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Publication numberUS3863087 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 28, 1975
Filing dateSep 20, 1973
Priority dateSep 20, 1973
Publication numberUS 3863087 A, US 3863087A, US-A-3863087, US3863087 A, US3863087A
InventorsGeorge E Holz
Original AssigneeBurroughs Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Display panel having an array of insulated strip electrodes
US 3863087 A
Abstract
A gas-filled display panel includes a slotted base plate and a similar slotted face plate, each carrying an array of electrodes seated in the slots. One array comprises scanning anodes, and the other comprises display anodes. An array of apertured strip electrodes is provided between the base plate and face plate and thus between the arrays of electrodes. The strip electrodes are separated from each other by glass strips which are secured to the edges of the strip electrodes. The strip electrodes and the scanning anodes form a layer of scanning cells, and the strip electrodes and display anodes form a layer of display cells.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Holz 1451 Jan. 28, 1975 DISPLAY PANEL HAVING AN ARRAY OF INSULATED STRIP ELECTRODES [75] Inventor: George E. Holz, North Plainfield,

[21] Appl. N0.: 399,077

[52] U.S. Cl 313/188, 313/210, 313/217,

313/220, 315/169 TV [51] Int. Cl. I-I0lj 61/04 [58] Field of Search 313/1095, 220, 108 R,

313/217, 210, 188; 315/169 R, 169 TV 3,714,506 1/1973 Kupsky 313/220 3.731.131 5/1973 Kupsky..... 313 109 6 3,739,218 6/1973 Maloney... 313/220 3,742,483 6/1973 Ogle 315/169 TV Primary ExaminerStanley D. Miller, Jr. Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Robert A. Green; Edward G. Fiorito; Paul W. Fish [57] ABSTRACT A gas-filled display panel includes a slotted base plate and a similar slotted face plate, each carrying an array of electrodes seated in the slots. One array comprises scanning anodes, and the other comprises display anodes. An array of apertured strip electrodes is provided between the base plate and face plate and thus between the arrays of electrodes. The strip electrodes [56] References Cited are separated from each other by glass strips which UNlTED S S T T are secured to the edges of the strip electrodes. The 3 617 796 11,197 cams 313/109 5 strip electrodes and the scanning anodes form a layer 326341720 1/1972 313/20 of scanning cells, and the strip electrodes and display 3,648,093 3 1972 Kupsky 313/220 anodes form a layer of p y Cells- 3,683,364 8/1972 Holz et al. 313/220 3,704,386 11 1972 COlZt 313/108 R 15 Clams 8 Draw F'gures 3 74w #4 0) 7 070 74% go 7 1 PATENTED JAN23I975 3.863 .087

sum 2 or 3 11524 A79 i l 100 70 7 5 DISPLAY PANEL HAVING AN ARRAY OF INSULATED STRIP ELECTRODES BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION One type of panel display presently available commercially is known as a SELF-SCAN panel and includes a base plate, an apertured center plate, a face plate, and three arrays of electrodes. The various plates and electrodes are coupled together to provide first and second layers of gas cells which operate together to provide the desired display.

While this panel operates well and is commercially successful, improvements are always needed to simplify construction and reduce costs. The present invention is concerned with eliminating the apertured center plate and its attendant costs of manufacture and assembly.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Briefly, a display panel embodying the invention includes a base plate which carries a first array of electrodes and a face plate which carries a third array of electrodes, with an array of second electrodes disposed therebetween and forming a first layer of scanning cells with the first electrodes, and a second layer of display cells with the third electrodes. The second electrodes also provide isolation between the scanning cells and display cells.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an exploded, perspective view of a display panel embodying the invention;

FIG. 2 is a sectional view, along the lines 22 in FIG. 1, showing the panel assembled;

FIG. 3 is a sectional view, along the lines 33 in FIG. 1, showing the panel assembled;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a portion of an electrode used in the panel of FIG. 1;

FIG. 5 is a sectional view of a modification of the electrode of FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 is a sectional view of a modification of the arrangement of one of the electrodes in the panel of FIG. 1;

FIG. 7 is a sectional view of a modification of the arrangement of FIG. 6', and

FIG. 8 is a sectional view of another display panel embodying the invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring to FIGS. 1 to 3, a display panel 10 embodying the invention includes a first insulating plate of glass, ceramic, or the like, having a top surface 40 and bottom surface 50 and a plurality of parallel slots or channels 30 formed in the top surface 40 thereof. The number of slots is determined by the number and size of the characters to be displayed in the panel, as is clear to those skilled in the art.

First electrodes 60, generally operated as scanning anodes, are seated at the bases of the slots 30. Electrodes 60 may be wires, flat strips of metal, or they may be plated or evaporated or otherwise formed in the slots.

The panel also includes second electrodes 70, generally operated as scanning cathodes, seated on the top surface 40 of first plate 20 parallel to each other and at an angle, preferably 90, to the first electrodes 60.

The electrodes are flat metal strips having top and bottom surfaces 73 and 75, respectively. The region at which each second electrode 70 crosses a first electrode 60 defines a scanning gas cell 90, and these cells are arrayed in rows and columns. Each cathode strip electrode is provided with a series of apertures 100 which extends along its length so that communication can take place from a scanning cell through electrode 70 to other elements disposed above the electrodes 70 (to be described). If desired, a single aperture may be provided overlaying each scanning cell, or a series of apertures may be provided, with one or more apertures overlaying each scanning cell. It is noted that each cathode 70 is aligned with a column of scanning cells 90.

According to the invention, each cathode strip 70 carries along its edges, a film or layer 74 of glass or comparable insulating material, and the strips are set in place with their insulated edges abutting each other. This provides effective spacing between adjacent cathodes, and it also prevents light, which may be present on the lower surface of a cathode, from passing upwardly between cathodes. Thus, the glass layers are preferably opaque.

As noted in FIG. 2, the glass layer 74 may have the same thickness as the cathode 70 and any suitable width. Other configurations may also be used as desired. For example, as shown in FIG. 5, the glass layer 74 may extend above and below the top and bottom surfaces of the cathodes 70.

Under some circumstances, to insure that glow is not seen between cathode strips, adjacent edges of cathodes 70 may overlap each other, as illustrated in FIGS. 6 and 7. In this case, the overlapping surfaces may be thinned down, as shown in FIG. 7, to permit the cathode strips to lie flat. However, since these strips are quite thin, such shaping may not be needed. In any case, all touching parts would be properly insulated from each other, for example, by having the insulating layers 74" extending onto the top and bottom surfaces of the cathodes near their edges. If desired, only one edge of each cathode need be insulated as shown.

The panel 10 is completed by a face plate 150 which is similar to the base plate 20 and includes in its lower surface, a plurality of slots 154 in which display anodes are secured. The slots I54 and anodes 130 are parallel to and overlay slots 30 and electrodes 60, respectively, in base plate 20. The display anodes 130 and cathodes 70 cross each other, and each crossing defines a display cell 157.

In panel 10, the plates 20 and are sealed together at their edges by means of a glass frit or the like to form a seal 170, shown in FIGS. 2 and 3. For convenience in making this seal, top plate 150 and bottom plate 20 are usually made somewhat larger than center plate 110.

Panel 10 also includes an ionizable gas such as argon. neon, xenon, or the like, preferably a Penning mixture of such gases, and a small quantity of mercury vapor, to minimize cathode sputtering. The gas is provided at a suitable pressure for the intended purpose. The gas may be introduced by means of a tubulation (not shown) suitably secured to the panel, or it may be introduced in any other suitable manner.

One convenient method of making panel 10 is described in copending application Ser. No. 383,827, filed July 30, I973. According to this method. the oathode strips 70 are formed from a continuous ribbon which is wound around the base plate 20 of the panel from a suitable reel. In one arrangement, a rotatable four-sided mandrel is provided which can support at least four plates 20 (carrying wires 60) and positioned to have the cathode strips wound thereon from a reel.

After the cathodes have been wound, and, with the plates 20 still on the mandrel, the face plates 150 carrying their electrodes 130 are coupled to each plate 20, and the assemblies are sealed together and removed from the mandrel. The cathode ribbon can then be cut to form the individual strips and to separate the panels which can then be processed to completion in normal fashion. At some time during the processing of the panels, a laser is used to drill the holes 100 in the cathode strips 70.

With the modification of the invention shown in FIG. 5, a panel may be constructed (FIG. 8) in which the slots in the base plate and face plate (shown in FIG. 1) are not required, and the desired spacing between the scan anodes 60 and display anodes 130, and between each of these and the cathodes, is achieved by the insulating coating 74 on the cathodes 70. Panel 10' thus includes base plate having a flat top surface on which the scan anodes 60 are seated and secured in any suitable manner. The cathodes 70 have their bottom surfaces 75 positioned adjacent to the scan anodes with the scan anodes in contact with insulating layers 74' thereof, and the assembly of face plate 100 and display anodes 130 is positioned adjacent to the top surfaces 73 of the cathodes with anodes 130 seated on the insulating layers 74' thereof.

The desired spacings of the scan anodes from the cathodes and of the display anodes from the cathodes are achieved by the thickness of the insulating layers 74. It can be seen that the base plate 20' and anodes 60, and the face plate 100' and anodes 130, may be formed as separate assemblies, with the electrodes cemented to their respective plates, and then coupled together, with the cathodes 70 suitably positioned between them.

The principles of the invention are particularly applicable to SELF-SCAN display panels, and the structure and operation of such panels are described in detail in copending application Ser. No. 255,133, filed May 19, 1972. However, it is clear that the principles of electrode construction taught herein may be used in other types of devices.

Briefly, panel 10 (and 10') operates as follows. As already noted, the cathodes 70 and scan anodes 60 form scanning cells 90, with the cathodes defining and aligned with columns of scanning cells. In addition, the cathodes 70 and the display anodes 130 form display cells 157. In operation of the panel, the scanning cells are energized column-by-column by the application of operating potential to all of the anodes 60 at the same time, and by the application of operating potentials to each of the cathodes 70 in turn. Simultaneously, information signals are applied to the display anodes 130 in accordance with applied information, and, where appropriate signals are present as each column of scanning cells is energized, glow is transferred from a scanning cell through a cathode aperture 100 to the associated display cell which glows. This operation is repeated for each column of cells sequentially at such a rate that an apparently stationary but changeable message is presented between energized display cells.

What is claimed is:

l. A display panel comprising a gas-filled envelope made up of a base plate and a face plate hermetically sealed together, said face plate having a viewing window,

an array of first electrodes adjacent to said base plate,

an array of second electrodes adjacent to said face plate.

an array of third electrodes disposed between said array of first electrodes and said array of second electrodes and having upper and lower surfaces.

said third electrodes forming, with their lower surfaces, an array of first cells with said first electrodes and forming, with their upper surfaces, an array of second cells with said second electrodes,

said third electrodes comprising metal strips disposed side-by-side adjacent to each other and carrying insulating layers only on their adjacent edges, their upper and lower surfaces being substantially free of said insulating material and able to exhibit cathode glow.

2. The panel defined in claim 1 wherein said first electrodes are seated on said insulating layers adjacent to the bottom surfaces of said third electrodes. and said second electrodes are seated on said insulating layers adjacent to said top surface of said third electrodes.

3. The panel defined in claim 1 wherein adjacent edges of said third electrodes overlap each other.

4. The panel defined in claim 3 wherein said adjacent edges of said third electrodes which overlap each other are thinner than other portions of said third electrodes.

5. The panel defined in claim 1 wherein said third electrodes have generally flat top and bottom surfaces and generally parallel side edges, and each said insulating layer covers one of said side edges and portions of said top and bottom surfaces adjacent thereto.

6. The panel defined in claim 5 wherein said insulating layers on each third electrode extend above and below the top and bottom surfaces thereof.

7. The panel defined in claim 2 wherein said third electrodes have generally flat top and bottom surfaces and generally parallel side edges, and each said insulating layer covers one of said side edges and portions of said top and bottom surfaces adjacent thereto, and

said insulating layers extend above and below the top and bottom surfaces of said third electrodes a distance suitable to provide a predetermined spacing between said first electrodes and said third electrodes, and between said second electrodes and said third electrodes.

8. A display panel comprising a gas-filled envelope including a base plate and a face plate sealed together to provide a gas-tight enclosure,

said base plate including a plurality of parallel slots.

a first electrode seated in each of said slots.

a plurality of second electrodes disposed between said base plate and said face plate,

a plurality of third electrodes disposed between said second electrodes and said face plate and spaced from said second electrodes,

said third electrodes comprising flat strips having upper and lower surfaces, and

insulating layers secured to the edges of said strip electrodes, with the insulating layers of adjacent electrodes being in contact with each other to separate said strip electrodes from each other, said upper and lower surfaces being substantially free of said insulating layers so that they can exhibit cathode glow.

9. The panel defined in claim 8 wherein said second electrodes comprise metal strips having layers of insulating material secured to their adjacent edges and disposed parallel to each other and with adjacent electrodes in contact with each other at their edges.

10. The panel defined in claim 9 wherein said insulating coating is of the same thickness as said second electrode.

11. The panel defined in claim 9 wherein said insulating coating covers the edge of its second electrode and extends onto the top and bottom surfaces thereof closely adjacent to said edges.

12. The panel defined in claim 8 wherein said face plate includes a plurality of slots in which said second electrodes are seated.

13. A display panel comprising a gas-filled envelope made up of a base plate and a face plate hermetically sealed together, said face plate having a viewing window,

said base plate having a flat top surface inside said envelope,

said face plate having a flat bottom surface inside said envelope,

an array of first electrodes adjacent to said base plate,

an array of second electrodes adjacent to said face plate,

an array of third electrodes disposed between said array of first electrodes and said array of second electrodes,

said third electrodes forming an array of first cells with said first electrodes and an array of second cells with said second electrodes,

said third electrodes comprising metal strips having top and bottom surfaces and disposed side-by-side adjacent to each other and carrying insulating layers on their adjacent edges, said insulating layers extending above and below said top and bottom surfaces, respectively, of said third electrodes, said array of first electrodes being in contact with said insulating layers beneath said third electrodes, and said array of second electrodes being in contact with said insulating layers above said third electrodes, said top and bottom surfaces of said third electrodes being substantially free of said insulating layers whereby they can exhibit cathode glow.

14. A display panel comprising a gas-filled envelope made up of a base plate and a face plate hermetically sealed together. said face plate having a viewing window,

an array of flat strip first electrodes disposed close together side-by-side and having upper and lower operating surfaces,

at least one set of second electrodes in operative relation with said first electrodes to form a plurality of gas cells therewith,

a portion of the upper surface of each of said first electrodes being visible to a viewer through said face plate,

said strip electrodes, each having opposed edges and a layer of insulating material secured to the edges of said strip electrodes without covering the upper and lower surfaces thereof, said layers being approximately as thick as said strip electrodes.

15. A display panel comprising a gas-filled envelope made up of a base plate and a face plate hermetically sealed together, said face plate having a viewing window,

an array of flat strip first electrodes disposed close together side-by-side and having upper and lower operating surfaces,

at least one set of second electrodes in operative relation with said first electrodes to form a plurality of gas cells therewith,

a portion of the upper surface of each of said first electrodes being visible to a viewer through said face plate,

said flat strip electrodes each having left and right edges and positioned with the right edge of one strip electrode being adjacent to the left edge of the adjacent strip electrode, and

a thin layer of insulating material on the left and right edge of each strip electrode, with such layers of adjacent strip electrodes being in contact with each other to serve to space said strip electrodes from each other,

said layers of insulating material covering only the side edges of said strip electrodes whereby said upper and lower surfaces thereof can exhibit cath-

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3617796 *Jan 29, 1970Nov 2, 1971Burroughs CorpDisplay panel construction
US3634720 *Mar 31, 1970Jan 11, 1972Burroughs CorpGaseous display panel having two arrays of gas cells
US3648093 *Dec 11, 1969Mar 7, 1972Burroughs CorpDisplay panel with novel cathode assembly
US3683364 *Jan 18, 1971Aug 8, 1972Burroughs CorpDisplay panel wherein each scanning cell is associated with a plurality of display cells
US3704386 *Mar 19, 1971Nov 28, 1972Burroughs CorpDisplay panel and method of operating said panel to produce different colors of light output
US3714506 *Aug 6, 1970Jan 30, 1973Burroughs CorpDisplay panel including scanning cells and fixed format display cells
US3731131 *Oct 13, 1971May 1, 1973Burroughs CorpGaseous discharge display device with improved cathode electrodes
US3739218 *Nov 16, 1970Jun 12, 1973Burroughs CorpDisplay panel having metal cell sheet
US3742483 *Jun 1, 1971Jun 26, 1973Burroughs CorpVideo display system using display panel
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3984720 *Mar 24, 1975Oct 5, 1976Okaya Denki Sangyo Kabushiki KaishaDischarge display device
US4162427 *Mar 13, 1978Jul 24, 1979Nippon Hoso KyokaiGas-discharge display panel
US4385260 *Sep 9, 1975May 24, 1983Beckman Instruments, Inc.Bargraph display
US4449125 *Dec 31, 1981May 15, 1984Commissariat A L'energie AtomiqueMatrix display device
US4628228 *Mar 27, 1985Dec 9, 1986Siemens AktiengesellschaftGas discharge display device
US5221836 *Sep 6, 1991Jun 22, 1993Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.Streak tube having an arrangement for suppressing travel time spread of photoelectrons
US5491376 *Jun 3, 1994Feb 13, 1996Texas Instruments IncorporatedFlat panel display anode plate having isolation grooves
US6632284 *Jan 24, 2001Oct 14, 2003Canon Kabushiki KaishaApparatus and method for forming deposited film
US6846521Aug 29, 2003Jan 25, 2005Canon Kabushiki KaishaApparatus and method for forming deposited film
EP0050294A1 *Oct 12, 1981Apr 28, 1982Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.Method of making an electrode construction and electrode construction obtainable by this method
WO1983002359A1 *Dec 21, 1982Jul 7, 1983Burroughs CorpGas display panel with scan and display anodes in base plate
Classifications
U.S. Classification313/585, 315/169.4, 315/169.1, 345/71
International ClassificationH01J17/49
Cooperative ClassificationH01J17/494
European ClassificationH01J17/49D2
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Nov 22, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: UNISYS CORPORATION, PENNSYLVANIA
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:BURROUGHS CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:005012/0501
Effective date: 19880509
Jul 13, 1984ASAssignment
Owner name: BURROUGHS CORPORATION
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNORS:BURROUGHS CORPORATION A CORP OF MI (MERGED INTO);BURROUGHS DELAWARE INCORPORATEDA DE CORP. (CHANGED TO);REEL/FRAME:004312/0324
Effective date: 19840530