US 3861446 A
A method of manufacturing latch needles by dieforming the exterior shape and a V-shaped recess including latch seats in a needle blank between a complemental punch and die, and fastening a preformed latch within the recess. The latch may be preformed with a pair of pins and fastened within the recess by pressing the walls of the recess against the respective pin to form bearing seats in the walls. The method may include the step of slotting the bottom of the recess during the dieforming operation.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent 1191 1111 3,861,446
Zocher Jan. 21, 1975 METHOD FOR MAKING LATCH NEEDLES 246,090 8/1881  Inventor: Josef Zocher, Haaren, Aachen, Germany 3,022,65l 2/1962 Oberem .1 163/3  Assignee: The Singer Company, New York,
Primary ExaminerGranv1lle Y. Custer, Jr. Attorney, Agent, or FirmChester A. Williams, Jr.;  Fllgd: 1973 Marshall J. Brcen; Alan Rudcrman  Appl. No.: 410,949
Related US. Application Data  ABSTRACT  Division of Ser No 257 261 Ma 26 1972 A method of manufacturmg latch needles by dieformabandoned y ing the exterior shape and a V-shaped recess including latch seats in a needle blank between a complemental 52 US. Cl. 16 1 Punch and and fastemng a preformed latch wthm isli Int. Cl. ix z i iii?) the reeeee- The leteh may be Preformed with a Pair of  Field of Search. 163/3 5 Pins and fastened Within the reeess by Pressing the walls of the recess against the respective pin to form  References Cited bearing seats in the walls. The method may include the step of slotting the bottom of the recess during the UNITED STATES PATENTS diet-owning Operation 140,150 6/1873 Mayne 163/5 184,833 11/1876 Burns 163/3 4 Claims, 9 Drawlng Flgul'es METHOD FOR MAKING LATCH NEEDLES This is a division of application Ser. No. 257,261, filed May 26, 1972, now abandoned.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to latch needles and more particularly to a method of manufacturing the same, and to a novel latch needle.
Because the pivot portion of latch needles is subjected to a large amount of wear, a high degree of precision is required in the manufacturing of such needles. Conventional methods of manufacture utilize milling and grinding steps to precisely form the recess within which the latch is pivoted. Owing to the required precision the manufacture of needles of small gauge is extremely difficult because of the narrow recesses of such needles. This is particularly true where the recesses are less than 0.2 millimeters. The milling and grinding feed speeds for those narrow grooves is extremely low, and the manufacture of these precision milling cutters requires special know-how and therefore results in very high cost. Furthermore, because material is removed by these methods, the needles are weakened at the most critical section. Moreover, conventional techniques of pivotally securing the latch in the recess have been accomplished by boring a hole within the latch and pivotably mounting it on a rivet within the recess, or by inserting the latch within the recess and upsetting the side walls of the recess into the hole of the latch, as for example, the methods disclosed in US Pat. Nos. 1,961,429 and 1,991,140. Inasmuch as these conventional methods of assembling the latch within the recess require special tools and manufacturing techniques the manufacturing cost are correspondingly higher.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In order to reduce these difficulties and to reduce the cost of manufacturing latch needles, the present invention provides a method which eliminate the milling and grinding operations to thereby increase the production rate greatly. The method includes the step of dieforming the recess portion of the needle by means of a tool and die to form a recess having oblique side walls. A latch member which is stamped and punched to include a pair of pins or dimples may be inserted into the recess and the oblique walls can then be forced into engagement with a respective pin so as to form bearing surfaces therefore. The invention also provides a needle having the latch trunnions integral with the latch.and the bearing surfaces integral with the recess walls.
One object of this invention, therefore, is the provision of a method for manufacturing latch needles which is more economical, precise and rapid than the methods currently utilized.
Another object is the provision of a latch needle in which the latch trunnions are integral with the latch and the pivot bearing surfaces are integral with the recess walls.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS These and other features and objects of the invention will appear more fully from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. I is a perspective view of a portion of a needle blank upon which the method is to be carried out;
FIG. 2 is a cross sectional view illustrating the blank of FIG. 1 positioned in a forming die;
FIG. 3 illustrates the step of dieforming the blank to form the exterior surface of the needle and to form the latch recess;
FIG. 3a illustrates a modification of the step of FIG. 3 wherein the bottom of the needle blank recess is slotted simultaneously with the dieforming step;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a portion of a needle formed during the step of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a portion of a preformed strip of latch members prior to separation therefrom;
FIG. 6 illustrates the preferred step of fastening a latch member within the recess;
FIG. 7 is a cross sectional view taken through the recess of the new needle showing the mounting of the latch therein; and
FIG. 8 is an elevational view of the working portion of a completed knitting machine latch needle.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to the drawings, wherein like numerals designate similar parts, there is shown in FIG. I a portion of a metallic needle blank 10 upon which the operations hereinafter described are performed. The blank 10 is located within a forming die 12 having obliquely tapered interior walls 14 and 16 and a width and contour at the bottom cavity 18 thereof equal to the thickness and of the shape desired for the needle to be manufactured. A forming punch 20, having obliquely tapered exterior walls 22 and 24 and a substantially rectangular leading end 26, is pressed into the blank with a force sufficient to cause the metal of the blank to flow between the die and the punch and to fill the bottom cavity 18. The punch is also appropriately contoured at its longitudinal ends (not shown) so that this dieforming metal deforming operation results in the needle blank having a recess including latch seats conforming to the shape of the complemental die and punch. As shown in FIG. 4 the needle blank now includes a bottom surface 28 contoured to the shape of the bottom 18 of the die 12 and includes a recess having obliquely tapered walls 30 and 32 and latch seats 34 and 36. The bottom 38 of the recess is contoured by the leading end 26 of the punch and is of course of equal width thereto. Alternatively, a die 40 and punch 42 may be utilized for the process. The die 40 differs from the die 12 in that it includes a clearance 44 defined by the walls 46 and 48 at the lower portion of the die. The punch 42 differs from the punch 20 in that it includes an extended leading end portion 50 which registers with the clearance 44 beyond the bottom of the needle blank so that a slot 52 may be punched clear through the bottom of the needle recess. The purpose of this slot 52 is to prevent lint accumulation in the recess during for example the knitting operations of the latch needle, thereby to prevent jamming of the latch. conventionally, slotting the recess of the needle is accomplished with very fine size milling cutters with the disadvantages discussed above. Of course, the slot 52, rather than being punched simultaneously with the dieforming step, may be punched separately after the dieforming operation is performed with the apparatus of FIG. 3.
Latch members 54 may be preformed by stamping a continuous strip 55 of sheet or wire material. The
latches may be separated along score lines 56 and 58 prior to or after forming the cup portion 60 of the latch, and may be preformed with pins 62 and 64 adjacent one end thereof. The pins can be cylindrical, spherical or conical, and are shown in the drawings to be cylindrical with slightly rounded free end surfaces.
The latches and pins are thereafter hardened and the pin end of the latch is inserted within the recess of the needle. The needle includes a hook portion 66 which may be formed prior to or a subsequent to fastening the latch within the recess. The walls of a recess 30 and 32 are then transversely acted upon by a pair of oppositely directed pressing members 68 and 70 with a force sufficient to compress the harden pins of the latch against the relatively soft walls of the needle recess to form indentations 72 and 74 in the walls. These indentations act as bearing seats on which the latch pins 62 and 64 pivot. Alternatively, of course, the latch may be fastened within the recess by the prior art methods of upsetting the recess wall into a hole formed in the latch, or by use of a rivet.
The finished needle, as shown in FIG. 8, is similar in appearance and operation to needles manufactured by conventional methods. The only apparent visible difference would occur when the fastening of the latch in the recess is accomplished by the method of FIG. 6. A needle so made would have structural advantages over conventional needles since there is no removal of material from the components thereof.
Numerous alternations of the structure herein disclosed will suggest themselves to those skilled in the art. However, it is to be understood that the present disclosure relates to a preferred embodiment of the invention which is for purposes of illustration only and not to be construed as a limitation of the invention. All such modifications which do not depart from the spirit of the invention are intended to be included within the scope of the appended claims.
Having thus described the nature of the invention, what I claim herein is:
l. The method of manufacturing a latch needle comprising the steps of:
a. locating an elongated metallic needle blank in a die;
b. pressing a forming punch into said blank with a force sufficient to cause the metal to flow between the punch and the die to form the exterior surface of said needle and to form a longitudinal recess in the blank;
c. inserting a latch preformed with a pair of oppositely extending protuberances into the recess with each protuberance facing a longitudinal wall of said recess; and
d. fastening the latch in the recess by transversely pressing each of said walls inwardly against the respective protuberance to form a bearing surface in the walls for said latch.
2. In the method recited in claim 1 wherein said die and said punch each include portions having complementary oblique walls so that said recess includes oblique longitudinal walls, said fastening comprising pressing said oblique walls of said recess.
3. The method recited in claim 1 including the step of punching a slot through the bottom of said recess.
4. The method recited in claim 3 wherein said slot is punched simultaneously with the forming of said re-