|Publication number||US3861770 A|
|Publication date||Jan 21, 1975|
|Filing date||Feb 8, 1973|
|Priority date||Feb 8, 1973|
|Also published as||CA1008525A, CA1008525A1|
|Publication number||US 3861770 A, US 3861770A, US-A-3861770, US3861770 A, US3861770A|
|Inventors||Horak Martin S|
|Original Assignee||Gamco Ind Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (20), Classifications (7), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [1 1 Horak l LOCK ASSEMBLY AND TOOL 75] Inventor: Martin S. Horak, Morganville, NJ.
3] Assignee: Gamco Industries, Inc, Roselle, NJ.
22] Filed: Feb. 8, 1973 21 Appl. No.: 330,697
 US. Cl. 339/37, 339/85, 81/53 R, 81/90 R, 81/90 C  Int. Cl H0lr 13/54  Field of Search 81/90 R, 90 C, 53 R, 125; 339/36, 39, 38, 85, 147
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,676,506 4/1954 Schultz 81/125 X 3,351,111 11/1967 Biddle ..81/l25X 3,519,979 7/1970 Bodenstein 339/85 3,573,702 4/1971 OKeefe 339/37 X Primary ExaminerRoy D, Frazier Assistant Examiner-Terrell P. Lewis Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Brumbaugh, Graves, Donohue & Raymond [5 7] ABSTRACT The lock assembly comprises a hollow cylinder closed Jan. 21, 1975 at one end and open at the other end and a hollow cylindrical insert member which is inserted therein, and internally threaded. The cylinder and insert member are freely rotatable with respect to each other about their common axis. The rim of the insert member is formed with at least one torque transmitting means, such as a slot, which is designated to engage a cooperating torque applying means, such as a lug, on the tool. The tool comprises a hollow, cylindrical base portion machined to accommodate a spring-biased plunger which is slideably received within a hollow, half-cylindrical portion which projects from the base and which ends in a turned-in semicircular flange, circumferential extremities of which are formed at the radially-inner edge with at least one lug to engage the slot on the rim of the insert member of the locking assembly. By means of the tool, the lock assembly can easily be threaded onto or unthreaded from any suitably threaded thing to be capped or uncapped, such as a coaxial cable plug outlet of the type used in the cable television industry. However, without the tool, the lock assembly, when installed, cannot be removed. since the freely-rotating cylinder surrounding the insert member makes the latter inaccessible to ordinary tools.
12 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures LOCK ASSEMBLY AND TOOL BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention relates to a lock assembly and tool and, more particularly, to a novel and highly-effective lock assembly and tool for locking coaxial cable plug outlets of the type used in the cable television industry.
The unparalleled public acceptance of cable television service in major metropolitan areas where the quality of reception is often poor, as well as in those areas of the country wherein the topography and other factors combine to produce poor television reception, has made a major industry of cable television. Not only are the subscribers to the cable services benefited by a quality television picture, unrivaled by conventional signal-receiving means, but also the subscribers are able to enjoy an ever-expanding variety of entertainment exclusively transmitted over the special cable channels.
With the tremendous growth which the cable television industry has experienced, problems have been encountered. The particular problem at which the present invention is aimed is theft of the cable services as well as abortive, attempted theft of the services, the latter generally resulting in costly damage to the cable equipment.
The relative success of those who wish to obtain the benefits of the cable service without paying has been facilitated by the fact that locking devices heretofore utilized in the industry selectively to terminate service have made visible to all who are interested the means by which the lock is operated. While many intricate tools have been developed to actuate each of various known locking devices, equally functional, home-made means are capable of being fashioned and are fashioned by the petty thief, thereby frustrating the controlled dissemination of the cable service. Unfortunately, in the case of those whose ingenuity fails them, the attempt to circumvent the lock often results in the damage of expensive cable equipment.
While theft and the abortive attempted theft of cable television services have been and continue to be the major disadvantages of the known locking devices used when cable service is discontinued, a further disadvan-' SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of the invention is to remedy the problems outlined above and, in particular, to provide a lock assembly and tool, the operation of which is concealed from view, that makes it possible to lock coaxial cable plug outlets of the type used in the cable television industry in such a manner that the risk of their being damaged or unlocked by unauthorized persons is negligible. Another object of the invention is to provide a lock assembly that protects the terminator from the atmosphere.
The foregoing and other objects are attained accord ing to the invention by the provision of means comprising two major parts: a lock assembly and a tool for actuating the lock assembly. The lock comprises a hollow cylinder closed at one end and open at the other and a hollow cylindrical insert member which is inserted therein and internally threaded to mate with the exter nal threads of the object desired to be locked. Of course, it is also within the scope of the invention to form the external thread on the insert member and the internal thread on the object to be locked. The insert member is freely rotatable with respect to the cylinder in which it is enclosed and is formed with at lease one transverse torque transmitting means, for example a slot, on its outer rim which is designed to engage a cooperating torque applying means, for example a lug, on the tool.
The tool comprises a hollowed-out cylindricallyformed base portion designed to receive one end of a center-bored, spring-biased plunger. The other end of the plunger is slideable within the hollow, halfcylindrical portion projecting from the base and which culminates in a turned-in semicircular flange, the circumferential extremities of which are formed at the radially inner edge with at least one rearwardlyprojecting torque applying lug which is designed to mate with the torque transmitting slot on the outer rim of the insert member of the locking assembly. The hollow, half-cylindrical projection is formed to accommodate the cooperating lock assembly. The spring-biased plunger provides the tension necessary to hold the lock assembly in place as it is engaged or disengaged. In its preferred field of use, the freely-rotating insert member in the lock assembly is further designed to receive a terminator for a coaxial cable.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING A better understanding of the invention may be gained from a consideration of the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment thereof, in conjunction with the appended figures of the drawing, wherein:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the tool of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a partly-broken-away front view of the tool of FIG. 1 with the co-operating lock assembly;
FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view along the line 33 of FIG. 2 showing the tool and lock assembly positioned on a coaxial cable outlet plug; and
FIG. 4 is a sectional view of another embodiment of the invention showing the tool in combination with a dummy cable coupling assembly as the locking assembly.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In a preferred embodiment of the lock assembly and tool as shown in FIGS. 1 and 3, the tool 10 comprises a cylindrically formed base or handle portion 12, having a hollowed-out portion 14 designed to receive the end of a center-bored, spring-biased plunger 16. The compression coil spring 18 is located in the hollowedout portion 14 of the base 12 and abuts the plunger 16 in order to provide a force on the plunger 16 towards the left of FIG. 3 when the spring 18 is compressed by the plunger 16. The plunger 16 is retained within the base portion 12 by the abutting of the plunger flange 20 against a co-operating shoulder 22 of the base portion 12. The other end of the spring-biasedplunger 16 is slideably received within the hollow, half-cylindrical portion 24 of the tool 10, which projects from the base 12. The half-cylindrical portion 24 ends in a turned-in semicircular flange 26, the circumferential extremities of which-are formed at the radially-inner edge with rearwardly projecting lugs 28. The tool further comprises a knurled exterior surface 30 on thebase portion 12, to facilitate manipulation of the tool 10, and further comprises a bore 32 in the center of the spring biased plunger 16. The bore 32 is not necessary for cooperation with the lock of FIG. 3 but facilitates cooperation with a coupling assembly 60 shown in FIG. 4.
FIG. 3 shows not only the tool 10 but also a locking assembly 34. The tool 10 and locking assembly 34 are shown in two positions, one in phantom, surrounding a coaxial cable outlet plug 36 which is attached to generally flat mounting means such as a wall plate 38. The locking assembly 34, as FIGS. 2 and 3 show, comprises a hollowed-out cylinder 40 which is closed at one end by means of a locking cap 42 formed with a hollow interior section 46. The cylinder 40 and locking cap 42 are rigidly connected so as not to rotate with respect to each other. A bore 48 on the open end of the cylinder 40 is designed to receive an insert member 44, internally threaded to mate with the external threads of the coaxial cable outlet plug 36. The insert member 44 on the one hand and the cylinder 40 and locking cap 42 on the other are freely rotatable with respect to each other about their common axis. The insert member 44 is retained within the cylinder 40 by means of a flange 50. The diameter of the bore 48 is greater than the outer diameter of the insert member 44 to permit free rotation of the cylinder 40 and cap 42 about the insert member 44. The insert member 44 is formed with a rearward projection 52, which is hollowed out to receive a 75-ohm terminator 54 for the coaxial cable when the lock assembly 34 is in place. The insert member 44 is further formed with two transverse slots 56 on its rim. The slots 56 are designed to engage the cooperating lugs 28 of tool 10 to provide the necessary torque to thread the freely-rotatable, internally-threaded insert member 44 onto the stationary and externallythreaded coaxial cable outlet plug 36.
As FIG. 3 shows, the locking assembly 34 is positioned within the hollow, half-cylindrical portion 24 of the tool 10, thereby depressing the plunger 16 and compressing the spring mechanism 18. When the lugs 28 of the tool 10 engage the cooperating slots 56 on the insert member 44 of the locking assembly 34, the rotation of the base portion 12 of tool 10 in a clockwise direction (as viewed by the operator of the tool) causes the locking assembly 34 to be threaded onto the reciprocally-threaded coaxial cable outlet plug 36 as shown in FIG. 3.
FIG. 4 is essentially the same as FIG. 3, the differences being that, in place of a locking assembly 34, a dummy coupling assembly 60 is shown, and the coaxial outlet plug 36 and the wall plate 38 are shown in phan- Referring generally to FIG. .4, the tool 10 is shown inserted over the coupling assembly 60. The coupling assembly 60 is shown to be comprised of an internally threaded freely rotating insert member 144 located within a bore 148 of a cylinder 140. The coupling assembly 60 further comprises a ohm terminator 154 adapted for putting a 75 ohm load between the internal conductor of a coaxial cable and the shield connection as was the 75 ohm terminator 54 heretofore described with reference to FIG. 3. The variation shown in FIG. 4 includes the rearwardly-projecting threaded member 58 having the appearance of a coaxial cable outlet rather than the locking cap 42 shown in the embodiment of FIG. 3. Thus, an attempted, unauthorized utilization of the coaxial connector made by connecting a suitable connector to the threaded portion 58 will be fruitless as the threaded portion 58 is merely connected to ground through the shield connector as shown. A coaxial cable outlet plug 36, shown in phantom, to which the coupling assembly 60 is connected will be terminated by the 75 ohm load provided by the terminator 154. Thus, the embodiment shown in FIG. 4 has the dual purpose of terminating and locking the coaxial cable outlet plug 36, and also fooling one who is attempting to make unauthorized use of such a connector 36 by presenting a threaded member 58 having the outward appearance of being an outlet plug.
The embodiment described above is merely exemplary, and those skilled in the art will be able to make many modifications and variations therein within the spirit and scope of the invention. For example, the lugs 28 and slots 56 can be interchanged in position. In such case, torque-applying and torque-transmitting means are still provided. Accordingly, all such modifications and variations are included within the intended scope of the invention as defined by the following claims.
1. A locking assembly for locking a threaded coaxial cable outlet comprising:
a. an insert member formed with thread means threadable onto said coaxial cable outlet intended to be locked;
b. cylinder means surrounding said insert member coaxially, said cylinder means being freely rotatable with respect to said insert member about a common axis; and
c. torque receiving means on the end of said insert member having said thread means.
2. The locking assembly of claim 1 wherein said insert member is held within said cylinder means by a flange extending from said cylinder means at the end of said cylinder means adjacent said thread means.
3. The locking assembly of claim 2 further comprising a terminator adapted to be connected between the center electrode and the shield of said coaxial cable outlet when said locking assembly has been threaded thereon.
4. The locking assembly of claim 3 wherein said terminator comprises a 75 ohm resistor.
5. The locking assembly of claim 4 wherein said cylindrical member encloses said insert member on the end opposite the end having said thread means.
6. The locking assembly of claim 4 whereinthe end of said insert member opposite the end having said thread means extends through said cylindrical means and is made to simulate the appearance of a coaxial cable outlet.
7. The locking assembly of claim 1 wherein said torque receiving means comprises at least one slot on the end of the said insert member having said thread means.
8. The locking assembly of claim I further comprising a tool for locking and unlocking said locking assembly, said tool comprising:
a. a first section adapted to be fitted over said cylinder means;
b. torque transmitting means at the end of said first section adapted to connect with said torque receiving means; and
c. a handle for turning said first section while said torque transmitting means is connected to said torque receiving means.
9. The locking assembly of claim 8 wherein said first section comprises a half-cylindrical section having a length greater than the length of said cylinder means and a diameter adapted to be fitted over said cylinder means.
10. The locking assembly of claim 9 wherein said torque transmitting means comprises at least one lug attached to a semicircular flange at one end of said half-cylindrical section.
11. The locking assembly of claim 10 wherein said handle comprises a cylindrical section attached to said half-cylindrical section at the end of said halfcylindrical section disposed from said torque transmitting means.
12. The locking assembly of claim 11 further comprising a spring-biased plunger within said handle for holding said cylindrical member when said torque transmitting means coacts with said torque receiving
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|US2676506 *||Feb 28, 1952||Apr 27, 1954||Schultz John M||Bolt-retaining socket wrench|
|US3351111 *||Aug 23, 1965||Nov 7, 1967||James A Biddle||Hardware locating and starting tool|
|US3519979 *||Jul 26, 1968||Jul 7, 1970||Vikoa Inc||Tamper-proof electrical termination|
|US3573702 *||Nov 7, 1969||Apr 6, 1971||Amp Inc||Keyed plug resistor|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3953097 *||Apr 7, 1975||Apr 27, 1976||International Telephone And Telegraph Corporation||Connector and tool therefor|
|US4163594 *||Jul 28, 1978||Aug 7, 1979||International Telephone And Telegraph Company||Electrical connector|
|US4168921 *||Oct 6, 1975||Sep 25, 1979||Lrc Electronics, Inc.||Cable connector or terminator|
|US4494143 *||Mar 29, 1982||Jan 15, 1985||Rca Corporation||Television descrambler with security plug having folded flexible printed circuit board providing tier tag memory|
|US4645281 *||Feb 4, 1985||Feb 24, 1987||Lrc Electronics, Inc.||BNC security shield|
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|US5564938 *||Feb 6, 1995||Oct 15, 1996||Shenkal; Yuval||Lock device for use with coaxial cable connection|
|US5723818 *||Aug 24, 1993||Mar 3, 1998||Yeh; Ming-Hwa||Structure of a safety plug for coaxial cable|
|US6848920||Mar 3, 2003||Feb 1, 2005||John Mezzalinqua Associates, Inc.||Method and assembly for connecting a coaxial cable to an externally threaded connecting part|
|US7021947||Sep 27, 2004||Apr 4, 2006||John Mezzalingua Associates||Method and assembly for connecting a coaxial cable to a connecting port|
|US7033195 *||May 13, 2005||Apr 25, 2006||Woodhead Industries, Inc.||Coaxial electrical connector for hazardous locations|
|US7134894 *||Mar 27, 2006||Nov 14, 2006||Woodhead Industries, Inc.||Coaxial electrical connector for hazardous locations|
|US8016612 *||Oct 22, 2009||Sep 13, 2011||Corning Gilbert Inc.||Locking ratcheting torque aid|
|US8382496 *||Sep 30, 2011||Feb 26, 2013||Eagle Comtronics, Inc.||Security device|
|US20060003629 *||May 13, 2005||Jan 5, 2006||Woodhead Industries, Inc.||Coaxial electrical connector for hazardous locations|
|US20060068623 *||Sep 27, 2004||Mar 30, 2006||John Mezzalingua Associates, Inc.||Method and assembly for connecting a coaxial cable to a connecting port|
|US20060172579 *||Mar 27, 2006||Aug 3, 2006||Woodhead Industries, Inc.||Coaxial electrical connector for hazardous locations|
|US20110097928 *||Oct 22, 2009||Apr 28, 2011||Donald Andrew Burris||Locking Ratcheting Torque Aid|
|US20120208382 *||Sep 30, 2011||Aug 16, 2012||Magari Sean A||Security Device|
|U.S. Classification||439/133, 81/52, 439/307, 81/461|
|Oct 27, 1980||AS02||Assignment of assignor's interest|
Owner name: GAMCO INDUSTRIES, INC.
Effective date: 19801023
Owner name: GEB ACQUISITIONS CORP., 2120 LAMBERTS MILL ROAD, S