lines to a message request line, and. said interrupt means having said request line connected to said cable means and having means responsive to a message frame signal to control the connection of the interrupt lines to the cable means, said interrupt means thereby periodically being operatively coupled to the'cable means to request and obtain a message frame and thereby initiate the updating of the loop controller programer by successive message frames from the controller means.
12. The data communication apparatus of claim 11 wherein said interrupt means includes an interrupt latch connected to the cable means, and an interrupt select means having an input means connected to said interrupt lines and an output connected to the interrupt latch, said select means having a normal condition connecting one of said interrupt lines and disconnecting the other of said interrupt lines to the interrupt latch and responsive to said message frame signal to reverse the connection.
13. The data communication apparatus of claim 1 for connection to an A.C. power supply,
a clock pulse source including an A.C. supply coupling and synchronizing means for receiving corresponding alternating current power of a fixed frequency from said power supply and establishing a continuous series of time spaced related clock driving pulse signals of a repetition rate,
an auxiliary standby self-powered oscillator adapted to establish a corresponding series of pulse signals of a corresponding repetition rate,
a steering gate means having a first input connected to the output of the clock pulse source and a second input connected to said standby oscillator, said steering gate means being selectively operable to couple one of said two inputs to said clock means, and
a power failure detection means connected to the source and responsive to failure of the sourceto generate a selected number of pulse signals within a selected time period and automatically operating said gates to connect said standby oscillator as the input to said clock means.
14. The data communication apparatus of claim 13 wherein said auxiliary oscillator is battery driven, and having a rechargeable battery connected to drive said oscillator, and a battery charging circuit connected to said battery and having an input means for connection to said power supply.
15. The data communication apparatus of claim 13 wherein said supply coupling and synchronizing means includes a triggerable timing means and having a pulse output connected to the gate means, a half-wave rectifying means connected to said power supply and to the timing means to pulse said timing means, a retriggerable timing means connected to be driven from said triggerable timing means and having an output means connected to selectively actuate said steering gate means.
16. The apparatus of claim 15 wherein said triggerable timing means is a one-shot circuit'and having a clock synchronization pulse output and a control output, said retriggerable timing means is a second oneshot circuit connected to be driven from said control output of said first one-shot circuit and having a steering output means connected to actuate said steering gate means to connect the auxiliary oscillator to said clock means.
17. The apparatus of claim 15 wherein said gate means have a normal standby position connecting the auxiliary oscillator to the clock means, and responsive to the output of the second timing means to reverse said connection and connect the first timing means to the clock means.
18. In the data communication apparatus of claim 15 wherein said oscillator includes a C/MOS integrated circuit which is driven continuously to establish said pulses at said gate means.
19. The apparatus of claim 1 including logic circuit means for selectively transferring data to and from said real time clock means, a logic power supply means for said logic circuit means, and on-off power means for sensing the power supply means to inhibit the transfer of data during the turn-on of power and the turn-off of power.
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|U.S. Classification||368/48, 968/922, 368/28, 968/927, 368/52|
|International Classification||G04G7/00, G04G9/00, G04G7/02|
|Cooperative Classification||G04G9/0011, G04G7/02|
|European Classification||G04G9/00B2, G04G7/02|
|Mar 8, 1982||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: JOHNSON SERVICE COMPANY, CROWELL BLDG., 402 N. CAR
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:JOHNSON SERVICE COMPANY, A CORP. OF WI;REEL/FRAME:003959/0529
Effective date: 19820302