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Publication numberUS3863323 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 4, 1975
Filing dateJul 31, 1973
Priority dateAug 7, 1972
Also published asCA998519A1, DE2339763A1, DE2339763B2, DE2339763C3
Publication numberUS 3863323 A, US 3863323A, US-A-3863323, US3863323 A, US3863323A
InventorsTakamatsu Ikuo
Original AssigneeYoshida Kogyo Kk
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method and related apparatus for forming an element-free gap in a continuous slide fastener chain
US 3863323 A
Abstract
A method and related apparatus for forming an element-free gap in a continuous slide fastener chain, which method is characterized by causing the interengaged parts of the fastener elements on the chain to pivot on themselves in a direction opposite to each other, with the results that the adjacent tapes edges are spread apart to expose therebetween said interengaged parts of the elements which are cut along a length corresponding to a desired gap to be formed.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1 [111 3,863,323

Takamatsu A Feb. 4, 1975 METHOD AND RELATED APPARATUS FOR FORMING AN ELEMENT-FREE GAP IN A Primary Examiner-Thomas H. Eager CONTINUOUS SLIDE FASTENER CHAIN Attorney, Agent, or WWW-Robert Burns;

[75] Inventor: Ikuo Takamatsu, Uozu, Japan Emmanuel Lobato; Bruce Adams [73] Assignee: Yoshida Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha,

Tokyo, Japan [22] Filed: July 31, 1973 [57] ABSTRACT [2]] Appl. No.2 384,177

A method and related apparatus for forming an element-free gap in a continuous slide fastener chain, [30] Foreign Apphcatlon Priority Data which method is characterized by causing the interen- Aug. Japan g g parts of the fastener filements on the chain to pivot on themselves in a direction opposite to each other, with the results that the adjacent tapes edges are spread apart to expose therebetween said interen- [58] held of Search gaged parts of the elements which are cut along a length corresponding to a desired gap to be formed.

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 6 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures 3,225,430 12/1965 Fasciano 29/408 7 23 .J ms 25 PATE'NTED FEB SHEET 2 OF 2 METHOD AND RELATED APPARATUS FOR FORMING AN ELEMENT-FREE GAP IN A CONTINUOUS SLIDE FASTENER CHAIN BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Pat. No. 3,225,430 a method and related apparatus for Y gap production, which method comprises pulling the tapes laterally apart toexpose the interengaged parts of the fastener elements and cutting the elements between the spread-apart adjacent edges of the tapes. While this prior art method had many intrinsic advantages, it suffered from the drawback that lateral pulling forces required to spread apart the adjacent tape edges widely enough to expose the interengaged parts of the elements must be intensified to overcomethe tensioning of the stitches that secure the elements to the tapes, with the resultsthat the tapes are marred and the stitches are displaced relative to the elements with laterally moving tapes, particularly those stitches adjacent the formed gaps becoming loosened up-and thereby rendering the adjacent elements positionally unstable, which in turn often invites rupture or crack-opening in the fastener chain when in use.

SUMMARY or THE INVENTION With the above-noted drawback of the prior art in view, the primary object of the invention is to provide an improved method of producing element-free gaps in a continuous length chain of sliding clasp fastener, which method will permit adjacent edges of the stringer tapes to be spread apart widely enough for exposure of the interengaged parts of the fastener elements that are to be cut, without imposing undue tension. upon the tape fabric and particularly upon the element-securing.

stitches.

Another object of the invention is to provide an apparatus tailored to carry the above method into practice, which apparatus is relatively simple in construction and highly reliable inoperation, including structural features to permit of gapproduction without dam age to the tapes and without forcing the stitches to move relative to the elements.

These and other objects and features of the invention will be more apparent from the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment taken in-conjunction with the accompanying drawings inwhich like reference characters or numerals refer to like or corresponding parts throughout the several views.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS later described to grip therebetween the fastener chain FIG. 4 is a similar view but showing the chain spread apart at its adjacent tape edges, with the coupled. parts of fastener elements exposed thereat;

FIG. 5 is a similar view but showing the coupled parts of the elements severed off; and j FIG. 6 is a fragmentary plan view of a piece of slide fastener chain with an element-free gap formed therein.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED. EMBODIMENTS The slide fastener 'chain which is to be processed for gap production according to the invention comprises a pair of oppositely disposed stringer tapes T,T each carrying along their adjacent longitudinal edges a row of continuous fastener elements E of for example a coiled structure attached by stitches S to the tapes, as shown in FIG. 6. f

Referring now to the drawings and FIGS. 1 and 2 in particular, there is shown a gap-forming apparatus 10 I of the invention which comprises a ram member 11, a punch carrying block .12 connected to and vertically reciprocable with said ram member and a base 13 disposed in vertically spaced relation to the block 12 and carrying various operating parts hereinafter described. Designated at 14,14 area first pair of spaced apart means cooperating with a second pair of similar means F. The first pair of gripping means 14,14 project downwa'rdly from the punch block 12 and are movable relative thereto'through the medium of respective spring members 15,15 accommodated in the block 12.

The second pair of gripping means 16,16 are formed for purposes of illustration, integrally with and projecting upwardly from a die carrying block 17 which is mounted on the base 13 and held in movable relation FIG. 1 is a front elevation of a gap forming apparatus employed in accordance with the invention; I

FIG. 2 is a sectional front elevation of the same; FIG. 3 is a fragmentary transverse cross section showing the relationship of the important parts of the apparatus, with-the fastener chain as at thebeginning of a gap forming operation;

thereto by means later explained.

There is provided means 18 for cutting the fastener elements E in cooperationwith a die means later described, said cutting means being secured to the block 12 intermediate the first pair of spaced gripping means a 14 and 14..

The die means or cutting anvil l9 coacting with the cutting means or punch 18 is carried in the block 17 and held in movable relation thereto by a pair of spring members 20,20 accommodatedin the block 17 and connecting opposite sides of the anvil 19 to the block 17, as best shown in FIG. 2.

The cutting anvil 19 has upwardly inclined or tapered top surfaces 21,21 against which the fastener tapes adjacent the elements E are allowed to rest during the gap forming operation hereinafter described. In the apex of the tapered top of the cutting anvil 19 is formed an element-receiving recess 22 dimensioned to accommodate therein a length of two opposed interengaged fastener elements E as better seen'in FIGS. 3 to 5. Centrally of the recess 22 is formed a punch-receiving opening 23 positioned in registry with the path of the cutting punch 18 and dimensioned to fit the width thereof. More specifically, the recess 22 is defined by coacting bladed edges 24,24 whichcoact withthe cutting. punch 18 in severing the elements E off the fastener chain F as best depicted in FIG. 5.

Designated at 25 isa sliding cam block-mounted on the base 13 and horizontally slidable relative thereto.

The cam block.25' has a first flat horizontal surface 26. and a secondflat horizontal surface 27 higher in level than the first surface 26, said first surface 26 normally engageable with the bottom portion of the cutting anvil 19 and an upwardly inclined cam surface 28 adjoining said first and second surfaces normally engageable with a corresponding cam surface 29 formed on one side or the right-hand-half of the anvil 19 as viewed in FIG. 2, the term normally being used to denote a retracted position of the anvil l9 prior to the spreading apartof the tape edges.

The gap forming apparatus of the invention as above constructed will'be' described with respect to its operation, reference now being made to FIGS. 3 to of the drawing which are provided to illustrate the sequential steps of gap production.

The fastener chain F is mounted on the apparatus 10 with its stringer tapes T,T opposite to the elements E interposedbetween the first and second grippers 14,14 and 16,16 respectively and with the coil elements E received in the recess 22,. whereupon the first grippers 14,14 descend into abutting engagement with the second grippers 16,16 thereby to grip the tape fabric of the opposed stringers hard enough to prevent the latter from moving during subsequent spreading-apart and cutting operations. In this instance, the spring members 15,15 serve to take up excess pressure of the first grippers 14,14 which would otherwise tend to impair the tapes T,T'.

The sliding cam block 25 is now moved horizontally toward the left as viewed in FIG. 2 until the cam surface 28 disengagesfrom the corresponding surface 29 of the anvil l9 and the bottom portion of the anvil l9 rides on the second surface 27 of the cam block 25. This movement of the cam block 25 causes the cutting anvil 19 to move upwardly relative tothe die block 17 against tension in the springs 20,20. Thus, raisingthe cutting anvil 19 causes the interengaged parts E of the coiled elements E within the recess 22 to pivot on themselves in a direction opposite to each other, with opposed tapes T,T adjacent the elements E deflected upwardly along the tapered surfaces 21,21 respectively to spread apart the adjacent tape edges for a distance corresponding to the interengaged part E to be severed.

It will redound to the advantageous features of the invention to 'note that the pivotal movement of the opposed elements E relative to each other about their interengaged parts E as rendered possible by the aforesaid arrangement will facilitate the spreading-apart of the adjacent tape edges without imposing undue tension upon the stitches S.

The spreading-apart operation is followed by the cutting operation in which the cutting punch 18 moves vertically down into the opening 23 and in so doing coacts with the bladed edges 24,24 of the cutting anvil 19 thereby cutting the interengaged parts E along a length corresponding to a desired gap to be formed, as depicted in FIG. 5.

What is claimed is:

1. A method of forming an element-free gap in a continuous slide fastener chain having a pair of oppositely disposed stringer tapes each carrying along their adjacent longitudinal edges a row of fastener elements whose coupling parts are interengaged, which method comprises gripping the stringer tapes at points opposite to the rows of fastener elements, causing the interengaged parts of the fastener elements to pivot on themselves in a direction opposite to each other about a longitudinal axis of the pair of stringer tapes to spread apart the adjacent tape edges widely enough to expose therebetween said interengaged parts, and cutting the thus exposed interengaged parts off of the fastener chain along a length corresponding to a desired gap to be formed. 2. An apparatus for forming an element-free gap in a continuous slide fastener chain having a pair of oppositely'disposed stringer tapes each carrying along their adjacent longitudinal edges a row of coiled fastener elements whose coupling parts are interengaged, which apparatus comprises means for gripping the stringer tapes at points opposite to the row of fastener elements, means for pivoting the interengaged parts of the fastener elements on themselves in a direction opposite to each other about a longitudinal axis of the pair of stringer tapes to spread apart the adjacent tape edges widely enough to expose therebetween said interengaged parts, and means for cutting the thus exposed interengaged parts of the elements off of the fastener chain.

3. An apparatus for forming an element-free gap in a continuous slide fastener chain having a pair of oppositely disposed stringer tapes each carrying along their adjacent longitudinal edges a row of coiled fastener elements whose coupling parts are interengaged, which apparatus comprises a vertically movable punch carrying block, a base disposed in vertically spaced relation thereto, a die carrying block mounted on said base, a firstpair of gripping means projecting downwardly from said punch block and a second pair of gripping means projecting upwardly from said die carrying block, said first and second pairs of gripping means gripping therebetween the stringer tapes at points opposite to the rows of fastener elements, a die means carried in and movable relative tosaid die carrying block, said die means having upwardly inclined or tapered top surfaces against which the stringer tapes bear when said die means is in an upper position and an element-receiving recess in the apex of said tapered surfaces, means for moving said die means upward to bear against said stringer tapes to pivot of the fastener elements on themselves in a direction opposite to each other about a longitudinal axis of the pair of stringer tapes to spread apart the adjacent tape edges widely enough to expose therebetween said interengaged parts, and a cutting means secured to said punch carrying block intermediate said first pair of gripping means, said cutting means cooperating with said die means to cut the exposed interengaged parts of the elements off of the fastener chain along a length corresponding to a desired gap to be formed.

4. An apparatus as defined in claim 3 which further includes a spring member connecting said first pair of gripping means resiliently to said punch carrying block.

5. An apparatus as defined in claim 3 which further includes a spring member adapted to connect said die means resiliently to said die carrying block.

6.'An apparatus as defined in claim 5 wherein said means for moving said die means upward comprises a sliding cam block to move said die means vertically into and away from the position in which the interengaged parts of the fastener elements pivot on themselves in a direction opposite to each other.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3225430 *Jul 29, 1964Dec 28, 1965Scovill Manufacturing CoGap production in slide fastener chain
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3958319 *Jan 28, 1975May 25, 1976Yoshida Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaApparatus for producing element-free gaps in a continuous fastener chain
US4224730 *Mar 26, 1979Sep 30, 1980Yoshida Kogyo K.K.Method and apparatus for removing fastener elements from a slide fastener chain
US4232438 *Nov 29, 1978Nov 11, 1980Yoshida Kogyo K.K.Method and apparatus for providing space sections in a continuous slide fastener chain
US4236292 *May 26, 1978Dec 2, 1980Textron Inc.Method of positioning, gapping and applying stop to slide fastener
US4246681 *Mar 6, 1979Jan 27, 1981Yoshida Kogyo K.K.Method for removing fastener elements from a slide fastener chain and apparatus therefor
US4324033 *Aug 4, 1980Apr 13, 1982Talon, Inc.Gapping slide fastener elements on members woven in tape edges
US4333232 *Jun 27, 1980Jun 8, 1982Talon, Inc.Apparatus for forming flypiece and slide fastener chain assembly
US4404722 *Apr 29, 1981Sep 20, 1983Yoshida Kogyo, K.K.Apparatus for forming a space section in a pair of continuous slide fastener stringers
US4443924 *Jun 24, 1982Apr 24, 1984Yoshida Kogyo K. K.Method of and apparatus for detecting ends of successive fly strips connected by a slide fastener chain
US4490899 *May 24, 1983Jan 1, 1985Hans HorlacherMethod of and apparatus for removing coupling members from a slide fastener
US4510662 *Dec 23, 1982Apr 16, 1985Yoshida Kogyo K. K.Apparatus and a method for forming space sections in a slide fastener chain having coupling elements in the form of continuous coil
US4589182 *Nov 21, 1984May 20, 1986Yoshida Kogyo K. K.Method and apparatus for forming a space section in a pair of continuous concealed-slide-fastener stringers
US4638542 *Jun 22, 1984Jan 27, 1987Yoshida Kogyo K. K.Method and apparatus for forming element-free spaces in slide fastener chains
Classifications
U.S. Classification29/408, 29/33.2, 29/770
International ClassificationA44B19/58, A44B19/42
Cooperative ClassificationA44B19/58
European ClassificationA44B19/58