|Publication number||US3861682 A|
|Publication date||Jan 21, 1975|
|Filing date||Oct 5, 1972|
|Priority date||Mar 6, 1972|
|Publication number||US 3861682 A, US 3861682A, US-A-3861682, US3861682 A, US3861682A|
|Original Assignee||Fujii Hirokazu|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (14), Referenced by (57), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 11 1 Flljii Jan. 21, 1975 [5 BASEBALL BAT 3,231,274 1/1966 Wanders 273/82 R 1791 1111991911 "11911911- l-chome, 3333331, 53823 33132111111111 11111:?573712 1 6 2 Fukushlma-kw Osaka, 3,703,290 11/1972 Wilson 273/72 A apan  Filed: Oct. 5, 1972 FOREIGN PATEhlTS OR APPLICATIONS 25,376 9/l952 Fmland 273/72 R  Appl. No.: 295,297 6,480 12/1909 Great Britain... 273/670 A 22,649 7/l948 Finland 273/72 R  Foreign Application Priority Data P E i h d J A l nmary xammer- 1c ar p ey Mar. 6, 1972 Japan 47-27313 Attorney Agent or Firm stewan and Kolasch, Ltd
 US. Cl 273/72 A  Int. Cl A63b 59/06  ABSTRACT  55 5 1 A metallic ball bat comprising a bat body made of a 82 l metallic tube material wherein a metallic sound arresting ring made of a rubber or plastic material is disposed inside the bat and advantageously in contact  References Cited with a light-weight, hard, plastic cap which is insepara- UNITED STATES PATENTS bly inserted on the head of bat body.
afgggg g Said bat body may also include a metallic repellent l:644:083 10/1927 Reachnunnli 1::273/72 A ux disposed Such as a 1,950,342 3,1934 Meshel I 273/72 A UX arresting member is provided on bOIlI SXdCS of said 2,023,131 12/1935 Gibson 273/808 repenam membef- This arrangement Increases the 2,775,456 12/1956 Schroeder e aim 27 2 R repellency of the bat portion for hitting a ball, and 3,037,771 6/1962 Gambino 273/82 R arrests the metallic' sound and resound which 3,048,400 8/1962 Friedman 273/82R otherwise would be created at the time of impact- 3,l38,380 6/l964 Satchell et al. 273/82 A b t th bat and ball, 3,228,687 l/l966 Bauer 273/82 R 9 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures BASEBALL BAT The present invention relates generally to an implement for hitting a ball in a baseball game, and more particularly to a baseball bat composed of a metallic cylindrical body having its head protected with a cap of a light-weighted hard synthetic resin, and its inner hollow portion below the cap filled with a resilient element for absorbing the reverberations and vibrations that take place in the hitting portion of the bat when the bat strikes a ball.
In recent years, an increasing number of metallic baseball bats have reached the market place and are being used in place of the conventional wooden bats. In order to produce such metallic baseball bats it is necessary to form a bat body in such a manner that the body can deaden the shrill metallic sound which is caused by the bat striking a ball. Such a metallic sound is unpleasant on the nerves of a batter who has long been quite familiar with that batting sound of conventional wooden bats which gives him an acoustic sense of stability.
Thus one of the greatest concerns of metallic baseball bat manufacturers has been focussed on the problems of deadening or mitigating the metallic sound and resound that always accompanies a metallic bat and providing said metallic bats with batting sound having an acoustic sense of stability.
As a consequence thereof, attempts have been made to solve this problem by providing a metallic baseball bat having its head portion protected with a cap 13b made of vulcanized rubber as is shown in FIG. 1 of the accompanying drawing. However, this cap-headed bat has the following three fatal defects: Firstly, due to repeated batting impacts produced in the hitting portion of the baseball bat at a baseball game and during practice, said cap 13b is eventually forced from the head of the bat by said repeated impacts. This is true even if the cap is adhesively secured on the head of the bat by means of a strong adhesive agent because the adhesive agent is not sufficient strong to resist such repeated impacts. Thus the cap 13b is resiliently deformed at each moment of impact and gradually separates from the inner peripheral wall of the metallic cylinder forming the head of the bat. Secondly, in the event that a batter fails to strike a ball, in a fit of chagrin he is likely to violently beat the head of the bat against the ground, the result being that the beatened head portion of the bat is irreversibly deformed since the rubber forming said cap is directly subjected to the impacts and deformed too extensively by each impact to maintain the configuration of the head portion of the bat. Finally, when protected with the above-mentioned rubber cap, the head of the metallic bat is unavoidably made too heavy so that the bat body is deprived of its balance, making it difficult for a batter to effectively swing the bat and hitting the ball in his easiest posture. This is because, in addition to being made very heavy in weight, said rubber cap must be large in size in order that it is not readily separated from the head of the bat at the moment of impact.
Accordingly, it is one of the main objects of the present invention to provide an improved type of metallic baseball bat quite free from the above-mentioned defects found in existing metallic bats.
It is another object of the present invention to provide an improved type of metallic baseball bat having a head portion protected with a cap made of a lightweighted, hard synthetic resin thereby preventing the deformation of the head portion which otherwise would take place at the moment of an impact given thereto.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a novel type of metallic baseball bat having a metallic cylinder interiorly provided with a metallic sound arresting member thereby including the bat to make a hitting sound most similar to that of the conventional wooden bat.
With these and other objects in view, which will become apparent in the following detailed description, the present invention will be clearly understood in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein,
FIG. 1 is a vertical section showing a prior art metallic baseball bat having a head portion protected with a rubber cap;
FIG. 2 is an elevation showing a first'embodiment of the present invention, with parts broken away,
FIG. 3 is likewise an elevation showing a second embodiment of the present invention, with parts broken FIG. 4 is an enlarged bottom plan view showing a cap made of a light-weighted, hard synthetic resin to be inserted on the top end of a metallic cylinder forming a metallic baseball bat in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a vertical section taken on the line V V of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged perspective view of a metallic sound and resound arresting ring member to be used in the embodiments of FIGS. 2 and 3; and
FIGS. 7 and 8 are enlarged perspective views respectively illustrating a modified ring member of FIG. 6.
Referring now to the accompanying drawing, and especially to FIG. 2, the baseball bat 10 of the present invention comprises a metallic cylinder 11 formed into the standard shape of a conventional bats by mechanically drawing a metallic pipe. The lower portion of said metallic cylinder 11 is coated with either rubber or a synthetic resin to form a grip portion 12 on the bat.
Preferably a rough surface (not shown in the drawing) is formed over said grip portion 12 said roughsurface serving as a non-skid grip which helps a batter swing the bat in an accurate manner.
It is also preferable that the lowermost portion of the grip portion 12 circumferentially extends beyond the grip 12 to form an annular edge 12a thereby preventing the batters hands from readily slipping off of the grip portion the by the force of the impact caused at the moment when the bat strikes the ball.
The uppermost end of the metallic cylinder 11, substantially forming an inner head portion of the bat body 10, is bent inward along the circumference thereof to form an inwardly curved annular edge 11a.
As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, there is prepared a cap 13 made of a light-weighted, hard synthetic resin and provided with an annular groove 14 having substantially the same shape as said edge so as to fittingly receive the latter edge.
In order to mount said cap 13 onto the head portion of the bat body 10, said edge 110 formed in the uppermost end of the metallic cylinder 11 is first so disposed as to face in exactly opposed relationship to said annular groove 14 of the cap 13 and then forcibly pressed in the axial direction thereof to firmly inserted said cap into said annular groove 14. I I
Accordingly as a result of this pressing operation, said edge 11a is forced into the groove 14 of the cap 13 groove 14 which bends said edge slightly downward, thus resulting in said cap 13 and the metallic cylinder 11 being firmly engaged with one another and preventing the cap 13 from being separated from the bat body even by the force of the bat striking a ball.
Incidentally, in order that the externally exposedperipheral wall 15 of the cap 13, as shown in FIG. 5, can be aligned with the outer peripheral wall of the metallic cylinder 11, it is necessary that the outer diameter of the wall 15 is exactly the same as that of the metallic cylinder portion 11 adjacent thereto.
In this case, it is also preferable that the lowermost brim portion 16 of the cap 13 which is exposed to the inside hollow portion of the metallic cylinder 11, (see FIG. 5) is formed so as to have the substantially same outer diameter as the inner diameter of the metallic cylinder portion 11 whereby the cap 13 can be tightly sealed to the inner periphery of the metallic cylinder 1 1.
Prior to mounting the cap 13 onto the uppermost end of the metallic cylinder 11, a metallic sound arresting ring member 17 (see FIG. 6) is rigidly fixed to the inner periphery of the metallic cylinder 11, said ring member 17 being made, for example, of rubber or any suitable plastic material such as that employed in a pick-up device for stereophonic record players for deadening any small exterior vibrations which otherwise would be directly transmitted to a needle on a rotating disc resulting in a grating noise.
It has been experimentally proved that when sealingly fixed to the inner peripheral wall of the metallic cylinder 11 and positioned just below and contiguous with the cap 13, said ring member 17 functions to arrest the high-piched metallic sound that otherwise would accompany each contact of the bat with the ball.
However, advantageous results can also be obtained if saidring member 17 is located in the metallic cylinder 11 a little deeper axially than the preceding emrial is formed into a ring or an axially short cylinder.
having considerable wall thickness since it has been empirically confirmed that such thickness is effective in arresting any metallic sound while at the same time is sufficiently light-weighted so as to not adversely affect the overall weight or balance of the bat.
Furthermore, in place of the ring member 17 shown in FIG. 6, a similar metallic sound arresting efiect can also be obtained by applying to said batting portion a modified ring member 18 shown as having a base 18a in FIG. 7 or still a further modified ring member 19 having partitioned cross walls 1% as shown in FIG. 9. It will be readily understood that these modified ring members may also be further changed into any number of other designs.
In FIG. 3 is illustrated a second embodiment carried out in accordance with the present invention in which a metallic cylindrical repelling insertion member 20 is provided in the inner periphery of the metallic cylinder portion 11 corresponding to the batting portion of bat 10 where a batter usually strikes a ball. This takes advantage of the most resilient portion of the bat 10.
For said metallic cylindrical repelling insertion member 20 there is employable for example one of the varied type insertion members to 16f disclosed in my US. Pat. application Ser. No. 237,390 filed on Mar. 23,
1972, although said member 20 is not itself the purpose of the present invention.- However, in the event that said member 20 is mounted in the inside of the metallic cylinder 11, it is necessary to provide a pair of metallic sound arresting members l7, 17 at the upper and lower ends of said member 20 and in contacted relationship therewith.
In the situation where said pair of metallic sound arresting members 17, 17 are provided at both ends of the member 20 in the above-mentioned manner, it is not always necessary to mount another similar metallic sound arresting member in contact with the lowest end of cap 13 in addition to said pair.
It will be understood that the present invention is not to be limited to the exact construction shown and described, but that various changes and modifications may be invisioned without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
I claim: I
l. A substantially hollow metallic ball bat comprising a generally cylindrical barrel portion and a generally cylindrical handle portion, said barrel portion being larger in diameter than said handle portion said barrel portion terminating in an open end, a cap element inseparably mounted on and extending into said open end two, spaced apart metallic-sound arresting ring members centrally disposed in the barrel portion of the ball bat and a metallic cylindrical repelling member disposed between said sound arresting ring members, said repelling member being contiguous with said ring members and the inner periphery of the barrel portion of the bat.
2. The ball bat of claim 1, wherein the metallic-sound arresting ring member is rigidly fixed to the inner periphery of the barrel portion.
3. The ball bat of claim 2, wherein one of said ring members is contiguous with the cap element.
4. The ball bat of claim 1, wherein the metallic-sound arresting ring member is made of a plastic material.
5. The ball bat of claim 1, wherein the metallic-sound arresting ring member is made of rubber.
6. The ball hat of claim 1, wherein the metallic-sound arresting ring member is an axially short cylinder having a substantial wall thickness.
7. The ball bat of claim 6, wherein the axially short cylinder is further provided with cross walls which interconnect the cylinder walls like the spokes of a wheel.
8. The ball bat of claim 6, wherein the axially short cylinder is further provided with a base which extends across the barrel portion.
9. The ball bat of claim 1, wherein the upper edge of said open end has radially inwardly extending walls and said cap element is provided with an annular inwardly extending groove, said groove receiving said walls to form a wedgewise interlocking relationship between the bat and the cap element, the outer diameter of said cap element being substantially the same as the outer diameter of said barrel portion of the bat.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1520107 *||Jun 5, 1922||Dec 23, 1924||Brunswick Balke Collender Co||Bowling pin|
|US1611858 *||Dec 31, 1923||Dec 21, 1926||Union Hardware Company||Baseball bat|
|US1644083 *||Jul 27, 1927||Oct 4, 1927||Spalding & Bros Ag||Golf-club shaft|
|US1950342 *||Mar 3, 1931||Mar 6, 1934||Meshel Irving H||Shaft for golf clubs|
|US2023131 *||Aug 21, 1933||Dec 3, 1935||James Gibson Robert||Steel shaft for golf clubs|
|US2775456 *||Dec 29, 1954||Dec 25, 1956||Schroeder Jr Kenneth K||Bowling pin|
|US3037771 *||Apr 27, 1959||Jun 5, 1962||Evelyn M Gambino||Plastic bowling pins|
|US3048400 *||Dec 6, 1957||Aug 7, 1962||Pacific Molded Pulley Company||Bowling pin|
|US3138380 *||Nov 20, 1959||Jun 23, 1964||Brunswick Corp||Bowling pin|
|US3228687 *||Feb 26, 1963||Jan 11, 1966||Nat Lead Co||Bowling pin with hollow metal core comprising a plurality of sections|
|US3231274 *||Nov 23, 1962||Jan 25, 1966||Hans H Wanders||Multi-part plastic bowling pin|
|US3334901 *||Feb 16, 1965||Aug 8, 1967||Le Fiell Mfg Company||Billiard cue with vibration dampening plug|
|US3479030 *||Jan 26, 1967||Nov 18, 1969||Merola Anthony||Hollow,metal ball bat|
|US3703290 *||Mar 8, 1971||Nov 21, 1972||Aluminum Co Of America||Ball bat construction|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5094453 *||Jul 25, 1990||Mar 10, 1992||Douglas Preston L||Ball bat with inward off-set center of gravity|
|US5415398 *||Jun 10, 1994||May 16, 1995||Eggiman; Michael D.||Softball bat|
|US5421572 *||Jul 30, 1993||Jun 6, 1995||Mackay, Jr.; Jack W.||Full barrel aluminum baseball bat and end cap|
|US5494280 *||Dec 14, 1994||Feb 27, 1996||Mackay, Jr.; Jack W.||Concave end cap with cone load for bats|
|US5785617 *||Mar 3, 1997||Jul 28, 1998||Hillerich & Bradsby Co.||Full barrel ball bat with end cap|
|US5899823 *||Aug 27, 1997||May 4, 1999||Demarini Sports, Inc.||Ball bat with insert|
|US5904622 *||Sep 12, 1997||May 18, 1999||Dana Corporation||Driveshaft assembly with vented noise reduction structure|
|US5904803 *||Jun 3, 1996||May 18, 1999||Hillerich & Bradsby Co.||Apparatus for making a mold by heat shrinking|
|US5931750 *||Mar 3, 1997||Aug 3, 1999||Hillerich & Bradsby Co.||Full barrel ball bat with end cap|
|US5954602 *||Oct 2, 1998||Sep 21, 1999||Demarini Sports, Inc.||Bat end plug and method for making the same|
|US5964673 *||Jan 27, 1997||Oct 12, 1999||Hellerich & Brasby Co.||Hollow metal bat with stiffened transition zone and method of making same|
|US6042493 *||May 14, 1998||Mar 28, 2000||Jas. D. Easton, Inc.||Tubular metal bat internally reinforced with fiber and metallic composite|
|US6053828 *||Oct 28, 1997||Apr 25, 2000||Worth, Inc.||Softball bat with exterior shell|
|US6077178 *||Dec 15, 1997||Jun 20, 2000||Brandt; Richard A.||Striking implement|
|US6139451 *||Apr 5, 1999||Oct 31, 2000||Hillerich & Bradsby Co.||Reinforced wood bat|
|US6159116 *||Feb 29, 2000||Dec 12, 2000||Pitsenberger; Dan S.||Softball bat with exterior shell|
|US6176795 *||Aug 9, 1999||Jan 23, 2001||Kevin A. Schullstrom||Aluminum bat with improved core insert|
|US6234911||Sep 12, 1997||May 22, 2001||Spicer Driveshaft, Inc.||Driveshaft assembly having a noise reduction structure|
|US6254502 *||Jul 11, 1996||Jul 3, 2001||Sport Fun, Inc.||Weighting system for sports balls and hitting implements|
|US6287222||May 15, 2000||Sep 11, 2001||Worth, Inc.||Metal bat with exterior shell|
|US6302813||Oct 1, 1998||Oct 16, 2001||Mark J. Sturgeon||Noise making novelty baseball bat|
|US6398675||Jul 3, 2000||Jun 4, 2002||Wilson Sporting Goods Co.||Bat with elastomeric interface|
|US6425836||Dec 15, 1999||Jul 30, 2002||Mizuno Corporation||Baseball or softball bat|
|US6482114||Jul 3, 2000||Nov 19, 2002||Wilson Sporting Goods Co.||Bat and method of manufacturing|
|US6729983||Apr 27, 2000||May 4, 2004||Worth, Inc.||Tubular sports implement with internal structural bridge|
|US6808464 *||Nov 22, 2000||Oct 26, 2004||Thu Van Nguyen||Reinforced-layer metal composite bat|
|US6863628||Mar 20, 2000||Mar 8, 2005||Richard A. Brandt||Vibration damping striking implement|
|US7175552||Jul 20, 2004||Feb 13, 2007||Wilson Sporting Goods Co.||Ball bat formed of carburized steel|
|US7229370||Mar 4, 2005||Jun 12, 2007||Rawlings Sporting Goods Company, Inc.||Filament wound bat and winding and molding method therefore|
|US7850554||Dec 3, 2008||Dec 14, 2010||Hillerich & Bradsby Co.||Apparatus for deterring modification of sports equipment|
|US7867114 *||Apr 26, 2007||Jan 11, 2011||Ce Composites Baseball Inc.||Multi-walled tubular baseball bats with barrel inserts of variable geometry|
|US8062154 *||Nov 22, 2011||Hillerich & Bradsby||Apparatus for deterring modification of sports equipment|
|US8298102 *||Dec 23, 2008||Oct 30, 2012||Easton Sports, Inc.||Ball bat with governed performance|
|US8435143||Sep 17, 2010||May 7, 2013||Wilson Sporting Goods Co.||Ball bat having performance adjusting annular member|
|US8449412||May 28, 2013||Wilson Sporting Goods Co.||Ball bat having performance adjusting annular member|
|US8480519 *||Oct 15, 2012||Jul 9, 2013||Easton Sports, Inc.||Ball bat with governed performance|
|US8512174||Dec 29, 2010||Aug 20, 2013||Wilson Sporting Goods Co.||Ball bat including a barrel portion having separate proximal and distal members|
|US8512175||Dec 29, 2010||Aug 20, 2013||Wilson Sporting Goods Co.||Ball bat including a barrel portion having separate proximal and distal members|
|US8715118||Dec 29, 2010||May 6, 2014||Wilson Sporting Goods Co.||Ball bat including a barrel portion having separate proximal and distal members|
|US8727917 *||Apr 22, 2013||May 20, 2014||Wilson Sporting Goods Co.||Ball bat having performance adjusting annular member|
|US8795108 *||Jun 13, 2013||Aug 5, 2014||Easton Baseball/Softball Inc.||Ball bat with governed performance|
|US8864608 *||Feb 13, 2012||Oct 21, 2014||HeavySwing, LLC.||Unbalanced weighted apparatus with a heavy end and a light end|
|US8979682||Dec 21, 2011||Mar 17, 2015||Easton Baseball/Softball Inc.||Ball bat including a reinforced, low-durability region for deterring barrel alteration|
|US9067109||Sep 5, 2013||Jun 30, 2015||Wilson Sporting Goods Co.||Ball bat with optimized barrel wall spacing and improved end cap|
|US9149697||Sep 5, 2013||Oct 6, 2015||Wilson Sporting Goods Co.||Ball bat with optimized barrel wall spacing and improved end cap|
|US20040053716 *||Sep 13, 2002||Mar 18, 2004||Happy Wu||Bat structure|
|US20050148404 *||Jan 10, 2003||Jul 7, 2005||Georg Ignatius||Percussion instrument for games with a percussively or impact-moved play body|
|US20060019779 *||Jul 20, 2004||Jan 26, 2006||Wilson Sporting Goods Co.||Ball bat formed of carburized steel|
|US20070254752 *||Apr 26, 2007||Nov 1, 2007||Sutherland Terrance W||Multi-walled tubular baseball bats with barrel inserts of variable geometry|
|US20090143176 *||Dec 3, 2008||Jun 4, 2009||Hillerich & Bradsby Co.||Apparatus for deterring modification of sports equipment|
|US20120214622 *||Feb 13, 2012||Aug 23, 2012||HeavySwing, LLC.||Unbalanced weighted apparatus with a heavy end and a light end|
|US20130274039 *||Jun 13, 2013||Oct 17, 2013||Easton Sports, Inc.||Ball bat with governed performance|
|US20140342856 *||Aug 1, 2014||Nov 20, 2014||Easton Baseball / Softball Inc.||Ball bat with governed performance|
|US20150157908 *||Dec 9, 2013||Jun 11, 2015||Thu Van Nguyen||Double wall bat and process for manufacturing same|
|US20150157909 *||Dec 9, 2013||Jun 11, 2015||Thu Van Nguyen||Vibration damper end knob for baseball and softball bats|
|WO1999058208A1 *||May 7, 1999||Nov 18, 1999||Easton James D Inc||Tubular metal bat internally reinforced with fiber and metallic composite|
|WO2002002197A1 *||Jul 2, 2001||Jan 10, 2002||Wilson Sporting Goods Co.||Bat and method of manufacturing|
|U.S. Classification||473/520, 473/566|
|International Classification||A63B59/06, A63B59/00|